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customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow
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customer's prefrences for multiplexes in lucknow

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  • 1. CUSTOMER’S PERCEPTION & PREFRENCES FOR multiplexes IN LUCKNOW SHALINI SINGH SACHIN AWASTHI MBA (G) SECTION B
  • 2. MARKETING RESEARCH • Managers need information in order to introduce products and services that create value in the mind of the customer. • But the perception of value is a subjective one, and what customers value this year may be quite different from what they value next year. • As such, the attributes that create value cannot simply be deduced from common knowledge. Rather, data must be collected and analyzed. • To maximize the benefit of marketing research, those who use it need to understand the research process and its limitations
  • 3. Marketing Research VS. Market Research Market Research Marketing Research • Deals specifically with • Covers a wider range of the gathering of activities. information about a market's size and trends. • May involve market research • Marketing research is a more general systematic process that can be applied to a variety of marketing problems.
  • 4. INTRODUCTION OF THE PROJECT  SUBJECT: Customer’s Perception And Preference For The Multiplexes In Lucknow.  OBJECTIVE: • To Understand And Analyze The Customer Opinion And Level Of Satisfaction For The Multiplexes In Lucknow. • To Find Out The Customer Perception And Preference For The Multiplexes In Lucknow.
  • 5.  PLACE: On The 4 Multiplexes In Lucknow…. WAVE CINEMAS • FUN REPUBLIC • PVR CINEMAS • INOX THEATRES •  DURATION: 20th December 2008 - 5th January 2009.
  • 6. MARKETING RESEARCH PROCESS 1. Define the problem 2. Determine research design 3. Identify data types and sources 4. Design data collection forms and questionnaires 5. Determine sample plan and size 6. Collect the data 7. Analyze and interpret the data 8. Prepare the research report
  • 7. 1. DEFINING THE PROBLEM • The problem area for the multiplex are the perception and preference of different customer segment for the multiplexes. • To identify their weak point and to work on them for the mutual benefit of both the multiplexes and the customer is the major use of the marketing research. • The decision problem faced by management must be translated into a market research problem in the form of questions.
  • 8. 2. DETERMINE RESEARCH DESIGN • The research design adopted by us was the CAUSAL DESIGN. • Causal research seeks to find cause and effect relationships between variables. It accomplishes this goal through laboratory and field experiments.
  • 9. 3. IDENTIFY DATA TYPES AND SOURCES • For our project we used both the primary data as well as the secondary data.  SECONDARY DATA: Secondary data may be internal to the firm, such as sales invoices and warranty cards, or may be external to the firm such as published data or commercially available data.  PRIMARY DATA: Primary data can be obtained by communication or by observation. Communication involves questioning respondents either verbally or in writing.
  • 10. 4. DESIGN DATA COLLECTION FORMS AND QUESTIONNAIRES •The questionnaire is an important tool for gathering primary data. • Poorly constructed questions can result in large errors and invalidate the research data. • The questionnaire should be tested thoroughly prior to conducting the survey.
  • 11. QUESTIONNAIRE DESIGN STEPS a. Determine which information is being sought i.e. OBJECTIVITY. b. Choose a question type and method of administration. c. Determine the general question content needed to obtain the desired information. d. Determine the form of response.
  • 12. Continued… e. Choose the exact question wording. f. Arrange the questions into an effective sequence. g. Specify the physical characteristics of the questionnaire. h. Test the questionnaire and revise it as needed.
  • 13. (a) REQUIRED INFORMATION • To determine exactly which information is needed, it is useful to construct tables into which the data will be placed once it is collected. • The tables will help to define what data is needed and what is not needed. (b) Question Type and Administration Method In our project we used fixed alternative as well as projective method for the preparation of the questionnaire. FIXED-ALTERNATIVE questions provide multiple-choice answers. PROJECTIVE METHODS use a vague question or stimulus and attempt to project a person's attitudes from the response. The questionnaire could use techniques such as word associations and fill- in-the-blank sentences.
  • 14. (c) QUESTION CONTENT • Each question should have a specific purpose or should not be included in the questionnaire. • The goal of the questions is to obtain the required information. •Some techniques are: 1. Place the question in a series of less personal questions. 2. State that the behavior or attitude is not so unusual. 3. Phrase the question in terms of other people, not the respondent. 4. Provide response choices that specify ranges, not exact numbers. 5. Use a randomized response model giving the respondent pairs of questions with a randomly assigned one to answer.
  • 15. (d) FORM OF QUESTION RESPONSE In our project we used all three forms of question response: 1. Open-ended 2. Dichotomous 3. Multi-chotomous • Open-ended responses are difficult to evaluate, but are useful early in the research process for determining the possible range of responses. • Dichotomous questions have two possible opposing responses, for example, quot;Yesquot; and quot;Noquot;. • Multichotomous questions have a range of responses as in a multiple choice test.
