<ul><li>Financing of Infrastructure Projects:  </li></ul><ul><li>The Role of a Project Finance Counsel </li></ul><ul><li>P...
Overview <ul><li>What is Project Finance? </li></ul><ul><li>Role of a Project Finance Counsel </li></ul><ul><li>Public Pri...
What is Project Finance ? <ul><li>There is no strict definition but as per the international practice the definition  belo...
Role of a Project Finance Counsel <ul><li>Risk allocation and mitigation through Negotiation and Documentation among the p...
Role of a Project Finance Counsel (Cont’d) <ul><li>Structuring of Project Vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Tax Structuring  </li>...
Public Private Partnership  <ul><li>Structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build Operate Transfer (BOT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Financing <ul><li>Project Financing vs. Balance Sheet Financing vs. Asset Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Project  Financing  ...
Lenders Shareholder’s Agreements Project company –  Credit Agreement –  Security Documents –  Concession  Agreement –  Con...
Risk Matrix <ul><li>Completion Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Supply Risk  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Project Finance Requirements  <ul><li>Hate surprises; will not accept risks which are either incapable of proper assessmen...
Project Finance Requirements -  Consents <ul><li>Consents must last for duration of project </li></ul><ul><li>Regulators s...
Project Finance Requirements - Promoters <ul><li>All equity contributions to be provided up-front </li></ul><ul><li>Promot...
Project Finance Requirements - Concession Agreement <ul><li>Terms of concession fixed for life of project </li></ul><ul><l...
Project Finance Requirements - Construction Contract <ul><li>Turnkey fixed price contract </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed completi...
Project Finance Requirements - Operation & Maintenance Contract <ul><li>Proper incentives to run project properly and prof...
Project Finance Requirements -  Supply Contract <ul><li>Security of supply and remedy for interruptions  </li></ul><ul><li...
Project Finance Requirements -  Off-take Agreement <ul><li>Full pass-through of capital and variable costs </li></ul><ul><...
Security <ul><li>Why Security? </li></ul><ul><li>Security Package </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key contracts </li></ul></ul><ul><...
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Presentationon infrastructure project_finance

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Presentationon infrastructure project_finance

  1. 1. <ul><li>Financing of Infrastructure Projects: </li></ul><ul><li>The Role of a Project Finance Counsel </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation by </li></ul><ul><li>Mohit Saraf </li></ul><ul><li>Partner </li></ul><ul><li>Luthra & Luthra </li></ul><ul><li>Law Offices </li></ul>
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>What is Project Finance? </li></ul><ul><li>Role of a Project Finance Counsel </li></ul><ul><li>Public Private Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Project Finance Requirements Requirements </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Project Finance ? <ul><li>There is no strict definition but as per the international practice the definition below could be used </li></ul><ul><li>Project Finance is financing the development or exploitation of a right, natural resource or other asset where the bulk of the financing is not be provided by any form of share capital and is to be repaid principally out of revenues produced by the project in question </li></ul>
  4. 4. Role of a Project Finance Counsel <ul><li>Risk allocation and mitigation through Negotiation and Documentation among the project participants </li></ul><ul><li>Minimizing residual risk with the SPV </li></ul><ul><li>Balancing conflicting interests of various project participants </li></ul><ul><li>Achieving successful Financial Closure by ensuring fulfillment of Project Finance requirements </li></ul>
  5. 5. Role of a Project Finance Counsel (Cont’d) <ul><li>Structuring of Project Vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Tax Structuring </li></ul><ul><li>Ensuring regulatory and statutory compliances </li></ul>
  6. 6. Public Private Partnership <ul><li>Structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Build Operate Transfer (BOT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build Own Operate Transfer (BOOT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build Transfer Operate (BTO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build Own Operate (BOO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design, Construct, Maintain & Finance (DCMF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design, Build, Finance & Operate (DBFO) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disinvestment </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Financing <ul><li>Project Financing vs. Balance Sheet Financing vs. Asset Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Project Financing </li></ul><ul><li>Source of Finance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Export Credit Agencies & Multilateral Agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital Market </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Lenders Shareholder’s Agreements Project company – Credit Agreement – Security Documents – Concession Agreement – Consents Government Construction Contract Market Risks Offtake Agreement Operating and Maintenance Agreement Promoters Supplier Offtaker Finance Risks Supply Agreement Operator Contractor Construction & Operation Risks Insurances Insurers
  9. 9. Risk Matrix <ul><li>Completion Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Supply Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Market Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Political Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Force Majeure Risk </li></ul>
  10. 10. Project Finance Requirements <ul><li>Hate surprises; will not accept risks which are either incapable of proper assessment or which are potentially open-ended in their effect </li></ul><ul><li>No change in law risk </li></ul><ul><li>No discriminatory taxation </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise “risk-dumping” on project company </li></ul><ul><li>No liability for consequential loss </li></ul><ul><li>Contracts must survive enforcement of Banks’ security </li></ul>
  11. 11. Project Finance Requirements - Consents <ul><li>Consents must last for duration of project </li></ul><ul><li>Regulators should not be able to vary the terms of consents unduly </li></ul><ul><li>Consents should inure to project and not just to project company </li></ul><ul><li>Government Support Agreements </li></ul>
  12. 12. Project Finance Requirements - Promoters <ul><li>All equity contributions to be provided up-front </li></ul><ul><li>Promoters to provide cover for cost overruns </li></ul><ul><li>Promoters to provide cover for gaps in undertakings including insurance. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Project Finance Requirements - Concession Agreement <ul><li>Terms of concession fixed for life of project </li></ul><ul><li>No unduly onerous terms on project company </li></ul><ul><li>Extension of term for force majeure </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation for termination must repay debt </li></ul><ul><li>Concession should survive enforcement of security </li></ul><ul><li>Transferability of concession on security enforcement </li></ul>
  14. 14. Project Finance Requirements - Construction Contract <ul><li>Turnkey fixed price contract </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed completion date </li></ul><ul><li>Force majeure , price increases and completion must back to back with concession agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate liquidated damages for late completion </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Guarantees </li></ul>
  15. 15. Project Finance Requirements - Operation & Maintenance Contract <ul><li>Proper incentives to run project properly and profitably including penalties for failure to meet targets </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to remove operator for poor performance </li></ul>
  16. 16. Project Finance Requirements - Supply Contract <ul><li>Security of supply and remedy for interruptions </li></ul><ul><li>Take or Pay obligation </li></ul>
  17. 17. Project Finance Requirements - Off-take Agreement <ul><li>Full pass-through of capital and variable costs </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign exchange protection </li></ul><ul><li>Take or Pay obligation </li></ul><ul><li>Credit enhancement including Government Guarantees </li></ul>
  18. 18. Security <ul><li>Why Security? </li></ul><ul><li>Security Package </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key contracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical assets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Direct Agreement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cure & Step in Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substitution </li></ul></ul>
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