Disaster & libraries -are we ready for the worst?


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Disaster & libraries -are we ready for the worst?

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Disaster & libraries -are we ready for the worst?

  1. 1. Are We Ready for the Worst ? Disaster & Libraries Dr. Sabuj Kumar Chaudhuri Librarian Basanti Devi College (Govt. Sponsored) 147B, Rash Behari Avenue Kolkata-700 029 07/14/13 1
  2. 2. Contents 1.0 What is Disaster 1.1 Features 1.2 Types of Disaster 1.2 Wrong Attitude 1.4 Vulnerabilities 1.5 Natural Disasters in the Last 30 Years 1.6 -1.7 Images & Footage of Disasters in the Library 2.0 Phases of Disaster Plan 3.0 Digital Information Sources 4.0 Model Disaster Information System 5.0 For a Better Tomorrow 07/14/13 2
  3. 3. 1.0 What is Disaster?  A disaster is the tragedy of a natural or human-made hazard (a hazard is a situation which poses a level of threat to life, health, property, or environment) that negatively affects society or environment.  Disaster is a sudden, calamitous event bringing great damage, loss, and destruction and devastation to life and property. The damage caused by disasters is immeasurable and varies with the geographical location, climate and the type of the earth surface/degree of vulnerability. This influences the mental, socio-economic, political and cultural state of the affected area. 07/14/13 3
  4. 4. 1.1 Features A disaster may have the following main features:- o Unpredictability o Unfamiliarity o Speed o Urgency o Uncertainty o Threat 07/14/13 4
  5. 5. 1.2 Types of Disaster Natural Human-made  Rain and wind storms  Floods  Biological agents (micro- organisms, insect or vermin infestation)  Earthquakes  Volcanic eruptions  Acts of war and terrorism  Fires  Water (broken pipes, leaking roofs, blocked drains, fire extinguishing)  Explosions  Liquid chemical spills  Building deficiencies  Power failures 07/14/13 5
  6. 6. 1.3 Wrong Attitude  “It will never happen in my library”-a wrong attitude. Disasters strike every area of the country, and disasters do not spare libraries. Usually there is little or no warning, and the best defence is a plan for effective response.  Whether it is small or large-it is must be considered and prepared for.  Flood, fire, water, storm can completely or partially destroy the entire collection of the library like books, periodicals, computers & other digital materials. 07/14/13 6
  7. 7. 1.4 Vulnerabilities  Libraries contain Analog>>>Printed Books , periodicals, cartographic materials, microforms, sound tapes, audiotapes, etc Digital>>CD/DVD, various computer systems, projectors, computer peripherals, servers, complicated LANs/WANs, Distributed networks in campus spread in the same city or state; or in other country various kinds of cables 07/14/13 7
  8. 8. 1.5 Natural Disasters in the Last 30 Years 07/14/13 8
  9. 9. 1.6 Human-made Disaster and the Library National Library of Iraq Books are piled up Library of Kabul UniversityDestroyed Catalog Boxes 07/14/13 9
  10. 10. 1.7 Natural Disaster and the Library A Public Library in South 24 Parganas is completely damaged by AILA 07/14/13 10
  11. 11. Natural Disaster in UWA 07/14/13 11
  12. 12. 2.0 Phases of Disaster Plan Phase Types of Plan Before the Disaster Preventive + Preparedness During the Disaster Response After the Disaster Recovery 07/14/13 12
  13. 13. Contd… 07/14/13 13  Phase 1 : Prevention Identify and minimize the risks posed by the building, its equipment and fittings, and the natural hazards of the area.  Phase 2 : Preparedness Getting ready to cope. Develop a written preparedness, response and recovery plan.
  14. 14. Contd…  Phase 3 : Response When disaster strikes. Follow established emergency procedures for raising the alarm, evacuating personnel and making the disaster site safe  Phase 4 : Recovery Getting back to normal. Establish a programme to restore both the disaster site and the damaged materials to a stable and usable condition. 07/14/13 14
  15. 15. 3.0 Digital Information SourcesNational Information Sources India Disaster Resource Network It is an online inventory designed as a decision making tool for effective emergency response operations in the shortest possible time National Disaster Management Authority National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP) 07/14/13 15
  16. 16. International Information Sources  Sahana Sahana is an integrated set of web-based disaster management applications & open- access and freely downloadable from this site.  Relief Web  Asian Disaster Reduction Centre  International Recovery Platform 07/14/13 16
  17. 17. 4.0 Model Disaster Information System 07/14/13 17
  18. 18. 5.0 For a Better Tomorrow  Disaster planning is essential for any institution to provide the best possible protection for its collections. Disaster can strike at any time — on a small or a large scale — but if an institution is prepared with right information, the damage may be decreased or avoided. 07/14/13 18
  19. 19. 07/14/13 19 “By Failing to Prepare, We are preparing to Fail” -Sir Benjamin Franklin