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Climate change and gender  saadullah ayaz
 

Climate change and gender saadullah ayaz

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Saadullah Ayaz

Saadullah Ayaz

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    Climate change and gender  saadullah ayaz Climate change and gender saadullah ayaz Presentation Transcript

    • Climate Change and Gender- Experiences of IUCN Saadullah Ayaz IUCN PakistanIUCN, IUCN, International for Conservation of NatureNature and Natural Resources International Union Union for Conservation of and Natural Resources, Pakistan
    • ABOUT IUCNIUCN- International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources is the world’soldest and largest global environmental networkA democratic membership union with more than 1,000 government and NGO memberorganizations, and almost 11,000 volunteer scientists in more than 160 countries worldwideIUCN helps the world find pragmatic solutions to our most pressing environment anddevelopment challenges.Supports scientific research, manages field projects all over the world and bringsgovernments, non-government organizations, United Nations agencies, companies and localcommunities together to develop and implement policy, laws and best practiceStatus of an ‘Observer’ in UN General Assembly IUCN’s Headquarters Gland, Switzerland IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • WHAT DOES IUCN DO?Knowledge: IUCN develops and supports cutting edge conservation science, particularly in species, ecosystems, biodiversity, and the impact these have on human livelihoodsAction: IUCN runs thousands of field projects around the world to better manage natural environmentsInfluence: IUCN supports governments, NGOs, international conventions, UN organizations, companies and communities to develop laws, policy and best-practiceEmpowerment: IUCN helps implement laws, policy and best-practice by mobilizing organizations, providing resources, training people and monitoring results IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • IUCN- A GLOBAL UNIONHeadquarters in Gland, Switzerland IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • THE DRIVING FORCEIUCN’s VISIONA just world that values andconserves nature IUCN’s Mission Influence, encourage and assist societies to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and ensure any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • OUR STRUCTUREIUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • IUCN’s VALUE PROPOSITION Knowledge Empowerment Governance Establishing a commonImpact standard for Building new approaches, services approaches and a and products that allow Applying, and in constituency that can for scaling-up, some cases tailoring, maintain, promote adaptation and quality knowledge to a and extend the Research and data control specific situation application of for sustainable sustainability and/or the needs of resource partners at any level management Reach IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • CORE PROGRAMME AREASIUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • IUCN IN PAKISTANA long term commitment since 1985Several offices, around 112 stafflargest Country Programme of the Union in the World IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • MEMBERS IN PAKISTAN – 29 Gilgit-Baltistan Administration Pak Env. Protection Found Government of BalochistanIUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • OFFICES AND WORK Islamabad Office MBP Murree Office • Programme Coordination • Constituency • NIAP Sarhad Office at Peshawar • Murree Biodiversity Park •FATA Environment Cell • ESMA • EFR • PSDS BPSD Qila Saifullah Office • ADB-TPM • CC-TAP/Road to CPN • Clean Air Initiative Juniper Ziarat Office • CKMP Country Office at KarachiBalochistan Office at Quetta • Coastal Ecosystem • BPSD • Sindh Coastal project • Business & Biodiversity • Comm. & Outreach • Water Programme • Finance BPSD Gwadar Office • HR BPSD Lasbela Office • Admin IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • IUCN IN PAKISTANIUCN Pakistan is seen as an effective agent for;• Mainstreaming environment into policy-making, periodic reviews• Building partnerships and encouraging dialogue with stakeholder• Encouraging donor agencies to provide flexible but focused grants for the development of the environment sector in Pakistan• Encouraging and supporting environmental impact assessments of all new development projects and policies• Awareness and advocacy• Enhancing capacity of its member organizations and government institutions in sustainable development• Demonstrating/piloting in remote areas to provide replicable models for communities and member organizations IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • CLIMATE CHANGE AND GENDERIUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • GENDER BALANCED APPROACH…..Should not simply be about women.Men and boys are also vulnerable to theimpacts of climate change, but often indifferent ways, and these need to beidentified and communicatedFurthermore, women and girls are involved inrelationships with men and boys and it is atthe level of these gender relations and thesocial expectations influencing them thatresearch needs to be conducted and changeneeds to happen.” (Bridge, 2008) IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • WOMEN AT RISKClimate change is not gender neutralClimate change impacts will be differently distributedamong different regions, generations, age classes,income groups, occupations and gendersThe poor (of which 70% are women) will bedisproportionately affected. Women are alsopowerful agents of change by playing a key role inenergy consumption, deforestation, burning ofvegetation, population growth and economic growthGender Concerns and Ethics – Principle of Individual Liberty – Utilitarian Principle – Principle of Justice IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • KEY FACTSWomen are the main producers of the world‘s staple crops, providing up to 90%of food for the rural poor and producing 60–80% of the food in most developingcountriesWomen already struggle to cope with year-to-year variability of maize, sorghum,millet and groundnut yields associated with the El Niño Southern Oscillation.Crop productivity in extreme El Niño years is expected to drop a further 20–50%in southernAfricaWomen are already more vulnerable to nutritional problems. 