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Icp forest 2010 Crna Gora

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Zdravstveno stanje šuma Crne Gore, autori Milosav Anđelić, Blažo Jokanović, Vidan Jakić i Aleksandar Stijović

Zdravstveno stanje šuma Crne Gore, autori Milosav Anđelić, Blažo Jokanović, Vidan Jakić i Aleksandar Stijović

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  • 1. Ministarstvo poljoprivrede i ruralnog razvoja/ Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Uprava za šume / Forest Administration PRAĆENJE STANJA OŠTEĆENOSTI ŠUMA U CRNOJ GORI PREMA PROGRAMU ICP ZA ŠUME (Međunarodni kooperacioni program za praćenje stanja šuma Evrope) MONITORING THE CONDITION OF FOREST DAMAGE IN MONTENEGRO ACCORDING TO THE ICP FOREST PROGRAMME(International Cooperative Programme on Monitoring Forest Condition in Europe) Godišnji izveštaj za 2010. godinu 2010 Annual Report Autori /Authors: Dr. Milosav Anđelić Blažo Jokanović, dipl.inž. Vidan Jakić, dipl.inž. Aleksandar Stijović, dipl.inž. Podgorica, 2011.
  • 2. Ministarstvo poljoprivrede i ruralnog razvoja/ Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Uprava za šume/ Forest Administration PRAĆENJE STANJA OŠTEĆENOSTI ŠUMA U CRNOJ GORI PREMA PROGRAMU ICP ZA ŠUME (Međunarodni kooperacioni program za praćenje stanja šuma Evrope) MONITORING THE CONDITION OF FOREST DAMAGE IN MONTENEGRO ACCORDING TO THE ICP FOREST PROGRAMME(International Cooperative Programme on Monitoring Forest Condition in Europe) Godišnji izvještaj za 2010. godinu 2010 Annual Report Podgorica, 2011.
  • 3. Kordinacioni tim za praćenje zdravstvenog stanja šuma u Crnoj Gori / CoordinationTeam for monitoring health condition of forests in Montenegro : 1. Dr Milosav Anđelić- Nacionalni koorinator, 2. Milena Kapa- Ministarstvo održivog razvoja i turizma, 3. Mr Jelena Lazarević- Biotehnički Institut, 4. Blažo Jokanović- Ministarstvo poljoprivrede i ruralnog razvoja 5. Vidan Jakić- Uprava za šumeSpisak članova terenskih timova koji su učestvovali na prikupljanju podataka sa terena poabecednom redu / The list of team members who participated in collecting field data inalphabetical order: 1. Adem Pupović 2. Anka Savićević 3. Bosiljka Žarković 4. Božidar Zeković 5. Dragan Otašević 6. Dragan Vraneš 7. Dragoljub Ivanović 8. Đorđije Danilović 9. Nebojša Bugarin 10. Nenad Vamović 11. Pavle Međedović 12. Radoje Lekić 13. Relja Nikolić 14. Sanja Dragaš Petrović 15. Srđan Pejović 16. Vitomir Tepavčević 17. Zoran Paunović 18. Željko Dević 19. Živko TomovićPrevod/ Translation:Samanta ToškovićSuzana PerkovićDijana Premović
  • 4. Sadržaj : Table of Contents:1.Abstract.................................................................. 1 1. Abstract................................................................. 12.Uvod......................................................................... 3 2. Introduction ....................................................... 3 2.1. Geografske odlike..................................... 4 2.1. Geographical characteristics............... 4 2.2.Klima............................................................... 4 2.2. Climate.......................................................... 4 2.3. Namjena površina.................................... 5 2.3. Land purpose.............................................. 5 2.4. Vodni resursi.............................................. 5 2.4. Water resources........................................ 5 2.5. Šume.............................................................. 5 2.5. Forests........................................................... 5 2.6. Obalno područje........................................ 5 2.6. Coastal area................................................. 5 2.7. Životna sredina.......................................... 6 2.7. Environment............................................... 63. Monitoring zdravstvenog stanja šuma u 3. Monitoring of health condition of forests Crnoj Gori.............................................................7 in Montenegro....................................................74. Politička pozadina......................................... 13 4. Political background......................................13 4.1. Ministarske konferencije o zaštiti 4.1. Ministerial Conferences on thešuma Evrope (MCPFE)..................................... 13 Protection of Forests in Europe5. Međunarodni kooperacioni program za (MCPFE)...............................................................13praćenje stanja šuma (ICPF).......................... 18 5. International Cooperative Programme on 5.1. Mandat, ciljevi i značaj ISP za Forest Condition Monitoring (ICP)..............18 šume.................................................................. 20 5.1. Mandate, objectives, and importance 5.2. Nivoi intenziteta monitoringa.........23 of ICP Forests................................................... 20 5.3. Aktivnosti monitoringa za Nivo I...27 5.2. Monitoring intensity levels...............23 5.4. Metodi i kriterijumi............................. 29 5.3. Level 1 monitoring activities ............. 27 5.4.1. Stanje kruna ........................... 32 5.4. Metods and criteria…….......................29 5.4.2. Defolijacija............................... 33 5.4.1. Crown condition................... 32 5.4.3. Dekolorizacija........................ 34 5.4.2. Defoliation............................... 33 5.4.4. Oštećenja...................................34 5.4.3. Decolorisation........................ 34 5.5. Kontrola kvaliteta i osiguranje 5.4.4. Damages .................................. 34 kvaliteta..............................................................35 5.5. Quality control and quality6. Praćenje stanja šuma u Crnoj Gori 2010 assurance...…………..…………..…………….…35godine , Nivo I .....................................................36 6. Monitoring of forest condition in 6.1. Lokacija Bioindikacijskih tačaka u Montenegro in 2010, Level I………................36 Crnoj Gori – Nivo 1.................................. 39 6.1. Location of bioindication plots in 6.2. Zastupljenost drveća na Montenegro – Level 1................................. 39 bioindikacijskim tačkama......................... 42 6.2. Presence of trees on bioindication 6.3. Nadmorska visina i ekpozicija plots .................................................................. 42 bioindikacijskih tačaka.............................. 46 6.3. Altitude and exposition of 6.4. Zastupljenost vode............................ 47 bioindication plots....................................... 46 6.5. Starost dominantnog sprata......... 49 6.4. Presence of water.............................. 47 6.6. plodonošenje drveća posmatranog 6.5. Age of dominant storey................... 49 na BIT u 2010 godini ..................................50 6.6. Fructification of trees observed in bio indication plot in 2010 .......................50
  • 5. 7. Defolijacija dekolorizacija i oštećenja 7. Defoliation, decolorisation, and crownkruna drveća u 2010. godini.......................... 52 damages in 2010 ................................................ 52 7.1. Defolijacija -2010 godina.............. 52 7.1. Defoliation in 2010...........................52 7.1.1 Defolijacija – Lišćari.......... 55 7.1.1 Defoliation – Broadleaves55 7.1.2. Defolijacija – Četinari....... 57 7.1.2. Defoliation – Conifers....... 57 7.2. Dekolorizacija -2010 godina..... 59 7.2. Decolorisation in 2010................. 59 7.2.1 Dekolorizacija – Lišćari.... 61 7.2.1 Decolorisation – 7.2.2. Dekolorizacija – Četinari. 62 Broadleaves........................................ 61 7.3. Oštećenja -2010 godina................. 64 7.2.2. Decolorisation – 7.3.1 Oštećenja – Lišćari.............. 66 Conifers............................................... 62 7.3.2. Oštećenja – Četinari......... 67 7.3. Damages in 2010.............................. 648. Sumarna ocjena defolijacije, 7.3.1 Damages– Broadleaves.... 66 dekolorizacije i oštećenja u 2010 7.3.2. Damages – Conifers .......... 67 godini...................................................................69 8. Summary assessment of defoliation,9. Zaključna razmatranja.................................71 decolorisation, and damages in 2010.........69 9.1. Oštećenja biotičkog porijekla....... 77 9. Final remarks...................................................71 9.1.1. Oštećenja od insekata......... 77 9.1. Damages of biotic origin..................77 9.1.2. Oštećenja od gljiva .............. 83 9.1.1. Damages caused by 9.2. Oštećenja abiotičkog porijekla.....89 insects....................................................77 9.3. Oštećenja od čovjeka ...................... 91 9.1.2. Damages caused by fungi.. 83 9.4. Oštećenja nastala šumskim 9.2. Damages of abiotic origin……...... 89 požarima............................................................92 9.3. Human induced damages.............. 9110. Anexi..................................................................93 9.4. Damages caused by forest fire.........92 Anex 1- Monitoring zdravstvenog stanja 10. Anexes ..............................................................93šuma u Crnoj Gori...............................................95 Anex 1- Monitoring of health condition Anex 2 – Grafički prikaz bioindikacijskih of forests in Montenegro..................................95tačaka u Crnoj Gori............................................99 Anex 2 – Graphical overview of Anex 3 – Izvještaj formulari 802010 bioindication plots in Montenegro..............99PLO, 802010 TRE, 802010 TRF.................149 Anex 3 – Report forms 802010 PLO, 802010 TRE, 802010 TRF.............................149