  • 16. (e) QUESTION WORDINGS The questions should be unambiguous, easily understandable considering the full context of the respondent's situation. (f) SEQUENCE THE QUESTIONS Some neutral questions should be placed at the beginning of the questionnaire. Effective opening questions are simple and non-threatening. When sequencing the questions, keep in mind that their order can affect the response
  • 17. (g) PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE • Physical aspects (for e.g. the page layout, font type and size, question spacing, and type of paper) should be considered. • The layout should be designed in that manner so the need to flip back and forth between pages will not be there. • Should be readable even by those respondents who have less-than-perfect visual acuity. • Each questionnaire should have a unique number in order to better account for it and to know if any have been lost.
  • 18. (h) TEST AND REVISE THE QUESTIONNAIRE • The questionnaire should be pre-tested in two stages before distributing. •In the first stage, it should be administered using personal interviews in order to get better feedback on problems such as ambiguous questions • Then, it should be tested in the same way it will be administered.
  • 19. 5.DETERMINE SAMPLE PLAN AND SIZE • The minimum sample size on which the survey was to be conducted was 100. • For our project we asked 130 people who visited the various multiplex in Lucknow between 20th December 2008 to 5th January 2009 to fill up the questionnaire for us. • We also went to people in our relation and friends to fill up the questionnaire for us.
  • 20. DATA COLLECTION • Data is collected both from primary source as well as secondary source. • The primary source data was obtained by filling the questionnaires. • The secondary data was obtained from the respective multiplex's website and internet portals. • By using the various data available we compiled this project.
  • 21. 6. DATA ANALYSIS • Before analysis can be performed, raw data must be transformed into the right format. • The data is tabulated to count the number of samples falling into various categories. • For our project we did:  Conjoint Analysis  Cluster Analysis
  • 22. CONJOINT ANALYSIS • First used in the early 1970's • The CONJOINT ANALYSIS is a powerful technique for determining consumer preferences for product attributes. • Well-suited for defining a new product or improving an existing one. • Allows a subset of the possible combinations of product features to be used to determine the relative importance of each feature in the purchasing decision. • Based on the fact that the relative values of attributes considered jointly can better be measured than when considered in isolation.
  • 23. Continued… • The respondent asked to arrange a list of combinations of product attributes in decreasing order of preference. • This method is efficient because survey does not need to be conducted using every possible combination of attributes. The utilities can be determined using a subset of possible attribute combinations.
  • 24. CLUSTER ANALYSIS • A collection of algorithms for grouping objects, or in the case of marketing research, grouping people • Useful in the exploratory phase of research when there are no a-priori hypotheses
  • 25. INTODUCTION TO MULTIPLEXES
  • 26. WAVE MULTIPLEX • Govern by CHADHA GROUP • Highly reputed conglomerate • Presence in Real Estate, Construction and Operation of Multiplexes, Sugar Manufacturing,Paper Manufacturing, Distillery, Liquor Retailing & Food Processing, distribution and screening of films. • The film distribution business is being carried on in a partnership firm M/s GINNI ARTS.
  • 27. Continued… • Total turnover of Rs.1850 Crores approx for the year 2003-04 with the Group’s net worth at approx Rs.200 Crores approx. • The combined personal net worth of promoters, as on 31st March 2003, is Rs.79 Crores approx.
  • 28. FUN CINEMAS • Cinema chain in India. • Owned by the Essel Group and promoted by E-City Ventures. • The company operates with the brand name Fun Cinemas (the premium brand) and Talkie Town(the value brand) • Fun Cinemas has a total of 55 screens in 16 multiplexes across India.
  • 29. Continued… • The company plans to have 300 Fun Cinemas screens, 250 Talkie Town screens and 1,000 digital screens by the year 2011.
  • 30. PVR CINEMAS • India’s largest cinema chain. • Started in the year 1997. • Pvr bangalore, india's largest ever multiplex. • 101 screens across the country.
  • 31. REMARKABLE FACTS OF PVR • First to receive institutional funding in the cinema industry from ICICI Venture. • First to introduce THX – approved three way surround sound system with real life sound effects and projection facility with latest Xenon based technology. • First to launch India’s biggest 11 screen multiplex – PVR Bangalore.
