Ppt on Nai Talim


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Nai Talim by MK Gandhi was a new style and type of education in india.

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Ppt on Nai Talim

  1. 1. Made by- Sachin Motwani
  2. 2.  Enlightened Indians played a leading role in the spread of education as well. They insisted the government to stress on education & open more schools & colleges.  People wanted to have much better education than that set by the British. Two leaders who were very attached to it were Mahatma Gandhi & Rabindranath Tagore. Made by- Sachin Motwani
  3. 3. Gandhi's first experiments in education began at the Tolstoy Ashram in South Africa. It was much later, while living at Sevagram and in the heat of the Independence struggle that Gandhi wrote his influential article in Harijan about education. In it, he mapped out the basic pedagogy. Tolstoy Ashram
  4. 4.  The father of our nation was against western education. He wanted an education that would help Indians take pride in their past. He valued practical knowledge more than learning from books. He wanted all students to learn craft so that they would become self-sufficient & can develop a sense of dignity for labor. This, he believed, would lead to the development of the body, mind & soul. This was the essence of Gandhiji’s scheme (New Education) Made by- Sachin Motwani
  5. 5. “The principal idea is to instruct the whole education of the body, mind and soul through the handicraft that is taught to the children.” -MAHATMA GANDHI Made by- Sachin Motwani
  7. 7. Nai Talim is a spiritual principle which states that knowledge and work are not separate. Gandhi promoted education based on this educational principle. It means 'Basic Education for all'. It developed out of Gandhi's experience with the English educational system. In that system, he saw that Indian children would be disaffected and their focus would be on 'career’. The three pillars of Gandhi's education were  Its focus on the life-long character of education  Its social character  Its form as a holistic process.  For Gandhi, education is 'the moral development of the person', a process that is by definition 'life-long'. MADE BY- SACHIN MOTWANI
  8. 8. My model of education is directed toward my alternative vision of the social order: my basic education is, an embodiment of my perception of an ideal society consisting of small, selfreliant communities with my ideal citizen being an industrious, self-respecting and generous individual living in a small co-operative community. Nai Talim also envisaged a different role for the teacher, not simply as a professional constrained by curricula and abstract standards, but rather as a person relating directly to the student in the form of a dialogue: A teacher who establishes rapport with the taught, becomes one with them, learns more from them than he teaches them. He who learns nothing from his disciples is, in my opinion, worthless. Whenever I talk with someone I learn from him. I take from him more than I give him. In this way, a true teacher regards himself as a student of his students. If you will teach your pupils with this attitude, you will benefit much from them. Made by- Sachin Motwani
  9. 9. The crux of Nai Talim lay in overcoming distinctions between learning and teaching, and knowledge and work. It the need to redefine the relationship between teacher and student, they must each regard the other as a fellow worker...Instead, the ‘teacher’ was to be skilled in a kala/hunar (and to derive sustenance from this and not a teaching salary). The student was to live, work and grow with the teacher and his/her family. In this process s/he would learn the kala/hunar — the skill as part of a way of life, code of ethics, web of relationships, etc. Nai Talim was conceived as a response to one of the main dialectics of modernity as Gandhi saw it--the dialectic between human being and 'machine' or 'technology': In this dialectic, man represented the whole of mankind, not just India, and the machine represented the industrialized West. It is for this reason, among others, that Gandhi placed such central emphasis in his pedagogy on the role of handcrafts such as spinning; they symbolized the values of self-sufficiency or Swaraj and independence or Swadeshi.
  10. 10.  Gandhi's proposal to make handicrafts the centre of his pedagogy had as its aim to bring about a "fundamental rearrangement of the sociology of school knowledge in India" in which the 'literacies' of the lower castes--"such as spinning, weaving, leatherwork, pottery, metal-work, basket-making and book-binding“ would be made essential. The other aim of this use of handicrafts was to make schools financially and socially independent. Made by- Sachin Motwani
  11. 11. Made by- Sachin Motwani
  12. 12. Made by- Sachin Motwani