  • 6. PREDGOVOR PREFACE U ovoj publikaciji prikazani su This publication presents the resultsrezultati procjene zdravstvenog stanja of assessment of health condition of forestsšuma Crne Gore na bioindikacijskim in Montenegro on bioindication plots fortačkama (BIT) za Nivo I monitoringa Level I of monitoring of InternationalMeđunarodnog kooperativnog programa za Cooperative Programme for Forests (ICPšume (ICP Forests). Proučavanja Forests). The assessment of healthzdravstvenog stanja su izvršena na 49 condition was carried out on 49bioindikacijskih tačaka. biondication plots.U okviru Konvencije UN i Evropske International Cooperative Programme onkomisije o prekograničnom zagađenju Assessment and Monitoring of Air Pollutionvazduha (CLRTAP) osnovan je Effects on Forests was established withinMeđunarodni program za procjenu i the Convention of EU and Europeanmonitoring uticaja vazdušnog zagađenja na Commission on Long-Rangešume (International Cooperative Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) dueProgramme on Assessment and Monitoring to the prevailing opinion that the mainof Air Pollution Effects on Forests) zbog cause of forest drying is air pollution.preovladavajućeg mišljenja da je najvažniji However, from the very beginning ofuzročnik sušenja šuma vazdušno zagađenje. implementation of this Programme it wasMeđutim, od samog početka realizacije clear that other stressors (primarilyovog Programa ubrzo je ustanovljeno da i pathogenic fungi, harmful insects etc.) candrugi stresori (prije svega patogene gljive , equally significantly influence forest drying.štetni insekti i sl.) mogu imati podjednako Therefore, the main task of this Programmeznačajan uticaj na sušenje šuma. Stoga je is to collect the data on forest conditionsglavni zadatak ovog programa postao and forest reaction to different causers ofprikupljanje podataka o stanju šuma i stress at the national, regional, andnjihovoj reakciji na različite uzroke stresa international level.na nacionalnom, regionalnom i The National Forest Policy adoptedinternacionalnom nivou. by the Government of Montenegro in April U Nacionalnoj šumarskoj politici 2008, Statement No. 22, envisages thekoja je usvojena od strane Vlade Crne Gore mechanisms for carrying out theu aprilu mjesecu 2008. godine u Izjavi br.22 Monitoring as a basis for management and, predviđeni su mehanizmi za sprovođenje an instrument for controlling the results ofMonitoringa kao osnove za upravljanje i forest management, whereas theinstrument kontrole rezultata gazdovanja responsibility for implementing thisšumama gdje odgovornost za sprovođenje activity falls within the competencies of theove aktivnosti je u nadležnosti Uprave za Forest Administration. After recovering itsšume. Nakon obnove svoje državnosti, Crna statehood, Montenegro became theGora učestvuje u programu ICP Forests gdje participant in the programme ICP Forestsse monitoring obavlja u skladu sa where monitoring is carried out inmetodologijom monitoringa compliance with the monitoringMeđunarodnog programa saradnje (ICP methodology of International CooperationForests). Programme (ICP Forests).
  • 7. Od 2010. godine Crna Gora je dobila In 2010, Montenegro obtained itssvoj focal centar u Podgorici i jedinstveni focal centre in Podgorica and a uniqueindentifikacioni broj zemlje (broj 80) u identification number of the country (No.kordinacionom centru u Hamburgu. 80) in the coordination centre in Hamburg. Shodno članu 47 Zakona o šumama Pursuant to Article 47 of the Law on(Sl.list CG br.74/10) nadležni organ uprave Forests (Official Gazette of Montenegro No.(Uprava za šume) prati i procjenjuje 74/10), a competent administrativezdravsteno stanje šuma i o tome izvještava authority (Forest Administration) monitorsresorno Ministarstvo i javnost. Program and assesses the health condition of forestsmonitoringa je sastavni dio nacionalne and informs the line Ministry and the publicstrategije koja sa planom razvoja šuma je thereof. The monitoring programme is andugoročni, intersektorski dokument, kojim integral part of the national strategy whichse konkretizuju i sprovode ciljevi i is, along with the forest development plan,smjernice za razvoj šuma i podršku a long-term, inter-sectoral documentšumama, utvrđene u nacionalnoj šumarskoj specifying and implementing goals andpolitici. guidelines for forest development and Rezultati monitoringa zdravstvenog support defined in the national foreststanja šuma u ovom izvještaju su prikazani policy.tabelarno prema grupama parametara: The results of monitoring of healthobavezni i fakultativni, podrškom GIS condition of forests have been presented intehnologije. Na ovom, osnovnom nivou, this Report in tabular form by groups ofizvršene su analize broja snimanih i parameters, obligatory and optional, withoštećenih (defolijacija > 25%) stabala the support of GIS technology. At this, basicšumskog drveća, prema tipu zemljišta i level, the following analyses have neennadmorskoj visini (na osnovu rezultata carried out: by number of recorded andsnimanja stanja kruna na bioindikacijskim damaged (defoliation > 25%) forest trees,tačkama). Na kraju tog procesa izvršena je by land type and altitude (based on thedigitalizacija i formiranje baze podataka results of recording crown condition on bioprema Geografskom informacionom indication plots). At the end of the process,sistemu. the results were digitalised and the data Na osnovu rezultata o stanju šuma base was set up following the geographicna Nivou I monitoringa, dat je predlog dalje information system.implementacije monitoringa, posebno Based on the results of forestuvođenja Nivoa II – Intenzivnog conditions at the Level I of monitoring, itmonitoringa u šumskim ekosistemima Crne was proposed to further implement theGore. monitoring and introduce the Level II – Intensive monitoring in forest ecosystems of Montenegro. Dr. Milosav Anđelić
  • 8. 1. Abstract 1. Abstract U ovoj publikaciji – godišnjem This publication – the annual reportizvještaju predstavljeni su rezultati rada presents the results of the Ministry ofMinistarstva poljoprivrede i ruralnog Agriculture and Rural Development and therazvoja i Uprave za šume na praćenju Forest Administration related to thezdravstvenog stanja šuma u Crnoj Gori na monitoring of the health condition ofprimjernim površinama Nivoa I- ICP za forests in Montenegro on sample plots ofšume (Međunarodni kooperacioni program the Level I – ICP on forests (Internationalza praćenje stanja šuma Evrope) u 2010 Cooperative Programme on Assessmentgodini. and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Forests) in 2010. Problem sušenja ili umiranja šuma,danas, ne samo kod nas, već i u svijetu Nowadays the problem of forestpredstavlja najveći ekološki problem. Kao drying or dying is a major environmentalglavni uzročnici navedenog stanja javljaju problem not only in our country but acrossse negativni uticaji aerozagađenja, the world. The main causes of this problempatogena mikoflora, štetni insekti, are the negative effects of air pollution,promjena klime kao i uticaj antropogenog pathogenic micro flora, harmful insects,faktora. climatic change, and influence of the anthropogenic factor. Shodno međunarodnomkooperativnom programa za procjenu i Pursuant to the Internationalmonitoring efekata vazdušnog zagađenja na Cooperative Programme on Assessmentšume (ICP Forests), u okviru UN Konvencije and Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects ono prekograničnom prenosu vazdušnih Forests (ICP forests), within the UNzagađenja (Convention on Long-range Convention on Long-range TransboundaryTransboundary Air Pollution –CLRTAP) od Air Pollution – CLRTAP), the monitoring1988. godine u Crnoj Gori vršen je has been carried out in Montenegro sincemonitoring kojim je praćeno stanje u okviru 1988 following the forest condition withinmreže 16 x 16 km (Level I). the grid 16 x 16 km (Level I). Na teritoriji Crne Gore uspostavljeno 49 bioindication plots have beenje 49 bioindikacijskih tačaka. Na established on the territory of Montenegro.uspostavljenim tačkama cilj je da se The aim is to ensure a periodical insightobezbijedi periodičan uvid u prostorne i into spatial and time variations of forestvremenske varijacije stanja šuma u odnosu conditions on established plots in respect ofna antropogene (naročito aerozagađivanje) anthropogenic (especially air pollution)i prirodne faktore stresa preko Evropske i and natural stress factors through thenacionalne sistematske mreže European and national systematic grid ofbioindikacijskih tačaka (Nivo I); bioindication plots (Level I); 1
