New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean contextNew built and refurbishment with D...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Objectives Urban level:      High...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Case 1: Innovation District 22@ T...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context             Districlima DHC Netwo...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context             2004 - 4.4 km of netw...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                • ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Absorption chiller in the Distric...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context              Heat production 2010...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Case 2: Innovation District Zona ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                               •  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Annual reduction compared to conv...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                                  ...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                   Postgraduate pr...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context  10 Modules with a total of 150 h...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Different training levels: Lots –...
New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context                Thank you for your...
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NEW BUILT AND REFURBISHMENT WITH DHC IN THE MEDITERRANEAN CONTEXT

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NEW BUILT AND REFURBISHMENT WITH DHC IN THE MEDITERRANEAN CONTEXT

  1. 1. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean contextNew built and refurbishment with DHCin the Mediterranean context Christoph Peters, Sabaté associats CHRISTOPH PETERS 1 ARCHITECT
  2. 2. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Objectives Urban level: High quality multifunctional urban spaces (through urban revitalisation of post-industrial areas) Building level: High thermal comfort with minimum ecological footprint, security in supply, easy maintenance at competitive prices • Demand reduction: Energy efficient building design • Low carbon resources: RE and waste energy • Optimum supply: DHC Examples from Barcelona CHRISTOPH PETERS 2 ARCHITECT
  3. 3. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Case 1: Districlima Case 2: Ecoenergies CHRISTOPH PETERS 3 ARCHITECT
  4. 4. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Case 1: Innovation District 22@ Transformation of the “Manchester of Catalonia” industrial area into the Innovation District 22@ • Recovery of waste heat from an urban waste-to-energy plant for heating • Sea water cooled machines for cold production • Absorption machines to produce cooling from steam CHRISTOPH PETERS 4 ARCHITECT
  5. 5. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Districlima DHC Network in Barcelona and St. Adrià del Besós CHRISTOPH PETERS 5 ARCHITECT
  6. 6. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context 2004 - 4.4 km of network and 10 connected buildings 2008 - 10.8 km of network and 37 connected buildings 2010 - 13.1 km of network and 59 connected buildings 80 70 60 MW heat 50 MW cold MW 40 30 20 10 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 District energy network Barcelona, evolution of installed power 2004 - 2011 CHRISTOPH PETERS 6 ARCHITECT
  7. 7. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context • Steam / water exchangers (4 x 5,000 kW) • Gas boiler back-up (20,000 kW) • Absorption machines (Broad) (2 x 4,500 kW) • Compression chillers (McQuay) (2 x 4,000 kW) • Compression chillers (Johnson Control) (2 x 7,000 kW) • Sea water / cooling water exchangers (3 x 12,500 kW) • Cold water storage tank (5,000 m3) 2012 inaugurated second production plant: • Natural gas boilers (2 x 13,400 kW) • Compression chiller (6,700 kW) • Ice storage (2 x 40,000 kWh)Installed equipment in the Districlima DHC Network in Barcelona and St. Adrià del Besós CHRISTOPH PETERS 7 ARCHITECT
  8. 8. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context CHRISTOPH PETERS 8 Exterior view of the Districlima central production in the Forum area ARCHITECT
  9. 9. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Absorption chiller in the Districlima central production in the Forum area CHRISTOPH PETERS 9 ARCHITECT
  10. 10. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Heat production 2010 Cold production 2010 5% 23% 5% 72% 95% Vapour TERSA Gas back-up Vapour TERSA Gas back-up Electricity back-up Annual reduction compared to conventional decentralized thermal energy production: Fossil fuel consumption: 53% Emissions: 10,100 t CO2 EER Cooling: 5.2 COP Heating: 11.7 CHRISTOPH PETERS 10 ARCHITECT
  11. 11. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Case 2: Innovation District Zona Franca Transformation of an industrial area into a Tertiary Sector and Residential area Zona Franca Valorization of waste cold from depressurizing liquid gas Biomass from maintenance of city parks for heat production CHRISTOPH PETERS 11 ARCHITECT
  12. 12. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context 3 energy production plants integrated to the urban landscape, linked by a pipes network, in an area foreseen to up to 12,600,000 m2 ground floor area. Ecoenergies DHC Network in Barcelona and L’Hospitalet de Llobregat CHRISTOPH PETERS 12 ARCHITECT
  13. 13. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context • Biomass - heat (10,000 kW) • Gas boiler (120,000 kW) • Cold recovered from Enagas plant (30,000 kW) • Compression chillers (68,500 kW) • Industrial cooling (12,000 kW) • Cold water storage tank ( 5,000 m3) • Biomass - electricity (2,000 kWe)Installed equipment in the Ecoenergies DHC Network in Barcelona and L’Hospitalet de Llobregat CHRISTOPH PETERS 13 ARCHITECT
