Organic

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Organic

  1. 1. Organic vs Inorganic
  2. 2. Organic Compounds <ul><li>Must contain Carbon and Hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>Can contain other elements as well, like oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus </li></ul><ul><li>Make up most of our body weight </li></ul>
  3. 3. Inorganic Compounds <ul><li>Do not contain Carbon and Hydrogen </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hydrocarbons <ul><li>Only contain Carbon and Hydrogen </li></ul><ul><li>NOTHING ELSE! </li></ul><ul><li>CH 4 </li></ul><ul><li>C 2 H 6 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why is carbon so important? <ul><li>Carbon has 4 valence electrons, so it can form 4 bonds </li></ul><ul><li>It can bind with itself to form Carbon skeletons, rings or even long chains. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Functional groups <ul><li>Special groups that give molecules different properties </li></ul><ul><li>Attach to carbon skeletons </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amino, Carboxyl, Phosphate, Hydroxide </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Four Organic Compounds of Life <ul><li>Carbohydrates </li></ul><ul><li>Proteins </li></ul><ul><li>Lipids </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleic acids </li></ul>
  8. 8. Macromolecules <ul><li>Large molecules found in living things </li></ul><ul><li>Polymerization: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When you combine smaller subunits to make a chain or polymer </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Monomer
  10. 10. Polymer
  11. 11. Making and breaking chains <ul><li>To add or remove monomers from a chain a reaction must occur </li></ul>
  12. 12. Dehydration Synthesis <ul><li>The adding of monomers, to form a chain, by the removal of water. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hydrolysis <ul><li>The addition of water to break down polymers </li></ul>

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