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Computer generation
Computer generation
Computer generation
Computer generation
Computer generation
Computer generation
Computer generation
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Computer generation

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  • 1. 1 Kompetensi dasar> Mengidentifikasi berbagai peralatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi.2 Indokator pencapaian hasil belajar .A menyebutkan jenis-jenis peralatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi.B mengidentifikasi peralatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi.C menjelaskan berbagai fungsi peralatan teknologi informasi dan komunikasiMateri pembelajaran> Pada dasarnya, peralatan teknologi informasi meliputi tiga perangkat utama.Yaitu system computer, jaringan system komunikasi, net tools.Tugassystem computer merupakan perangkan elektronika yang mampumenerima,memperoses, dan menyimpan data. Serta menghasilkan bentukkeluaran berupa teks, gambar, symbol, angka dan suara. Dalam pengoperasian,bentuk, system dan fungsinya, computer terdiri atas dua bagian yaituhardwear dan softwear.A. Yang pertama hardwear (perangkat keras). Perangkat hardwear computerdapat dikelompokkan menjadi perangkat imput yang diantaranya keyboarddan skanner, Perangkatoutput dan penyimpaann data yang diantaranyamonitor dan printer, dan perangkat penyimpana data diantaranya DVdrow,CDrow, floopy disk, compact disk, hard disk, dan flash disk.TugasTentang hardwearJelaskan beberapa pengertian dariitem dibawah ini:A. keyboardB. scannerC. CPUD. monitorE. PrinterF. DVD ( CD room)G. Compact diskH. Floopy diskI. Hard disk>
  • 2. B. SoftwareMerupakan sebuah program computer yang berisi dari kumpulan instruksiyang dibuat dengan menggunakan. Software terdiri dari Microsoft office.Software terdiri dari 2 yaitu perangkat lunak system seperti windows 7,windows xp. Software aplikasi yaitu Microsoft office word, piwerpoint,Microsoft office exel, dan lain sebagainya.2. jaringan system komunikasiJairngan komunikasi merupakan sebuah system yang mampumenghubungkan dan menggabungkan beberapa titik komunikasi menjadisatu kesatuan yang mampu berinteraksi antara satu dengan yang lainnya.1 telephone2 ISDN3 faxsimile4 viper optic5 leaset line6 wireless7 jaringan komunikasi dengan satelit8 antena, TV dan radio, seluler9 komunikasi seluler• telephone: adalah perangkat telekomunikasi dua arah ataulebih untuk bercakap-cakap dengan puas dan mengirim dan menerimasuara.
  • 3. • ISDN: adalah integrate surface digital network suatusistem telekomunikasi di mana layanan antara data, suara, video, dangambar diintegrasikan ke dalam suatu jaringan.• Facsimile: adalah salinan atau reproduksi dari sebuah buku tua,naskah, peta, cetak seni, atau sumber barang lain.• Fiber optic: adalah jaringan komunikasi yang mampu mentransmisikandata yang mampu mentransmisikan data dalam frekuensi tinggi.• Leased line: adalah kontrak pelayanan antara penyedia dan pelanggan.• Wireless: adalah transfer informasi antara dua atau lebih poin yangsecara fisik tidak terhubung. Wireless ada dua yaitu yaitu analog dandigital• Jaringan komunikasi dengan satelit: adalah pemancar, penerima, danpenguap gelombang.• Antena, TV dan radio, seluler:Antenna: merupakan arah yang dapatTV atau radio :Seluler:• Komunikasi seluler: adalah salah satu jenis komukasi bergerak, yaitusebuah komunikasi antara dua terminal dengan salah satu atau duabuah terminal berpindah tempat.C. Net tolls1. server: adalah sebuah system computer yang menyediakan jenis layanantertentu dalam sebuah jaringan computer.Recourses: http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Server
  • 4. 2. client: merupakan sebuah paradigma dalam teknologi informasi yangmerujuk kepada cara untuk mendistribusikan aplikasi ke dalam dua pihak:pihak client dan pihak server.http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klien-server3. Router: adalah sebuh alat yang mengirimkan paket data melalui sebuahjaringan atau internet menuju tujuannya.http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penghala4. modem: modem berasal dari dua singkatan yaitu modulator dandemodulator. Modulator merupakan bagian yang mengubah sinyal informasi kedalam sinyal pebawa dan siap untuk dikirimkan. Dan demodulator adalah bahanyang memisahkan sinyal informasi dari sinyal pembawa yang diterima.http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/ModemD. internet1 internet user2. hacker and cracker- hacker is a term of people who provide a useful contribution to the worldof networking and operating system, and making programs for network andcomputer support.- cracker is a term for people who are looking for weaknesses in the systemand entered it for personal gain and profit of the systems in the cluster.http://blog.duniascript.com/perbedaan-hacker-dengan-cracker.html3. organizationorganization is an organization that play a key role in the evolution of thethe internet by developing recommendation, standards, and technology.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_organizations4. regulationregulation is basically restricting or controlling access to certain aspects orinformation.http://www.internetsociety.org/regulation5. carding
