10th Grade Global Justice ProjectPresentation Transcript
Human Rights Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Nelson Mandela, Steve Biko, RigobertaMenchu, and Fred Korematsu
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Born on November 13, 1815
Johnstown, New York.
one of the first leaders of the American woman’s right movement
Writer, a Speaker, a suffragist and women’s right activist
“Come, come, my conservative friend, wipe the dew off your spectacles, and see that the world is moving.”
successfully lived well into adulthood and through old age
enjoyed perusing her father’s law library and debating legal issues
Henry Brewster Stanton, and become active members of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
to London and refuse permission to speak at the meeting
My Father, Daniel Cady a prominent lawyer and judge My friend, Lucretia Mott "Oh my daughter, I wish you were a boy!"
Women's Rights movement
formed an organization, NationalWoman Suffrage Association in 1869 and worked to secure women’s right to vote
the first influence to American woman of human rights
Women fought for the right to vote, the right to own property, and the right to work outside the home without discrimination
National Woman Suffrage Association Organization The Woman’s Bible & Eight Years and More Books
Nelson Mandela Born in South Africa (Transkei) 18 July, 1918 1938 – Fort Hare University College Expelled 1940 for boycott and protest Joined African National Congress in 1942 Sentenced to jail for 27 years
Apartheid Established by government and different ethnic groups Segregated laws Live in different “homelands” Difference in public services Ended in 90’s
My Accomplishments ANC Attempt to get rid of apartheid government First black president of South Africa 1993 – Won noble peace prize
Steve Bantu Biko (1946-1977) Anti-apartheid activist (non-violent) in South Africa Born in 18 December 1946, in King Williams Town of South Africa
Died 12 September 1977 in detention of the police
Leader of Black Consciousness movement
“Being black is not a matter of pigmentation - being black is a reflection of a mental attitude.”
Apartheid Regime (1948-1993) ‘touched every aspect of social life, including a prohibition of marriage between non-whites and whites, and the sanctioning of ``white-only'' jobs’ (The History…).
South Africa’s most influential and radical student leader in the 1970s A martyr of the freedom struggle posed one of the strongest challenges to the apartheid structure in the country. Health clinic systems for Blacks Literacy classes for Blacks Health education programs for Blacks Black Consciousness movement
RigobertaMenchu Fought for the rights of indigenous people Born in 1959 to a Mayan Indian in Guatemala From a poor family, worked in cotton and coffee plantations with cruel landowners “What I treasure most in life is being able to dream. During my most difficult moments and complex situations I have been able to dream of a more beautiful future.” -RigobertaMenchu
Important history CIA Coup in 1954 Organized by US’s CIA to overthrow Arbenz Believed Arbenz would affected American business activities Guatemalan Civil War Ladinos (agricultural elites) vs. the Mayan The wealthy landowners took over land from the Mayan to share amongst themselves
Accomplishments Published my life story, “I, RigobertaMenchu” Took Guatemalan politicians and militarists to trial in Spain and 7 former government members found guilty Nobel Peace Prize in 1992
Fred Korematsu Born in America January 30, 1919 and raise in California in Oakland and died in 2005 Worked in the nursery Three brothers Lived on the west coast
The Issues Then when pearl harbor was attacked Americans officials ordered Korematsu to military area #1 according to Order 9066 But refused and went hiding by changing identity May 30, 1942, captured and put into trial. Went against the supreme court after the trial
Accomplishments Improved the law, meaning that immigrants or non-American can speak up. Improved Asian American civil rights Influence many people during the era against the supreme court
Poverty of The World
What Is Poverty? Being poor or lacking money or means of survival (Barker 1995) No access health, education and other services Hunger, disease, illiteracy, joblessness, exclusion and social discrimination Lack access to safe drinking water and food, sanitation and shelter, education, health care International Poverty Line
$1 per person
Unequal Distribution of wealth
The income of richest 10% in the world equals to the income of the bottom 90%.
The rich are mostly concentrated on the US, Europe and Japan.
The richest 1% own 40% of the world’s wealth
Population % of Poverty of the World Distribution of wealth
The Cause of Poverty… Trade unfair trade agreements, lack of technology and investment Work and globalization:
lacks communications and transport, factors that leads to a “globalized” economy
Education people who live in poverty cannot afford to send their children to school, when they don’t know how to read and write they are disadvantaged. War or conflict basic services like education are disrupted. People become refugees. Crops are destroyed.
Rich Vs. Poor Poor People Rich People Less access to health, education, and other service Hunger, starvation, and disease bother the poorest in society Have little representation or voice in public and political debates Hard to escape poverty Benefit from economic or political policies Wealthy, financial bailouts, and more open to the public Poverty has always been presented The gap between rich and poor is quite high and often widening
Why Does It Matter? Rich-poor gap Over 3 billion people —less than $2.50 a day. Nearly a billion people entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names. 1 billion children live in poverty (1 in 2 children in the world). 25,000 people die every day of hunger or hunger-related causes (one person every three and a half seconds)