DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC POLICY IN RUSSIA
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DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC POLICY IN RUSSIA

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Apresentação utilizada pelo professor russo Dr. Alexander Razumov durante a reunião plenária da Comissão Nacional sobre População e Desenvolvimento (CNPD), realizada no dia 20 de fevereiro. O ...

Apresentação utilizada pelo professor russo Dr. Alexander Razumov durante a reunião plenária da Comissão Nacional sobre População e Desenvolvimento (CNPD), realizada no dia 20 de fevereiro. O evento marcou o início das discussões do seminário “População e Desenvolvimento na Agenda do Cairo: balanço e desafios”. Para mais informações, acesse: www.sae.gov.br

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DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC POLICY IN RUSSIA DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC POLICY IN RUSSIA Presentation Transcript

  • DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION AND DEMOGRAPHIC POLICY IN RUSSIA INSTITUTE FOR LABOUR AND SOCIAL INSURANCE Prof. Dr. Alexander Razumov aarazumov@mail.ru Ministry for Labour and Social Protection of the Russian Federation (BRICS COOPERATION ON POPULATION ISSUES: INAUGURAL SEMINAR, 28 FEBRUARY – 04 MARCH 2014, MBOMBELA, SOUTH AFRICA)
  • Main Legislative Documents of Population Policy Concept of Demographic policy of the Russian Federation up to 2025 adopted by the President of Russia Decree № 1351 on 9 October 2007. It defines objectives and strategies of demographic development. President of Russia Decree № 637 on 22 June 2006 “On measures of promoting/inviting back to Russia of fellow/former citizens and their settlement in Russia”. Federal law “On additional measures of state support of families with children” № 256-FL on 29 December 2006. It put into practice since 1 January 2007 several new allowances/grants on maternity and childhood including maternity capital and increased old ones. President of Russia Decree № 606 on 7 May 2012 “On measures to realizing demographic policy in the Russian Federation”.
  • 146890,1 146303,6 145649,3 144963,6 144333,6 143801 143236,6 142862,7 142747,5 142737,2 142833,5 142865,4 143056,4 140000 141000 142000 143000 144000 145000 146000 147000 148000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Populationsize,thousand persons Years 73,1 73,2 73,3 73,3 73,5 73,1 73,2 73,3 73,5 73,5 73,6 73,8 73,9 72,6 72,8 73 73,2 73,4 73,6 73,8 74 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Proportionofurban population,percent Years 26,9 26,8 26,7 26,7 26,5 26,9 26,8 26,7 26,5 26,5 26,4 26,2 26,1 25,6 25,8 26 26,2 26,4 26,6 26,8 27 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Proportionofrural population,percent Years Slide 3 Alexander Razumov Population Size in the Russian Federation as of 1st January
  • Components of Total Population Size Changes, thousand persons 146890,1 146303,6 145649,3 144963,6 144333,6 143801 143236,6 142862,7 142747,5 142737,2 142833,5 142865,4 143056,4 -0,4 -0,45 -0,47 -0,43 -0,37 -0,39 -0,26 -0,08 -0,01 0,07 0,02 0,13 0,2 -0,6 -0,5 -0,4 -0,3 -0,2 -0,1 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 140000 141000 142000 143000 144000 145000 146000 147000 148000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Years Population, as of 1st January Total annual increase, percent -586,5 -654,3 -685,7 -630 -532,6 -564,4 -373,9 -115,2 -10,3 96,3 31,9 191 290,7 -949,1 -932,8 -916,5 -888,5 -793 -846,5 -687,1 -470,3 -362 -248,9 -239,6 -129,1 -4,3 362,6 278,5 230,8 258,5 260,4 282,1 313,2 355,1 351,7 345,2 271,5 320,1 295 -1200 -1000 -800 -600 -400 -200 0 200 400 600 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Annual change total increase natural increase net migration Slide 4 Alexander Razumov
