Editing is a process of joining together separate shots. Also, it can be said to be an element which deals with the adding or subtracting of effects, graphics, sound, time, framing and establishing shots. Further more, to develop more understanding about editing, we will discuss the following factors:
1. Importance of editing2. Cinema photography3. Transitions4. Importance of effects in editing5. Styles of editing
1. Editing helps us to organize and import video elements.2. Editing helps us to create a rough assembly or draft.3. Editing helps us to create a final result using effects.4. Editing helps us to develop and improve the visual quality of shots.5. Editing helps us in the splitting, combining and trimming of shots. Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EvG5wkBOfcEb
In editing, there are 6 cinematography techniques. And for now, we will discuss 3 patterns which are : Match cut Short reverse shot Reaction shot
Match Cut is a pattern that shows two different shots, in which an object from the one scene closely resembles another object at the beginning of another different scene. Link: e.g. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mI3s5fA7Zhk
Short reverse shot is a pattern that shows a character looking at another character. Now, seeing both characters are shown facing each other in opposite directions, the audiences or viewers of the film subconsciously think that theyre are looking at each other.
Link: e.g. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rI82hsBrq8w
Reaction is a pattern that usually shows a character reacting to an event or dialogue or action taking place in a scene.
Transition is a method or process of joining a certain amount of scenes from a shot. In editing, there are 8 main transitions. For now, we will discuss 3 transitions which are: Fade Dissolve Wipe graphic match
Fade is a transition that occurs when a shot gradually fades to create a single colour, occasionally black or white. In films, this effect is created by a change in exposure. And so as a result, it is widely called a “fade out / fade in” transition. Link: e.g. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=3bup_zehvBo
Dissolve is a transition that occurs when a shot gradually moves from one image to another. In films, this effect is created by double exposure from frame to frame; transitioning from one end of a shot to the beginning of another shot. Link: e.g. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=I1bUEztCT0c&feature=related
Wipe graphic match is a transition that occurs when an effect is marked between two shots. In other words, when one scene is shown, it automatically changes itself into a completely new scene. Furthermore, the wipe technique acts as a clear indicator of change between scenes in a shot. Link: e.g. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xCDoEVb5Lmw
1. Effects helps us to improve the visual qualities of shots.2. Effects helps create a spectacle of great produced films.3. Effects enhances creativity.4. Effects helps us improve other video elements such as sound, colour, light, framing and establishing shots.
In editing, there are 2 distinctive styles which are as follows: Continuity editing Montage editing
Brief history: Continuity editing was a style developed during the early era of European and American films. Movies like Intolerance and The birth of a nation by D.W. Griffith, made extensive use of continuity editing, because the style focuses on the enhancement of narrative structure and also it promotes the use of camera techniques. Continuity Editing is a style constructed as a continuous or advance flow of an action in a film. Furthermore, it implies the camera movement of 180 degree rule, shot reverse shot and establishing shots. Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xauSCz1mEk
Brief history: Montage sequence involves an extensive amount of short shots that are edited into a narrative sequence. Occasionally it is used to advance a story. A good example of montage editing can be seen in the film 2001: A Space Odyssey (the film depicts about the start of mans first development from apes to humans). Montage editing is a style that deals with shots assembled , by means of dissolves, in order to serve as a medium of general video effects. And so as a result, montage editing acts as a sequence of condense narrative sequence. Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tgLyIYvwQmE