50% of the womenand children in developing countries are anaemic IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • KEY FACTS (contd.)Climate variability plays an important role in initiating malaria epidemics in the EastAfrican highlands and accounts for 70% of variation of recent cholera outbreaks inBangladesh. This increase has more severe impacts on women who often haveless access to medical services than men. Women’s workloads also increase asthey spend time caring for the sickThere is decisive evidence that gender differences in deaths from natural disastersare directly linked to women’s economic and social rights. In societies that are moreinequitable, men are likely to receive preferential treatment in rescue efforts andwomen are likely to suffer more from shortages of food andother resources in theaftermath of disasters IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • KEY FACTS (contd.)Many key decision-making institutions related to climatechange have a male-dominated hierarchical structureWomen’s empowerment is now being linked to climate changesolutions IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • IMPACTS ON WOMEN Impacts on women Household food provision; CROP FAILURE Increased agricultural work Household fuel provision; FUEL SHORTAGE food-fuel conflicts Household water provision; SHORTAGE OF SAFE, exposure to contaminated sourcesClimate CLEAN WATERChange Economic drawbacks; lack of land tenure; resource-dependent RESOURCE SCARCITY livelihoods; school dropouts, early marriage Greater incidence of mortality; NATURAL DISASTERS reduction of life expectancy Lack of access to healthcare; increased burden of caring for DISEASE young, sick and elderly Loss of livelihoods; lack of adequate DISPLACE-MENT shelter; conflicts Loss of livelihoods and lives; sexual CIVIL WAR / CONFLICT violence and trauma Adopted from WEDO (2008) IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • GLOBAL CONCERNSEvery major global agreement now includes a gender component:1. United Nations Charter (1945)2. Universal Declaration on Human Rights (1948)3. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) (1979)4. Convention on Biodiversity (1992)5. Chapter 24 of Agenda 21 (UNCED 1992)6. World Conference on Human Rights (1993)7. International Conference on Population and Development (1994)8. Convention to Combat Desertification (1994)9. World Summit for Social Development (1995)10. Beijing Platform for Action (1995)11. Millennium Declaration (2000)12. Johannesburg Plan of Action (2002)13. Hyogo Framework for Action (2005)14. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change/Kyoto Protocol (1992)- Exception!! IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • GENDER AT IUCNIUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • IUCN’s DEFINITION OF GENDERIUCN understands that gender refers to the attributes and opportunities associatedwith being male and female and the socio-cultural relationshipsIn most societies there are differences and inequalities between women and men inactivities undertaken, access to and control over resources as well as decisionmaking opportunitiesGender is part of the broader socio-cultural context which also takes intoconsideration factors such as class, race, economic status, ethnic group and ageIUCN understands that adopting a gender perspective means focusing on bothwomen and men and their relationships with each other and natural resourcesIUCN further understands that mainstreaming gender means creating an enablingworking environment that in turn attracts and helps to retain gender sensitive staff http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/gender/ IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • IUCN S GENDER POLICY STATEMENT (Adopted in April 1998)Submitted to the 48th meeting of the IUCN Council 27-29 April 1998 and was endorsed withsubsequent modificationsCalls for the promotion of equity and equality as a crucial factor for environmentalsustainability and an integral part of all conservation efforts. It presents the goals of equityand equality in the context of IUCNs overall mission and provides a brief conceptualframework and the rationale for the consideration of equality issuesCalls for an effective mainstreaming strategy to integrate a gender perspective in a broadsocio-cultural context, into IUCNs Policies, Programmes and Projects cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/gender_policy.pdf IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • MAINSTREAMING GENDER IN IUCN’s WORK IUCN realizes that gender is one of the most important determinants of a wholesome and meaningful development IUCN realizes that fundamental objectives of any development programme cannot be achieved without taking into account the role of gender and harmonizing gender relations IUCN realizes that human development, that often precedes its material effects and manifestations is extremely difficult, if not impossible, to actualize in the absence of gender equity and justice A long process of recognition of issues of gender, beginning in 1984 culminated in a resolution to the 1996 World Conservation Congress. This resolution called for, among other things, IUCN to “integrate gender perspectives across the IUCN Programme” IUCN’s Gender Checklist and Guidelines (2006)http://www.iucn.org/about/union/secretariat/offices/asia/asia_where_work/pakistan/publications/pubs 2006/pubs_gender_checklist.cfm IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • SUPPORT TO PARTNERSTraining