  • Distribution of Population by Sex and Age in 2012, persons 66176283 76880100 Males Females 917708 851544 861568 855373 811470 3716234 3364658 3895343 5897188 6197246 5518922 5068599 4534476 4739931 5303547 4437074 3463571 1485527 2119364 1118678 729802 288460 868465 808267 818295 816241 770572 3544547 3202294 3736229 5701511 6131148 5597343 5311353 4805447 5283256 6256988 5777721 4916216 2410011 4212239 2584087 2099340 1228530 1786173 1659811 1679863 1671614 1582042 7260781 6566952 7631572 11598699 12328394 11116265 10379952 9339923 10023187 11560535 10214795 8379787 3895538 6331603 3702765 2829142 1516990 0 2000000 4000000 6000000 8000000 10000000 12000000 14000000 under 1 1 2 3 4 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 70-74 75-79 80-84 85 and over of them at age, years Males Females . Population, total - 143056383 Slide 5 Alexander Razumov
  • Population by Sex as of 1st January 68698 68339 67922 67491 67072 66696 66302 66052 65976 65961 66015 66050 66176 78192 77965 77727 77473 77262 77105 76934 76811 76772 76776 76818 76815 76880 146890 146304 145649 144964 144334 143801 143236 142863 142748 142737 142833 142865 143056 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 140000 160000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 thousandpersons Years Population, including males females Population, thousand persons 46,8 46,7 46,6 46,6 46,5 46,4 46,3 46,2 46,2 46,2 46,2 46,2 46,3 53,2 53,3 53,4 53,4 53,5 53,6 53,7 53,8 53,8 53,8 53,8 53,8 53,7 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 percent Years Share in total population size males females Slide 6 Alexander Razumov
  • Вirths, Deaths and Natural Increase 1266800 1311604 1396967 1477301 1502477 1457376 1479637 1610122 1713947 1761687 1788948 1796629 1902084 2225332 2254856 2332272 2365826 2295402 2303935 2166703 2080445 2075954 2010543 2028516 1925720 1906335 -958532 -943252 -935305 -888525 -792925 -846559 -687066 -470323 -362007 -248856 -239568 -129091 -4251 -1500000 -1000000 -500000 0 500000 1000000 1500000 2000000 2500000 3000000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Total, persons births deaths natural increase 8,7 9 9,7 10,2 10,4 10,2 10,3 11,3 12 12,3 12,5 12,6 13,3 15,3 15,6 16,2 16,4 15,9 16,1 15,1 14,6 14,5 14,1 14,2 13,5 13,3 -6,6 -6,6 -6,5 -6,2 -5,5 -5,9 -4,8 -3,3 -2,5 -1,8 -1,7 -0,9 0 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Per 1000 population births deaths natural increase Slide 7 Alexander Razumov
  • 1,195 1,223 1,286 1,32 1,344 1,294 1,305 1,416 1,502 1,542 1,567 1,582 1,691 1,73 1,089 1,124 1,189 1,224 1,253 1,207 1,21 1,294 1,372 1,415 1,439 1,442 1,5411,554 1,564 1,633 1,662 1,654 1,576 1,601 1,798 1,912 1,941 1,983 2,056 2,215 0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Years Total population Urban population Rural population Slide 8 Alexander Razumov Total Fertility Rate
  • Life Expectancy at Birth, years 65,34 65,23 64,95 64,84 65,31 65,37 66,69 67,61 67,99 68,78 68,94 69,83 70,24 70,7 59,03 58,92 58,68 58,53 58,91 58,92 60,43 61,46 61,92 62,87 63,09 64,04 64,56 65,2 72,26 72,17 71,9 71,85 72,36 72,47 73,34 74,02 74,28 74,79 74,88 75,61 75,86 76,2 55 60 65 70 75 80 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Total population males and females males females Slide 9 Alexander Razumov
