1. batik


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1. batik

  1. 1. Decoration Techniques What is Batik?Batik is an ancient technique that has been in use in Asiato create beautiful designs on fabric. The way it worksis straight forward – melted wax is applied to fabric usinga brush or special tool called a tjanting.When dye is applied to the fabric the wax stops thedye from coming in contact with the fabric underneath.As well as a tjanting tool, wax can be applied usingvarious techniques e.g. a brush or a stencil.Once the wax has cooled, colour can be applied bybrush or by placing in a dye bath. The waxneeds to be removed to reveal the pattern, to do this,place newspaper and clean sheets of paper both ontop and underneath of the fabric, and apply gentlepressure with a hot iron.The wax will be absorbed into the paper and you mayneed to repeat this process a few times to get rid of allthe wax.
  2. 2. It’s more manageable to place your cloth How to: into an embroidery circle just to be able to keep the fabric tight and to move the fabric around freely. Especially when using hot wax! Tjanting tool Wax comes out of here in a steady flow so you have to be quick when drawing your design.Melting pot for the waxA Tjanting tool.Have a go at doing abstractpatterns first as these workbest if your not sure what todo. With practice you couldcome up with some amazingdesigns.
  3. 3. Work quickly and carefully as the wax will cool very soon after taking it out of the melting pot. If you do have an accident in that you have a blob of wax on you design don’t worry as it will add to the finished affect. You must work carefullyDraw with the wax just likeif it’s a pen!! Remember the wax is hotIt’s quite hard to seethe wax so you haveto concentrate.How to:
  4. 4. How to: Warning If you do spill wax onto your design unfortunately you will not be able to get rid of it. Take your time.Draw your design as far as you can to the sides of the circle
  5. 5. Other batik designs.The wax creates a barrier for the paint colourto remain in. On the right is what thedesign would look like. How to:
  6. 6. Add your colour using batik dyes or fabric paints. You can mix your colours on the fabric so they blend into one another or make them watery byI’ve decided to start with pink. adding water to the batik dyes.You ‘re now painting in the spacesas the paint will not settle on the wax.If it’s your first go don’t be afraid toexperiment with colours and design.How to:
  7. 7. How to:Enjoy addingcolour to yourdesign.
  8. 8. Place the embroidery frame somewhere to dry. When the paint isdry remove the fabric from the frame. What do you think? . How to:
  9. 9. Place the embroidery frame somewhere to dry. When the paint isdry remove the fabric from the frame. What do you think? . How to:
  10. 10. Place a piece of clean paper underneath your batik fabric. Place another piece of paper on top of your batik fabric in preparation to absorb the wax.At the moment your fabric is quite stiff due to the wax.How to:
  11. 11. Iron carefully over the paper. As you go along You must work carefully the paper should absorb the wax and the paper will begin to look greasy. Don’t stop until you have Remember the IRON is hot finished ironing the whole piece of fabric. You may need to change your paper half way through The wax should be coming through the paperHow to:
  12. 12. To finish you should have a piece of wax free fabric with just your design on it.How to:
  13. 13. How to: The batik designs can developed further with machine stitching. What do you think of some ofDecorative stitches added using these designs?a free hand embroidery foot onthe sewing machine.
  14. 14. Application of Decoration Techniques Use of batik on cushions
  15. 15. If you are interested in taking this technique furtheryou may want to do some research about itsorigins, craft or galleries of artists who havedeveloped it. Here are some web sites tohave a look at if you’ve got a spare minute.Or you can do a google search to find yourown interesting sites.www.batikguild.org.ukwww.teritex.comwww.craftown.com/batik.htmwww.batiktambal.com