IUCN’s Views on UNFCCC- COP 16,                   Cancún Mexico (2010)                               Saadullah Ayaz       ...
INTRODUCTIONCOP 15 (Copenhagen, 2009) produced un-expected results, resulting in a deadlockamong negotiating partnersOutco...
COPENHAGEN ACCORD- IUCN VIEWSIUCN Pakistan believes that the following have been left out in Copenhagen Accordmust be stre...
•   No specific deadline has been agreed to complete a legally binding instrument    under the Kyoto Protocol;•   It is be...
ISSUES ARE CONTRIBUTING TO THIS SITUATION•   The continuing absence of national legislation in Annex I countries and the U...
CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURES                URGENTLY NEEDED IN CANCÚNHopes are high- COP 16 expected to be a milestone for...
It is important that the Decisions taken by the COP16 at Cancun restore and boostconfidence in the UNFCC process and the e...
IUCN’S CALL FOR ACTION AT COP16IUCN calls for rapid and robust action by States, communities and individuals totake all po...
IUCN calls for the establishment of a strong and implementation oriented AdaptationFramework as part of a post-2012 regime...
IUCN calls on the Parties to ensure that national REDD-plus frameworks reflect theprogress at Copenhagen;IUCN calls for ge...
Thanks                                                 For more information, please contact:                              ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Unfccc cop16 and iucn- Saadullah Ayaz

1,230 views

Published on

Saadullah Ayaz

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,230
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Unfccc cop16 and iucn- Saadullah Ayaz

  1. 1. IUCN’s Views on UNFCCC- COP 16, Cancún Mexico (2010) Saadullah Ayaz IUCN PakistanIUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONCOP 15 (Copenhagen, 2009) produced un-expected results, resulting in a deadlockamong negotiating partnersOutcome of COP15 was ‘Copenhagen Accord’ . Majority of Parties believe that;- Copenhagen Accord is not an ideal deal (neither ‘Fair’ nor ‘Ambitious’ or ‘Binding’);- Was decided outside the negotiating panel;- Many pertinent issues have been left out;- There is no clarity on how the various ‘decisions’ in the Accord are to be taken forward;- The Accord is considered ‘homeless’ and is not part of the UNFCCC’s acquis. IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  3. 3. COPENHAGEN ACCORD- IUCN VIEWSIUCN Pakistan believes that the following have been left out in Copenhagen Accordmust be stressed upon by Pakistan during COP16 negotiations:• The Copenhagen Accord does not apparently strengthens the Kyoto Protocol and is neither regarded to be a fair, nor an ambitions or binding deal;• Copenhagen Accord does not set out any ‘medium term emission goals’ and does not describe the practical pathway to achieve the 2°C target;• No particular commitment s have been made to halving global emissions by 2050, which are necessary for achieving 2°C target;• The Accord does not agree on any specific emission reduction commitments by Annex-I countries; IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  4. 4. • No specific deadline has been agreed to complete a legally binding instrument under the Kyoto Protocol;• It is believed that the Accord does not provide any basis to review the agreement in the light of the latest science and in particular. The scientifically described impacts for developing countries;• The Accord does not provide commitments for ‘a compliance mechanism’;• No financial commitment have been made for Post Kyoto Period (particularly between 2015-2020);• It does not commit on long-term (post 2020) public finance for developing countries, that will be additional to existing development assistance; IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  5. 5. ISSUES ARE CONTRIBUTING TO THIS SITUATION• The continuing absence of national legislation in Annex I countries and the US (in particular) are not sufficiently committed t o reducing their emissions;• Annex I countries (with the exception of the EU and Norway) had not expressed clear openness to a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol;• The developing countries (nearly as a whole) seem un-willing to firm up on the Copenhagen Accord by translating their pledges into legally binding commitments for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMAs) and to accept that the measuring, reporting and verification provisions in the Accord be enshrined in a legally binding post 2012 agreement;• Fast track finance (for 2010-2012) has been slow to be materialised. Long-term (post 2020) finance has not been secured either; IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  6. 6. CONFIDENCE BUILDING MEASURES URGENTLY NEEDED IN CANCÚNHopes are high- COP 16 expected to be a milestone for strengthened internationalaction;Progress towards establishing a global post-2012 climate change regime has provenpainfully slow. There appears to be broad expectation that the adoption of a legallybinding agreement may be postponed beyond December 2010;Challenge posed to humanity by climate change is greater and more urgent than it hasas it ever been; Reducing greenhouse gas emissions is the only, long-term answer torestoring the global climate to stability;Parties seem to have come closer to agreement on a number of crucial issuesincluding: adaptation; reducing emissions form deforestation and forest degradation indeveloping countries (the REDD+ mechanism); technology transfer and capacitybuilding. IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  7. 7. It is important that the Decisions taken by the COP16 at Cancun restore and boostconfidence in the UNFCC process and the eventual outcome of the negotiations. TheCOP16 should therefore finalise the issues on which progress has been made andadopt a balanced package of Decisions. Action on each of them should followimmediately. IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  8. 8. IUCN’S CALL FOR ACTION AT COP16IUCN calls for rapid and robust action by States, communities and individuals totake all possible steps to cut their emissions of all greenhouse gases immediatelyto ensure that the target agreed at Copenhagen, i. e., to limit the rise in globalaverage temperature to 2ºC above pre-industrial levels can be achieved;COP16 takes ‘confidence building measures’ in the form of a balanced package ofDecisions on REDD-plus, adaptation, technology transfer and capacity building;IUCN also calls for a rapid advance in the development, testing and application ofecosystem-based approaches for mitigation in forests and for adaptation invulnerable ecosystems and dependent communities;New and additional fast-track funding needs to be made available immediately, forboth adaptation and mitigation; IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  9. 9. IUCN calls for the establishment of a strong and implementation oriented AdaptationFramework as part of a post-2012 regimeIUCN calls for the recognition of sustainable management of natural resources inbuilding resilience of socio-economic and ecological systemsIUCN also calls for the immediate disbursement of new and additional financialmeans to enable adaptation actions to be implemented on the ground.IUCN also calls for all people, communities and Parties to take such adaptationactions as they can towards the goals of the envisioned Framework, and towardsreducing the vulnerability and increasing the resilience of developing countries inparticular. IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  10. 10. IUCN calls on the Parties to ensure that national REDD-plus frameworks reflect theprogress at Copenhagen;IUCN calls for gender considerations to be taken into account in the negotiationprocess and in the future climate regime wherever appropriate;IUCN emphasises the importance of building capacity for action at national and locallevel, both on adaptation and mitigation. IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
  11. 11. Thanks For more information, please contact: Saadullah Ayaz Coordinator Climate Change and Clean Air for Asian Cities, Islamabad Programme Office IUCN Pakistan Tel: +92 (51) 2271028- 30 Email: saad.ayaz@iucn.org Web: http://iucn.org/unfccc/resources/documents/IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE

×