Appling 1Sutton ApplingMs. BennettBritish Literature16 September 2011 Athletic Training “Sports injuries result from acute trauma or repetitive stress associated with athleticactivities. Sports injuries can affect bones or soft tissue such as ligaments, muscles, and tendons”(Sports injuries).No matter the sport, injuries occurs. The type of injury may depend on thegender of the player. When players have to cope with injuries, they have a loss of confidence andare often in denial about the impact of their injuries. The impact of the injuries can be short term,long term, or even career-ending. While understanding the impact of the injury is important,knowing how to prevent the injury is even more important. Male and Female athletes have many different injuries because of the gender they are. Inmany sports today there are many different injuries that vary according to the gender are.”Specific to body location, females athletes have been reported to have more injuries to the hiplower leg and shoulder than male athletes, while males had more injuries in the thigh thanfemales” (“Gender Differences”). Women’s hips and knees are more susceptible then men’s togetting some sort of injury because of the way a woman is built; a women is built with a widerpelvis, which causes the knee to angle in from hip joint to the knee(base), while men are builtless angular than a woman, their hips are lined up with the center of the patella, which is thecenter of the knee; making them less likely to tear or stress the ACL (the ACL is also known as
Appling 2Anterior Cruciate Ligament and is located on the Posterio-Lateral part of the femur) or cause aninjury to their hip (Gender Differences). There are injuries that each sport has most. Male havetheir own specialty injuries. Male are more prone to is Tommy John surgery. “Tommy John wasa pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team. In 1974 he was unable to pitch because ofinjury to his elbow. Until that time, this particular injury ended the career of baseball pitchers”(Cluett, M.D.). The tommy john injury is an injury to the (UCL) which is known as the UlnarCollateral Ligament. The UCL is located on the inside of the elbow. This injury is so crucial tobaseball players because the surgery is a big deal. “Tommy John surgery is a surgical procedureto reconstruct the UCL using a tendon from the forearm” (Cluett, M.D.). This surgery is mean tomake the elbow more stable after the many months of physical therapy. How do athletes cope with sports injuries? There are two main forms of rehabilitationsathletes focus on when they athlete cope with an injury: physical and psychological rehab.“Sports injury recovery typically focuses on physical rehab, but its important to include sportspsychology skills and techniques to help an athlete recover faster and learn to use physicalsetbacks to become a more confident and resilient athlete” (Coping with Sports Injures) When anathlete is injured, he or she has many emotions going through he or she mind, such as, “denial,anger, sadness and even depression” (Coping with Sports Injures). Athletes often seek of theinjury as “why did it happen to me” or its “unfair”( Coping with Sports Injures) Athletes are verynegative when their skills are thrown under the bus or when there is the possibility ofscholarships being lost or the professional athlete that has their lively hood effected by an injury,The serious athlete spend so much time and focus on the physical part of their body that themental and emotional parts do not get the rehabilitation attention that the physical does, althoughmany physical therapists will tell you that they are both equally important to create a healthy
Appling 3edge for competition. Many psychologists encourage the athlete to be positive about the injuryso that when they “deal gracefully with an injury it helps an athlete become a more focused,flexible, and resilient athlete” (Coping with Sports Injures). How does a long-term injury affect growing up in life? An example of a long term-injurycaused by a sport in a concussion, a concussion; is a traumatic head injuries that occurs fromboth mild and severe blows to the head (Serious Effects of Mild Concussions). A concussion istypically caused by a severe head trauma where the brain moves violently within the skull so thatbrain cells all fire at once, much like a seizure (Serious Effects of Mild Concussions). Signs of amild concussion include confusion, disorientation and memory loss (Serious Effects of MildConcussions). Several blows to the head can cause many concussions and when receiving toomany concussions and the athlete goes back and starts’ playing before the brain has had propertime to heal, he or she will soon create brain damage. There is now an instrument that helps findif an athlete has had a concussion called the “Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment andCognitive