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Chapter 23

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Chapter 23 art history II 2010

Chapter 23 art history II 2010


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  • 1. Chapter 23 Piety, Passion, and Politics: 15 th Century Art in Northern Europe and Spain Gardner’s Art Through the Ages,
  • 2. Europe in the 16 th Century
  • 3. Figure 23-1 ALBRECHT DÜRER, The Fall of Man (Adam and Eve), 1504. Engraving, approx. 9 7/8” x 7 5/8”. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (centennial gift of Landon T. Clay). Durer was the first Northern European artist to become an international celebrity.
  • 4. Figure 23-2 MATTHIAS GRÜNEWALD, Isenheim Altarpiece (closed), Crucifixion (center panel), from the chapel of the Hospital of Saint Anthony, Isenheim, Germany, ca. 1510–1515. Oil on panel, center panel 9' 9 1/2” x 10’ 9”, each wing 8’ 2 1/2” x 3’ 1/2”, predella 2’ 5 1/2” x 11’ 2”. Musée d’Unterlinden, Colmar.
  • 5. Figure 23-2b MATTHIAS GRÜNEWALD, Isenheim Altarpiece (open), center shrine carved by NIKOLAUS HAGENAUER in 1490, from the chapel of the Hospital of Saint Anthony, Isenheim, Germany,ca. 1510–1515. Shrine, painted and gilt limewood, 9’ 9 1/2” x 8’ 2 1/2” x 3’ 1/2” (center), 2’ 5 1/2” x 11’ 2” (predella). Each wing, oil on panel, 8’ 2 1/2” x 3’ 1/2”. Musée d’Unterlinden, Colmar.
  • 6. Figure 23-7 LUCAS CRANACH THE ELDER, Allegory of Law and Grace, ca. 1530. Woodcut, 10 5/8” x 1’ 3/4”. British Museum, London.
  • 7. Figure 23-4 ALBRECHT DÜRER, The Great Piece of Turf, 1503. Watercolor, approx. 1’ 4” x 1’ 1/2”. Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna.
  • 8. Figure 23-5 ALBRECHT DÜRER, Knight, Death, and the Devil, 1513. Engraving, 9 5/8” x 7 3/8”. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
  • 9. Figure 23-6 ALBRECHT DÜRER, Four Apostles, 1526. Oil on panel, each panel 7’ 1” x 2’ 6”. Alte Pinakothek, Munich. Albrecht Durer became an early enthusiastic follower of Martin Luther, although he continued to work for Catholic patrons. The four apostles are fundamental to Protestant doctrine and bring to mind the image of Nanni di Banco’s Quattro Coronati.
  • 10. Figure 23-8 ALBRECHT ALTDORFER, The Battle of Issus, 1529. Oil on panel, 4’ 4 1/4” x 3’ 11 1/4”. Alte Pinakothek, Munich. We could not possibly identify this subject without the text on the tablet suspended in the sky and the inscription on the banners and on the label on the fleeing chariot.
  • 11. Figure 23-13 Center Panel Total, center panel © 2005 Saskia Cultural Documentation, Ltd.
  • 12. Figure 23-9 HANS HOLBEIN THE YOUNGER, The French Ambassadors, 1533. Oil and tempera on panel, approx. 6’ 8” x 6’ 9 1/2”. National Gallery, London.
  • 13. Figure 23-11 Château de Chambord, Chambord, France, begun 1519.
  • 14. Figure 23-12 PIERRE LESCOT and JEAN GOUJON, west facade of the Square Court of the Louvre, Paris, France, begun 1546.
  • 15. Figure 23-13 HIERONYMUS BOSCH, Garden of Earthly Delights. Creation of Eve (left wing), Garden of Earthly Delights (central panel), Hell (right wing), 1505–1510. Oil on wood, center panel 7’ 2 5/8" x 6’ 4 3/4". Museo del Prado, Madrid.
  • 16. Figure 23-15 QUINTEN MASSYS, Money-Changer and His Wife, 1514. Oil on panel, 2’ 3 3/4” x 2’ 2 3/8”. Louvre, Paris.
  • 17. Figure 23-16 PIETER AERTSEN, Butcher’s Stall, 1551. Oil on panel, 4’ 3/8” x 6’ 5 3/4”. Uppsala University Art Collection, Uppsala.
  • 18. Figure 23-19 JOACHIM PATINIR, Landscape with Saint Jerome, ca. 1520–1524. Oil on panel, 2’ 5 1/8” x 2’ 11 7/8”. Prado, Madrid.
  • 19. Figure 23-20 PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER, Netherlandish Proverbs, 1559. Oil on panel, 3’ 10” x 5’ 4 1/8”. Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen, Berlin.
  • 20. Figure 23-21 PIETER BRUEGEL THE ELDER, Hunters in the Snow, 1565. Oil on panel, approx. 3’ 10” x 5’ 4”. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
  • 21. Figure 23-22 Portal, Colegio de San Gregorio, Valladolid, Spain, ca. 1498.
  • 22. Figure 23-24 Juan de Herrera and Juan Bautista de Toledo, aerial view of Escorial, near Madrid, Spain, ca. 1563–1584 (after an anonymous 18th-century painting).
  • 23. Figure 23-25 EL GRECO, The Burial of Count Orgaz, Santo Tomé, Toledo, Spain, 1586. Oil on canvas, approx. 16’ x 12’.
  • 24. Not in book ROSSO FIORENTINO and FRANCESCO PRIMATICCIO, ensemble of architecture, sculpture, and painting, Gallery of King Francis I, Fontainebleau, France, ca. 1530–1540.