ENGLISH FOR RESEARCH Dr. Sachin C. Ketkar Associate Professor,  Department of English Faculty of Arts, The Maharaja Sayaji...
MY USUAL RESPONSE TO THE IDEA OF SEMINARS
WHAT I USED TO DO IN THE SEMINARS
Revisiting the Notion of ‘Register’ <ul><li>According to the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, ‘register’ means,...
Halliday on Register Analysis <ul><li>In  Language as a Social Semiotic  (1978), Halliday notes three dimensions of regist...
THE ‘FIELD’ OF RESEARCH <ul><li>As a research thesis (lit. a position, or a claim) is basically  the REPORT  of a systemat...
THE ‘MODE’ OF RESEARCH REGISTER <ul><li>‘ THESIS AS GENRE’   </li></ul><ul><li>Because the thesis/dissertation follows cer...
HOW TO GIVE TITLE TO YOUR THESIS
HOW TO PREPARE OUTLINE OF YOUR THESIS
THE ‘TENOR’ OF RESEARCH <ul><li>As research implies contribution to a particular area of knowledge,  the  relationship  be...
THE ‘ADDRESSEE’ OF RESEARCH <ul><li>The researchers have to have clear idea of  WHO  they are addressing in their writings...
A COMMON PROBLEM   <ul><li>A common problem  with the language of research of the newly-born researchers rises from  their...
LANGUAGE OF  ACADEMIC RESEARCH
ENGLISH AND RESEARCH <ul><li>Due to historical reasons, English is  an international language of knowledge </li></ul><ul><...
ENGLISH FOR RESEARCH PURPOSE <ul><li>Research is  primarily about thinking  and hence acquiring English for Research purpo...
THE RESEARCH METHOD
HOW TO WRITE PAPERS WITH HIGH IMPACT FACTOR
ENGLISH FOR THINKING PURPOSE (ETP) <ul><li>Acquiring English for research purposes means acquiring English as a language o...
ENGLISH STUDIES IN INDIA <ul><li>Given the historical place of English in our society, research in literature in English l...
COMPARATIVE LITERARY STUDIES IN INDIA <ul><li>Reading with the  awareness of who you are  culturally, historically, social...
A PERSONAL ASIDE <ul><li>I am a Maharashtrian, born and brought up in Gujarat. I write poetry in Marathi and English and I...
DOCTOR OF LITERATURE
NOW I AM  A RESEARCH SUPERVISOR
SCOPE FOR FURTHER RESEARCH IN MY AREAS <ul><li>Literary Historiography of the post-Independence Indian literatures is inad...
WORLD CUP VS. THE PHD
MARRIAGE VS.PHD
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English For Research