Testing system” (Serious Effects of Mild Concussions). “This machine measures anathletes memory, reaction time and processing speed” (Serious Effects of Mild Concussions). Short-term injuries are more in the categories of broken bones or a sprained ankles. It isa short-term injury because it heals rather quickly and all sprains and most broken bones don’tneed to be fixed by surgery it heals its self. “Sports injuries can affect long-term health for short-term gains” (“Athletes in MajorSporting Events are Often prone to Injury”). One of the most common injuries seen in manyathletes such as “soccer players, tennis players, horseback riders, cyclists, football players, andrunners” (“Athletes in major sporting events are often prone to injury”) is to the patella, which is
Appling 4the top part of the knee, it is the part of your knee that most people know as the “knee cap”.Many knee injuries have a lot of Inflammation to the tissue, tendons and ligaments in the kneewhich can cause a patient to get inflammation. Inflammation to the knee can also be attributed tothe athlete retaining extra fluids in your knee. When the build of a watery fluid is held in theknee area there may be a need for you to get it drained.. There are injuries that each sport has most. Male and Females have their own specialtyinjuries also. Male are more prone to is Tommy John surgery. “Tommy John was a pitcher forthe Los Angeles Dodgers baseball team. In 1974 he was unable to pitch because of injury to hiselbow. Until that time, this particular injury ended the career of baseball pitchers” (Cluett, M.D.).The tommy john injury is an injury to the (UCL) which is known as the Ulnar CollateralLigament. The UCL is located on the inside of the elbow. This injury is so crucial to baseballplayers because the surgery is a big deal. “Tommy John surgery is a surgical procedure toreconstruct the UCL using a tendon from the forearm” (Cluett, M.D.). This surgery is mean tomake the elbow more stable after the many months of physical therapy. Female’s, on the otherhand, are very fragile. A female athlete’s most common injury is an ACL tear. Career ending injuries, many may ask what is a career ending injury? A career endinginjury in a professional sport means that the injury is so bad that the athlete is forced intoretirement. Mike Utley is a profession football player on the Detroit Lions .On November 17,1991 it was the worst day of Utley’s life. While most say it was just a routine tackle, it wasreally a career ending tackle and also a life threatening. After Utley’s tackle he was them met bythe athletic trainer and the coaches to the center of the field and was evaluated and was carriedoff the field and while being carried off the field he gave a thumps up to his fans and team mates.
Appling 5That thumbs up not only represented that he was alright but that he had feeling in his arms whichwas a big reliever until later that day he got the news that no athlete would ever want to hear, thetackle had fractured his sixth and seventh vertebrae, and left him paralyzed from the chest down.Utley was never able to walk again much less play football anymore in his like. Utley was forcedto retire and ended his career in professional football. (Cook) Career ending injuries are not only with rough sports like football. An example of anothercareer ending injury is Yoa Ming. Yoa Ming is a basketball player for the Houston Rocketsstanding at seven foot six and only being thirty years of age. Ming was known as the all timesgreatest. Ming was forced to retire because of ongoing leg and also feet injuries. Yao Ming wasbummed to say that “He is ending his career of basketball (Injuries force Yao Ming to End hiscareer at 30”. Another similar athlete that had to end his career of baseball was Tony Conigliaro.Conigliaro was also one of Red Sox’s best Plays and set many records, one being the youngestplayer in history to reach 100 home runs, And he was also was picked to play in the all-star gamealso being the youngest to get picked. Conigliaro had a bright future ahead until one day he wasswinging for a ball and he fouled off a ball and the ball was breaking right for his cheek bone anddamaged his retina. Conigliaro had to take two whole years off and nobody thought he wouldmake a comeback, and two whole years later he made a remarkable comeback, being named bestcomeback of the year. While he was a dedicated and determined athlete he just wasn’t nearly asgood as he was before the injury, driving him to retire (COMPLEX MAG). The type of injury may depend on the gender of the player. When players have tocope with injuries, they have a loss of confidence and are often in denial about the impact oftheir injuries. The impact of the injuries can be short term, long term, or even career-ending.
Appling 6While understanding the impact of the injury is important, knowing how to prevent the injury iseven more important.