  • 9. Prva procjena zdravstvenog stanja The first assessment of the healthšuma u Crnoj Gori , prema ICP Forests condition of Montenegrin forests, under ICPmetodologiji (nivo I), izvršena je u 1988. Forests methodology (Level I), wasgodine a druga 1990. godine, nakon čega performed in 1988, whereas the secondnije bilo nikakvih procjena sve do 2003. one was performed in 1990. Afterwards, nogodine. U svim fazama istraživanja, kod assessment was performed until 2003. Inšumskog drveća analizirano je stanje kruna all phases of research, the condition ofstabala u vezi sa biotičkim i abiotičkim crowns of forest trees was analysed inuticajima na nju bez analize hemizma i respect of biotic and abiotic influences,ishrane zemljišta. without analysing soil chemistry and nutrition.Od 2003. godine Crna Gora je kao državačlanica SRJ dobila svoj focal centar u In 2003, Montenegro as a member state ofBeogradu i jedinstveni indentifikacioni broj the FRY obtained its focal centre inzemlje (broj 67) u kordinacionom centru u Belgrade and the unique identificationHamburgu. number of the country (No. 67) in the coordination centre in Hamburg. U Nacionalnoj šumarskoj politicikoja je usvojena od strane Vlade Crne Gore The National Forest Policy adopted by theu aprilu mjesecu 2008. godine u Izjavi o Government of Montenegro in April 2008,politici br. 22 predviđeni su mehanizmi za Statement No. 22, envisages thesprovođenje Monitoringa kao osnove za mechanisms for carrying out theupravljanje i instrument kontrole rezultata Monitoring as a basis for management andgazdovanja šumama gdje odgovornost za an instrument for controlling the results ofsprovođenje ove aktivnosti je u nadležnosti forest management, whereas theUprave za šume. responsibility for implementing this Donošenjem novog Zakona o activity falls within the competencies of thešumama u decembru mjesecu 2010. godine, Forest Administration.predviđeno je (član 47) da nadležni organ The new Law on Forests adopted inuprave (Uprava za šume) u skladu sa December 2010 envisages (pursuant tometodologijom monitoringa Article 47) that a competent administrativeMeđunarodnog programa saradnje (ICP), authority (Forest Administration) monitorsprati i procjenjuje zdravsteno stanje šuma i and assesses the health condition of forestso tome izvještava Ministarstvo i javnost. and informs the line Ministry and the publicProgram monitoringa je sastavni dio thereof, in compliance with the monitoringnacionalne strategije koja sa planom methodology of International Cooperativerazvoja šuma predstavlja dugoročni, Programme (ICP). The monitoringintersektorski dokument, kojim se programme is an integral part of thekonkretizuju i sprovode ciljevi i smjernice national strategy which is, along with theza razvoj šuma i podršku šumama, forest development plan, a long-term, inter-utvrđene u nacionalnoj šumarskoj politici. sectoral document specifying and implementing goals and guidelines for forest development and support defined in the national forest policy. 2
  • 10. 2. Uvod 2. Introduction Površina Crne Gore iznosi 13812 Montenegro is 13812 km2 in area.km2. Od sjevera prema jugu, dužina From the north to the south the territory ofteritorije Crne Gore vazdušnom linijom Montenegro is 193 km in length as the crowiznosi 193 km dok je od zapada prema flies, whereas from the west to the east itsistoku 166 km. Njena najjužnija tačka nalazi length totals 166 km as the crow flies. These na ušću Bojane u Jadransko more, a southernmost point is located at the mouthnajsjevernija na obroncima planine Kovač, of river Bojana in the Adriatic sea, whereasblizu Čajniča. Najzapadnija tačka je, 18º26 the northernmost point is located on theE, podgorina Orjena blizu sela Vrbanje, i slopes of the mountain Kovac, in thenajistočnije tačke 20º21 E, Sjenova planina vicinity of Cajnic. The westernmost point,istočno od Rožaja. Geografski centar nalazi 18º26 E, is the slope of mountain Orjen, inse u području izvorišta rijeke Morače od the vicinity of village Vrbanja, whereas thekojeg ni jedan dio Crne Gore, osim easternmost point, 20º21 E, is Sjenovanajjužnijeg dijela Ulcinjskog primorja, nije mountain located east of Rozaje. Theudaljen više od 90 km. geographical centre is located on the territory of the source of the river Moraca, from which no part of Montenegro isKopnene granice Crne Gore duge su 614 distant more than 90 km, excluding thekm. Najduža je granica prema Bosni i southernmost part of the Ulcinj part of theHercegovini – 225 km, odnosno 36,6% coast.ukupne kopnene granice, a najkraća prema Land boundaries of Montenegro are 614Hrvatskoj na zapadu – 14 km ili 2,3% km in length. The longest boundary is theukupne kopnene granice. Na jugoistoku one with Bosnia and Herzegovina – 225 kmCrna Gora se graniči sa Albanijom (172 km or 36,6% of the overall land boundary. Theili 28% ), a na sjeveroistoku i istoku sa shortest boundary is the one with CroatiaSrbijom ( 203 km ili 33,1% ). Na in the west – 14 km or 2,3% of the overalljugozapadu Crna Gora dužinom od 293,5 land boundary. In the south-eastkm izlazi na Jadransko more. Taj priobalni Montenegro is bordered by by Albania (172dio mora, uz međunarodne vode, čini km or 28% ), and in the north-east withgranicu sa Italijom, a površina morskog Serbia ( 203 km or 33,1% ). In the south-akvatorija iznosi oko 2.540 km2. west Montenegro exits to the Adiatic sea (293,5 km). This inshore part of the sea, along with international waters, makes a boundary with Italy, and the area of the sea surface totalls app. 2.540 km2. 3
  • 11. 2.1 Geografske karakteristike 2.1. Geographical characteristics Na sjeveru države dominiraju visoke The north of the country is dominatedplanine, u središnjem dijelu se nalazi predio by high mountains, the middle part iskarsta sa većim depresijama/ravničarskim dominated by the area of karst with largerpovršinama, dok se uz morsku obalu depressions/valleys, whereas in the coastalproteže priobalna ravnica širine od region there is a coastal valley of the widthnekoliko stotina metara do nekolikokilometara. from several hundreds of meters to severalNajniži dio središnjeg kopnenog dijela su kilometers. The lowest middle part of thedoline rijeka Zete i donjeg toka Morače koje country is the valley of the river Zeta andčine Zetsko-bjelopavlićku ravnicu sa the lower part of the Moraca river, whichSkadarskim jezerom – najvećim jezerom na comprise Zetsko-bjelopavlicka valleyBalkanu. Planinski lanci na sjeveru imaju 37 together with the lake Skadar.– the greatestvrhova sa visinom iznad 2.000 m. Usjevernom planinskom regionu se nalazi i lake in the Balkans. Mountain ranges in thenajdublji kanjon u Evropi – kanjon rijeke north have 37 summits above 2.000 m. InTare sa dubinom do 1.300 m. the northern mountain region, there is the deepest canyon in Europe – the canyon of 2.2. Klima the river Tara (depth: up to 1.300 m). Južni dio Crne Gore i Zetsko- 2.2. Climatebjelopavlićka ravnica su oblastimediteranske klime, koju karakterišu duga, The Mediterrenean climate isvrela i suva ljeta i relativno blage i kišovite prevalent in the south of Montenegro andzime. Centralni i sjeverni dio zemlje imaju the Zetsko-bjelopavlicaka valley (long, hotodređene karakteristike planinske klime, and dry summers, and relatively mild andali je evidentan i uticaj Sredozemnog mora. rainy winters). The central and northernKrajnji sjever ima kontinentalni tip klime, parts of the country have certainkoji osim velikih dnevnih i godišnjih characteristics of the mountain climate, butamplituda temperature karakteriše mala the influence of the Mediterranean Sea isgodišnja količina padavina uz prilično obvious. In the extreme north theravnomjernu raspodjelu po mjesecima. continental type of climate prevails (apartProsječne godišnje temeprature vazduha from great daily and annual fluctuations inkreću se od oko 15.80 C na jugu do 4.60 C na temperature, this type of climate isŽabljaku. Godišnje trajanje grijanja sunca characterised by a small annual quantity ofna primorju iznosi od 2.400 do 2.600 precipitation with a quite even distributiončasova, a u planinskim krajevima od 1.600 of precipitation by months). Theaveragedo 1.900 časova. Godišnja količina padavina annual air temperature ranges from app.je veoma neravnomjerna i kreće se u 15.80C in the south to 4.60C in Zabljak. Therasponu od oko 800 mm na krajnjem annual duration of the heat of the Sun in thesjeveru, do oko 5.000 mm na krajnjem coastal region ranges between 2.400 andjugozapadu. Na padinama Orjena u mjestu 2.600 hours, whereas in the mountainCrkvice (940 m nadmorske visine) u region it ranges between 1.600 and 1.900rekordnim godinama padne i do 7.000 mm hours. The annual amount of precipitation is very uneven, and rages between 800 mm 4