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English For Research

  1. 1. ENGLISH FOR RESEARCH Dr. Sachin C. Ketkar Associate Professor, Department of English Faculty of Arts, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat
  2. 2. MY USUAL RESPONSE TO THE IDEA OF SEMINARS
  3. 3. WHAT I USED TO DO IN THE SEMINARS
  4. 4. Revisiting the Notion of ‘Register’ <ul><li>According to the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, ‘register’ means, ‘the words, style, and grammar used by speakers and writers in a particular situation or in a particular type of writing.’ </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a language variety which varies with the purpose of the language user. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Halliday on Register Analysis <ul><li>In Language as a Social Semiotic (1978), Halliday notes three dimensions of register. I will be using these ideas in my discussion: </li></ul><ul><li>In a given linguistic situation </li></ul><ul><li>‘ FIELD ’ is what is happening in that situation </li></ul><ul><li>‘ MODE’ means how it is happening </li></ul><ul><li>‘ TENOR ’ is what is relationship between the actors </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE ‘FIELD’ OF RESEARCH <ul><li>As a research thesis (lit. a position, or a claim) is basically the REPORT of a systematic investigation undertaken by the researcher into a particular area of knowledge, this area and researcher’s ‘claim’/ ‘position’ will be the ‘field’ of research register. </li></ul>
  7. 7. THE ‘MODE’ OF RESEARCH REGISTER <ul><li>‘ THESIS AS GENRE’ </li></ul><ul><li>Because the thesis/dissertation follows certain standard conventions of writing like the norms of citation, documentation, bibliography, and so on it can be seen as a particular `genre’ of writing. </li></ul>
  8. 8. HOW TO GIVE TITLE TO YOUR THESIS
  9. 9. HOW TO PREPARE OUTLINE OF YOUR THESIS
  10. 10. THE ‘TENOR’ OF RESEARCH <ul><li>As research implies contribution to a particular area of knowledge, the relationship between the researcher ( the addressor) and ‘the addressee’ of the thesis is crucial in determining the language of research . </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE ‘ADDRESSEE’ OF RESEARCH <ul><li>The researchers have to have clear idea of WHO they are addressing in their writings. </li></ul><ul><li>As research implies contribution to a particular domain of knowledge, THE DOMAIN OF THE KNOWLEDGE to which the re searcher is contributing is the ADDRESSEE OF THE RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>Thus the thesis is a `dialogue’ between the knowledge and the researcher </li></ul>
  12. 12. A COMMON PROBLEM <ul><li>A common problem with the language of research of the newly-born researchers rises from their belief that they are post-graduate students writing for their undergraduate counterparts. </li></ul><ul><li>This makes their language naïve, elementary and not very technical. </li></ul><ul><li>A researcher is not ‘man talking to men’ but A SCHOLAR TALKING TO THE SCHOLARS . </li></ul>
  13. 13. LANGUAGE OF ACADEMIC RESEARCH
  14. 14. ENGLISH AND RESEARCH <ul><li>Due to historical reasons, English is an international language of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>As huge amount of research has been carried out in English from centuries, the `research register’ in English is highly developed in comparison to other Indian languages </li></ul><ul><li>Consequently, the researchers using English are at greater advantage than their counterparts in the Indian languages </li></ul>
  15. 15. ENGLISH FOR RESEARCH PURPOSE <ul><li>Research is primarily about thinking and hence acquiring English for Research purpose does not imply merely the acquiring technical terminology of the field and the mechanics of dissertation writing but also acquiring CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS </li></ul>
  16. 16. THE RESEARCH METHOD
  17. 17. HOW TO WRITE PAPERS WITH HIGH IMPACT FACTOR
  18. 18. ENGLISH FOR THINKING PURPOSE (ETP) <ul><li>Acquiring English for research purposes means acquiring English as a language of thinking </li></ul><ul><li>As language is indistinguishable from culture, internalizing English or the western way of thinking implies internalizing the western ways of seeing, and the western values too. </li></ul><ul><li>Hence acquiring English for research purposes will invariably be an intercultural act. </li></ul><ul><li>This self awareness and self-reflexivity will make us ‘Indian researchers’ even if we do research in English </li></ul>
  19. 19. ENGLISH STUDIES IN INDIA <ul><li>Given the historical place of English in our society, research in literature in English language can only be COMPARATIVE i.e. we can read/study literatures only as speakers of our language and as Indians . </li></ul><ul><li>Even when we read Jane Eyre or Harry Potter or Twilight we read it AS Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>The very act of reading literature in English for an Indian is a comparative act. </li></ul>
  20. 20. COMPARATIVE LITERARY STUDIES IN INDIA <ul><li>Reading with the awareness of who you are culturally, historically, socially and metaphysically results in comparative studies. </li></ul><ul><li>Only when we read from our awareness of our own social-political-historical ‘LOCATION’, will our study of literature in English be relevant and meaningful. </li></ul>
  21. 21. A PERSONAL ASIDE <ul><li>I am a Maharashtrian, born and brought up in Gujarat. I write poetry in Marathi and English and I translate from Marathi, Gujarati and Hindi into English. </li></ul><ul><li>My doctoral thesis was thesis-by-translation on my own translation of the fifteenth century Gujarati poet Narsinh Mehta </li></ul><ul><li>Translation Studies and Comparative Literary Studies are my primary areas of research and are products of my own ‘location’ as a researcher. </li></ul>
  22. 22. DOCTOR OF LITERATURE
  23. 23. NOW I AM A RESEARCH SUPERVISOR
  24. 24. SCOPE FOR FURTHER RESEARCH IN MY AREAS <ul><li>Literary Historiography of the post-Independence Indian literatures is inadequate </li></ul><ul><li>The use of terms like ‘Modernism’ and ‘Postmodernism’ in Indian context requires further exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Translation between Indian languages is a greatly neglected area of study </li></ul>
  25. 25. WORLD CUP VS. THE PHD
  26. 26. MARRIAGE VS.PHD

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