Manual on Gender and Climate Change(http://generoyambiente.org/arcangel2/documentos/651_english.pdf )Goal:Answering the urgent demand expressed by the Parties to UNFCCC and other stakeholdersfor a deeper understanding about the linkages between gender and climate change.Scope:- including the latest data and information on the gender dimensions of climate change;- offering participatory training methodologies for trainers to foster successful trainings in the topic at a national and/or regional levels. IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • SUPPORT TO PARTNERSCBD’s Gender Plan of Actionhttp://www.cbd.int/doc/meetings/cop/cop-09/information/cop-09-inf-12-rev1-en.docDefines the role that the CBD Convention Secretariat will play in stimulating and facilitatingefforts to overcome constraints and take advantage of opportunities to promote genderequalityIt is also a reflection of the increasing awareness that gender equality and women’sempowerment are important prerequisites for environmental conservation and sustainabledevelopment IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • SUPPORT TO PARTNERSUNEP’s Gender Plan of Actionhttp://www.unep.ch/roe/gender/refdocs/Final%20POA%20for%20UNEP.pdfThe Plan of Action is a set of gender-equality criteria, gender sensitive strategies andguidelines for implementation of programmes IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • SUPPORT TO PARTNERSGender Equality within the REDD and REDD-plus framework (UNFCCC)http://www.generoyambiente.org/arcangel2/documentos/500.pdfIncorporation of gender considerations into the REDD and REDD-plus frameworks bringsabout increased efficiency and sustainability as it contributes to women’s involvement andcommitment who are crucial players of local forest management IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • SUPPORT TO PARTNERSIUCN Factsheet Linking Gender and Biodiversityhttp://www.generoyambiente.org/arcangel2/documentos/494.pdfIUCN Factsheet Gender and Agricultural Biodiversityhttp://www.generoyambiente.org/arcangel2/documentos/492.pdfIUCN Factsheet Gender and National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans(NBSAPs)http://www.generoyambiente.org/arcangel2/documentos/490.pdfIUCN Factsheet "Gender and Bioenergy"http://www.generoyambiente.org/arcangel2/documentos/497.pdfPutting Words into Action… Analysis of the Status of Gender Mainstreaming in theMain Multilateral Environmental Agreementshttp://www.generoyambiente.org/arcangel2/documentos/488.pdf IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • RELEVANT WORK IN PAKISTANIUCN Pakistan recognises gender equity as an integral element for conservation andsustainable development and is committed to ensuring that gender is an inherentfactor in all its programmes and projectsGender integration and sensitisation are important factors in its mandateIUCN’s Human Resource Manual contains a specific Gender Policy (Annexe 1), thataims at achieving a gender balance in staffThe global IUCN Gender Policy adopted in 1998 has also been adopted in bothPakistan and the region (Annexe 2). The Policy statement calls for: the promotion of equity and equality as a crucial factor for environmental sustainability and an integral part of all conservation efforts. It presents the goals of equity and equality in the context of IUCNs overall mission and provides a brief conceptual framework and the rationale for the consideration of equality issues in environmental workPrepared Gender Checklist and Guidelines (IUCN, 2004) IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • RELEVANT WORK IN PAKISTAN (contd.)Environmental Rehabilitation in NWFP and Punjab (ERNP 1997-2003)- Gender an integrated component- Equal opportunities for managerial and technical skill building- Equal opportunities for natural resource managementMountain Areas Conservation Programme (MACP 1999-2006)- Mainstreaming in programme activities- Equal opportunities for managerial and technical skill building- Enhanced role in local governance IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • RELEVANT WORK IN PAKISTAN (contd.)Programme Support Northern Pakistan (PSNP)- Development of gender checklists and guidelines- Gender sensitive monitoring with relevant indicators- Gender sensitization of staff and partners- Gender budgeting- Special focus on women in model projects- Specific programmes with women groupsEnvironmental Fiscal Reforms (EFR 2006-2010)Gender considerations mainstreamed in project rationalegGender-related aspects (environmental investments), considered in all policy/advocacy activitiesTrainings and capacity building, management of resources IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • RELEVANT WORK IN PAKISTAN (contd.)Balochistan Partnerships for Sustainable Development (BPSD 2007-2013)- Gender equity as a key component, take affirmative action to involve women in programme activities- Measures to address existing gender disparities- Integrated into District Development Visions (Lasbela, Pishin, Mastung and Quetta) IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • RELEVANT WORK IN PAKISTAN (contd.)Findings of Study on “Climate Change in District Quetta, Balochistan-Implications and Recommendations” (Under publication, 2011)Women make up a large number of the poor in communitiesin Quetta are disproportionately vulnerable to and affectedPoor women are more vulnerable because of sociallyconstructed gender roles and behaviorsIn Quetta, women’s informal rights to resources coulddecrease or disappear as access to land natural resourcesdwindle due to climate changeGender discrimination in the allocation of resources,including those relating to nutrition and medicines is puttingfemales at greater risk than male IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
    • Thanks Saadullah Ayaz Coordinator, Climate Change/Clean Air Initiative IUCN Pakistan Email: saad.ayaz@iucn.orgIUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources