diploma in occupational health and safety UNIT - 3

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diploma in occupational health and safety UNIT - 3
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OCCUPATIONAL RELATED COMMON DISEASE AILMENTS AND CONTROL ACTION RELATED TO MANAGEMENT OBLIGATIONS

LEGAL ASPECTS

MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE TO CONTROL DISEASE

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diploma in occupational health and safety UNIT - 3

  1. 1. OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY
  2. 2. UNIT 3 OCCUPATIONAL RELATED COMMON DISEASE AILMENTS AND CONTROL ACTION RELATED TO MANAGEMENT OBLIGATIONS LEGAL ASPECTS MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE TO CONTROL DISEASE
  3. 3. HAZARDOUS FACTORS ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECT OR DOTHER OUTCOMES 1. MECHANICAL RISK FACTORS OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES 2. PHYSIOLOGICAL STRAIN AND HEAVY PHYSICAL WORK MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS STRAIN INJURIES LOW BACK PAIN 3. ERGONOMICS FACTORS STRAIN INJURIES MENTAL STRESS LOWERED PRODUCTIVITY AND QUALITY OF WORK 4. PHYSICAL FACTORS EG. NOISE AND VIBRATION MOISE INDUCED HEARING LOSS TRAUMATIC VASOSPASTIC DISEASE 5) CHEMICAL HAZARDS INTOXICATION FIBROUS CANCERS ALLERGIES NERVOUS SYSTEM INJURIES 6. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS INFECTIONS ALLERGIES 7. PSYCHOLOGICAL STRAIN PSYCHIC STRESS WORK DISSATISFACTION BURNOUT DEPRESSION
  4. 4. PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARDS: CLASSIFICATION OF OCCUPATIOANL DISEASE 1. DISEASE CAUSED BY PHYSICAL CONDITIONS 2. DISEASE OF THE LUNGS CAUSED DUE TO DUST 3. DISEASE CAUSED BY BIOLOGICAL AGENTS 4. DISEASE CAUSED BY HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS 5. OCCUPATIONAL DERMATITIS 6. MISCELLANEOUS NOT FALLING UNDER THE ABOVE CATEGORIES
  5. 5. DISEASE CAUSED BY PHYSICAL CONDITIONS A. DISEASE OR HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO EXCESS TEMPERATURE OR HEAT B. DISEASE OR HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO EXCESS COLD C. DISEASE OR HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO DEFECTIVE ILLUMINATION D. DISEASE OR HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO SUDDEN CHANGE IN TEMPERATURE E. DISEASE OR HEALTH HAZARDS DUETO RADIATION F. DISEASE OPR HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO EXCESS NOPISE AND VIBRATIONS G. DISEASE OR HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO WORKING UNDER THE PRESSURE GREATER THAN ATMOSPHERIC OR UNDER RARIFIED ATMOSPHERIC CONDITIONS
  6. 6. DISEASE OR HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO EXCESS TEMPERATURE OR HEAT  FOUNDRY AND FORGING OPERATIONS FURNACES (BOILERS AND INDUSTRIES STOVES { CHULLAS}) IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY BLAST FURNACES SHEET GLASS FACTORY TIN PLATE FACTORY ROOLING AND REROLLING MILLS PLATING OPERATIONS  GALVANIZING PROCESS MINING OPERATIONS EG. COAL MINING
  7. 7. DISEASE OR HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO RADIATION  FILM METERS OR FILM BADGES DOSIMETERS OF VARIOUS TYPES THE GEIGER MULLER COUNTER LOSS OPF APPETITE NAUSEA (VOMITING TENDENCY) BLEEDING FROM NOSE EARS ETC. LOSS OF BODY PROTECTIVE MECHANISM ULCERATION OF MOUTH DIARRHEAS FEVER
  8. 8. PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOR RADIATION  USE OF SHIELDS EG. SHIELDS MADE OF LEAD MONITORING OF ATMOSPHERE AVOIDING EXPOSURE TO RADIATION MONITORING OF INDIVIDUALS(WORKINMG CONDITIONS) PERIODIC CONDITIONS PERIODIC RADIATION EXAMINATION PERIODIC RADIATION SURVEY DISEASE OR HEALTH HAZARDS DUE TO EXCESS OF NOISE AND VIBRATION  LOSS OF HEARING OR DEAFNESS  NAUSEA HEAD ACHE DIZZINESS BLURRED VISION INCREASING IN BLOOD PRESSURE UNSTABLE GAIT INVOLUNTARY MOVEMENT OF MUSCLES AND JOINTS
