Taylor believed that if the amount of time and effort that each worker expends to produce a unit of output can be reduced by increasing specialization and division of labor, the production process will become more efficient.
Developed the principles of bureaucracy-a formal system of organization and administration designed to ensure efficiency and effectiveness.
System of written rules and SOPs that specify how Employees should behave Selection and evaluation System that rewards Employees fairly and Equitably. Clearly specified System of task and Role relationships Clearly specified Hierarchy of authority A bureaucracy Should have
Those operations within the organization that have the same objective should be directed by only one manager using one plan. For example the personnel department in a company should not have two directors each with a different hiring policy.
Douglas McGregor proposed that two sets of assumptions about how work attitudes and behaviors not only dominate the way managers think but also affect how they behave in organizations. He named these two assumptions Theory X and Theory Y.