Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Malaysia

1,168

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,168
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
43
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. (and Lumpur nt onal elective largest monarchyYour Slide Title city) and Federal parliamentary democracy Official Malaysian King Abdul Halim language(s ) Official Latin Prime Najib Tun Razak script alphabet Minister Ethnic 50.4% Area 329,847 km2 groups Malay 23.7% Chinese 11.0%Indig enous 7.1% Indian 7.8% Other
  • 2. Your Slide TitleHistory of Malaysia• Evidence of modern human habitation in Malaysia dates back 40,000 years.• The first inhabitants are thought to be Negritos.• Traders and settlers from India and China arrived as early as the 1st century AD, establishing trading ports and coastal towns in the 2nd and 3rd centuries.• Sanskrit inscriptions appear as early as the 4th or 5th century.• The Kingdom of Langkasuka arose around the 2nd century in the northern area of the Malay Peninsula, lasting until about the 15th century.• Between the 7th and 13th centuries, much of the southern Malay Peninsula was part of the maritime Srivijaya empire.• After the fall of Srivijaya, the Majapahit empire had influence over most of Peninsular Malaysia and the Malay Archipelago.Islam began to spread among Malays in the 14th century.
  • 3. History of Malaysia Evidence of modern human habitation in Malaysia dates back 40,000 years. The first inhabitants are thought to be Negritos. Traders and settlers from India and China arrived as early as the 1st century AD, establishing trading ports and coastal towns in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. Sanskrit inscriptions appear as early as the 4th or 5th century. The Kingdom of Langkasuka arose around the 2nd century in the northern area of the Malay Peninsula, lasting until about the 15th century. Between the 7th and 13th centuries, much of the southern Malay Peninsula was part of the maritime Srivijaya empire. After the fall of Srivijaya, the Majapahit empire had influence over most of Peninsular Malaysia and the Malay Archipelago.Islam began to spread among Malays in the 14th century.
  • 4. Your Slide Title• In the early 15th century, Parameswara, a prince of the former Srivijayan empire, founded the Malacca Sultanate, commonly considered the first independent state in the peninsula. Malacca was an important commercial centre during this time, attracting trade from around the region. Parameswara became a Muslim, accelerating the spread of Islam.• In 1511 Malacca was conquered by Portugal, after which it was taken by the Dutch in 1641. In 1786 the British Empire established a presence in Malaya, when the Sultan of Kedah leased Penang to the British East India Company. The British obtained the town of Singapore in 1819, and in 1824 took control of Malacca following the Anglo-Dutch Treaty. By 1826 the British directly controlled Penang, Malacca, Singapore, and the island of Labuan, which they established as the crown colony of the Straits Settlements. By the 20th century, the states of Pahang, Selangor, Perak, and Negeri Sembilan, known together as the Federated Malay States .
  • 5. • In the early 15th century, Parameswara, a prince of the former Srivijayan empire, founded the Malacca Sultanate, commonly considered the first independent state in the peninsula. Malacca was an important commercial centre during this time, attracting trade from around the region. Parameswara became a Muslim, accelerating the spread of Islam.• In 1511 Malacca was conquered by Portugal, after which it was taken by the Dutch in 1641. In 1786 the British Empire established a presence in Malaya, when the Sultan of Kedah leased Penang to the British East India Company. The British obtained the town of Singapore in 1819, and in 1824 took control of Malacca following the Anglo-Dutch Treaty. By 1826 the British directly controlled Penang, Malacca, Singapore, and the island of Labuan, which they established as the crown colony of the Straits Settlements. By the 20th century, the states of Pahang, Selangor, Perak, and Negeri Sembilan, known together as the Federated Malay States.
  • 6. • In the Second World War the Japanese army invaded and occupied Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore for over three years. During this time, ethnic tensions were raised and nationalism grew.• Popular support for independence increased after Malaya was reconquered by Allied Forces. Post-war British plans to unite the administration of Malaya under a single crown colony called the Malayan Union met with strong opposition from the Malays, who opposed the weakening of the Malay rulers and the granting of citizenship to the ethnic Chinese.• The Malayan Union, established in 1946 and consisting of all the British possessions in the Malay Peninsula with the exception of Singapore, was quickly dissolved and replaced by the Federation of Malaya.• During this time, mostly Chinese rebels under the leadership of the Malayan Communist Party launched guerrilla operations designed to force the British out of Malaya.• The Malayan Emergency lasted from 1948 to 1960, and involved a long anti- insurgency campaign by Commonwealth troops in Malaya. The proposed date of federation was 31 August 1963, however, the date was delayed until 16 September 1963 due to opposition from Indonesias Sukarno and the Sarawak United Peoples Party.