  • 32. Continued… • PVR Pictures made its production debut in December 2007 with ‘Taare Zameen Par’, a co-production with Aamir Khan Productions Ltd. Distributed by PVR Pictures
  • 33. INOX THEATRE • INOX Leisure Limited is the diversification venture of the INOX group into entertainment and is a subsidiary of Gujarat Fluorochemicals Ltd. • currently operates 27 multiplexes and 94 screens in 19 cities • Winner of the ‘ICICI Entertainment Retailer of the Year’ Award 2005, TAAL Multiplexer 2006 and Emerging Superbrand of the year 2006 – 2007 Award • INOX is also in an alliance with the Pantaloon Group
  • 34. Graphical representation of data
  • 35. PIE CHARTS Ques. No. 1 Q1: Do you visit 2% Multiplexes..?? (i) YES (ii) No 98% Ques. No. 2 Q2: What is the frequency of your visit in a month..?? 9% (i) 1-4 20% (ii) 5-10 66% (iii) 10-15 5% (iv) More Than 15
  • 36. Q.3 : According to you Ques. No. 3 which is the best Multiplex in LUCKNOW..?? 8% (i) WAVE CINEMAS 16% 38% (ii) FUN CINEMAS (iii) PVR CINEMAS 38% (iv) INOX MOVIES
  • 37. Q4: Which show do you prefer to watch a movie..?? WAVE CINEMAS FUN CINEMAS (i) Morning (21) (i) Morning (21) (ii) Matinee (12) (ii) Matinee (9) (iii) Evening (15) (iii) Evening (13) (iv) Night (2) (iv) Night (4) 4% 8% 27% 43% 44% 31% 25% 18%
  • 38. Q4. CONTINUE… PVR CINEMAS INOX THEATRE (i) Morning (i) Morning (5) (ii) Matinee (ii) Matinee (5) (iii) Evening (iii) Evening (9) (iv) Night (iv) Night(2) 20% 9% 24% 10% 50% 43% 24% 20%
  • 39. Q. 5: What are the rates at which the tickets are available during the show selected by you..?? FUN CINEMAS WAVE CINEMAS (i) 50-80 (19) (i) 50-80 (18) (ii) 90-100 (9) (ii) 90-100 (18) (iii) 110-150 (10) (iii) 110-150 (20) (iv) 150 Onwards (3) (iv) 150 Onwards (0) 6% 0% 37% 20% 39% 42% 37% 19%
  • 40. Q. 5 Continued… INOX THEATRE PVR CINEMAS (i) 50-80 (5) (i) 50-80 (4) (ii) 90-100 (3) (ii) 90-100 (5) (iii) 110-150 (1) (iii) 110-150 (11) (iv) 150 Onwards (1) (iv) 150 Onwards (1) 5% 10% 19% 10% 50% 24% 52% 30%
  • 41. Q6: Do you buy the food and the refreshment sold inside the Multiplex..?? WAVE CINEMAS FUN CINEMAS (i) Yes (6) (ii) No (4) (i) Yes (27) (ii) No (22) 40% 45% 55% 60%
  • 42. Q6: Continued… PVR CINEMAS INOX THEATRE (i) Yes (9) (ii) No (12) (i) Yes (6) (ii) No (4) 40% 43% 57% 60%
  • 43. Q. 7: If the answer is NO….. What is reason behind it..?? WAVE CINEMAS FUN CINEMAS (i) Quality Of Food (2) (i) Quality Of Food (4) (ii) Pricing Of Food (22) (ii) Pricing Of Food (24) (iii) Service (1) (iii) Service (0) (iv) Other (2) (iv) Other (1) 3% 4% 0% 7% 7% 14% 82% 83%
  • 44. Q. 7 Continued… PVR CINEMAS INOX THEATRE (i) Quality Of Food (3) (i) Quality Of Food (1) (ii) Pricing Of Food (9) (ii) Pricing Of Food (3) (iii) Service (0) (iii) Service (0) (iv) Other (0) (iv) Other (0) 0% 0% 0% 0% 25% 25% 75% 75%
  • 45. Q. 8: If the answer in YES….. What are the standard of food and refreshment available inside the Multiplex selected by you..?? WAVE CINEMAS FUN REPUBLIC (i) Excellent (5) (i) Excellent (4) (ii) Good (9) (ii) Good (10) (iii) Satisfactory (8) (iii) Satisfactory (5) (iv) Poor (0) (iv) Poor (0) 0% 0% 23% 21% 36% 26% 41% 53%
  • 46. Q. 8 Continued… PVR CINEMAS INOX THEATRE (i) Excellent (1) (i) Excellent (2) (ii) Good (4) (ii) Good (2) (iii) Satisfactory (4) (iii) Satisfactory (1) (iv) Poor (0) (iv) Poor (1) 0% 11% 17% 44% 33% 17% 45% 33%
  • 47. Q.9: Are you satisfied with the food pricing..?? WAVE CINEMAS FUN CINEMAS (i) Yes (12) (ii) No (37) (i) Yes (37) (ii) No (11) 0% 0% 0% 0% 23% 24% 76% 77%
  • 48. Q. 9. Continued… PVR CINEMAS INOX THEATRE (i) Yes (3) (ii) No (19) (i) Yes (3) (ii) No (7) 0% 0% 0% 0% 14% 30% 70% 86%
