Jim Williams Manager of the UASIO FAA Expo 2014
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Jim Williams Manager of the UASIO FAA Expo 2014

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  • ASTM F2908, Specification for Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) for a Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) ASTM F2908 defines minimum requirements for the aircraft flight manual, which provides guidance to owners, mechanics, pilots, crew members, airports, regulatory officials and aircraft and component manufacturers who perform or provide oversight of sUAS flight operations.ASTM F2909, Practice for Maintenance and Continued Airworthiness of Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) ASTM F2909 establishes a practice for the maintenance and continued airworthiness of sUAS. Requirements for continued airworthiness, inspections, maintenance and repairs/alterations are included.ASTM F2910, Specification for Design and Construction of a Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) ASTM F2910 defines the design, construction and test requirements for sUAS. In addition to general requirements, ASTM F2910 covers requirements for structure, propulsion, propellers, fuel and oil systems, cooling, documentation and other key areas. ASTM F2911, Practice for Production Acceptance of Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) ASTM F2911 defines production acceptance requirements for sUAS. Requirements covered include several aspects of production, system level production acceptance, quality assurance and documentation.ASTM F3002, Specification for Design of the Command and Control System for Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) ASTM F3002 provides a consensus standard in support of an application to a nation’s governing aviation authority to operate an sUAS for commercial or public use. The standard focuses on command and control (C2) links, including a diagram of a C2 system and general requirements for C2 system components. ASTM F3003, Specification for Quality Assurance of a Small Unmanned Aircraft System (sUAS) ASTM F3003 defines quality assurance requirements for design, manufacture and production of small unmanned aircraft systems. Guidance is given to sUAS manufacturers for the development of a quality assurance program.ASTM F3005, Specification for Batteries for Use in Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) ASTM F3005 defines requirements for battery cells used in sUAS. Mechanical design and safety, and electrical design battery maintenance are primary battery-related areas that are covered.
  • NPRM later this yearWill address largest commercial demandUntil it is out, all (except Arctic) commercial uses illegalTest sites excepted (R&D)Possible exemption for movies/TV but not final yet

Jim Williams Manager of the UASIO FAA Expo 2014 Jim Williams Manager of the UASIO FAA Expo 2014 Presentation Transcript

