BehavioristsModule 13: Theorists and Educational Research Sabrina Holt
What is a behaviorist exactly?O Also known as behavioral psychology, it is the idea that all behaviors are taught through conditioning techniques.O The two my common types of conditioning are: O Classical Conditioning O Operant conditioning
Classical ConditioningO Taking a naturally occurring stimulus and pairing it to a specific response. O Mouth waters from eating salad with Italian dressing, after enough times of eating the salad with the Italian dressing, mouth waters at sight of the dressing. O The mouth watering while eating Italian dressing is the natural stimulus O The mouth watering is the conditioned stimulus O The mouth watering while just looking at Italian dressing is the conditioned response.
Operant ConditioningO Also known as instrumental conditioningO Behavior learned through rewards and punishments, associations made between praises and consequences. O Child cries for candy bar at grocery store: O If mother gives the child the candy bar to stop the crying, the child associates crying with reward O The child will probably continue to cry for desired items expecting the same result.
Famous BehavioristsO B. F. Skinenr O An operant conditioner O Known for his Skinner Box O Rats taught to feed themselves by using a leverO Ivan Pavlov O A classical conditioner O Was one of the first major influencers in the psychological community towards behaviorism O Won a Nobel Prize in the early 20th century
Another Famous BehavioristO Albert Bandura O An operant conditioner O Thought people learn behavior through observing others O Mainly studied children O Used a Bobo Doll in one of his experiments