  • 5. carding is1. How to share information is with using- via telephone: verify name, job title, department and organization ofthe person requesting the information and the reason for the request.- Email: include the personal information in a document to be attachedto the email, and use encryption or electronic document and send whodo you want to send it.- using removable electronic devise- by fax.http://media.education.gov.uk/assets/files/pdf/h/how%20to%20share%20information%20securely.pdf The generation of computerFirst generation (1940-1956)The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drum formemory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. They werevery expensive to operate and in addition to using a great deal ofelectricity, generated a lot of heat, which was often the cause ofmalfunction.The second generation (1956-1963)The transistor was invented in 1947 but did not see widespread use incomputer until the late 1950s. The transistor was far superior to thevacuum tube, allowing computers to become smaller, faster, cheaper,more energy-efficient and more reliable than their first-generationpredecessors. Though the still generated a great deal of heat thatsubjected the computer to damage, it was a vast improvement over thevacuum tube. Second-generation computers still relied on punched cardfor input and printout for output.The third generation (1964-1971)
  • 6. The development of the integrate circuit was the hallmark of the thirdgeneration of computers. Transistor were miniaturized and placed onsilicon chip, called semiconductors.The fourth generation (1971-present)The microprocessor brought fourth generation of computer, as thousandsof integrate circuits we built onto a single silicon chip. What in the firstgeneration filled an entire room could now fit in the palm of the hand.The Intel 4004 chip, developed in 1971, located all components of thecomputer- from the central processing unit and memory to input/outputcontrol-on a single chip.The fifth generation (present and beyond)Fifth generation computing device, based on artificial intelligence, are stillin development, thought there are some applications, such as voicerecognition, that are being used today. The use of parallel processing asuperconductor is helping to make artificial intelligence a reality.Quantum computation and molecular and nanotechnology will radicallychange the face of computer in years to come. The goal of fifth-generation computing is to develop that respond to natural languageinput and are capable of learning and self-organization.http://www.webopedia.com/DidYouKnow/Hardware_Software/2002/FiveGenerations.asp
  • 7. The development of the integrate circuit was the hallmark of the thirdgeneration of computers. Transistor were miniaturized and placed onsilicon chip, called semiconductors.The fourth generation (1971-present)The microprocessor brought fourth generation of computer, as thousandsof integrate circuits we built onto a single silicon chip. What in the firstgeneration filled an entire room could now fit in the palm of the hand.The Intel 4004 chip, developed in 1971, located all components of thecomputer- from the central processing unit and memory to input/outputcontrol-on a single chip.The fifth generation (present and beyond)Fifth generation computing device, based on artificial intelligence, are stillin development, thought there are some applications, such as voicerecognition, that are being used today. The use of parallel processing asuperconductor is helping to make artificial intelligence a reality.Quantum computation and molecular and nanotechnology will radicallychange the face of computer in years to come. The goal of fifth-generation computing is to develop that respond to natural languageinput and are capable of learning and self-organization.http://www.webopedia.com/DidYouKnow/Hardware_Software/2002/FiveGenerations.asp

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