Work experience

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Work experience

  1. 1. Getting Experience Sue Briault Careers Adviser Careers Advisory Service University of Bath http://www.slideshare.net/sabriault
  2. 2. Benefits of work experience <ul><li>Test out your career options </li></ul><ul><li>Help put academic theory into practice </li></ul><ul><li>Develop new transferable skills </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to work with variety of people </li></ul><ul><li>Help your CV stand out from the crowd </li></ul><ul><li>Generate contacts for the future </li></ul><ul><li>Earn some money! </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is work experience? <ul><li>Any form of work that you do before you start your career </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sandwich placement or internship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer internship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer placement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part-time work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work-shadowing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-employment </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Student “work experiences” survey <ul><li>Tax and Accountancy </li></ul><ul><li>Government Economic Service </li></ul><ul><li>Internet developer/security </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical design engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Civil engineering </li></ul><ul><li>TEFL </li></ul><ul><li>Tour guide in Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Sports coach </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming instructor </li></ul>
  5. 5. What do you have to offer already? <ul><li>What general skills have you developed during your studies? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Skills valued by graduate recruiters.. <ul><li>What skills would you like to develop? </li></ul>Commercial awareness IT Commitment/motivation Numeracy Flexibility/adaptability Problem solving Interpersonal skills Leadership Initiative Teamwork Self-awareness Communication
  7. 7. What are you looking for? <ul><li>Something related to my degree? </li></ul><ul><li>Something to test a career idea? </li></ul><ul><li>Something to develop specific skills? </li></ul><ul><li>Something local to home/university? </li></ul><ul><li>Public, private, or voluntary sector? </li></ul><ul><li>Other criteria? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. fun, challenge, abroad, money! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How to decide? <ul><li>Skills, interests, motivations – self analysis: </li></ul><ul><li>Prospects Planner www.prospects.ac.uk/planner </li></ul><ul><li>On-line Guidance tools http://www.bath.ac.uk/careers/guidance/online.html </li></ul><ul><li>Preparing for a Guidance Interview http://www.bath.ac.uk/careers/guidance/guidanceprep.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Job ideas: </li></ul><ul><li>Prospects websites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry insights – good overviews/ Job profiles – useful for skills req’d </li></ul></ul><ul><li>TARGETjobs guides or website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Careers Sectors – good overviews and graduate profiles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Careers events – Development and Springboard diaries (not just for Finalists!) </li></ul><ul><li>Further guidance/resources: </li></ul><ul><li>Careers Advisory Service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work Experience Guide http://www.bath.ac.uk/careers/earlybird.bho/intro.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Careers Adviser </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. How to start? <ul><li>No single place to look for all opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>do some research to identify relevant sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What’s your strategy? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>target a range of employers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>large and small, national and local (competition) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>advertised vacancies? (passive) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>speculative applications? (proactive) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How much time do you have? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a few good applications >>> lots of poor applications….particularly in the current job market </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Experience related to my degree/test a career? <ul><li>How to start? </li></ul><ul><li>Professional organisations - contacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. Biochemical Society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your department - contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Bath CAS Destinations of Bath graduates by subject </li></ul><ul><li>Options with your subject Prospects website </li></ul><ul><li>Bath CAS Graduate Contact list & Employer Index </li></ul><ul><li>Key websites and publications for contacts/vacancies in your subject area. Use catalogue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. New Scientist, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Speculative applications to relevant employers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CV and covering letter </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. SW sources of vacancies <ul><li>MyFuture: Earlybird – select “local” </li></ul><ul><li>Employer Index – click “local” </li></ul><ul><li>www.GradSouthWest.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.step.org.uk </li></ul><ul><li>University of Bath and other local universities e.g. Bath Spa, Bristol </li></ul><ul><li>Local news – who’s doing well? </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ National” sources of vacancies <ul><li>MyFuture Earlybird opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Large national employers’ websites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mainly want second/penultimate year students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tend to recruit early by Q1 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Work experience guides & websites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. TARGETjobs Work Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Numerous careers websites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. www.milkround.co.uk , www.topinternships.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other university careers service websites near to location e.g. University of London </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Useful local information links (and vacancies) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Are there other ways to find work?
  14. 14. Creative Job Hunting - the Concept <ul><li>Up to 70% of jobs are never advertised </li></ul><ul><li>Why? Advertising is expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Employers may receive many speculative applications, use word of mouth or recruitment agencies </li></ul><ul><li>May not know they need someone (YOU!) to do a particular job for them </li></ul>
  15. 15. Networking to find opportunities (which are not advertised) <ul><li>Get your request out there! </li></ul><ul><li>Start with someone you know in a related field ….or a Graduate Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Questions to ask – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT – “Do you have a job?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BUT – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ How did you enter this role/gain experience?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ What would you suggest I can do to get some experience in XXXX?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Do you have any other contacts I could talk to?” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When you find someone useful, follow-up & keep in touch </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Networking <ul><li>List your existing network of contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Every contact has another contact… </li></ul><ul><li>Carry out some informational interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Contacts may advise on your CV </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteer to work or ask for work shadowing </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to take stepping stones </li></ul>
  17. 17. Speculative Applications <ul><li>Draw up a hit list of employers to send your CV </li></ul><ul><li>Research them thoroughly </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor applications to each employer </li></ul><ul><li>Be specific about what you can offer and what you are looking for </li></ul><ul><li>Try to make yourself known in advance </li></ul><ul><li>Follow on with a phone call </li></ul>
  18. 18. Volunteering <ul><li>Events next Semester jointly run by SU and Careers </li></ul><ul><li>To tie in with Volunteering and Work Experience Fair 18 th Feb 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Directory of Charities, Volunteering and Gap year Opportunities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bath.ac.uk/careers/earlybird/cvgy.html </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. How the CAS can help <ul><li>Information staff </li></ul><ul><li>Employer & Occupational Information </li></ul><ul><li>Information about Professional Bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Handouts/ Leaflets </li></ul><ul><li>My Future vacancies </li></ul><ul><li>Careers Advice (e.g. job hunting strategy, CV feedback) </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance (e.g. best course of action, what area of work to choose) </li></ul>
  20. 20. How Bath University can help <ul><li>Enterprise Bursary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to £1000 to assist with expenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-finalists, preference given to those not on a placement programme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bath.ac.uk/careers/earlybird.bho/bursaries.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alumni Fund – placement grants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bath.ac.uk/alumni/fund/placement-appln.pdf </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Questions?

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