  • Life Expectancy at Birth, years Slide 10 Alexander Razumov 65,69 65,57 65,4 65,36 65,87 66,1 67,43 68,37 68,77 69,57 69,69 70,51 70,83 59,35 59,23 59,09 59,01 59,42 59,58 61,12 62,2 62,67 63,65 63,82 64,67 65,1 72,46 72,37 72,18 72,2 72,73 72,99 73,88 74,54 74,83 75,34 75,39 76,1 76,27 55 60 65 70 75 80 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Years Urban population males and females males females
  • Life Expectancy at Birth, years Slide 11 Alexander Razumov 64,34 64,25 63,68 63,34 63,77 63,45 64,74 65,59 65,93 66,67 66,92 67,99 68,61 58,14 58,07 57,54 57,2 57,56 57,22 58,69 59,57 60 60,86 61,19 62,4 63,12 71,66 71,57 71,09 70,81 71,27 71,06 71,86 72,56 72,77 73,27 73,42 74,21 74,66 55 60 65 70 75 80 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Rural population males and females males females
  • 504564 514688 536845 567031 573043 590752 534355 495968 487835 451260 443745 415486 394762 126418 134799 142357 150548 147827 149153 134125 125933 122745 116240 113096 107347 101550 630982 649487 679202 717579 720870 739905 668480 621901 610580 567500 556841 522833 496312 0 100000 200000 300000 400000 500000 600000 700000 800000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Years Total, persons males females males and females Deaths at Working Age 11,5 11,8 12,2 12,7 12,7 13 11,7 10,9 10,7 10 9,9 9,3 8,9 2,9 3,1 3,3 3,4 3,3 3,4 3 2,9 2,8 2,7 2,6 2,5 2,4 7,3 7,5 7,8 8,1 8,1 8,3 7,5 7 6,9 6,4 6,3 6 5,8 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Years Per 1000 persons of the corresponding sex and age males females males and females Slide 12 Alexander Razumov
  • Infant Mortality 11248 11273 10703 10429 10090 9416 8660 8598 8234 8182 7626 7572 9219 8038 7831 7704 7713 7249 6657 6419 6260 6202 6089 5779 5596 7087 19286 19104 18407 18142 17339 16073 15079 14858 14436 14271 13405 13168 16306 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Years Death of infants under 1 year boys girls boys and girls 17,3 16,9 15,3 13,8 13,1 12,5 11,4 10,5 9,5 9,1 8,3 8,3 9,513,2 12,5 11,6 10,9 10 9,4 9 8,1 7,5 7,1 6,7 6,5 7,7 15,3 14,6 13,3 12,4 11,6 11 10,2 9,4 8,5 8,1 7,5 7,4 8,6 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Years Infant deaths per 1000 live births boys girls boys and girls Slide 13 Alexander Razumov
  • International Migration, persons 326.561 183.650 175.068 119.661 110.374 163.101 177.657 273.872 261.170 261.495 171.940 310.549 363.955 6.259 9.800 9.544 9.483 8.783 5.386 8.723 13.084 6.231 5.667 6.394 11.413 11.706 26.510 2.071 1.696 1.194 1.005 8.743 1.432 3.035 14.213 12.745 13.322 34.573 42.020 359.330 195.521 186.308 130.338 120.162 177.230 187.812 289.991 281.614 279.907 191.656 356.535 417.681 - 50.000 100.000 150.000 200.000 250.000 300.000 350.000 400.000 450.000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Arrivals to the Russian Federation CIS countries EU countries other countries Arrivals to the Russian Federation, total 80.510 61.570 52.099 46.081 37.017 35.418 35.262 31.329 25.542 20.326 21.206 22.568 95.572 45.064 59.596 54.586 47.937 42.778 25.236 18.799 15.684 8.795 7.509 7.185 7.749 8.606 20.146 2.657 2.733 2.478 2.806 9.144 3.117 3.008 5.171 4.623 5.187 6.457 18.573 145.720 123.823 109.418 96.496 82.601 69.798 57.178 50.021 39.508 32.458 33.578 36.774 122.751 - 20.000 40.000 60.000 80.000 100.000 120.000 140.000 160.000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Departures from the Russian Federation CIS countries EU countries other countries Departures from the Russian Federation, total Slide 14 Alexander Razumov
  • President of Russia Decree № 637 on 22 June 2006 “On measures of promoting/inviting back to Russia of fellow/former citizens and their settlement in Russia”: main results  146,7 thousand of fellow/former citizens came back to Russia for the period 2007-1 October 2013. 15
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