Carbohydrates

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Carbohydrates

  1. 1. Carbohydrates
  2. 2. Organic Vs Inorganic <ul><li>Organic Compound: a compound that contains Carbon and Hydrogen. </li></ul><ul><li>Inorganic Compound: a compound that does not contain both carbon and hydrogen. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic or inorganic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>CO 2 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C 6 H 12 O 6 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HCl </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>NaCl </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Categories of Organic Compounds <ul><li>1) Carbohydrates (Sugars) </li></ul><ul><li>2) Proteins </li></ul><ul><li>3) Lipids (Fats) </li></ul><ul><li>4) Nucleic Acids </li></ul>
  4. 4. Carbohydrates <ul><li>Primary source of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Includes sugars and starches. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Carbohydrates <ul><li>Made up of carbon, hydrogen, </li></ul><ul><li>and oxygen In a ratio of 1:2:1. </li></ul><ul><li>C 6 H 12 O 6 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Carbohydrates <ul><li>The simplest Carbs are called Monosaccharides or simple sugars. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Carbohydrates <ul><li>Complex carbohydrates are called either Disaccharides, or polysaccharides. </li></ul><ul><li>Di = two </li></ul><ul><li>Poly = many (3 or more) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dehydration Synthesis <ul><li>The chemical reaction that joins monosaccharides is called dehydration synthesis. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Hydrolysis <ul><li>To break down polysaccharides we need to use Hydrolysis </li></ul>

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