1 Intro To Osha C


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  • This presentation is designed to assist trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour Construction Industry outreach training for workers. Since workers are the target audience, this presentation emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control – not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively. It is essential that trainers tailor their presentations to the needs and understanding of their audience. This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. Mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Department of Labor.
  • Source: OSHA Publication 2056, All About OSHA
  • State plans are OSHA-approved job safety and health programs operated by individual states instead of by federal OSHA. State plans must provide standards and enforcement programs, as well as voluntary compliance activities, that are “at least as effective as” the federal OSHA program. States with approved plans cover most private sector employees as well as state and local government workers in the state. Twenty-six states operate state plans. For more information on state plans, visit OSHA’s web site (www.osha.gov). Also not covered by OSHA: - Employees whose working conditions are regulated by other federal agencies. These include mine workers, certain truckers and rail workers, and atomic energy workers - Public employees in state and local governments (except for states with approved plans) These include fire fighters, police, and other public servants.
  • General Duty Clause... Each employer "shall furnish . . . a place of employment which is free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to employees."
  • OSHA standards cover: - General Industry - Construction - Maritime - Some agricultural activities
  • Recordkeeping regulations are contained in 29 CFR Part 1904. Some low-hazard employers (for example, retail trade, finance, insurance, real estate) are not required to keep records. While the 1904 regulation exempts many employers from keeping records at all times, these employers are not exempted from all of the 1904 requirements. Employers that are partially exempt from the recordkeeping requirements because of their size (10 or less employees) or industry must continue to comply with: 1904.39, Reporting fatalities and multiple hospitalization incident 1904.41, Annual OSHA injury and illness survey (if specifically requested to do so by OSHA) 1904.42, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Annual Survey (if specifically requested to do so by BLS)
  • Must be maintained for 5 years at the establishment and be available for inspection by OSHA, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), and BLS. Logs must be updated to reflect any changes that occur. Maintain and post the Log in your workplace. Do not send any recordkeeping forms to OSHA or any other agency unless you are asked to do so. When conducting its annual survey, the BLS may send you a form in the mail, which must be completed and returned to them. OSHA Recordkeeping Forms OSHA 300 Log OSHA 300A Summary OSHA 301 Incident Report
  • OSHA Worker's web page: www.osha.gov/as/opa/worker/index.html
  • OSHA’s Workers’ web page: www.osha.gov/as/opa/worker/index.html Includes: - How to file a complaint - Rights and responsibilities - OSHA resources
  • OSHA maintains confidentiality of employers’ trade secrets. Both employers and employees may submit information or comments to OSHA on the issuance, modification, or revocation of OSHA standards and request a public hearing For more information, consult OSHA publications -- No. 2056, All About OSHA and -- No. 3000, Employers Rights and Responsibilities Following An OSHA Inspection .
  • See: www.osha-slc.gov/SLTC/competentperson/index.html The term "Competent Person" is used in many OSHA standards and documents. As a general rule, the term is not specifically defined. In a broad sense, an OSHA competent person is an individual who, by way of training and/or experience, is knowledgeable of applicable standards, is capable of identifying workplace hazards relating to the specific operation, is designated by the employer, and has authority to take appropriate actions (see 1926.32). Some standards add additional specific requirements which must be met by the competent person.
  • Inspection Priorities: - Imminent Danger (any condition where there is a reasonable certainty that a danger exists that can be expected to cause death or serious physical harm immediately, or before the danger can be eliminated through normal enforcement procedures) - Fatalities and Catastrophes (resulting in hospitalization of 3 or more employees) - Employee Complaints/Referrals - Programmed High-Hazard Inspections - Follow-ups to previous inspections
  • See: www.osha-slc.gov/SLTC/construction_ecat/index.html Effective October 1, 1994, all construction inspections shall have opening conferences consistent with current agency procedures, and then shall proceed as follows: During all inspections, CSHO's shall determine whether or not there is project coordination by the general contractor, prime contractor, or other such entity that includes: an adequate safety and health program/plan that meets the guidelines set forth below, and a designated competent person responsible for and capable of implementing the program/plan. If the above general contractor, prime contractor, or other such entity meets both of these criteria, then a focused inspection shall be made. When either of these criteria is not met, then the inspection shall proceed in accordance with previously established procedures for comprehensive inspections as stated in CPL 2.103, September 26, 1994, Field Inspection Reference Manual (FIRM), chapter II section A.1.b. The leading hazards are: falls, (e.g., floors, platforms, roofs) struck by, (e.g., falling objects, vehicles) caught in/between (e.g., cave-ins, unguarded machinery, equipment) electrical (e.g., overhead power lines, power tools and cords, outlets, temporary wiring)
  • Selecting Employee Representatives If . . . Then . . . employees are represented by a the union will designate the employee recognized bargaining representative, representative to accompany the CSHO. there is a site safety committee and the employee committee members or the no recognized bargaining representative, employees at large will designate the employee representative. there is neither a recognized bargaining the employees themselves may select their representative nor a plant safety representative, or the CSHO will determine committee, if any other employees would suitably represent the interests of employees. there is no authorized employee the CSHO must consult with a reasonable representative number of employees concerning S&H matters in the workplace. Such consultations may be held privately.
