Vocab Presentation


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Vocab Presentation

  1. 1. From Alaska to the Andes NATIVE ARTS OF THE AMERICAS BEFORE 1300 Vocabulary Terms
  2. 2. Adobe <ul><li>The clay used to make a kind of sun-dried mud brick of the same name; a building made of such brick. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Atlantid <ul><li>A male figure that functions as a supporting column . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Atlatl <ul><li>Spear-thrower, the typical weapon of the Toltecs of ancient Mexico. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Backstrap Loom <ul><li>A simple Andean loom featuring a belt or backstrap encircling the waist of the seated weaver. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Celt <ul><li>In Olmec Mexico, an ax-shaped form made of polished jade; generally, a prehistoric metal or stone implement shaped like a chisel or ax head. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Effigy Mounds <ul><li>Ceremonial mounds built in the shape of animals or birds by native North American peoples. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Embroidery <ul><li>The technique of sewing threads onto a finished ground to form contrasting designs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fret or Meander <ul><li>An ornament, usually in bands but also covering broad surfaces, consisting of interlocking geometric motifs. An ornamental pattern of contiguous straight lines joined usually at right angles </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gorget <ul><li>A neck pendant. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Kiva <ul><li>A large circular underground structure that is the spiritual and ceremonial center of Pueblo Indian life </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mesoamerica <ul><li>The region that comprises Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and the Pacific coast of El Salvador . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Pueblo <ul><li>A communal multistoried dwelling made of stone or adobe brick by the Native Americans of the Southwest; with cap. also used to refer to various groups that occupied such dwellings. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Roof Comb <ul><li>The elaborately sculpted vertical projection surmounting a Maya temple-pyramid. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Tapestry <ul><li>A weaving technique in which the weft threads are packed densely over the warp threads so that the designs are woven directly into the fabric. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Terracotta <ul><li>Hard-baked clay, used for sculpture and as a building material. It may be glazed or painted </li></ul>
  17. 17. Warp <ul><li>The vertical threads of a loom or cloth. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Weft <ul><li>The horizontal threads of a loom or cloth. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Mesoamerican Ball Game <ul><li>The Mesoamerican ballgame was a sport with ritual associations played for over 3000 years by the pre-Columbian peoples of Mesoamerica. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Epigraphers <ul><li>Scholars who decipher writing systems </li></ul>
  21. 21. Metates <ul><li>Ceremonial grinding stones, possibly used as thrones </li></ul>
  22. 22. Sources <ul><li>http://www.f1online.pro/en/image-details/3218281.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flickr.com/photos/sarahklebba/5224068395/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.thunderbirdatlatl.com/catalog/nanticoke.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://athreadofhope.org/index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=90 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.precolumbian-gallery.com/olmeque-art/olmec-celt-92.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.examiner.com/road-trip-travel-in-atlanta/top-ten-native-american-sites-georgia </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.uic.edu/depts/ahaa/classes/ah111/navajorg3.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://homepage.mac.com/cwesson/AboutDr.Wesson.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.freewebs.com/mayandecryption/rrrrobinsonsw130-1.jpg?0.30391939160181375 </li></ul><ul><li>http://historywithsanders.blogspot.com/2011/03/day-22-introduction-to-mesoamerica.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.filmapia.com/published/places/pueblo-de-taos </li></ul><ul><li>http://cookjmex.blogspot.com/2010/04/palenque-part-2-great-maya-ruler-pakal.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rugreview.com/orr/8-6-16.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://nigelweaving.wordpress.com/2009/03/09/block-threading-and-dobby-pegging/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sfu.museum/hola/en/slides/featured/13/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1979.206.429 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.timernst.com/JournalArchives/october2011journ.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://us.cdn1.123rf.com/168nwm/splinex/splinex1103/splinex110300030/9150959-golden-seamless-meanders-ancient-greek-ornaments.jpg </li></ul>
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