  • 12. in the extreme north to app. 5.000 mm in the extreme south-west. On the slopes of the Orjen mountain, in the place called Crkvice, (altitude: 940 m) the precipitation in the record years totals up to 7.000 mm2.3. Namjena površina 2.3. Land purpose Poljoprivredno zemljište se prostire Agricultural land covers app. 5.145na oko 5.145 km² i čini 37% ukupne km² and makes 37% of the overall territorydržavne teritorije, šume obuhvataju oko of the state. Forests cover app. 6.225 km² or6.225 km² ili 45%, dok naselja, putevi, 45%, whereas settlements, roads, watervode, kamenjar i druge kategorije areas, karst, and other land categorieszauzimaju 2.442 km² ili 18% teritorije. cover 2.442 km² or 18% of the territory.2.4. Vodni resursi 2.4. Water resources U Crnoj Gori postoje značajne razlike u Montenegro is characterised byrasprostranjenosti i izdašnosti vodnih significant differences in distribution andresursa. U cjelini posmatrano, sa abundance of water resources. Viewed as aprosječnim godišnjim oticajem od 624 whole, with an average annual flow of 624m3/s (odnosno zapreminom od 19,67 m3/s (i.e. volume of 19,67 billion m3), themilijardi m3), crnogorska teritorija spada territory of Montenegro can be deemed as ameđu područja koja su bogata vodom. territory rich in water.2.5. Šume 2.5. Forests Šumska vegetacija se prostire na oko Forest vegetation covers app. 620.000620.000 ha ili 45% nacionalne teritorije, ha or 45% of the national territory,dok neobraslo šumsko zemljište zahvata whereas non-wooded forest land covers123.000 ha (9%). Stepen šumovitosti je 0,9 123.000 ha (9%). Forest cover totals 0,9 haha po stanovniku. Ukupne drvne zalihe per capita. The total woody biomass isprocjenjuju se na oko 72 miliona m3, od estimated at 72 million m3: 29.5 million m3čega su 29.5 miliona m3 ili 41% četinari, a or 41% - conifers and 42.5 million m3 or42.5 miliona m3 ili 59% su lišćari. 59% - broadleaves.2.6. Obalno područje 2.6. Coastal area Obalno područje (šest primorskih The coastal area (six coastalopština) prostire se na oko 11% nacionalne municipalities) covers app. 11% of theteritorije. U okviru ovog regiona definisano national territory. Within this region thereje područje posebne namjene morsko dobro is a specific-purpose area coastalkoje čini uzani priobalni pojas površine od management zone comprising a narrowoko 60 km2 te unutrašnje vode i coastal belt of 60 km2 and inland watersteritorijalno more sa ukupnom površinom and territorial sea with the total area ofod oko 2.540 km2. app. 2.540 km2 . 5
  • 13. 2.7. Životna sredina 2.7. Environment Značajni izvori zagađenja vazduha su The major industrial and energyglavni industrijski i energetski kompleksi complexes which use outdated technologieskoji koriste stare tehnologije i po pravilu ne are an important cause of air pollution. Aaprimjenjuju odgovarajuće mjere zaštite rule, they do not apply adequate measuresživotne sredine. Zagađenje životne sredine aimed at environmental protection. Traffic-od saobraćaja je u porastu, posebno u induced pollution is increasing, especiallyglavnim gradskim centrima. Kvalitet in the main cities. Air quality, assessed formvazduha, ocjenjivan sa aspekta globalnih the aspect of global indicators, ispokazatelja, je na zadovoljavajućem nivou. satisfactory. Undertaking measures toZa pojedine zagađujuće materije i na reduce pollution is necessary in order topojedinim lokacijama neophodno je deal with certain pollutants and certainpreduzimanje mjera za sprečavanje locations.zagađenja. Montenegro is rich in flora and fauna andCrna Gora ima veoma bogatu floru i faunu i various ecosystems. With app. 3.250 plantraznovrsne ekosisteme. Sa oko 3.250 biljnih species, Montenegro is deemed as one ofvrsta, naša zemlja se smatra jednim od the most heterogenous territories on thefloristički najraznovrsnijih područja na Balkan penninsula in terms of flora,Balkanskom poluostrvu, dok je indeks vrsta whereas the index of species and thei površine za vaskularnu floru veoma visok territory of vasucal flora is very high andi iznosi 0,837. Ukupan udio zaštićenih totals 0,837. The total percentage ofpodručja u nacionalnoj teritoriji je 9.21% i protected areas compared to the overalluglavnom se odnosi na pet nacionalnih national territory totals 9.21% and mainlyparkova. includes five national parks.Crnu Goru danas u administrativnom In terms of administrative organisation,smislu organizacije sačinjava 21 opština sa Montenegro is presently comprised of 21različitim klimatskim, orografskim, municipalities with different climatic,pedološkim i biološkim karakteristikama. orographic, pedological, and biologicalZbog izražene raznovrsnostii životne characteristics.sredine i klimatskih uslova, na ovoj A great number of plant species grows onrelativno maloj površini nalazi se veliki broj this relatively small territory due tobiljnih vrsta. heterogenity of environmental and climatic conditions. 6
  • 14. 3. Monitoring zdravstvenog 3. Monitoring of health stanja šuma u Crnoj Gori condition of forests in Montenegro Prije 27 godina na međunarodnomnivu ustanovljen je CLRTAP program The CLRTAP programme (Convention on(Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution) wasPollution –Konvencija o prekograničnom established at the international level 27 yearsprenosu vazdušnih zagađenja) sa ciljem da ago in order to reduce air pollution in Europe.se smanji stepen zagađenja vazduha With programmes such as ICP Forests,Evrope. Ova konvencija sa programima which was adopted by the majority ofpoput ICP-a za šume koji je usvojen od European countries, this Convention aimsvećine zemalja Evrope ima za osnovni cilj to reduce the deposition of sulphur andsmanjenje depozicije sumpora i jedan je od offers the way to monitor the air qualitynačina praćenja stanja vazduha i reakcije and environmental response to pollutionživotne sredine na zagađenja na cijelom on the whole territory of Europe.prostoru Evrope. Monitoring of forest conditions at the LevelPraćenje stanja šuma Nivoa I programa ICP I of the ICP programme primarily refers tose prvenstveno odnosi na osmatranje i observation and assessment of defoliationprocjenu defolijacije i promjenu boje krune and change in tree crown colour ondrveća na posmatranim parcelama unutar surveyed parcels distributed within themreže 16x16 km, raspoređenim na grid 16 x 16km across the whole territorycjelokupnoj teritoriji Crne Gore. of Montenegro. The survey is carried outOsmatranje se vrši prema Manualu ICP za using the ICP Forests Manual.šume. Pursuant to the Montenegrin legislation,Shodno zakonskim propisima u Crnoj Gori monitoring and assessment of healthpraćenje i procjena zdravstvenog stanja condition of forests and sustainablešuma i održivog gazdovanja odnosno management i.e. forest monitoring ismonitoring šuma vrši nadležni organ carried out by the competentuprave tj. Uprava za šume. Monitoring administrative authority – Forestzdravstvenog stanja se vrši na osnovu Administration. The monitoring of thegodišnjeg programa monitoringa koji health condition is carried out based on thedonosi Ministarstvo, u skladu sa annual monitoring programme adopted bystrategijom razvoja šuma i šumarstva. the Ministry in accordance with theU pripremnom periodu, na praćenju strategy for developing forests and forestry.zdravstvenog stanja šuma u Crnoj Goriuspostavljeno je na 49 bioindikacijskih In the preparatory period, 49 bioindicationtačaka u mreži 16 x16 km. Raspored plots were established within the 16 x 16postavljenih bioindikacijskih tačaka po km grid in order to monitor the healthpojedinim opštinama prikazan je grafički condition of forests in Montenegro. The(slika 1) . distribition of established bioindication plots by specific municipalities was presented graphically (figure 1). 7
  • 15. U okviru svih 49 tačaka obrađeno je po 24 24 trees were surveyed in each of 49 plotsstabla (ukupno 1176 stabala) na (1176 trees in total): crown condition,kojima je izvršena procjena stanja kruna, chage in colour, and other parameterspromjena boje i drugih parametara na based on which the degree of damage ofosnovu kojih je određen stepen oštećenja surveyed species was determined. The totalposmatranih vrsta. Izvršena je analiza number of surveyed trees was analysed indefolijacije i dekolorizacije ukupnog broja terms of defoliation and discolouration, andposmatranih stabala i date su analize dominant tree species were analysed withdominantnih vrsta sa detaljnim grafičkim detailed graphical overviews ofprikazima uporednih analiza. Takođe je comparative analyses. Additionally, ICPuspostavljen manual ICP za šume Crne Forests Manual was developed forGore, izrađen jedinstveni softver za unos Montenegro, as well as a unique softwarepodataka, uspostavljena je procjena stanja for data entry, crown condition on markedkruna na markiranim bioindikacijskim bioindication plots was assessed, thetačkama, od strane Nacionalnog fokalnog National Focal Centre submitted the data tocentra dostavljeni podaci u centralnu bazu the central data base in Hamburg and datapodataka u Hamburgu i uneseni podaci u were entered into GISGIS (geografski informacioni sistem). (geographicaloinformation system). TheRezultati, analize i trendovi procjene stanja results, analyses, and trends in thešuma u Crnoj Gori detaljno su prikazani u assessment of conditions of forests innarednim poglavljima. Europe are presented in detail in the subsequent chapters. 8
  • 16. Slika 1/Figure 1.Sistem praćenja stanja šuma u Crnoj Gori The system of forest condition monitoringobavlja Uprava za šume uz kordinaciju sa in Montenegro is implemented by theNacionalnim timom koji je uspostavljen Forest Administration in coordination withrješenjem Ministra kao i jedinicom za the national team established by themonitoring i planiranje pri Ministarstvu Minister decision, as well as the Centralpoljoprivrede i ruralnog razvoja Crne Gore. Management and Monitoring Unit under the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Montenegro. 9
