Opening of Geographic Data

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  • 1. Opening Geographic Data As Catalyst for the Creative Economy & Innovative Solutions Shoaib Burq shoaib@nomad-labs.com t: @sabman
  • 2. Geographic Data What’s so special about it?
  • 3. When did most people start to take note of Ajax?
  • 4. When they first saw Google Maps and asked how it works?
  • 5. Why?
  • 6. because maps are useful! and data used to make the map is even more useful
  • 7. ... but, someone forgot to put the download button
  • 8. Why would we need a download button/data? Don’t the people who really need it have it already?
  • 9. I want to create themed cartography
  • 10. I want to create my own a routing server
  • 11. ... I want to route in Tehran ...
  • 12. and route my bike to get here today
  • 13. What about for building other open government sites
  • 14. as at 21 December no way to get postal regions boundaries for Australia without paying for non- commercial user What about for building other open government sites
  • 15. What about for more pressing uses? as if routing my bike isn’t pressing enough
  • 16. Global Issues
  • 17. What about for Geo-Temporal Data Global Challenges Predicting Bush fires?
  • 18. What about for Climate Geo-Temporal Data Global Challenges Change Research?
  • 19. The Geographic Questions
  • 20. Where? and Why there?
  • 21. The Temporal Questions
  • 22. When? and Why then?
  • 23. Increasingly we want to answer Geo-Temporal questions
  • 24. Where & When? Why there & then?
  • 25. So way can’t we just have the geographic data? To create say a poverty map for analysis on directing my donations
  • 26. Key Indicators • Socio-Economic Data • Distribution of Poverty • Basic Human Needs • Infant Mortality • Malnutrition Measures
  • 27. Geographic Factors • Coastal Proximity • Climatic Conditions • Elevations • Transportation Networks • Exposure to Natural Disasters • Climate Change Vulnerability
  • 28. Besides the reasons mentioned by others there is one reason unique to GeoData
  • 29. Was Dominated by Specialist Industry and Academia (Suits)
  • 30. The changing face of the GIS Industry
  • 31. These people speak another language few web people understand - W*S • Simple Features Specification • Web Mapping Service (WMS) • Web Feature Service (transactional) (WFS-t) • Web Coverage Service (WCS) • Web Processing Service (WPS) • Sensor Observation Service (SOS) • OGC Catalogue Service (OCS) • Style Layer Descriptor (SLD)
  • 32. GIS & Web 2.0 Only just coming to terms with the web architecture Still have an XML-RPC bias Still searching for a cleaver search solution
  • 33. Now Barbarians at the Door
  • 34. prangz.com (Real-time NSW Traffic Incidents)
  • 35. prangz.com (Real-time NSW Traffic Incidents)
  • 36. When Governments Open Up their Data
  • 37. let’s take GeoRSS + =
  • 38. Atom & GeoRSS
  • 39. Interoperable out of the box Standard Identification System (URI)
  • 40. Interoperable out of the box Standard interaction protocol
  • 41. Interoperable out of the box Standard data exchange formats
  • 42. Load balance? Easy REST resources are cacheable
  • 43. Scalable out of the box REST resources are stateless so easy to scale
  • 44. Microformats & Semanitcs | http://microformats.org
  • 45. Role of Web 2.0 tools • Crowd sourcing for data • Local engagement • Self-help & Collaboration
  • 46. OpenStreetMap proves public contribution works
  • 47. Learn More OpenStreetMap http://openstreetmap.org/ Canberra Mapping Party: http:// wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Canberra Open Source Geospatial Conference: October 2009 Sydney http:// 2009.foss4g.org/
  • 48. Thank you Shoaib Burq t: @sabman shoaib@nomad-labs.com http://sideshare.net/sabman