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The paragraph
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  • 1. A paragraph is a small unit of writing that focuses on ONEidea/topic.
  • 2. THE PARTS OF APARAGRAPHA Topic SentenceSupporting SentencesA Conclusion or Closing Sentence
  • 3. The city of Toronto has many wonderful attractions. The most notable site is the tall majestic CN Tower. Secondly, Toronto has many restaurants, because of its culturally diverse communities. Finally, Lake Ontario provides an incredible view for visitors. These qualities make Toronto a very attractive city for tourists.
  • 4. The city of Toronto has many wonderful attractions. The most notable site is the tall majestic CN Tower. Secondly, Toronto has many restaurants, because of its culturally diverse communities. Finally, Lake Ontario provides an incredible view for visitors. These qualities make Toronto a very attractive city for tourists.
  • 5. The city of Toronto has many wonderful attractions. The most notable site is the tall majestic CN Tower. Secondly, Toronto has many restaurants, because of its culturally diverse communities. Finally, Lake Ontario provides an incredible view for visitors. These qualities make Toronto a very attractive city for tourists.
  • 6. THE TOPIC SENTENCE The topic of a paragraph is stated in one sentence. This is called the topic sentence. A topic sentence should have a Topic & a Controlling Idea. Receiving an F on my report card was a humiliating experience
  • 7. THE TOPIC SENTENCE The topic of a paragraph is stated in one sentence. This is called the topic sentence. A topic sentence should have a Topic & a Controlling Idea. Receiving an F on my report card was a humiliating experience.
  • 8. UNITY IN THEPARAGRAPHEvery sentence in a paragraph should support the main idea expressed in the topic sentence.
  • 9. The most obvious reason to recycle waste is to save resources. Paper companies can save trees if they collect old paper, like newspapers and computer paper, and turn the used paper into new paper. Picking up all the litter paper along the road also makes the environment neat and clean. By saving trees, they save earth’s resources. Companies that make aluminium cans can also save resources. Since aluminium is a mineral that comes from earth, there is a limited supply of it. Some day it will be all gone. So, if we recycle aluminium cans, we can use the same aluminium over and over again. In this way we conserve the earth’s recourses.
  • 10. The most obvious reason to recycle waste is to save resources. Paper companies can save trees if they collect old paper, like newspapers and computer paper, and turn the used paper into new paper. Picking up all the litter paper along the road also makes the environment neat and clean. By saving trees, they save earth’s resources. Companies that make aluminium cans can also save resources. Since aluminium is a mineral that comes from earth, there is a limited supply of it. Some day it will be all gone. So, if we recycle aluminium cans, we can use the same aluminium over and over again. In this way we conserve the earth’s recourses.
  • 11. THE CONCLUDING SENTENCE Restate the topic sentence in different words. Its goal is to keep the readers thinking. It summarizes the paragraph.
  • 12. The city of Toronto has many wonderful attractions. The most notable site is the tall majestic CN Tower. Secondly, Toronto has many restaurants, because of its culturally diverse communities. Finally, Lake Ontario provides an incredible view for visitors. These qualities make Toronto a very attractive city for tourists.
  • 13. COHERENCE IN APARAGRAPH Stick to the point: The ideas have a clear and logical relation to each other. Put details or examples or incidents in logical order. 4 chronological 3 2 in relation to each other 1 in order of importance
  • 14. (1) To me, Nelson Mandela is a real hero. (2) The main reason I admire him is that he fought for equal rights in his country and did not give up until he had achieved his goal. (3) His courage landed him on Robbin Island, one of the toughest prisons in the world, where he was held for 26 years. (4) As a young man, he became a fighter for equal rights in South Africa, where he courageously resisted the South African governments policy of apartheid. (5) Even so, when he was in prison, he did not give up the fight. (6) He continued to talk to the other prisoners and try to get publicity for his cause. (7) After he was released from prison in 1990, he quickly took over the leadership of the opposition party and pushed the government even harder for a government that would repressed all South Africans. (8) Finally, in 1994, he was successful; he saw his dream fulfill.
  • 15.  (1) To me, Nelson Mandela is a real hero. (2) The main reason I admire him is that he fought for equal rights in his country and did not give up until he had achieved his goal. (4) As a young man, he became a fighter for equal rights in South Africa, where he courageously resisted the South African governments policy of apartheid.(3) His courage landed him on Robbin Island, one of the toughest prisons in the world, where he was held for 26 years. (5) Even so, when he was in prison, he did not give up the fight. (6) He continued to talk to the other prisoners and try to get publicity for his cause. (7) After he was released from prison in 1990, he quickly took over the leadership of the opposition party and pushed the government even harder for a government that would repressed all South Africans. (8) Finally, in 1994, he was successful; he saw his dream fulfill.
  • 16. CONNECTING SENTENCES WITHIN THEPARAGRAPH (COHESION) Transition words chronological objects in relation in order of order to one another importance first next to however meanwhile in front of furthermore later beside as a result afterwards between in fact finally behind yet
  • 17. THE PARAGRAPH The Topic sentence Supporting Sentences Conclusion Unity Coherence Cohesion
  • 18. Questions/Comments saeedmuhd@yahoo.com Saeedmuhd.blogspot.com

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