1. CHAPTER 1
According to Alger 2008, to build and sustain a school culture that focuses on
continual improvement of educational programs, teachers’ capabilities and skills
is the most significant challenge of leadership in a school environment. Effective
school leaders help develop school cultures that embody shared values and
beliefs and promote caring and trust among all members (Leithwood & Riehl,
Transformational leadership has been widely researched and associated with
followers' performance, attitudes, health and well-being. Transformational
leadership is a process in which the leaders take action to increase the
awareness of what is right and important as well as to raise motivational maturity
and move beyond the persons’ own self-interests for the good of the school
(Cashim et al., 2000). Transformational leaders provide others with a sense of
purpose that goes beyond simple exchange of rewards for effort provided.
Transformational leadership has been identiﬁed as an effective strategy to
manage the changing environment faced by modern organizations (Barling &
Zacharatos, 2002). The four main characteristics of transformational leadership
behaviours are: 1) idealized inﬂuence/charisma —the leader acts as a role model
and takes the lead in displaying desirable behavior, 2) inspirational motivation —
the leader outlines a clear vision and the way forward, 3) intellectual stimulation
— the leader encourages followers to make use of their skills and coaches them
in making their own decisions and 4) individualized consideration — the leader
acknowledges individual differences and adjusts behaviour according to the
individual's needs and capabilities (Bass, 1985).
2. Although researches done in other countries (Lucas and Valentine, 2003)
confirmed that transformational leadership is the style that can bring the desired
changes to school, a research needs to carry out in order to investigate whether
two senior staffs of Primary school demonstrates transformational leadership.
This study seeks to explore the transformational leadership style from Malaysian
primary school context.
1.1 Statement of the research problem
i. Leaders personal needs, influence the capability of trust making and
understanding by the followers.
ii. Followers react on strong sense of aims based on leaders motivation.
iii. Leaders consistent to treat each individual caused followers development.
1.2 Research Objective
The research objective of this study are:
i. To identify the level of transformational leadership behaviours at school.
ii. To examine the leader use power for personal gain.
iii. To define the inspirational motivation among the followers.
iv. To find the level of collaboration between leaders and followers.
v. To identify the consistency of leaders in stimulate followers.
vi. To identify the effect from transformational leaderships implementation in
a school progress.
1.3 Research Question
The research question for this study are:
i. How to hold subordinates trust, maintain their faith and respect as their
ii. How do you provide a vision and help others focus on their work and try
make them feel their work is significant?
3. iii. How do you encourage others to be creative in looking at old problems in
iv. How do you show interest in others’ well being in accomplishing the task
assigned upon them?
v. In your opinion how do you tell others what to do in order to be rewarded?
1.4 Operational definations
1.4.1 Transformational Leaders: (Burns, 1978) postulated that transformational
leaders inspire followers to accomplish more by concentrating on the follower’s
values and helping the follower align these values with the values of the