Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movementthat revolutionized European painting and sculpture, andinspired related movementsin music, literature and architecture.Pablo Picasso is one of the artists whopioneered this movement.There are Three periods of Cubism:Early Cubism (1908-1910)Analytic Cubism (1910-12)Synthetic Cubism (1912-1914)
Early Cubism: depiction of thewhole structure of the object andits position in space, combiningdifferent viewpoints. The Vase, Bowl, Lemon, Picasso 1907
Analytical Cubism: breaking down ofthe subject and the space around it intoangular planes or facets that recorddifferent viewpoints and information;no interest in colour or texture Clarinet and Bottle of Rum on a mantelpiece, Braque 1911
Synthetic Cubism: collages ofinterlocked fragments ofnewspaper, wallpaper, and labelswith fragments of painting,drawing and writing; colourreintroduced & texture & pattern Bottle, Glass, Guitar and newspaper, Picasso 1913
Originated by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque paintingsEmphasizes flat, two-dimensional surfaceCubism rejects perspective, chiaroscuro(The treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting) It Contains Geometric forms without realistic detail.Refutes art as the imitation of nature
Flat colour – no illusion of 3D by using shading or tonal modelling Objects painted from different angles. Complex interlocking shapes create feelings of tension & anxiety in viewer Vertical or diagonal plane lines disrupt the composition Details are edited out = simplify, select & modify from nature
Characteristics of Cubism: Abstract Broken Mirror Effect Rearranged Geometric More than one view Simplified Shapes
Getting as close to reality as possible byrepresenting a real, natural object on a flat canvasby showing every side of the object.Taking each point of view and emphasizing thegeometric shapes by spreading all of these pointsout on a canvas.Unfolding an image.As Cubism developed, Picasso began to combineseveral points of view of an object and to overlapthem ᾶ this led to some images becoming almostunrecognizable.
Why Cubism: To reject traditional perspectiveand exploreideas of time and space—show portraits, stilllife,and landscape from several angles at once;explore boundaries of illusion and what’s realHow Cubism: By breaking up the picture planeintofacets, using geometric shapes, adding lettering,constructing collage and assemblage
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