  • 17. Podaci sa bioindikacijskih tačaka moraju The data obtained from bioindication plotsbiti uniformi, te postoji čitav niz osnovnih have to be uniform. Therefore, there is azahtjeva koji moraju biti ispunjeni uz series of basic requirements which have tokontinuirani proces monitoringa da bi se be fulfilled along with the continuinguspješno izveo proces praćenja stanja šuma process of monitoring in order to carry outi životne sredine od pripremnih radova do successfully the process of monitoring ofkonačnih rezultata. U tom kontekstu, nakon forest and environmental conditions fromobrade rezultata, vršena je provjera preparation works until final results. In thispodataka na terenu (5-10% uzornih context, once the results had beentačaka), kako bi se utvrdila vjerodostojnost processed, the data were verified in thei analiza svih prikupljenih podataka. field (5-10% sample plots) in order toProvjere je vršio koordinacioni tim u skladu determine their credibility and analyse allsa upustvima datim u Priručniku za the collected data.procjenu zdravstvenog stanja, kao i Verifications were carried out by theaneksima tog dokumenta. Podaci sa Coordination Team in compliance withterenskih opažanja su dokumentovani za instructions given in the Manual forpotrebe potencijalnih domaćih i Assessment of Health Condition of Forestsmeđunarodnih evaluacija. Profesionalni and Annexes to the Manual. The datapristup na aktivnostima vezanim za collected during the field survey have beenprikupljanje i obradu ovih podataka documented for the needs of potential localzahtjevao je značajan vremenski angažman, and international evaluations.naučnu i stručnu podršku, čitav niz znanja The expert approach to activities related toiz različitih oblasti šumarstva, mnogo collection and procession of these datanapora i rada od strane šumarskih implied a significant amount of time,stručnjaka da bi realizovali odgovarajuće scientific and expert support, expertise inrezultate, prijedloge i rešenja u different fields of forestry, a lot of effort andograničenom vremenskom okviru. U tom work of forestry experts in order tocilju za potrebe obuke osoblja Uprave za accomplish the desired results, makešume sprovedena su tri kursa obuke na proposals ans solutions within a giventerenu. Obuku su vršili profesori sa timeframe.Šumarskog fakulteta i Instituta za For this purpose, the staff of the Forestšumarstvo iz Beograda (slika 2,3). Administration underwent three field trainings. The trainings were delivered bySlika 2/Figure 2. the professors from the Faculty of Forestry and Forestry Institute from Belgrade (Figure 2,3). Slika 3/Figure 3. 10
  • 18. Sprovedene obuke su vršene na terenu za The trainings were delivered in the fieldrazličite vrste gdje je od strane eksperata and involved different species. The expertsvršena pokazna demostracija ocjene demonstrated the assessment of attributesatributa u različitim sastojinskim uslovima. in diffrent stand conditions. In parallel, thaUporedo sa tim vršena je i obuka staff were trained in filling in appropriatepopunjavanja odgovarajućih manuala za manuals for field work. A part of therad na terenu. Jedan dio obuke je obavljen training was delivered in the field onna terenu neposredno na bioidikacijskim bioindication plots (RU Zabljak and RUtačkama (PJ. Žabljak i PJ. Pljevlja). Na tim Pljevlja). Selection and determination,tačkama prezentovan je izbor i određivanje, materialisation, and positioning of amaterijalizovanje i pozicioniranje bioindication area was demonstrated onbioindikacijske površine, rad na samoj these plots, as well as the work on the verypovršini, izbor i obilježavanje stabala, plot, tree selection and marcation,ocjena atributa i unos podataka u assessment of attribites, and entry of datapredviđene obrasce. into the prescribed templates.Nakon izvršene obuke formirani su radni After the completion of the training,timovi koji su obezbijeđeni neophodnom working teams were appointed andopremom koja je sadržavala: supplied with necessary equipment including: kartografski materijal sa ucrtanim BIT mreže 16 x 16 km razmjere 1:25 000, Cartographic material with entered BIP kao i kartografski materijal za BIT grid 16 X 16 km scale 1:25 000, and razmjere 1:10 000 sa topografskom cartographic material for BIP grid scale podlogom i 1 : 2 500 sa ortofoto 1:10 000 with topographic map and podlogom, scale 1 : 2 500 with ortophoto map, spisak koordinata i spisak brojeva BIT, List of coordinates and list of numbers Upustva i obrasci , asscribed to BIP, Foto vodič za ocjenjivanje zdravstvenog Instructions and templates, stanja, Photo guide for assessment of health Šabloni za ispisivanje brojeva, condition, Minijum farba i četkica, Templates for entering numbers, trasirke (nemagnetne, trouglaste, Set of paints and brushes, 2m) , Poles (non-magnetic, triangular, 2m) GPS prijemnik (sa pozicionom GPS receiver (with precision 1-5 m) preciznošću 1-5 m) Compass, Kompas, Vertex and transponder, Vertex i transponder , Measuring tape (20 or 30m for pantljika/traka za mjerenje (20 ili calibration of measuring equipment, 30m za baždarenje mjerne opreme i and measuring distance) mjerenje rastojanja) 11
  • 19. Digitalni fotoaparat, Digital camera, Dvogled, Binoculars, Metalni kočići . Metal stakes.Usklađivanje i poređenje podataka Harmonisation and comparison of data haspodignuto je na viši nivo upotrebom been improved by applying the stipulatedpropisanih procedura i standarda prilikom procedures and standards for collection ofprikupljanja podataka na terenu kao i field data and their further procession andprilikom njihove dalje obrade i dostavljanja submission in final prescribed forms.u konačnim propisanim formama. 12
  • 20. 4. Politička pozadina 4. Political background 4.1. Ministarske konferencije o 4.1. Ministerial Conferences on zaštiti šuma Evrope - (MCPFE) the Protection of Forests in Europe - (MCPFE) Od Konferencije o životnoj sredini irazvoju Ujedinjenih Nacija (UNCED), Since the United Nations Conferenceodržanoj u Rio de Žaneiru 1992. godine, on Environment and Developmentzapočeo je određen broj međunarodnih i (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, aregionalnih konferencija, inicijativa i number of international and regionalprocesa usmjerenih na održivo korišćenje conferences, initiatives, and processesprirodnih resursa. Ovi procesi rezultirali su aimed at sustainable use of naturalbrojnim međunarodnim obavezama i resources has been launched. Thesemultilateralnim dogovorima koji se odnose processes resulted in numerousna šume. Ministarska konferencija o zaštiti international commitments andšuma u Evropi (MCPFE), kao politički multilateral agreements related to forests.proces, za posljednjih 20 godina je bila For the past 20 years, the Ministerialusmjerena na bolju zaštitu šuma Conference on the Protection of Forests inpromovišući njihovo održivo gazdovanje. Europe (MCPFE), as a political process, hasMCPFE je uspostavila blisku i plodnu been oriented toward a better protection ofsaradnju između evropskih vlada i brojnih forests, promoting their sustainableinteresnih strana, uključujući ekološke i management. MCPFE has established aostale nevladine organizacije, asocijacije close and fruitful cooperation betweenvlasnika šuma, šumarsku industriju i European governments and numerousistraživačku zajednicu. stakeholders including environmental andNa Ministarskim konferencijama, ministri other non-governmental organizations,odgovorni za šume u Evropi donose odluke associations of forest owners, foresto zajedničkim pitanjima od najviše političke industry, and research community.važnosti za šume i šumarstvo na sve- At Ministerial conferences, ministers inevropskom nivou. charge of forests in Europe make decisions on common issues of major politicalOd 1990. godine na pet Ministarskih importance for forests and forestry at thekonferencija (Strazbur 1990, Helsinki 1993, European level.Lisabon 1998, Beč 2003 i Varšava 2007) Since 1990, 19 Resolutions have beenusvojeno je 19 rezolucija. Preuzete obaveze adopted at five Ministerial conferencesraspoređene su u okviru tri stuba održivog (Strasbourg 1990, Helsinki 1993, Lisbongazdovanja šumama (Sustainable Forest 1998, Vienna 2003, and Warsaw 2007). TheManagement–SFM) i njima se undertaken commitments have beennedvosmisleno odražava želja za grouped around three pillars of sustainableuspostavljanjem i održavanjem ravnoteže forest management (SFM) and theyizmeđu ekonomske, socio-kulturne i unequivocally reflect the wish to establishekološke dimenzije održivog gazdovanja and maintain the balance betweenšumama. economic, socio-cultural, and environmental dimension of sustainable forest management. 13