  • 49. Q10: Are you satisfied with the food quality delivered inside the Multiplex..?? WAVE CINEMAS FUN CINEMAS (i) Yes (36) (ii) No (12) (i) Yes (42) (ii) No (7) 14% 25% 75% 86%
  • 50. Q10: Continued… PVR CINEMAS INOX THEATRE (i) Yes (15) (ii) No (6) (i) Yes (5) (ii) No (5) 29% 50% 50% 71%
  • 51. Q. 11: How are the seating and the projecting arrangement in the Multiplex you selected..?? WAVE CINEMAS FUN CINEMAS (i) Excellent (16) (i) Excellent (11) (ii) Good (26) (ii) Good (34) (iii) Satisfactory (7) (iii) Satisfactory (3) (iv) Poor (0) (iv) Poor (0) 0% 0% 14% 6% 33% 23% 53% 71%
  • 52. Q. 11: Continued… PVR CINEMAS INOX THEATRE (i) Excellent (4) (i) Excellent (6) (ii) Good (3) (ii) Good (11) (iii) Satisfactory (2) (iii) Satisfactory (4) (iv) Poor (1) (iv) Poor (0) 0% 19% 29% 10% 40% 20% 52% 30%
  • 53. Q12: What is the best and the unique feature of the Multiplex selected by you..?? WAVE CINEMAS FUN CINEMAS (i) Food Quality (0) (i) Food Quality (3) (ii) Service (12) (ii) Service (13) (iii) Ticket (11) (iii) Ticket Pricing (5) (iv) Seating And Projecting (iv) Seating And Projecting Arrangement (25) Arrangement (28) 0% 6% 25% 27% 52% 57% 10% 23%
  • 54. Q12: Continued… PVR CINEMAS INOX THEATRE (i) Food Quality (1) (i) Food Quality (2) (ii) Service (2) (ii) Service (5) (iii) Ticket Pricing (4) (iii) Ticket Pricing (5) (iv) Seating And Projecting (iv) Seating And Projecting Arrangement (2) Arrangement (10) 20% 20% 5% 24% 47% 20% 24% 40%
  • 55. Q14: RATINGS FUN CINEMAS WAVE CINEMAS ☺ (0) ☺ (1) ☺ ☺ (7) ☺ ☺ (4) ☺ ☺ ☺ (17) ☺ ☺ ☺ (19) ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ (19) ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ (11) ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ (5) ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ (14) 0% 2% 10% 15% 8% 29% 39% 40% 35% 22%
  • 56. Q14: RATINGS INOX THEATRE PVR CINEMAS ☺ (2) ☺ (0) ☺ ☺ (2) ☺ ☺ (6) ☺ ☺ ☺ (5) ☺ ☺ ☺ (12) ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ (1) ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ (3) ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ (0) ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ (0) 0% 0% 0% 10% 20% 14% 29% 20% 50% 57%
  • 57. CONCLUSION • The major segment of the customer are the STUDENT COMMUNITY which prefer to watch movies during the Morning and the Afternoon Shows. • These customer segment is not very much inclined to buy the food refreshments been sold inside the multiplex….Major because of 2 factors…………. 1. FOOD PRICING 2. QUALITY OF FOOD
  • 58. CONCLUSION (CONT…) • Gives a clear vision of the fact that the customer is highly satisfied with the Ticket Pricing, Service given and most importantly impressed by the SEATING AND PROJECTING ARRANGEMENT. • We as a Market Researchers after completing our research come to a conclusion that FOOD PRICE and FOOD QUALITY are the two weak links in the business of multiplex.
  • 59. SUGGESTIONS • The suggestions stated below are primarily given by the customer during the filling of Questionnaire…… • The following are the most important and most highlighted suggestions are---- 1. LOW FOOD PRICE 2. IMPROVE FOOD QUALITY • Some more suggestions which are also given by some customers are---- 1. INCREASE THE NUMBER OF SEATS 2. IMPROVE SERVICE 3. IMPROVE SOUND AND PICTURE QUALITY
  • 60. SUGGESTION (CONT…) These suggestions are given by that segment of customer which is highly inclined towards multiplexes. We as a Market Researcher would advice the respective multiplexes to ponder a bit upon their problem area (FOOD PRICE and FOOD QUALITY) so as to increase their popularity and fame among the major customer segment.
  • 61. Thank you

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