Race<br />Lesson 1<br />Unit 1<br />Ethics and Religion<br />
What does Race mean?<br />Race is a difficult concept to define.<br />It is used in many different contexts:<br />Defining different animals within a species<br />Defining different Human groups<br />There is no question that human beings are diverse and that there are different cultural groups…<br />A Human race is a group of people who perceive themselves and are perceived by others as possessing distinctive hereditary traits.<br />However, the socially constructed ideas that surround race have led to racism <br />
Races in humans are arbitrary<br />The physical and cultural features used to define humans races are random. <br />Ex) Red-haired people are not considered a different race<br />These two babies are twins. Are they a different race?<br />
Race is a social construction<br />Humans like putting things into categories<br />Human races were categorized by <br /> a) physical appearance, genetic similarities<br /> b) language, culture <br /> c) Living area, place of origin<br />They also liked to classify which race was better than another. This stems from scientific racism.<br />
Scientific racism <br />When humans began categorizing animals, and the word race was starting to be used, different groups of humans were considered inferior to European white people.<br />Scientists are people too. Their findings reflected their socially embedded beliefs that some humans were inferior to white people. <br />
Linnaeus<br />Linnaeus created the first taxonomy. A taxonomy is the classification of organisms into groups based on their similarities: physical and (in the case of humans) cultural traits. <br />Linnaeus decided to rank human races:<br /> 1) European (White)<br /> 2) Africans (Black)<br /> 3) Asians (Yellow)<br /> 4) American Indians (Red)<br />* This sort of classification did not stop with Linnaeus. <br />
Blumenbach<br />He followed in the footsteps of Linnaeus.<br />He found a “perfect” skull in a place called caucus, and assumed that it must have been of a white person. He believed that as people moved, they degenerated from the Caucasian race. He changed the names of races, some of which are still used today.<br /> 1) Caucasian (white)<br /> 2) American Indian<br /> 3) Ethiopians<br /> 4) Mongolian (Asian)<br /> 5) Malay (Australian) <br />
Samuel George Morton and Robert knox<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSHZkXEQTqQ<br />
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