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Carbohydrates
 

Carbohydrates

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    Carbohydrates Carbohydrates Presentation Transcript

    • Carbohydrates
    • Organic Vs Inorganic
      • Organic Compound: a compound that contains Carbon and Hydrogen.
      • Inorganic Compound: a compound that does not contain both carbon and hydrogen.
        • Organic or inorganic
          • CO 2
          • C 6 H 12 O 6
          • HCl
          • NaCl
    • Categories of Organic Compounds
      • 1) Carbohydrates (Sugars)
      • 2) Proteins
      • 3) Lipids (Fats)
      • 4) Nucleic Acids
    • Carbohydrates
      • Primary source of energy
      • Includes sugars and starches.
    • Carbohydrates
      • Made up of carbon, hydrogen,
      • and oxygen In a ratio of 1:2:1.
      • C 6 H 12 O 6
    • Carbohydrates
      • The simplest Carbs are called Monosaccharides or simple sugars.
      • Examples include Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose.
    • Carbohydrates
      • Complex carbohydrates are called either Disaccharides, or polysaccharides.
      • Di = two
      • Poly = many (3 or more)
    • Dehydration Synthesis
      • The chemical reaction that joins monosaccharides is called dehydration synthesis.
    • Hydrolysis
      • To break down polysaccharides we need to use Hydrolysis