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ENGLISH
COMPREHENSION AND
COMPOSITOIN
Verb-tense
Subject-verb agreement
Articles/ determiners
Word Order
Preposition

Cour...
Active Tenses
Simple Present
Present
Action or
Condition

General
Truths

Non-action;
Habitual Future Time
Action

• I lik...
Present Progressive
Activity in Progress

Verbs of Perception

•I am playing soccer •He is feeling sad.
now
Simple Past

Completed Action

Completed
Condition

•We visited the •The weather was
museum yesterday. rainy last week.
Past Progressive
Past Action that
took place over a
period of time

Past Action
interrupted by
another

•They were climbin...
Future
With will/won't -Activity or event that
will or won't exist or
happen in the future
•I'll get up late
tomorrow.
•I ...
Present Perfect
With verbs of
state that begin
in the past and
lead up to and
include the
present

•He has lived
here for ...
Present Perfect Progressive
To express duration of an action that began in
the past, has continued into the present, and
m...
Past Perfect
to describe a past
event or condition
completed before
another event in the
past

In reported speech

•When I...
Future perfect
to express action that will be completed
by or before a specified time in the future
•By next month we will...
THE PASSIVE TENSES
Simple present
active:

passive:

•The company ships Computers are
the computers to
shipped to many
man...
Present Progressive
active:

passive:

•The
chef
is •The food is being
preparing the food. prepared.
Simple Past
active:

•The delivery man
delivered the
package yesterday.

passive:

•The package was
delivered yesterday.
Past Progressive
active:

•The producer was
making an
announcement.

passive:

•An announcement
was being made.
Future
active:

passive:

•Our representative •The computer will
will pick up the be picked up.
computer.
Present Perfect
active:

passive:

•Someone has made •The arrangements
the arrangements
have been made for
for us.
us.
Past Perfect
active:

•They had given us
visas for three
months.

passive:

•We had been given
visas for three
months.
Future perfect
active:

passive:

•By next month we •By next month this
will have finished job will have been
this job.
fi...
Modals
active:

passive:

•You can use the •The computer can
computer.
be used.
Verb Tense Final Test
Cumulative Verb Tense Review
Verb Tense Final Test
Cumulative Verb Tense Review
1. When Carol (call) last night, I (watch) my
favorite show on televisi...
4. Thomas is an author. He (write) mystery
novels and travel memoirs. He (write) since
he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he...
7. Everyday I (wake) up at 6 o'clock, (eat)
breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) for work at
8 o'clock. However, this mornin...
9. By this time next summer, you (complete)
your studies and (find) a job. I, on the other
hand, (accomplish, not) anythin...
CHECK YOUR ANSWERS
Verb Tense Final Test
Cumulative Verb Tense Review
1. When Carol (called) last night, I (was
watching) my favorite show on...
4. Thomas is an author. He (writes) mystery
novels and travel memoirs. He (has been
writing) since he was twenty-eight.
Al...
7. Everyday I (wake) up at 6 o'clock, (eat)
breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) for work at
8 o'clock. However, this mornin...
9. By this time next summer, you (will have
completed) your studies and (found) a job. I,
on the other hand, (will not hav...
HOME TASK
PART ONE EXERCISE #
46
47
48
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Verb tenses (lecture)

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Transcript of "Verb tenses (lecture)"

