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  • 1. BehavioristsModule 13: Theorists and Educational Research Sabrina Holt
  • 2. What is a behaviorist exactly?O Also known as behavioral psychology, it is the idea that all behaviors are taught through conditioning techniques.O The two my common types of conditioning are: O Classical Conditioning O Operant conditioning
  • 3. Classical ConditioningO Taking a naturally occurring stimulus and pairing it to a specific response. O Mouth waters from eating salad with Italian dressing, after enough times of eating the salad with the Italian dressing, mouth waters at sight of the dressing. O The mouth watering while eating Italian dressing is the natural stimulus O The mouth watering is the conditioned stimulus O The mouth watering while just looking at Italian dressing is the conditioned response.
  • 4. Operant ConditioningO Also known as instrumental conditioningO Behavior learned through rewards and punishments, associations made between praises and consequences. O Child cries for candy bar at grocery store: O If mother gives the child the candy bar to stop the crying, the child associates crying with reward O The child will probably continue to cry for desired items expecting the same result.
  • 5. Famous BehavioristsO B. F. Skinenr O An operant conditioner O Known for his Skinner Box O Rats taught to feed themselves by using a leverO Ivan Pavlov O A classical conditioner O Was one of the first major influencers in the psychological community towards behaviorism O Won a Nobel Prize in the early 20th century
  • 6. Another Famous BehavioristO Albert Bandura O An operant conditioner O Thought people learn behavior through observing others O Mainly studied children O Used a Bobo Doll in one of his experiments
  • 7. Works CitedO http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioral psychology/f/behaviorism.htmO http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesof majorthinkers/p/bio_bandura.htmO http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesof majorthinkers/p/pavlov.htmO http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesof majorthinkers/p/bio_skinner.htm
  • 8. Pictures CitedO http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A0PDoX09WI5PdjgAxjKJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzb GsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dcandy%2Bbar%26n%3D30%2 6ei%3Dutf- 8%26y%3DSearch%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D15&w=450&h=326&imgurl=www.examiner.com%2Fimages%2Fblog%2Fwysi wyg%2Fimage%2Fphoto_CandyBars_large%281%29.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.examiner.com%2Fdessert-in- norfolk%2Fwhat-your-favorite-candy-bar-says-about- you&size=29.8+KB&name=People+love+their+candy+bars+don%26%2339%3Bt+they%3F+The+loyalty+they+bestow+on+thei r+candy+bar+of+choice+rivals&p=candy+bar&oid=065e88bd95c85eda73cb5c89c102ff5d&fr2=&fr=&tt=People%2Blove%2Bthe ir%2Bcandy%2Bbars%2Bdon%2526%252339%253Bt%2Bthey%253F%2BThe%2Bloyalty%2Bthey%2Bbestow%2Bon%2Bthe ir%2Bcandy%2Bbar%2Bof%2Bchoice%2Brivals&b=0&ni=30&no=15&tab=organic&ts=&sigr=12m2qlhb9&sigb=1311sipki&sigi= 127b7rru1&.crumb=5coyij3cE02O http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A0PDoX09WI5PdjgAxjKJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcgRzb GsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dcandy%2Bbar%26n%3D30%2 6ei%3Dutf- 8%26y%3DSearch%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D15&w=450&h=326&imgurl=www.examiner.com%2Fimages%2Fblog%2Fwysi wyg%2Fimage%2Fphoto_CandyBars_large%281%29.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.examiner.com%2Fdessert-in- norfolk%2Fwhat-your-favorite-candy-bar-says-about- you&size=29.8+KB&name=People+love+their+candy+bars+don%26%2339%3Bt+they%3F+The+loyalty+they+bestow+on+thei r+candy+bar+of+choice+rivals&p=candy+bar&oid=065e88bd95c85eda73cb5c89c102ff5d&fr2=&fr=&tt=People%2Blove%2Bthe ir%2Bcandy%2Bbars%2Bdon%2526%252339%253Bt%2Bthey%253F%2BThe%2Bloyalty%2Bthey%2Bbestow%2Bon%2Bthe ir%2Bcandy%2Bbar%2Bof%2Bchoice%2Brivals&b=0&ni=30&no=15&tab=organic&ts=&sigr=12m2qlhb9&sigb=1311sipki&sigi= 127b7rru1&.crumb=5coyij3cE02O http://images.search.yahoo.com/images/view;_ylt=A0PDoTFEW45P9XQAQDiJzbkF;_ylu=X3oDMTBlMTQ4cGxyBHNlYwNzcg RzbGsDaW1n?back=http%3A%2F%2Fimages.search.yahoo.com%2Fsearch%2Fimages%3Fp%3Dalbert%2Bbandura%26n% 3D30%26ei%3Dutf- 8%26y%3DSearch%2BImages%26tab%3Dorganic%26ri%3D12&w=145&h=214&imgurl=allpsych.com%2Fbiographies%2Fima ges%2Fbandura.jpg&rurl=http%3A%2F%2Fallpsych.com%2Fbiographies%2Fbandura.html&size=6.4+KB&name=Albert+Band ura+in+Psychology+Biographies+at+ALLPSYCH+Online&p=albert+bandura&oid=ed6c8bdc9fcb378db6df16e4e8f99abf&fr2=&f r=&tt=Albert%2BBandura%2Bin%2BPsychology%2BBiographies%2Bat%2BALLPSYCH%2BOnline&b=0&ni=30&no=12&tab= organic&ts=&sigr=11c54jq3h&sigb=13dfjeg7n&sigi=11b63r5po&.crumb=5coyij3cE02