  • 21. Svaka od održanih 5 konferencija Each of the former 5 conferences proceedspredstavlja kontinuitet aktivnosti sa with the activities initiated at the previousprethodnih konferencija i definiše conference and defines work programmesprograme rada za naredni period. MCPFE for the subsequent period. MCPFE is a high-predstavlja političku inicijativu na visokom level political initiative i.e. a politicalnivou, odnosno političku platformu za platform for the dialogue about issuesdijalog o pitanjima vezanim za šume related to the forests in Europe. TheEvrope. Ona se bavi opštim mogućnostima i conferences deal with generalprijetnjama koje se odnose na šume i opportunities and threats to forests andšumarstvo i pomaže održivo gazdovanje forestry, and support sustainable forestšumama u Evropi. management in Europe.Neevropske zemlje i međunarodne Non-European countries and internationalorganizacije učestvuju kao posmatrači. organisations participate as observers.Tako Konferencija obezbjeđuje, ne samo Thus the Conference ensures not only theforum za saradnju ministara odgovornih za forum for cooperation of ministers inšume, nego omogućava nevladnim i charge of forests but enables non-međuvladinim organizacijama da governmental and intergovernmentaldoprinesu svojim znanjem i idejama. organisations to contribute by offereing their expertise and ideas.Konferencija predstavlja dinamičan proces The conference is a dynamic process whichkoji vodi računa o najvažnijim zajedničkim takes account of major common concernsbrigama koje se tiču šuma i šumarstva u related to forests and forestry in Europe,Evropi i okreće se predstojećim izazovima. and is oriented toward future challenges.Ovaj proces se zasniva na nizu konferencija This process is based on a series ofna ministarskom nivou i mehanizmima ministerial conferences and monitoringpraćenja. Ministri odgovorni za šume na mechanisms. The ministers in charge ofkonferencijama se bave aspektima od forestry deal with aspects of major politicalnajvažnijeg političkog interesa. Nakon interests at such conferences. Afterministarskih konferencija odluke koje su Ministerial conferences, the decisionsdonijeli ministri dalje se razrađuju na adopted by ministers are furtherekspertskim sastancima. elaborated in expert meetings.Visoki prioritet MCPFE posvećuje temi A high priority of MCPFE is strangtheningјačanja uloge šuma u ublažavanju the role of forests in mitigating climaticklimatskih promjena, posebno pitanjima changes, especially fresh water supply,snabdijevanja kvalitetnom pitkom vodom, improvement and conservation of forestpotom poboljšanje i očuvanje biodiverziteta biodiversity, as well as ensurance of supplyšuma kao i obezbeđivanje šumskih with forest products.proizvoda. Forests are a key factor in meeting Šume su ključni faktor za ostvarivanje environmental, protection, social, andekoloških, zaštitnih, socijalnih i recreational needs of modern people.rekreacionih potreba savremenog čovjeka. 14
  • 22. Takođe one predstavljaju važan resurs za Additionally, they are an importantrazvoj države i to posebno ruralnih resource in the development of the state,područja pružajući velike mogućnosti za especially rural areas, by means of creatingrazvoj lokalnih zajednica kroz great opportunities for the development ofiskorišćavanje primarnih i sekundarnih local communities throgh the use ofproizvoda šume i kroz razvoj seoskog primary and secondary forest products andturizma. development of rural tourism.Šumarski sektor ima ulogu da doprinese The role of forestry sector is to contributeodrživom razvoju u cjelini i u saradnji sa to sustainable development as a whole and,drugim sektorima učestvuje u stvaranju in cooperation with other sectors, createsituacije sa ciljem da uskladi balans između conditions for establishing the balanceproizvodno -ekonomske, ekološke, between production-economic,socijalne i kulturne uloge šuma u smislu environmental, social, and cultural role ofodrživog razvoja. Koordinacija i forests in sustainable development.partnerstvo su od ključnog značaja za Coordination and partnership play a keypromociju višekorisnih funkcija šume i role in promotion of multi-purposeodrživog razvoja društva. functions of forests and sustainable development of society.Drugi važni zadaci su da se razvije оkvir zаbuduću saradnju sektora šumarstva i dа Other important tasks include theistraži mogućnosti za pravno оbavezujući development of framework for futuresporazum о šumama u Еvropi. MCPFE је cooperation between forestry sectors andpovezan sa globalnim i drugim regionalnim research into the possibilities of a legallyprocesima i inicijativama koje se bave binding agreement on forests in Europe.pitanjima od najvišeg političkog i MCPFE is connected with global and otherdruštvenog značaja u vezi sa šumama. regional processes and initiatives dealing with issues of major political and social importance related to forests.Ovakvim pristupom MCPFE prati sledeće By using this approach, MCPFE observesodrednice: the following principles: - Unapređenje biološkog diverziteta u - Improve biological diversity in all svim tipovima šuma kroz podizanje forest types through increasing svijesti o značaju šuma i awareness of importance of forests konzervaciju; and conservation; - Ukazivanje na kontinuirano i - Emphasise a continuous and adekvatno održavanje, konzervaciju, adequate maintenance, prevođenje i stalno unapređenje conservation, conversion and biodiverziteta šuma, nacionalnih continuous improvement of forest šumarskih programa i drugih biodiversity, national forest politika kod ustanovljavanja mjera programmes, and other policies za ostvarivanje zajedničkog cilja i related to estabilshment of podrške ovim politikama i measures aimed at accomplishment procesima; of the joint goal and ensuring support to these policies and processes; 15
  • 23. - Pristupe raznim programima i - Provide access to different dostupnoj politici unapređenja programmes and available policy of biodiverziteta; biodiversity improvement;- Obavljanje istraživanja, analize - Conduct research, analyse informacija i procjene uticaja information, and assess the impact ilegalnih sječa šuma na ekonomski of illegal logging on economic potencijal staništa i biodiverzitet, potential of sites and biodiversity, predlaže metode sprečavanja propose the methods to combat ilegalnih sječa kroz izgradnju illegal logging through the kapaciteta profesionalnih ljudskih development of capacities of human resursa za kontrolu; resources carrying out control;- Ima ulogu razvoja regionalne - Develop regional cooperation and saradnje i veza po principu connections based on environmental ekološkog pristupa i održivog approach and sustainable razvoja gazdovanja šumama; development of forest management;- Analizira i prati dalji razvoj - Analyse and monitor further zaštićenih šumskih resursa, development of protected forest uzimajući u obzir osobenosti svake resources, taking into consideration države i postojećeg sistema, specificities of each state and the sveobuhvatnost, tip šume i existing system, comprehensiveness, efektivnost gazovanjem tom šumom; forest type, and efficiency of forest- Pruža doprinos pan – evropskoj management; strategiji za spriječavanje uticaja - Contribute to Pan-European strategy invazionih štetnih vrsta koje mogu for combatting the impact of da destabilizuju ili naruše invasive harmful species which can ekosistem; destabilise or damage an ecosystem;- Pruža novi pristup planiranju - Provide a new approach to forest gazdovanja šumama ukjučujući i management planning through planiranje predjela kroz lanscape improvement, especially unapređenje pejzaža, posebno taking into consideration the vodeći računa o održavanju, maintenance, conservation, and konzervaciji i obnovi šumskog recovery of forest biodiversity on biodiverziteta na predjelima gde se areas with dominant aesthetic ističu estetske vrijednosti prirode i properties of nature and natural prirodni procesi šuma; forest processes;- Unapređenje konzervacije šumskog - Improve conservation of forest genetskog materijala kao sastavni i genetic material as an integral and neodvojivi deo održivog gazdovanja inseparable part of sustainable šumama uz učešće u stalnom forest management by means of procesu pan – Evropske saradnje u involvement in the continuing ovoj oblasti; process of Pan-European- Dalji razvoj saradnje sa drugim cooperation in this field; Evropskim procesima „Životna - Further develop cooperation with sredina za Evropu“, programa “Okvir other European “Environment for za saradnju“, kao i međunarodnim Europe“ process, “Framework for programom saradnje na praćenju Cooperation“ programme, as well as stanja šuma“ICP za šume“. ICP on forests. 16
  • 24. Ministarske koferencije о zaštiti šuma u The Ministerial Conference on theEvropi (MCPFE), od svog uspostavljanja kao Protection of Forests in Europe (MCPFE),regionalni politički proces osmišljene sa from its establishment as a regionalulogom unapređenja zaštite šuma budućim political process, has been envisaged tojačanjem održivog gazdovanja. Njihov je improve forest protection by futurezadatak da uključe što više zemalja Evrope i strengthening of sustainable forestda ih primoraju da ostvare održivi razvoj u management. Its task is to involve as manyokviru svoje državne teritorije, a u interesu European countries and make themcijelog Evropskog kontinenta. accomplish sustainable development withinSistem je osmišljen da se globalni dogovori their territories, in the interest of the wholei ostvarena saradnja prenese na regionalni, Europe.nacionalni i lokalni nivo. Such a system envisages transposition of global agreements and estabished cooperation to regional, national, and local level. 17