  • - After CSHO reports findings, the area director determines what citations, if any, will be issued, and what penalties, if any, will be proposed. - Citations and notices of proposed penalties are sent to employers by certified mail.
  • OSHA Office of State Programs Approves and monitors State job safety and health programs as provided for by Section 18 of the OSH Act. Voluntary Protection Programs The Voluntary Protection Programs (VPP) are designed to recognize and promote effective safety and health management. In the VPP, management, labor, and OSHA establish a cooperative relationship at a workplace that has implemented a strong program.
  • GPO Information: Phone: (202) 512-1800 Web site: http:// bookstore.gpo.gov /
  • For further information: www.osha-slc.gov/html/consultation.html
  • Imminent danger is any condition where there is reasonable certainty a danger exists that can be expected to cause death or serious physical harm immediately or before the danger can be eliminated through normal enforcement procedures. OSHA gives top priority to imminent danger situations. When a call is made to the hot line number, it is important to give as much information as is known about the emergency, including: Complete description of the hazard Name and location of the establishment Duration of the hazard (Is it still going on? When will it end?) Type of operation Contact phone number (company or personal) See Fact Sheet No. OSHA 95-44
  • 1 Intro To Osha C

    1. 1. OSHA 10 Hour Course <ul><li>National Safety Consulting </li></ul><ul><li>& Safety Temps Ltd. </li></ul>
    2. 2. Introduction to OSHA
    3. 3. What is OSHA? <ul><li>O ccupational S afety and H ealth A dministration </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for worker safety and health protection </li></ul>
    4. 4. Is there a need for OSHA? <ul><li>Nearly 6,000 workplace fatalities per year (16 per day) </li></ul><ul><li>50,000 deaths from workplace-related illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>5.7 million non-fatal workplace injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Injuries alone cost U.S. businesses over $125 billion </li></ul>Each year... Source - OSHA Publication 2056
    5. 5. Has OSHA Made a Difference? <ul><li>Helped cut the work-related fatality rate by 60% </li></ul><ul><li>Worked with employers and employees to reduce workplace injuries and illnesses by 40% </li></ul><ul><li>Virtually eliminated brown lung disease in the textile industry, and </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced trenching and excavation fatalities by 35% </li></ul>YES! Since 1970 OSHA has:
    6. 6. What does OSHA do? <ul><li>Encourages employers and employees to reduce workplace hazards and implement new or improve existing safety and health programs </li></ul><ul><li>Develops and enforces mandatory job safety and health standards </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains a reporting and recordkeeping system to monitor job-related injuries and illnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Provides assistance, training and other support programs to help employers and workers </li></ul>
    7. 7. Who is covered by the OSH Act? <ul><li>Most private sector employees </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage is provided directly by federal OSHA or through an OSHA-approved state program </li></ul><ul><li>Does not cover the self-employed or immediate members of farm families that do not employ outside workers </li></ul>
    8. 8. OSHA Standards <ul><li>OSHA develops and enforces standards that employers must follow. </li></ul><ul><li>Where OSHA does not have standards, employers are responsible for following the OSH Act's General Duty Clause. </li></ul><ul><li>States with OSHA-approved programs must set standards at least as effective as federal standards. </li></ul>
    9. 9. What does OSHA Require? <ul><li>Determine which standards apply to your workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the OSHA standards and requirements </li></ul>
    10. 10. Recordkeeping and Reporting <ul><li>Employers of 11 or more employees must maintain records of occupational injuries and illnesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All employers must display the OSHA poster, and report to OSHA within 8 hours any accident that results in a fatality or in-patient hospitalization of 3 or more employees </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Recordkeeping Forms <ul><li>Maintained on a calendar year basis </li></ul><ul><li>Summary of records for the previous year must be posted from February through April </li></ul>
    12. 12. What are workers’ responsibilities? <ul><li>Read the OSHA poster </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the employer’s safety and health rules and wear or use all required gear and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Follow safe work practices for your job, as directed by your employer </li></ul><ul><li>Report hazardous conditions to a supervisor or safety committee </li></ul><ul><li>Report hazardous conditions to OSHA, if employers do not fix them </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperate with OSHA inspectors </li></ul>(see OSHA Workers' web page for more information)
    13. 13. What are workers’ rights? <ul><li>Identify and correct problems in their workplaces, working with their employers whenever possible </li></ul><ul><li>Complain to OSHA about workplace conditions threatening their health or safety in person, by telephone, by fax, by mail or electronically through OSHA’s web site </li></ul><ul><li>Section 11(c) of the OSH Act gives workers the right to seek safe and healthful conditions on the job without being disciplined or fired </li></ul>(see OSHA Workers' web page for more information)
    14. 14. OSHA Workers' Page www.osha.gov/as/opa/worker/index.html
    15. 15. What are employers’ rights & responsibilities? <ul><li>Employers must provide a safe and healthful workplace free of recognized hazards and follow the OSHA standards </li></ul><ul><li>The OSH Act grants employers important rights, particularly during and after an OSHA inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Employers must provide training, medical examinations and recordkeeping </li></ul>