  14. 14. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Biomass originated from maintenance of the city’s parks and gardens of Barcelona (approximately 8,000 tons per year) maintenance of forests of Catalonia (total of 28,000 tons per year). Ecoenergies biomass plant in Barcelona and L’Hospitalet de Llobregat CHRISTOPH PETERS 14 ARCHITECT
  15. 15. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Annual reduction compared to conventional decentralized thermal energy production: Emissions: 13,400 t CO2 Recovery of the residual cooling originated from the industrial depressurisation process of the Enagas plant (30MW) originated from the liquid gas maritime transportation Cooling recovery plant in Barcelona and L’Hospitalet de Llobregat CHRISTOPH PETERS 15 ARCHITECT
  16. 16. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Demand side reduction 95 Social housing apartment block First EPBD “A” Classification in Barcelona: 3.8 kgCO2/m2·a Low U-values Ventilated façade Movable wooden blinds Natural cross ventilation Connected to DHC 22@ Invoicing by building administrator CHRISTOPH PETERS 16 ARCHITECT
  17. 17. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Demand side reduction 95 Social housing apartment block Heating demand: 9.8 kWh/m2·a Cooling demand: 4.7 kWh/m2·a CHRISTOPH PETERS 17 ARCHITECT
  18. 18. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context 95 Social housing apartment block to be inaugurated in October 2011 Connection to the DHC network in the building’s basement CHRISTOPH PETERS 18 ARCHITECT
  19. 19. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Climate*: HDD Barcelona: 1250 København: 3360 Climate*: CDD Barcelona: 352 København: 25 Electricity**: Spain: 21.5 c€ Denmark: 30.8 c€ Natural gas*: Spain: 5.9 c€ Denmark: 11.7 c€ *www.degreedays.net HDD 18/18 - CDD 21/21 ** Europe’s Energy Portal (11/11) CHRISTOPH PETERS 19 ARCHITECT
  20. 20. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Residential block, Madrid, EPBD “A” certification: Heating: 15,8 kWh/m2·y 5,1 kgCO2/m2·y Cooling: 4,9 kWh/m2·y 1,2 kgCO2/m2·y Source: Departament Domèstic i Edificis. IDAE, Passivhaus Conference, Donostia, 2010 Domè CHRISTOPH PETERS 20 ARCHITECT
  21. 21. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Economics: Average salary*: Spain: 30,600 USD Denmark: 40,200 USD Unemployment rate*: Spain: 20.8% Denmark: 6.2% *Figures for 2011 by:Annual construction of residential new dwellings in Catalonia. Source: Secretaria d´Habitatge 2012 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK www.theodora.com CHRISTOPH PETERS 21 ARCHITECT
  22. 22. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Poor building envelope – little comfort High thermal transmittance U = 1.54 W/m2·K lead to high energy demand: Heating: 56 kWh/m2·a Cooling: 15 kWh/m2·a Measured demand, assuming a boiler efficiency of 75%: Heating: 40 kWh/m2·a No cooling devices Heating descomfort: 28%Can Jofresa, Terrassa – Catalonia. Source: Josep Linares, Director UORMH of the Catalan Housing Agency,“1 Jornada Tècnica: Rehabilitació energètica en habitatges de protecció oficial”, Barcelona, 17th March 2011 CHRISTOPH PETERS 22 ARCHITECT
  23. 23. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Habits: Few experience in building centralised heating and cooling systemsDomestic heating systems and their fuel sources, Catalonia 2001. Source: Idescat, population census INE2001 CHRISTOPH PETERS 23 ARCHITECT
  24. 24. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Postgraduate professional training: Energy and Urbanism CHRISTOPH PETERS 24 ARCHITECT
  25. 25. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context 10 Modules with a total of 150 hours face to face – october 2011- juny 2012 M1 An integrated vision. Sustainability in regional and urban planning M2 Energy. The existing energy model and market outlook M3 Buildings. Energy demand reduction strategies in new buildings and refurbishment M4 Mobility. Energy consumption reduction strategies in urban and interurban mobility M5 Urban planning. Energy demand reduction strategies in the urban metabolism M6 Energy resources. Renewable energy technologies in the urban scale M7 Energy distribution: District heating and cooling M8 New management concepts in the energy market M9 Energy management. New models in contracting and management M10 Workshop. the right scale for every energy concept CHRISTOPH PETERS 25 ARCHITECT
  26. 26. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Different training levels: Lots – especially from public bodies (prescribers) – to get general knowledge, some private urban planners to attend public tenders prescribed by public bodies, a few private urban specialists to give support to urban generalists Private  few students Hungary:  acredited  postgraduation  large duration programme 60 ECTS experts  Expert  know ‐how more students Spain, Finland:, Germany:   medium duration long term professional training + Private planners knowledge to be provided;  Advanced equivalent to duration  knowledge and cost of training + Nº of people to be trained General  knowledge Public bodies  lots of students UK:  short courses tour to  cities all over  short duration the country for professional training CHRISTOPH PETERS 26 ARCHITECT
  27. 27. New built and refurbishment with District Heating & Cooling in the Mediterranean context Thank you for your attention ! cpeters@saas.cat CHRISTOPH PETERS 27 ARCHITECT

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