  • 2014 SUSB EXPO Jim Williams FAA
  • Federal Aviation Administration Integration of Civil Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the National Airspace System (NAS): A Discussion about Risk Presented to: sUSB Exposition By: Jim Williams, Manager, FAA, UAS Integration Office, AFS-80 Date: May 8, 2014
  • 3Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Bull Run Incident – Virginia
  • 4Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Endure Batavia Triathlon Incident – Australia
  • 5Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Near-Mid Air Collision Incident – Florida Model Aircraft Similar to One in Incident • A near mid-air collision was reported to Tallahassee Air Traffic Control on March 22 by Bluestreak Airlines (US Airways commuter) – Pilot passed an unreported and apparently remotely controlled aircraft at 2300 ft., five miles northeast of Tallahassee – Described as a camouflaged F-4 fixed wing aircraft • Small, but not a quadcopter or rotorcraft – Commuter Captain thought the model aircraft may have collided with his aircraft • Inspection after landing revealed no damage
  • 6Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas See and Avoid
  • 7Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas ASTM Small Unmanned Aircraft System Standards 1. Specification for Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) (F2908) 2. Practice for Maintenance and Continued Airworthiness (F2909) 3. Specification for Design and Construction (F2910) 4. Practice for Production Acceptance (F2911) 5. Specification for Design of the Command and Control System (F3002) 6. Specification for Quality Assurance (F3003) 7. Specification for Batteries (F3005)
  • 8Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas • Background – Raphael Pirker fined $10,000 for “reckless and careless” operation of a UAS following commercial filming at the University of Virginia, 2011 • Legal Actions – National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) judge dismissed case on March 6, 2014 – FAA appealing decision to full NTSB panel • Judge’s decision stayed, pending NTSB review • Impact – Media coverage has portrayed the Pirker case as a nullification of FAA authority to regulate commercial UAS operations – Increase of news reports of unauthorized commercial operations • Response – FAA preparing a public notice to clarify our oversight authority in this area Raphael Pirker Case
  • 9Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Small UAS Rule • Key initiative for introducing commercial UAS operations safely into the NAS – Plan to release Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) in late 2014 – Small commercial UAS projected to be largest growth sector
  • 10Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (FMRA): Section 333 FILMING - POWER LINE INSPECTION - PRECISION AGRICULTURE - FLARE STACK INSPECTION
  • 11Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Arctic First Authorized Commercial Flight of Small UAS
  • 12Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Thank You
  • 13Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Backup
  • 14Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Code of Federal Regulations Section 91.111 Operating Near Other Aircraft. (a) No person may operate an aircraft so close to another aircraft as to create a collision hazard. (b) No person may operate an aircraft information flight except by arrangement with the pilot in command of each aircraft in formation. (c) No person may operate an aircraft, carrying passengers for hire, in formation flight.
  • 15Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Code of Federal Regulations Section 91.113 Right-of-way rules: Except water operations. (a) Inapplicability. This section does not apply to the operation of an aircraft on water. (b) General. When weather conditions permit, regardless of whether an operation is conducted under instrument flight rules or visual flight rules, vigilance shall be maintained by each person operating an aircraft so as to see and avoid other aircraft. When a rule of this section gives another aircraft the right-of-way, the pilot shall give way to that aircraft and may not pass over, under, or ahead of it unless well clear. (c) In distress. An aircraft in distress has the right-of-way over all other air traffic. (d) Converging. When aircraft of the same category are converging at approximately the same altitude (except head-on, or nearly so), the aircraft to the other's right has the right-of-way. If the aircraft are of different categories-- (1) A balloon has the right-of-way over any other category of aircraft; [(2) A glider has the right-of-way over an airship, powered parachute, weight-shift-control aircraft, airplane, or rotorcraft. (3) An airship has the right-of-way over a powered parachute, weight-shift-control aircraft, airplane, or rotorcraft.] However, an aircraft towing or refueling other aircraft has the right-of-way over all other engine-driven aircraft. (e) Approaching head-on. When aircraft are approaching each other head-on, or nearly so, each pilot of each aircraft shall alter course to the right. (f) Overtaking. Each aircraft that is being overtaken has the right-of-way and each pilot of an overtaking aircraft shall alter course to the right to pass well clear. (g) Landing. Aircraft, while on final approach to land or while landing, have the right-of-way over other aircraft in flight or operating on the surface, except that they shall not take advantage of this rule to force an aircraft off the runway surface which has already landed and is attempting to make way for an aircraft on final approach. When two or more aircraft are approaching an airport for the purpose of landing, the aircraft at the lower altitude has the right-of-way, but it shall not take advantage of this rule to cut in front of another which is on final approach to land or to overtake that aircraft.
  • 16Federal Aviation Administration sUSB Exposition May 8, 2014 FAA.gov/about/initiatives/uas Section 333 of the FMRA • SEC. 333. SPECIAL RULES FOR CERTAIN UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS. (a) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding any other requirement of this subtitle, and not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall determine if certain unmanned aircraft systems may operate safely in the national airspace system before completion of the plan and rulemaking required by section 332 of this Act or the guidance required by section 334 of this Act. • (b) ASSESSMENT OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.— In making the determination under subsection (a), the Secretary shall determine, at a minimum— (1) which types of unmanned aircraft systems, if any, as a result of their size, weight, speed, operational capability, proximity to airports and populated areas, and operation within visual line of sight do not create a hazard to users of the national airspace system or the public or pose a threat to national security; and (2) whether a certificate of waiver, certificate of authorization, or airworthiness certification under section 44704 of title 49, United States Code, is required for the operation of unmanned aircraft systems identified under paragraph (1). (c) REQUIREMENTS FOR SAFE OPERATION.— If the Secretary determines under this section that certain unmanned aircraft systems may operate safely in the national airspace system, the Secretary shall establish requirements for the safe operation of such aircraft systems in the national airspace system.
  • THE EXPO 2014