  • 25. 5. Međunarodni 5. International Cooperative kooperacioni program za Programme on Forest praćenje stanja šuma – (ICP Condition Monitoring – (ICP Forests ) Forests ) Sa praćenjem oštećenja šumskog The monitoring of forest cover waspokrivača intenzivno se počelo u centralnoj intensively launched in the Central EuropeEvropi (Njemačka) od 1970 godine i to prvo (Germany) in 1970 - first on the fir tree,na jeli koja je bila posebno osjetljiva na which was particularly sensitive touticaj raznih stresora, a potom se program influence of different stressors, and thenmonitoringa proširio i na ostale vrste the monitoring programme broadened sočetinara. Ovaj sistem praćenja as to include the other types of conifers.zdravstvenog stanja kasnije se razvio u This system of monitoring health conditioninternacionalni sistem sa ciljem da se u eri later developed into international systemindustrijskog razvoja stvori baza intended to create a relevant data base onrelevantnih podataka o zdravstvenom health condition of forests in Europe in thestanju šuma Evrope. Politički okvir stvoren era of industrial development. Politicalje potpisivanjem Konvencije o framework for enabling this was created byprekograničnom prenosu vazdušnih signing the Convention on Long-rangezagađenja (CLRTAP) 1979 godine. Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) inKonvencija je stupila na snagu 1983 godine 1979. The Convention became effective inkada su polazne smjernice prihvaćene od 1983, when the working group of theradne grupe Evropske komisije za European Forestry Commission (EFC) andšumarstvo (EFC) i međunarodne Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)organizacije za poljoprivredu i hranu adopted the starting guidelines in the(FAO), na skupu održanom u Ženevi u assembley held in Geneva in April 1983.aprilu 1983 godine. The conclusion of the expert group in thisZaključak ekspertske radne grupe na ovom assembley was that air pollution and itsskupu bio je da se vazdušna zagađenja i impact on European and North Americannjihov uticaj na šume zemalja Evrope i forests had to be reduced and permanentlySjeverne Amerike moraju smanjiti i monitored. The group proposed specificpermanentno pratiti i tom prilikom su solutions and measures aimed atpredložena konkretna rješenja i mjere u improvement of forest conditions.cilju unapređenja stanja šuma. The basics of the present ICP manual forKonkretne osnove sadašnjeg ICP manuala harmonised and continuous monitoring ofza usklađeno i kontinuirano praćenje health condition of forests were set in thezdravstvenog stanja šuma su postavljene na assembley of the European Forestysastanku Evropske komisije za šumu u Commission held in Freiburg (Germany) inFrajburgu (Nemačka) juna mjeseca 1984 June 1984. The first report on forestgodine. Prvi izvještaj o stanju šuma je condition was adopetd in 1987 in the thirdusvojen 1987 na trećem sastanku ICP u assembley of ICP held in Usti nad Labemgradu Usi nad Labem (Republika Češka). (Czech Republic). The report was based onTaj izvještaj je baziran na procjeni stanja assessment of crown condition of forestkruna šumskog drveća . trees. 18
  • 26. Prvi združeni izvještaj o stanju šuma The first joint report on condition ofEvrope pod nazivom EU/ICP je publikovan forests in Europe entitled “EU/ICP“ was1992 godine. Sve do 2004.godine zajednički published in 1992. Until 2004, joint reportsizvještaji nisu objedinjivani kada Evropska were not published. At the time, theKomisija odlučuje da izvještaje štampa kao European Commission decided to printjedinstven dokument o stanju šuma Evrope reports as a single document on conditionpod nazivom „Izvještaj o šumama“(ICP of forests in Europe entitled “ICP ForestForest report). Report“.Monitoring i procjena kruna šumskog Monitoring and assessment of forest treedrveća širom Evrope je pod kordinacijom crowns across Europe is coordinated by ICPICP Forest i danas i on predstavlja glavnu Forest and nowadays it is the mainkomponentu rada ove grupacije. Danas 42 component of work of this group. Presently,zemlje uključujući i Sjedinjene Američke 42 countries including the United States ofdržave i Kanadu (slika 4) su aktivne u America and Canada (figure 4) take anokviru programa ICP za šume. 1994 active part within ICP Forests programme.Evropska komisija je donijela odredbu In 1994, the European Commission adopted1991/1994 čime je postavljena osnova za the Regulation 1991/1994, thus setting theodvijanje programa Nivoa II. Danas 28 basics for implementation of thezemalja članica odvija program Nivoa II pa programme of the Level II. Nowadays, 28čak i Nivoa III, dok ostalih 14 razvija member-states implement the Level IIpraćenje na osnovu Nivoa I. U Crnoj Gori se programme, even Level III, whereas theprećenje odvija na Nivou I, dodeljen joj je remaining 14 countries carry outidentifikacioni broj 80, kao kod pod kojim monitoring based on the Level I. Theje registrovana u ICP bazi u Hamburgu i monitoring in Montenegro is carried out atpod kojim dostavlja podatke toj instituciji. the Level I. Montenegro has been assigned identification number 80 as a code under which it has been registered in the ICP base in Hamburg and under which it submits the data to this institution.Slika 4/Figure 4. 19
  • 27. Naučni nadzor nad praćenjem Scientific supervision of monitoring ofzdravstvenog stanja šuma je bio health condition of forests was carried outobezbjeđen i od strane „Naučne by the Scientific Advisory Group from 1995savjetodavne grupe“ od 1995 do 2002 koji to 2002, ending in 2002 with theje završio sa radom 2002 sa prestankom termination of validity of EU Regulationvažnosti EU odredbe 3528/68. Dobra 3528/68. A good cooperation has beensaradnja uspostavljena je sa Mrežom established with Acid Depositionpraćenja kisjelih depozicija istočne Azije Monitoring Network in East Asia - EANET.(Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East The main pillars of ICP Forests are 9 ExpertAsia - EANET). Panels and Working Groups, researchersGlavni nosioci ICP za šume su 9 ekspertskih from the countries which participate in thepanela (Expert Panels) i radnih grupa programme, develop and upgrade the(Working Groups), istraživači zemalja koji methods which are applied. In addition,učestvuju u programu, razvijaju i they are in charge of management andnadograđuju metode koje se primenjuju. supervision of projects and projectsOni su takođe odgovorni za rukovođenje i implementation. A broad cooperationnadzor nad projektima kao i za between European countries andimplementaciju projekata. Široka saradnja engagement of forestry experts fromzemalja Evrope i angažovanje šumarskih member states ensures the success of thiseksperata država članica je garancija programme which will have an evenuspjeha ovog programa koji će u greater importance in the future.budućnosti imati još veći značaj.5.1. Mandat, ciljevi i značaj ISP za 5.1. Mandate, objectives and šume importance of ICP ForestsSvi stresori koji djeluju na šumsko drveće All stressors influencing forest trees,bilo da su biotičke ili abiotičke prirode ili whether they are biotic or abiotic or ofantropogenog porijekla izazivaju određene anthropogenic origin, cause certain changespromjene na stablima. Kompleksno on trees. A complex influence of differentdjelovanje različitih zagađivača mijenja pollutants changes air composition and,sastav vazduha i on u različitim područijma consequently, air has different compositionima drugačije vrijednosti. Efekti in different areas. The effects of airatmosferskog zagađivanja zavise od uslova pollution vary with site conditions andstaništa i konkretne sastojine a variraju u specific stands, and differ in terms ofodnosu na geografsku poziciju regiona. Sa geographic position of the region. Since thisobzirom da je ovo djelovanje trajno te da se influence is permanent and the presence ofnivo zagađivača mijenja u toku godine pollutants changes during the year bysezonskom pojavom vazdušnih strujanja ili seasonal appearance of air currents or theirse koncetracija povećava, izazivaju složene concentration increases, they complexlyefekte na šumsko drveće koje se teško affect forest trees, which can be hardlymože izolovati i kvantifikovati. isolated and quantified. 20
  • 28. Takođe pored ovih, postoji i čitav drugi niz In addition to these, there is a series offaktora stresa koji se međosubno stress factors which are mutuallynadopunjuju, nadovezuju ili poništavaju ali complementary, linked, or annulled, butu svakom slučaju utiču na stanje šuma i anyway affect forest condition and have tomoraju biti dodatno razmatrani i be additionally considered and analysed.analizirani. Having in mind these occurences, the ICPMandat ICP za šume razvio se u odnosu na Forests mandate developed in twoove pojave u dva pravca: directions: - Posmatranje - mjerenje efekata - Survey – measurement of effects of antopogenog uticaja (zagađenost anthropogenic influence (human- vazduha proizvedena djelovanjem induced air pollution) and natural čovjeka) i prirodnih faktora, koji factors which influence the utiču na stanje i razvoj šumskih condition and development of forest ekosistema u Evropi; ecosystems in Europe; - Razumijevanje uzroka i posledica u - Understanding the causes and različitim šumskim ekosistemima u consequences in different forest cilju iskorišćavanja pozitivnih i ecosystems in order to take negativnih iskustava advantage of positive and negative experience.Ciljevi ICP za šume su sledeći: The objectives of ICP Forests are as follows: - Zahvaljujući sistematskoj mreži - Owing to the systematic grid of bioindikacijskih tačaka u cijelom bioindication plots in the whole regionu Evrope - omogućava region of Europe - ensure a periodični uvid u prostorne i periodical insight into spatial and vremenske varijabilnosti stanja time variations of forest conditions šuma u odnosu na antropogene i in respect of anthropogenic and prirodne faktore stresa na teritoriji natural stress factors on the svih zemalja članica; territory of all member states; - Doprinosi boljem razumjevanju - Contribute to better understanding odnosa izmjeđu stanja šumskih of the relation between forest ekosistema i faktora stresa, preko ecosystems condition and stress intenzivnog monitoringa u zemljama factors through intensive gde se vrši sistem praćenja Nivoa II; monitoring in countries where Level - Ima za cilj da obezbijedi dublji uvid II monitoring system is carried out; u interakcije između različitih - Ensure a better insight into komponenti šumskih ekosistema interactions between different kompilacijom dostupnih informacija components of forest ecosystems by izvršenih proučavanja; compiling available information obtained from completed research; 21
