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Presentation on REDD application for Pakistan Saadullah Ayaz
 

Presentation on REDD application for Pakistan Saadullah Ayaz

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Saadullah Ayaz

Saadullah Ayaz

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    Presentation on REDD application for Pakistan Saadullah Ayaz Presentation on REDD application for Pakistan Saadullah Ayaz Presentation Transcript

    • Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD/ REDD+)- Potential for Pakistan Saadullah Ayaz Climate Change Coordinator IUCN- Pakistan Email: saad.ayaz@iucn.orgIUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Forests and Climate ChangeIUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Forests and Climate ChangeForests represent the most significant terrestrial carbon stockThey contain:– 77% of all carbon stored in vegetation– 39% of all carbon stored in soils(Eliasch Review )Forests sequester and store more carbon (per hectare) than anyother type of land coverAccounted for 17.4% of global GHG emission in 2004,Equivalent to 49 GtCO2 eqv./ yr.(IPCC- FAR, 2007) IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Forests in UNFCCC NegotiationsREDD-plus negotiations leading up to Copenhagen are widely regarded as one ofmore positive developments IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Concept of REDD/ REDD+IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • REDD“Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation”Attempts to recognize role of forests in climate change mitigation– Forests are needed to achieve +2°C objective– 15- 20% of the problem or 15- 20% of the solution?Discussed in UNFCCC negotiations as part of ‘post 2012’ climateregime– Excluded from Clean Development Mechanism (KP- 2012)– Allowed for Annex I countries and under Joint Implementation– Not allowed EU Emissions Trading Scheme IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Scope: Shift in thinking from avoided deforestation to REDD+ (COP 15)1. Reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation Protecting existing forests from immediate and/or medium term threats2. Conservation: Protecting existing forests, especially primary forests, including those that face no immediate threat from deforestation and degradation but could in future3. Sustainable management of forests: Safeguarding, and as appropriate, expanding existing carbon stocks in both community and industrial working forests against long-term decline4. Enhancement of forest carbon stocks: Not only afforestation and reforestation but broader restoration of Forests IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • REDD/ REDD+ Readiness InitiativesREDD+ readiness relates to the efforts a country is undertaking, with the support of multilateral or bilateral initiatives, to build its capacity to be ready for a REDD+ mechanismIUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • UN-REDD ProgrammeCollaborative initiative (UN, FAO, UNDP) UNEP), launched in September2008. Aims to assist developing countries prepare and implement nationalREDD+ strategiesThe Programme currently supports REDD+ readiness activities in nine pilotcountries (Bolivia, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Indonesia, Panama,Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam andZambia)13 others to be observers to its Policy Board, and has given them access tomany other benefits of the Programme (networking, participation in regionalworkshops and knowledge sharing, facilitated by the Programme’s interactiveonline workspace). They are; Argentina, Ecuador, Cambodia, Costa Rica,Kenya, Mexico, Nepal, Nigeria, Philippines, Republic of Congo, SolomonIslands, Sri Lanka, SudanUN-REDD Programme’s Policy Board has approved a total of US$42.6 million IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Activities under UN-REDD Programmehelp develop analyses and guidelines on issues including; measurement,reporting and verification (MRV) of carbon emissions and flows, ensuringthat forests continue to provide multiple benefits for livelihoods and theenvironment, and supporting the engagement of Indigenous Peoples andCivil Society at all stages of the design and implementation of REDD+strategiesalso seeks to build consensus and knowledge about REDD+, to ensure aREDD+ mechanism is included in a post-2012 climate change agreement IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Forest Carbon Partnership FacilityForest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) (World Bank) assists developingcountries in their efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forestdegradation--called REDD+--by providing value to standing forestsbuilds the capacity of developing countries in tropical and subtropical regionsto reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and to tap intoany future system of positive incentives for REDD+ IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • REDD/ REDD+ and PakistanIUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Forest Resources of Pakistan1. Forest Cover (hectares): 1,902,0002. Forest Cover (as % of total land area): 2.53. Other wooded land (hectares): 1,389,0004. Total land area (hectares): 79,610,0005. Deforestation (hectares)= 2700/ yr (does not includes forest degradation) Data for 1990-2005 (FAO) IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Forest Trends in Pakistan 1990-2005 (FAO)IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Potential for REDD in Pakistan (avoided deforestation)Forest+ Annual forest Above- Forest CO2/ Aggregatewooded land cover ground ha CO2 Potential REDD earnings change biomass emissions (Forest+ (Forest+ wooded wooded from Assuming $3/ Assuming $3/ land) land) deforestation tCO2Assuming tCO2Assuming (Forest+ $10/ $10/ tCO294.74315.8 tCO294.74315.8 wooded land)3.291 m ha. 0.208 m ha. 381 Mt 734 t -31.58 Assuming Assuming Mt CO2 $3/ tCO2 $10/ tCO2 $94.74 m $315.8 m Assuming 100% reduction in deforestation, fully compensated, using FAO carbon estimates for above ground biomass. data used for year 2005 and derived from the ‘Forest Resources Assessment’ and the State of the ‘Worlds Forests’ published by the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • REDD+ for Pakistan? A Complex CycleTotal Registered project with CDM- EB (UNFCCC)= 2399 (as of June 2010)CDM- AR Registered Projects= 8REDD/ REDD+ = None Is Pakistan prepared to take up the challenge??UN Criteria to support REDD initiatives:• An expressed willingness to work with the UN-REDD Programme• Existing collaboration between the country, the UN partners and other relevant actors in related areas that will help ensure rapid progress• Emission avoidance potential• Degree of REDD readiness potential• Regional, biome and socio-economic representation• Coordination with international REDD initiatives• Potential to provide leadership in sub-regional sharing of experience• Ability to contribute experiences to UNFCCC negotiations and development of REDD mechanisms IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Risks associated with Carbon business1. Natural/ climatic risks: (disease, growth lower than prediction drought, floods, damaging winds, land slides etc.)2. Anthropogenic factors: encroachment, poaching, fire3. Political risks: policy changes, unstable governments4. Economic risks: exchange rates, interest rates, lower than expected CER prices, changes in opportunity cost of land5. Risks associated with CER purchaser (willing to pay upfront?)6. Future of Kyoto??7. Crediting Period (5 years for forestry)8. Investment in forestry (is it viable business??) IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • 9. Management/ ownership issues (influence of black market/ feudalism)10. Baseline data/ methodology development/ monitoring (huge investments)- will it still be viable?11. Leakages in carbon budget (if not forests, where shall we cater for needs? Any alternates?)12. Long- term involvement of stakes~ easy at it sounds? IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Is it Practical for Pakistan?Though the REDD policy has been finalized~ modalities and procedures yetto be ClearfieldNot eligible for Kyoto first Commitment Period (2012)REDD mechanism suitable for Pakistan…. - high rate of deforestation- an opportunity! but can it be reduced…? If yes, how and how much?? - How much time we nee to be prepared?? - Is it cost effective?? - Is it socio- politically applicable? If yes, how?? - Administrative and technical capacities? IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • REDD/ REDD+ and IUCNIUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • REDD+ and IUCNREDD+ is important for IUCN – Our mission: To influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable – Members’ decisionsIUCN’s work on REDD+ – Supporting the readiness phase – good forest governance – Poverty – REDD+ – Forest Landscape Restoration – REDD+ – Advocacy and Technical Advice – Ecosystem based Adaptation (EbA) (http://www.iucn.org/what/tpas/climate) IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • IUCN for REDD+ (Post COP 15) IUCN’ Position Paper for 10th Session of AWG- LCA, May- June 2010, BonnIUCN urged Parties to reach an agreement on a REDD-plus mechanismthat recognizes that avoiding greenhouse gas emissions fromdeforestation and forest degradation is a necessary component ofachieving deep cuts in all sources of anthropogenic emissions in order tomitigate climate changeIUCN urged Parties to ensure that the full scope of REDD-plus isrespected and supported in the establishment of the mechanism, includingthrough the provision of financial resources and investment IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Concluding….REDD/ REDD-plus will only achieve results if it is able to be adapted to the individual circumstances of countries AND if countries have the political will to adapt policies and methods to meet the needs of REDD/ REDD-plus implementation The Forests Dialogues initiative- IUCN CMS (2010) IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • IUCN- TV VIDEO:“Nature-our trusted ally in climate change fight” Duration 5 (mins), 18 (Secs.) http://www.iucn.org/knowledge/multimedia/video/ IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE
    • Thanks : For more information, please contact: Saadullah Ayaz Climate Change Coordinator IUCN Pakistan Tel: +92 (51) 2271028- 30IUCN, INTERNATIONAL UNION FOR CONSERVATION OF NATURE Email: saad.ayaz@iucn.org