    16. 16. Competent Person in Construction <ul><li>A person who; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knows the right standard, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can identify hazards in the operation, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is designated by the employer, and has the authority to take appropriate actions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>&quot;Competent Person&quot; is found in many standards. </li></ul><ul><li>Some standards set specific requirements for the &quot;competent person.&quot; </li></ul>
    17. 17. Workplace Inspections <ul><li>Establishments covered by the OSH Act are subject to inspection by OSHA compliance safety and health officers (CSHO's) </li></ul><ul><li>Most inspections are conducted without advance notice </li></ul>
    18. 18. What Types of Hazards are Addressed in Standards? <ul><li>Electrical </li></ul><ul><li>Cranes </li></ul><ul><li>Falls </li></ul><ul><li>Excavation </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolding </li></ul><ul><li>Machines </li></ul><ul><li>Stairways & Ladders </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>Scaffolding </li></ul><ul><li>Fall protection </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard communication standard </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory protection </li></ul><ul><li>Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout) </li></ul><ul><li>Powered industrial trucks </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical, wiring methods, components and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Machines </li></ul><ul><li>Ladders </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical systems design </li></ul>The top 10 Most Frequently Cited Standards for 2006
    20. 20. The top standards for which OSHA assessed the highest penalties in fiscal year 2006 <ul><li>Scaffolding </li></ul><ul><li>Fall protection </li></ul><ul><li>Machines </li></ul><ul><li>Excavations </li></ul><ul><li>Control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout) </li></ul><ul><li>Excavations </li></ul><ul><li>General duty clause </li></ul><ul><li>Process safety management of hazardous chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Powered industrial trucks (forklifts) </li></ul><ul><li>Guarding floor and wall openings and holes </li></ul>
    21. 21. Employer may Qualify for &quot;Focused Inspection&quot; <ul><li>Has to meet certain conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Inspector will &quot;focus&quot; on these four hazard areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Falls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Struck by </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caught in/between </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Inspection Process <ul><li>CSHO displays official credentials </li></ul><ul><li>Opening conference </li></ul><ul><li>Walk-around inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Closing conference </li></ul>
    23. 23. Conducting the Walkaround Inspection <ul><li>CSHO and accompanying representatives (employer and employee) inspect the establishment for potentially hazardous working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>CSHO discusses possible corrective actions with the employer </li></ul><ul><li>CSHO may consult, at times privately, with employees </li></ul>
    24. 24. What Happens After an OSHA Inspection? <ul><li>OSHA may or may not issue citations </li></ul><ul><li>Citations inform employer and employees of the regulations and standards allegedly violated and of the proposed time for abatement </li></ul><ul><li>Employer must post a copy of each citation at or near place where violation occurred, for 3 days or until violation is corrected, whichever is longer </li></ul>
    25. 25. Sources of Assistance <ul><li>OSHA web site (www.osha.gov) </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Federal and State area offices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speakers, publications, a/v aids, technical advice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Training and education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA Training Institute (OTI) and the OTI Education Centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA Outreach Training Program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OSHA Office of State Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Protection Programs </li></ul>
    26. 26. OSHA Web Site (www.osha.gov) <ul><li>About OSHA (events, what’s new . . .) </li></ul><ul><li>Compliance Assistance (regulations, directives, consultation, eTools, training . . .) </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative Programs (VPP, partnerships …) </li></ul><ul><li>News Room (publications, news releases . . .) </li></ul><ul><li>Safety / Health Topics (technical links to various topics) </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics (Inspection data, BLS survey link ...) </li></ul>
    27. 27. Where to Get OSHA Standards <ul><li>Federal Register in public libraries or at GPO web site </li></ul><ul><li>CD-ROM subscription through U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) </li></ul><ul><li>Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) in public libraries and through GPO </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA web site - OSHA standards, interpretations, directives (www.osha.gov) </li></ul>
    28. 28. Consultation Assistance <ul><li>Provided at no cost </li></ul><ul><li>Developed for smaller employers with more hazardous operations </li></ul><ul><li>Delivered by state government agencies or universities employing professional safety and health consultants </li></ul><ul><li>No penalties are proposed or citations issued </li></ul><ul><li>Possible violations of OSHA standards are not reported to OSHA enforcement staff unless employer fails to eliminate or control any serious hazard or imminent danger </li></ul>
    29. 29. OSHA Emergency Hot-Line 1-800-321-OSHA <ul><li>Report workplace safety or health fatalities or the hospitalization of 3 or more employees </li></ul><ul><li>Report a workplace hazard </li></ul><ul><li>File a complaint about a workplace hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Request information on OSHA </li></ul><ul><li>Request an OSHA publication </li></ul>
    30. 30. Summary <ul><li>OSHA helps save lives and prevent injuries </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA balances a cooperative approach with traditional enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA standards are the enforceable requirements for worker safety and health </li></ul><ul><li>Inspections are OSHA’s way to ensure compliance </li></ul><ul><li>OSHA offers various means of assistance </li></ul>