  • 7. Your Slide TitlePolitical system• Parliamentary Democracy.• Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with a system of parliamentary democracy. It comprises 13 states as well as two local territories and one administrative capital including the Federal Capital Kuala Lumpur and Labuan; and Putrajaya as Malaysias new Administrative Capital.• The Malaysian Parliament comprises the Senate (Dewan Negara) and the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat).• The Senators, whether appointed or elected, serve a six-year term, while members of the House of Representatives are elected for a five-year term in a single member constituency system. Since gaining its Independence from Britain on 31 August 1957, free and fair elections to the House of Representatives have been held regularly every five years or less.
  • 8. Political system Parliamentary Democracy. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with a system of parliamentary democracy. It comprises 13 states as well as two local territories and one administrative capital including the Federal Capital Kuala Lumpur and Labuan; and Putrajaya as Malaysias new Administrative Capital. The Malaysian Parliament comprises the Senate (Dewan Negara) and the House of Representatives (Dewan Rakyat). The Senators, whether appointed or elected, serve a six-year term, while members of the House of Representatives are elected for a five-year term in a single member constituency system. Since gaining its Independence from Britain on 31 August 1957, free and fair elections to the House of Representatives have been held regularly every five years or less.
  • 9. Your Slide TitleEconomy• For 30 years Malaysia has industrialized rapidly, transforming itself from an economy whose livelihood relied primarily on the production of mineral and agricultural export commodities-palm oil, natural rubber, tropical timber and other minor mineral and agricultural products-into an economy dominated by manufacturing and services.• In 2002 manufacturing accounted for 30.6% of nominal GDP, up from 30.5% in 2001, whereas the share of services fell to 50.7% from 51.8%. The manufacturing sector tends to raise its share of GDP during (export-led) economic upturns; the share of services usually grows in a more stable manner. Malaysia aims to become a fully developed nation by 2020.• Malaysia still plays a leading role in world markets for some of its commodities. Manufactures account on average for 85% of gross export earnings. Electronic goods are the single most important category and have grown at a double-digit rate for most of the past 25 years, declining only in 1985 and in 2001. Electronic goods production is heavily dependent on imported parts.
  • 10. EconomyFor 30 years Malaysia has industrialized rapidly, transforming itself from an economywhose livelihood relied primarily on the production of mineral and agricultural exportcommodities-palm oil, natural rubber, tropical timber and other minor mineral andagricultural products-into an economy dominated by manufacturing and services.In 2002 manufacturing accounted for 30.6% of nominal GDP, up from 30.5% in 2001,whereas the share of services fell to 50.7% from 51.8%. The manufacturing sectortends to raise its share of GDP during (export-led) economic upturns; the share ofservices usually grows in a more stable manner. Malaysia aims to become a fullydeveloped nation by 2020.Malaysia still plays a leading role in world markets for some of its commodities.Manufactures account on average for 85% of gross export earnings. Electronic goodsare the single most important category and have grown at a double-digit rate for mostof the past 25 years, declining only in 1985 and in 2001. Electronic goods production isheavily dependent on imported parts.
  • 11. Your Slide Title
  • 12. Your Slide Title
  • 13. Your Slide Title
  • 14. Your Slide Title
  • 15. Your Slide Title
  • 16. Your Slide Title
  • 17. Your Slide Title
  • 18. Your Slide Title
  • 19. Your Slide Title
  • 20. Your Slide Title
  • 21. Your Slide Title
  • 22. Your Slide Title
  • 23. Your Slide Title
  • 24. Your Slide Title
  • 25. Your Slide Title
  • 26. Your Slide Title
  • 27. Your Slide Title
  • 28. Your Slide Title

×