Table of Content•Traditional methods of Instruction•Learning Pyramid•The “Flip”•Issues with the “Flip•A twist on the “Flip”•Students ask questions•Resources•Summary•Sources
Traditional Methods of Instruction“Sage on the Stage” approach(aka Passive Learning)•Expert (teacher) Lectures•Students Listen (maybe)•Knowledge is transferred ????•Homework assigned (and completed?)•Tests taken•Knowledge forgotten (20% of what is heard is remembered)
Learning Pyramid Passive to Active learninghttp://mathsimulationtechnology.wordpress.com/2012/02/16/active-learning-passive-teaching/
The “Flip” Traditional definition of the “Flipped Classroom” •videos take the place of direct instruction •students get individual time in class to work with their teacher on key learning activities It is called the flipped class because what used to be class work (the "lecture" is done at home via teacher-created videos and what used to be homework (assigned problems) is now done in class.http://www.thedailyriff.com/articles/the-flipped-class-conversation-689.php
The “Flip”Survey Results: 67% Educators Report FlippedClassroom Improves Test Scores88% of educators said flipping their classroomimproved their job satisfaction67% report improved student test scores80% claimed improved student attitude99% would use it again next yearhttp://edudemic.com/2012/06/survey-results-67-educators-report-flipped-classroom-improves-test-scores/
So, What is a Flipped Classroom?Select the link below for an overview of the “FlippedClassroom” by Missy Braden Missy Bradens discussion of the flipped classroom at https://vimeo.com/55631288
Issues with the “Flip”Some current issues and concerns include:• Is the technology driving the pedagogy?• Is the teacher still relevant?• How much time and effort is needed to prepare videos and other replacementsfor lectures?• Will the students do there homework (where knowledge transfer takes place)?• Will students come prepared for the “hands-on” learning activity?
A Twist on the FlipThe Students become the teacher – they preparethe “Flip”•Students are divided into teams and each team isassigned a topic•Each team prepares the flipped material during class•The teacher becomes the subject matter expert and workswith each team during class time to prepare the flippedmaterial•Flipped Materials are deployed as “homework” for allstudents to review
A Twist on the Flip•After reviewing flipped materials •Students may work on hand-on exercises (there are now multiple experts to help – the instructor and the group that prepared the flip) •Students create questions during class•Questions can be answered by other students and/orinstructor•As incentives, there could be a contest for which teamprepare the better flip and/or which student have the bestquestions
Students Prepare QuestionsHow does it work/what are the steps?• The teacher sets the stage with goals for the question formation technique• Introduce rules for question development• Provide instruction to begin the question formation• Serve as a facilitator to help student ID open and closed-ended questions• Help students prioritize the questions• Give direction for use of questions
Students Prepare QuestionsGrowth in student thought processes:• Metacognitive• Convergent thinking• Divergent thinking
Benefits of the “Twisted Flip” and Question FormationBy having the students prepare the flipped material teacher’s time isfreed up so they can work with individual groups and the students:•become subject matter experts in order to teach others (peerlearning)•learn by doing•become active learners By having the students prepare questions, they: • develop critical thinking skills • gain a better understanding
ResourcesTechnology needs Resources AvailableMake videos Videos already available• Smart phone • Premade videos• Video camera • Khan Academy• Point and shoot camera • Knowmia• ipad or tablet or PC • Ted-EdEdit videos• Windows Movie Maker• Camtasia• Apple iMovie
Summary• Traditional methods are not effective (20% retention rate at best)• One solution is to flip the class which is not just watching videos and doing homework in school• Adding to the flip (the twist on the flip) • Turns the students into subject matter experts • Frees the teachers to help the students that need help • Takes advantage of peer learning • Transforms the learning from passive to active• Teaching by questioning facilitates a higher level of learning• There are resources already available to facilitate this transformation• It’s the pedagogy that matters – technology can facilitate the process but it is not required• This technique will work for K-12 through Higher Ed
SOURCESBergmann Jon, Overmyer Jerry & Wilie Brett,The Flipped Class: Myths vs.Reality, The Daily Riff, 2012, retrieved athttp://www.thedailyriff.com/articles/the-flipped-class-conversation-689.phpJohnson, Claes, Active Learning – Passive Teachingretrieved athttp://mathsimulationtechnology.wordpress.com/2012/02/16/active-learning-passive-teaching/Rothstein, Dan & Santana, Luz, Make Just One Change Teach Students toAsk Their Own Questions Harvard Education Press, 2011Survey Results: 67% Educators Report Flipped Classroom Improves TestScores retrieved athttp://edudemic.com/2012/06/survey-results-67-educators-report-flipped-classroom-improves-test-scores
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