  1. 1. ENGLISH COMPREHENSION AND COMPOSITOIN Verb-tense Subject-verb agreement Articles/ determiners Word Order Preposition Course Supervisor: Ayyaz Qadeer
  2. 2. Active Tenses Simple Present Present Action or Condition General Truths Non-action; Habitual Future Time Action • I like • There are • I hear you. music. thirty days • Here • I run on in comes the Tuesdays September bus. and . Sundays. • The train leaves at 4:00 p.m.
  3. 3. Present Progressive Activity in Progress Verbs of Perception •I am playing soccer •He is feeling sad. now
  4. 4. Simple Past Completed Action Completed Condition •We visited the •The weather was museum yesterday. rainy last week.
  5. 5. Past Progressive Past Action that took place over a period of time Past Action interrupted by another •They were climbing •We were eating for twenty-seven dinner when she told days. me.
  6. 6. Future With will/won't -Activity or event that will or won't exist or happen in the future •I'll get up late tomorrow. •I won't get up early. With going to -- future in relation to circumstances in the present •I'm hungry. •I'm going to get something to eat.
  7. 7. Present Perfect With verbs of state that begin in the past and lead up to and include the present •He has lived here for many years. With events occurring at an To express indefinite or habitual or unspecified time continued action in the past -- with ever, never, before •Have you ever •He has worn been to Tokyo glasses all his life. before?
  8. 8. Present Perfect Progressive To express duration of an action that began in the past, has continued into the present, and may continue into the future •David has been working for two hours, and he hasn't finished yet.
  9. 9. Past Perfect to describe a past event or condition completed before another event in the past In reported speech •When I arrived home, •Jane said that she had he had already called. gone to the movies.
  10. 10. Future perfect to express action that will be completed by or before a specified time in the future •By next month we will have finished this job. •He won't have finished his work until 2:00.
  11. 11. THE PASSIVE TENSES Simple present active: passive: •The company ships Computers are the computers to shipped to many many foreign foreign countries. countries.
  12. 12. Present Progressive active: passive: •The chef is •The food is being preparing the food. prepared.
  13. 13. Simple Past active: •The delivery man delivered the package yesterday. passive: •The package was delivered yesterday.
  14. 14. Past Progressive active: •The producer was making an announcement. passive: •An announcement was being made.
  15. 15. Future active: passive: •Our representative •The computer will will pick up the be picked up. computer.
  16. 16. Present Perfect active: passive: •Someone has made •The arrangements the arrangements have been made for for us. us.
  17. 17. Past Perfect active: •They had given us visas for three months. passive: •We had been given visas for three months.
  18. 18. Future perfect active: passive: •By next month we •By next month this will have finished job will have been this job. finished.
  19. 19. Modals active: passive: •You can use the •The computer can computer. be used.
  20. 20. Verb Tense Final Test Cumulative Verb Tense Review
  21. 21. Verb Tense Final Test Cumulative Verb Tense Review 1. When Carol (call) last night, I (watch) my favorite show on television. 2. I (work) for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I retire! 3. Sharon (love) to travel. She (go) abroad almost every summer. Next year, she plans to go to Peru.
  22. 22. 4. Thomas is an author. He (write) mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (write) since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (write) seven novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry. 5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (get) to the train station, Susan (wait) for us for more than two hours. 6. Sam (try) to change a light bulb when he (slip) and (fell) .
  23. 23. 7. Everyday I (wake) up at 6 o'clock, (eat) breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) for work at 8 o'clock. However, this morning I (get) up at 6:30, (skip) breakfast and (leave) for work late because I (forget) to set my alarm. 8. Right now, Jim (read) the newspaper and Kathy (make) dinner. Last night at this time, they (do) the same thing. She (cook) and he (read) the newspaper. Tomorrow at this time, they (do, also) the same thing. She (prepare) dinner and he (read) . They are very predictable people!
  24. 24. 9. By this time next summer, you (complete) your studies and (find) a job. I, on the other hand, (accomplish, not) anything. I (study, still) and you (work) in some new high paying job. 10. The students (be, usually) taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they (be) taught by Mr. Tanzer.
  25. 25. CHECK YOUR ANSWERS
  26. 26. Verb Tense Final Test Cumulative Verb Tense Review 1. When Carol (called) last night, I (was watching) my favorite show on television. 2. I (have been working) for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I retire! 3. Sharon (loves) to travel. She (goes) abroad almost every summer. Next year, she plans to go to Peru.
  27. 27. 4. Thomas is an author. He (writes) mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (has been writing) since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (has written/ wrote) seven novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry. 5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (got) to the train station, Susan (had been waiting) for us for more than two hours. 6. Sam (was trying) to change a light bulb when he (slipped) and (fell) .
  28. 28. 7. Everyday I (wake) up at 6 o'clock, (eat) breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) for work at 8 o'clock. However, this morning I (got) up at 6:30, (skipped) breakfast and (left) for work late because I (had forgotten) to set my alarm. 8. Right now, Jim (is reading) the newspaper and Kathy (is making) dinner. Last night at this time, they (did) the same thing. She (was cooking) and he (was reading) the newspaper. Tomorrow at this time, they (will also do) the same thing. She (will prepare) dinner and he (will read) . They are very predictable people!
  29. 29. 9. By this time next summer, you (will have completed) your studies and (found) a job. I, on the other hand, (will not have accomplished) anything. I (will be still studying) and you (will be working) in some new high paying job. 10. The students (are usually) taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they (will be) taught by Mr. Tanzer.
  30. 30. HOME TASK PART ONE EXERCISE # 46 47 48
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