Verb tenses (lecture)
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Verb tenses (lecture)

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Verb tenses (lecture) Verb tenses (lecture) Presentation Transcript

  • ENGLISH COMPREHENSION AND COMPOSITOIN Verb-tense Subject-verb agreement Articles/ determiners Word Order Preposition Course Supervisor: Ayyaz Qadeer
  • Active Tenses Simple Present Present Action or Condition General Truths Non-action; Habitual Future Time Action • I like • There are • I hear you. music. thirty days • Here • I run on in comes the Tuesdays September bus. and . Sundays. • The train leaves at 4:00 p.m.
  • Present Progressive Activity in Progress Verbs of Perception •I am playing soccer •He is feeling sad. now View slide
  • Simple Past Completed Action Completed Condition •We visited the •The weather was museum yesterday. rainy last week. View slide
  • Past Progressive Past Action that took place over a period of time Past Action interrupted by another •They were climbing •We were eating for twenty-seven dinner when she told days. me.
  • Future With will/won't -Activity or event that will or won't exist or happen in the future •I'll get up late tomorrow. •I won't get up early. With going to -- future in relation to circumstances in the present •I'm hungry. •I'm going to get something to eat.
  • Present Perfect With verbs of state that begin in the past and lead up to and include the present •He has lived here for many years. With events occurring at an To express indefinite or habitual or unspecified time continued action in the past -- with ever, never, before •Have you ever •He has worn been to Tokyo glasses all his life. before?
  • Present Perfect Progressive To express duration of an action that began in the past, has continued into the present, and may continue into the future •David has been working for two hours, and he hasn't finished yet.
  • Past Perfect to describe a past event or condition completed before another event in the past In reported speech •When I arrived home, •Jane said that she had he had already called. gone to the movies.
  • Future perfect to express action that will be completed by or before a specified time in the future •By next month we will have finished this job. •He won't have finished his work until 2:00.
  • THE PASSIVE TENSES Simple present active: passive: •The company ships Computers are the computers to shipped to many many foreign foreign countries. countries.
  • Present Progressive active: passive: •The chef is •The food is being preparing the food. prepared.
  • Simple Past active: •The delivery man delivered the package yesterday. passive: •The package was delivered yesterday.
  • Past Progressive active: •The producer was making an announcement. passive: •An announcement was being made.
  • Future active: passive: •Our representative •The computer will will pick up the be picked up. computer.
  • Present Perfect active: passive: •Someone has made •The arrangements the arrangements have been made for for us. us.
  • Past Perfect active: •They had given us visas for three months. passive: •We had been given visas for three months.
  • Future perfect active: passive: •By next month we •By next month this will have finished job will have been this job. finished.
  • Modals active: passive: •You can use the •The computer can computer. be used.
  • Verb Tense Final Test Cumulative Verb Tense Review
  • Verb Tense Final Test Cumulative Verb Tense Review 1. When Carol (call) last night, I (watch) my favorite show on television. 2. I (work) for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I retire! 3. Sharon (love) to travel. She (go) abroad almost every summer. Next year, she plans to go to Peru.
  • 4. Thomas is an author. He (write) mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (write) since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (write) seven novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry. 5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (get) to the train station, Susan (wait) for us for more than two hours. 6. Sam (try) to change a light bulb when he (slip) and (fell) .
  • 7. Everyday I (wake) up at 6 o'clock, (eat) breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) for work at 8 o'clock. However, this morning I (get) up at 6:30, (skip) breakfast and (leave) for work late because I (forget) to set my alarm. 8. Right now, Jim (read) the newspaper and Kathy (make) dinner. Last night at this time, they (do) the same thing. She (cook) and he (read) the newspaper. Tomorrow at this time, they (do, also) the same thing. She (prepare) dinner and he (read) . They are very predictable people!
  • 9. By this time next summer, you (complete) your studies and (find) a job. I, on the other hand, (accomplish, not) anything. I (study, still) and you (work) in some new high paying job. 10. The students (be, usually) taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they (be) taught by Mr. Tanzer.
  • CHECK YOUR ANSWERS
  • Verb Tense Final Test Cumulative Verb Tense Review 1. When Carol (called) last night, I (was watching) my favorite show on television. 2. I (have been working) for this company for more than thirty years, and I intend to stay here until I retire! 3. Sharon (loves) to travel. She (goes) abroad almost every summer. Next year, she plans to go to Peru.
  • 4. Thomas is an author. He (writes) mystery novels and travel memoirs. He (has been writing) since he was twenty-eight. Altogether, he (has written/ wrote) seven novels, three collections of short stories and a book of poetry. 5. We were late because we had some car problems. By the time we (got) to the train station, Susan (had been waiting) for us for more than two hours. 6. Sam (was trying) to change a light bulb when he (slipped) and (fell) .
  • 7. Everyday I (wake) up at 6 o'clock, (eat) breakfast at 7 o'clock and (leave) for work at 8 o'clock. However, this morning I (got) up at 6:30, (skipped) breakfast and (left) for work late because I (had forgotten) to set my alarm. 8. Right now, Jim (is reading) the newspaper and Kathy (is making) dinner. Last night at this time, they (did) the same thing. She (was cooking) and he (was reading) the newspaper. Tomorrow at this time, they (will also do) the same thing. She (will prepare) dinner and he (will read) . They are very predictable people!
  • 9. By this time next summer, you (will have completed) your studies and (found) a job. I, on the other hand, (will not have accomplished) anything. I (will be still studying) and you (will be working) in some new high paying job. 10. The students (are usually) taught by Mrs. Monty. However, this week they (will be) taught by Mr. Tanzer.
  • HOME TASK PART ONE EXERCISE # 46 47 48