QUESTIONS How have photographers attempted to reveal more about the sitter for a portrait than merely their appearance? Compare and Contrast how the portrait has changed throughout the history of photography. Compare and contrast how the development of photographic portraiture has been influenced by Painting and vice versa. To reveal the individual before his camera, to transfer the living quality of that individual to his finished print...Not to make road maps but to record the essential truth of the subject; not to show how this person looks, but to show what he is. - Edward Weston - Edward Weston's definition of the role of the portrait photographer. ("The Portrait in Photography", Reaktion Books, London 1992, Mick Gidley, p136 – 137). Discuss portraits by a number of photographers that seem to articulate Weston’s vision for portraiture and compare them with those that fall short. Creativity with portraits involves the invocation of a state of rapport when only a camera stands between two people...mutual vulnerability and mutual trust. - Minor White,(Mirrors, messages, manifestations by Minor White)
Portrait Photographers Sam Taylor Wood Claude Cahun Florence Henri Julia Margaret Cameron Disderi Cecil Beaton Jane Bown Nadar Richard Avedon Irving Penn Ida Barr Rankin Nicholas Nixon Diane Arbus August Sander
Portrait Artists Hans Holbein Jan Van Eyck MaggiHambling Thomas Gainsborough Diego Velasquez Rembrandt Vermeer Lucien Freud Francis Bacon Ferdinand Hodler Ingres Francois Boucher Joshua Reynolds Frida Kahlo Van Gogh John Singer Sargent Edgar Degas Edouard Vuillard Paul Bonnard
Linked to Pre-Raphaelite aesthetic Julia Margaret Cameron
Photographs his family unflinchingly. Provides and alternative to the sanitized and heavily edited family albums we are more used to seeing. As he wanted to use these images to make paintings from he makes strong references to the paintings of Vuillard, Bonnard and the Impressionists. Richard Billingham
RINEKE DIJKSTRA Awkward adolescent subject isolated from context. In transition Similar toDiane Arbus?
HELLEN VAN MEENE Untitled 2000 Awkward pose noticed not constructed Contrast between clothing, make-up and body stage.
Job Hunt 1976 After three weeks he still couldn’t find a job. His mother said to him, ‘maybe you’re not good enough’. Tracey Moffatt Scarred for Life series 1994
Samuel Beckett by Jane Bown, 1976
Sam Taylor Wood Self Portrait in double-breasted suit with hare
Richard Avedon American West series
Victorian Family Portrait Disderi or Nadar?
Jan Van Eyck Arnolfini Marriage 1434
Thomas Gainsborough Mr and Mrs Andrews 1750
Martin Parr Bored Couples
Claude Cahun (Lucy Schwab) self portrait 1927 Sarah Lucas Self Portrait, 1999