Appling 7 Works CitedCluett, Jonathan. “How Long Does ACL Tear Rehab Take? Can ACL Rehab Be Accelerated?” Orthedicics . N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Sept. 2011. <http://orthopedics.about.com/od/aclinjury/f/rehabtime.htm>. This article is about an ACL injury and how long the recovery time is for it. i can use this article in my paper.Cluett, Jonathan, M.D. “Tommy John Surgery.” About.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Oct. 2011. <http://orthopedics.about.com/od/elbowconditions/g/tommyjohn.htm>. This article is about an Orthipedic giving a sinopsis about the tommy john injury and the surgery you would have for it and the procedure you would go through. i can use this article in my senior project.Cook, Patricia. Yahoo Sports. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2011. <http://sports.yahoo.com/nfl/news?slug=ac- 6939300>. this artlicle is about the five worst career ending injuries in professional football i can definatly use this article in my senior project research paper.“Gender differences in sport injury risk and types of injuries: a retrospective twelve-month study on cross-country skiers, swimmers, long-distance runners and soccer players.” Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. N.p., 2009. Web. 7 Sept. 2011. <http://www.thefreelibrary.com/ Gender+differences+in+sport+injury+risk+and+types+of+injuries%3a+a+...-a0207644266>. This artical is about gender diffrence in the sports injuries that they get. i can use this article in my senior Project.Mag, Complex. Complex. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Oct. 2011. <http://www.complex.com/sports/2009/06/5- athletes-who-had-their-careers-ended-by-injury>. this article is about the top five career ending injuries and there is context in this article i caan use for my senior project research paper.
Appling 8“ p328-335.” Academic Search Complete. N.p., May 2009. Web. 2 Sept. 2011. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?vid=7&hid=15&sid=347b85c0-ea15-44ee-9153- c5857acfc492%40sessionmgr4&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=3998 9705>. this acticke is about womens knee injuries. women ACL tears happen all the time i can use this artice in my paper.Quinn, Elizabeth. “Coping with Sports Injuries.” Sports Medicine. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Sept. 2011. <http://sportsmedicine.about.com/od/sportspsychology/a/Injury_Coping.htm>. This article is about men and womens injurys and how they cope with it and recover. i can use this acticle in my Senior Project.- - -. “Serious Effects of Mild Concussions.” Serious Effects of Mild Concussions. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Sept. 2011. <http://sportsmedicine.about.com/cs/head/a/aa020103a.htm>. This article is about Serious Effects of Mild Concussions and how they effect you in the long term and how to treat or take care of Serious Effects of Mild Concussions. i can use this in my paper.Rebounding from Injuries. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Sept. 2011. <http://www.competitivedge.com/ resources_rebounding_from_injuries.htm>. This articel is about men and womens sports they play and how it effects them in there life. i can use this article in my project.Record, Herald. “ACL Tears Plaguing Female Athletes.” Editorial. Hospital For Special Surgerys. Times, n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2011. <http://www.hss.edu/newsroom_acl-tears-plaguing-female- athletes.asp>. This article is about women’s ACL knee tears and how they recover. The article is
Appling 9 critical to my project because of the similarities of men and women’s knees and this article shows it. therefor i can use this article in my project.“Sports injuries .” Children’s Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Sept. 2011. <http://www.healthofchildren.com/ S/Sports-Injuries.html>. i can use theis article becaus eit talks about sports injuries and describes many diffrent types of injuries with in the sports world.“Sports Injuries can Affect Long-Term Health for Short-Term Gains.” intellegen life on the web. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Sept. 2011. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/sports-injuries-can-affect-long-term- health-for-short-term-gains.html>. this article talks about sports injuries and how they effect you in the long run and if you can ever recover from some sports injuries if they are serious enough. i can use this in my senior project.“Sports Related Injuries in the United States.” CDC. N.p., 28 Sept. 2006. Web. 6 Sept. 2011. <http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5538a1.htm>. in this article it states article and statistics about injuries in high school students in the year of 2005 through 2006 i can use this article in my paper.Vesconi, Jason D. “The Menstrual Cycle and Anterior Cruciate.” Current Opinion Spring-Summer 2011: p91-101. Academic Search Complete. Web. 2 Sept. 2011. <http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/ detail?sid=347b85c0-ea15-44ee-9153- c5857acfc492%40sessionmgr4&vid=15&hid=106&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZQ%3d%3d# db=a9h&AN=61049682>. This article is about the ACl knee injuries and how they connect to the menstrual cycle in women. i can use this article in my project for the similarity and difference in men and women injuries.