Eco ppt 4th sem

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Packaging for sea transport.

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Eco ppt 4th sem

  1. 1. • Packing in sea transport
  2. 2. • Packing is the science, art, and technology of enclosing or protecting products for distribution, storage, sale, and use • Packing has at least three functions: (a) To protect the goods; (b) To keep a consignment together; (c) To prevent the goods from damaging the environment.
  3. 3. i. Physical protection ii. Barrier protection iii. Marketing iv. Security v. Convenience vi. Information transmission vii. Portion control
  4. 4. PLASTIC BOXES BUBBLE WRAP SHRINK WRAP TISSUE PAPER METAL GLASS
  5. 5. Nature and type of goods Volume Weight Number of packages Types of packages Mode of transport Final destination
  6. 6. A shipping container is a container with strength suitable to withstand shipment, storage, and handling. Containers are built to standardised dimensions, and can be loaded and unloaded, stacked, transported efficiently over long distances, and transferred from one mode of transport to another
  7. 7. (a)THE GENERAL CARGO CONTAINER: This is the most representative type for general cargo( packed cargo) that does not require temperature. (b)THERMAL CONTAINER: Thermal container are classified into three types: (i)Refrigerated(or reefer)Container (for cooled foodstuffs,meat,fish,vegetables,etc.) (ii)Insulated containers for fruit,vegetables etc. Here dry ice is used as the cooling medium. (iii)The ventilated container allows for the passage o f air by means of apertures on sides or ends. This type is used for cargo such as fruit or vegetable which requires respiration.
  8. 8. (c)SPECIAL CONTAINERS: The third category of containers is “Special Containers”. Prominent types in this head include: Bulk containers, Open top containers, side open containers, flat tracks, Car containers, Pen containers.
  9. 9. • used to carry fluids cargo • Tank containers must be at least 80% full, to prevent dangerous surging of the liquids in transit.
  10. 10. • Packaging has to be designed and constructed to United Nations (UN) specification standards • UN approved packaging is marked with the prefix 'UN' and followed by codes that are listed • The Vehicle Certification Agency Dangerous (VCA)
  11. 11. * Bulk commodities - heavy equipment, machinery, etc *Goods of high value-Direct delivery to the vessel and direct collection upon arrival of the vessel is advisable. *Perishables and refrigerated cargo-Perishables and refrigerated cargo like fruits, fresh vegetables, cheese and meat, are usually carried in suitable ventilated packages *Live animals-Possible quarantine regulations in the countries of origin and destination must be taken into consideration. *Dangerous/Hazardous cargo-This kind of cargo requires special packing, marking and labelling, which is a task undertaken by the shippers themselves. There is a separate section on the carriage of dangerous goods later in this manual.
  12. 12. • Destination • Handling instructions
  13. 13. • Dangerous goods

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