  9. 9. DISEASE OF THE LUNGS CAUSED DUE TO DUST I. PARTICLE SIZE: ALL DUST PARTICLE ARE NOT HARMFUL TO HUMAN BEING. DUST PARTICLES OF SIZE 0.1µ TO 5µ ARE HARMFUL AS THEY CAN ENTER THE LUNGS. ON THE CONTRARY DUST PARTICLE MAY NOT BE HARMFUL WHOSE SIZE IS LESS THAN 0.1µ OR GREATER THAN 5µ DUE TO THE FACT THAT PARTICLE < 0.1 µ OR >5µ DO NOT SETTLE INSIDE THE ALUEOLUS NOTE. µ=1 MICRON=10----3MM=10-V METERS II. CONCENTRATION: A CERTAIN CONCENTRATION OF DUST PARTICLES CAN HARM HUMAN BEINGS iii. DURATION OF EXPOSURE: THE DURATION OF EXPOSURE TO DUST PARTICLE ALSO EFFECTS HUMAN BEINGS THE MORE THE EXPOSURE TO DUST MORE THE HARM CAUSED ON THE HUMAN SYSTEM iv. SUSCEPTIBLITY: A PARTICULAR PERSON CAN BE MORE SUSCEPTIBLES TO DUST COMPARED TO OTHER PERSONS 1) IN ORGANIC DUST 2) ORGANIC DUST
  10. 10. SILICOSIS: 1. POTTERIES 2. MINES VIZ COAL MICA OR TONE 3. REFRACTORYS 4. POLISHING OPERATIONS OR FOUNDARY OPERATIONS 5. METAL GRINDING PROCESSES 6. ABRASIVE MANUFACTURE 7. SAND BLASTING AND STONE DRESSING 8. ROAD CONSTRUCTION 9. STONE CRUSHING OPERATION ASBESTOSIS: 1. ASBESTORS SHEETS 2. ASBESTORS PAPER AND BOARDS 3. PACKING GASKETS 4. ASBESTORS FILTERS 5. BRAKING LININGS OF MOTORCYCLES ETC.
  11. 11. OCCUPATIONAL DERMATITIS i. PRIAMRY IRRITANTS: ii. MECHANICAL AND CHEMICAL FACTORS: iii. SENSITIZERS iv. BIOLOGICAL FACTORS: v. RADIATION FACTORS: PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF DERMATITIS a) EDUCATIONAL: b) IDENTIFICATION: c) PERSONAL HYGIENE: d) REPLACEMENT: e) PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPTMENTS: f) SCREENING: g) MEDICAL CHECK UP:
  12. 12. HEALTH PROVISION(SECTION 11-20)  THE HEALTH ACT PRESCRIBES THE FOLLOWING PROVISION FOR MAINTENANCE THE HEALTH OF WORKERS AND REDUCING SEC 11 : CLEANLINESS: EVERY FACTORY SHALL BE KERT CLEAN AND FREE FROM GASES FROM 5 DRAIN THE DRAIN SHALL BE REMOVED BY SWEEPING FROM THE WORKSHOPS STAINS AND PASAGE SEC 12: DISPOSAL OF WASTES AND EFFLUENTS: EFFECTIVE ARRANGEMENTS SHALL BE MADE FOR THE TREATMENT OF WASTES AND EFFLUENTS DUE TO THE MANUFACTURING PROCESS SEC 13: VENTILATION & TEMPERATURE: EFFECTIVE & SUITABLE PROVISIONS SHAL BE MADE FOR SECURING AND MAINTAINING AT IN EVERY WORK PLACE SEC 14: DUST AND FUMES: EFFECTIVE MEASURES SHALL BE KEPT TO PREVENT INHALATION OR ACCUMULATON OF DUST AND FUMES IN THE WORK PLACE
  13. 13. SEC 15: ARTIFICIAL HUMIDIFICATION: ARTIFICIAL HUMIDIFICATION OF AIR IS INCREASED AT JUTE TEXTILE MIILS AND GAUGE ROOMS SEC 16: OVER CROWDING: OVER CROWDING IN THE FAVTORY IS INJURIOUS TO THE HEALTH OF THE WORKERS. SEC 17: LIGHTING: SUFFICIENT & SUITABLE LIGHTING WHETHER NATURAL OR ARTIFICIAL OR BOTH SHALL BE MAINTAINED IN ALL WORK PLACE & PASSAGE STAIRCASE SEC 18: DRINKING WATER:  SUFFICIENT SUPPLY OF DRINKING OF WATER SHALL BE AVAILABLE TO ALL EMPLYEES DURING ALL WORKING HOURS AT FIXED POINTS
  14. 14. SEC 19: LATRINALS AND URINALS: SUFFICIENT LATRINES AND URINALS ACCOMODATION SHALL BE PROVIDED AND ACCESSIBLE TO WORKERS AT ALL TIMES SEC 20: SPITTOONS:  SUFFICIENT NUMBER OF SPITTONS SHALL BE PROVIDED AT CONVENIENT LOCATIONS WITH HYGIENE CONDITIONS MEDICAL MEASURES: 1. PREPLACEMENT EXAMINATIONS: 2. PEROIDICAL EXAMINATIONS: 3. MEDICAL AND HEALTH CARE SERVICES: 4. NOTIFICATIONS: 5. SUPERVISIONS OF WORKING ENVIRONMENT: 6. MAINTENANCE AND ANALYSIS OF RECORDS: 7. HEALTH EDUCATIONS AND COUNSELLING:
  15. 15. COURSES: Diploma in occupational Health And Safety Diploma in industrial safety Diploma in electrical safety Diploma in fire fighting Diploma in construction safety Certificate in fire and safety engineering Diploma in fire and safety engineering PG diploma in fire and safety engineering Certificate in oil and Gas safety Diploma in oil and Gas safety Diploma in health ,safety and Environment PG diploma in Health ,safety Environment
  16. 16. JOB PLACEMENT NSA will give100% job placement assistance to all successful candidates. Some of the Industries are listed below. Oil Refineries, Port trust, Airport, Chemical Industries, Insurance, Construction and service industries are main job providers. Students passed out from this institute can find job opportunities as Safety Supervisor, Safety Inspector, Safety Officer, Safety Manager, Fireman and Fire Officer.
  17. 17. Contact us: No. 714, 1st Floor, M.T.H Road, Mannurpet, Chennai – 600 050. +91 7667442300 Ph: 26242038 ,26242318 Mobile No:8643055672 Website – http://safetyacademy.in/ Email : info@safetyacademy.in

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