  • 29. - Cilj je da doprinese , u saradnji sa - In cooperation with ICP on ICP za modeliranje i kartiranje, development of field models and proračunima kritičnih ograničenja i maps, contribute to assessment of njihovih prekoračenja u šumama i critical constraints and their breach da saradnju sa drugim programima in forests, and establish cooperation praćenja stanja u oblasti životne with other programmes aimed at sredine u okviru i izvan CLRTAP; monitoring environmental - Na osnovu aktivnosti monitoringa conditions within and out of da doprinese svim drugim CLRTAP; aspektima od značaja za šumarsku - Based on monitoring activity, politiku na svim nivoima contribute to all other aspects (nacionalnom, regionalnom, important for forest policy at all evropskom i svjetskom) da pomogne levels (national, regional, European, da se riješe problemi vezani za and world) in order to help solve promjenu klime i uspostavi održivo problems related to climate change, gazdovanje šumama i spriječi establish sustainable forest smanjenje šumskog biodiverziteta; management, and prevent reduction - Da za potrebe javnosti obezbijedi in forest biodiversity; relevantne i precizne informacije i - Provide relevant and precise omogući donošenje značajnih odluka information to the public, and iz oblasti šumarstva, zaštite životne enable decision-making in the field sredine i očuvanja biodiverziteta. of forestry, environmental protection, and biodiversity conservation of.Da bi ciljevi ICP bili ostarivi neophodna je In order to accomplish ICP objectives, it isširoka saradnja sa svim zemljama necessary to establish cooperation with allčlanicama uz kordiniranje i kontinuitet member states and ensure the coordinationprocesa, koja je postignuta dobro and continuity of the process by means ofrazvijenom mrežom i preciznim upustvima well developed network and preciseda bi se postigli željeni rezultati. instructions on how to achieve the desiredUnaprijeđenje postojećih mehanizama results.prikupljanja i obrade podataka, se postiže The improvement of the existing datadjelovanjem naučnih intitucija iz oblasti collection and procession mechanisms canšumarstva kao i djelovanjem eksperata, dok be achieved by involvement of scientificse kao rezultat detaljnih analiza, brojnih institutions and experts in the field ofocjena i analiza dobija jasnija slika forestry. The result of detailed analyses andzdravstvenog stanja šuma Evrope i assessments is a clearer picture of healthotkrivaju se novi načini za djelovanje protiv condition of European forests andštetnih pojava. discovered new ways of acting against adverse occurences. 22
  • 30. 5.2. Nivoi intenziteta 5.2. Monitoring intensity levels monitoringa Da bi se ostvarili ciljevi, omogućilo In order to accomplish objectives,konstantno praćenje stanja šuma u enable a constant monitoring of forestzemljama Evrope osmišljen je sistem koji condition in European countries, a systemprema tehnološkom razvoju zemlje i has been designed to provide a certainraspoloživim ekonomskim i kadrovskim amount of data necessary for analysis andpotencijalima omogućuje svim članicama assessment of the present condition whichda obezbijede određeni nivo podataka corresponds to available economic andneophodan za analizu i procjenu trenutnog human resources potentials of all memberstanja. Tako su razvijena III nivoa states. Therefore, there are 3 Levels ofintenziteta monitoringa: monitoring intensity:Nivo I – podrazumijeva praćenje stanja Level I implies monitoring of forestšuma na bioindikacijskim tačkama 16x16 condition on bioindication plots of 16 x 16km sistemske mreže – na način što se na km systematic grid by surveying andpojedinačnim parcelama obavlja analysing the following parameters onposmatranje i analiza sledećih specific parcels: crown conditionparamentara: procjena stanja kruna assessment (defoliation and(defolijacija i dekolorizacija ), stanje decolorisation), land condition and forestzemljišta i ishrane šumskog drveća, trees nutrition, presence of deseases andprisutne bolesti i štetočine šumskog drveća pests etc. The data obtained at this leveli dr. Podaci koji se dobiju na ovom nivou represent the widest European region. Thereprezentuju najšire područje Evrope. U next table shows an overview of plots bysledećoj tabeli predstavljen je pregled member states (figure 1) and graphicaltačaka po državama učesnicama (Tabela 1) overview of Level I plots along with foresti grafički prikaz tačaka Nivoa I sa tipom type (figure 5).šume (slika 5).Tabela 1/ Table 1. Forest Condition in Europe, 2011 Tehnical report ICP Forest, strana/page 19 23
  • 31. Slika 5/Figure 5.Map of Level I plots, www.icp-forests.org 24
  • 32. Crna Gora je u izvještaju od 2010 godine In 2010 Report, Montenegro was presentprikazana sa 49 tačaka gde je izvršeno with 49 plots where health condition wasprocjenjivanje zdravstvenog stanja na 1176 assessed on 1176 trees (Table 2).stabala (tabela 2).Tabela 2/Table 2.Forest Condition in Europe, 2011 Tehnical report ICP Forest, strana 22/page 22 25
  • 33. Nivo II predstavlja intenzivni monitoring na Level II implies an intense monitoring on aodređenom broju stalnih oglednih certain number of permanent sample plots.površina. Na nivou II istraživanje i praćenje At Level II, research and monitoring isje detaljnije i obrađuje se veliki broj ulaznih more detailed and a great number of inflowparametara. Do sada je postavljeno 860 parameters is processed. Up to date, 860stanica za praćenje nivoa II. Rezultati nivoa plots have been established for monitoringII imaju detaljnije pokazatelje, ali im Level II. The Level II results arenedostaje široka rasprostranjenost nivoa I characterised by more detailed indicatorspa se oni koriste u vezi sa nivom I i takvim but they lack a wide distribution of Level I.upoređivanjem i upotrebom dobijaju još Therefore, they are used in connection withviše na značaju. Raspored tačaka Nivoa II Level I and by such a comparison and usena području Evrope prikazan je na (slici 6). they gain an increasing importance. The distribution of Level II plots in Europe is presented in figure 6.Slika 6/Figure 6. Map of Level II plots, www.icp-forests.org 26
  • 34. Na ovaj način preko nivoa II ostvaruje se: In this way, Level II ensures:- procjena značaja uzajamnih veza na - assessment of importance ofEvropskom nivou; interconnections at the European level;- ograničavanje geografskog područja (u - limitation of a geographic area (withinokviru Evrope) gdje su se ove veze Europe) where these connections turned topokazale tačnim. be correct.Preduslov za upotrebu različitih nivoa je The precondition for applying differentusaglašavanje nivoa i njihovih preklapanja. levels is to harmonise levels and determineNivo III predstavlja najviši hijerajhijski their overlaps.intenzitet monitoringa. Na nivou III se vrši Level III implies the greatest monitoringsagledavanje i ispitivanje kompleksnih veza intensity in the hierarchy. At Level III,i uzajamnog djelovanja različitih pojava u complex connections and interactionšumskim ekosistemima, polazeći od between different occurences in forestobjavljenih rezultata naučnih istraživanja i ecosystems is surveyed and researched,rezultata monitoringa dobijenih aktivnosti building on the published results ofkoje prevazilaze nivo II. Takođe je i kod scientific research and monitoring resultsnivoa III ispunjen preduslov povezanosti sa of activities surpassing Level II. Level IIInižim nivoima I i II. implies the fulfillment of the precondition of establishing connection with lower levels I and II. 5.3. Aktivnosti monitoringa za 5.3. Level I monitoring activities Nivo I Na teritoriji Evrope je ustanovljena The grid of more than 7.500je mreža sa više od 7500 bioindikacijskih bioindication plots has been established ontačaka za praćenje zdravstvenog stanja the territory of Europe in order to monitoršuma i njihove prostorne i vremenske the condition of forest health and changespromjene u toku jednogodišnjeg ciklusa. associated with space and time during aMreža daje statistički dovoljno precizne one-year cycle. The grid providespodatke i pokriva različite šume na nivou sufficiently precise statistical data andEvrope. Pojedine zemlje u cilju dobijanja covers different forests on the territory ofpreciznijih podataka razvile su mrežu od Europe. In order to obtain more precise4x4 km da bi dobili preciznije podatke o data on forest condition on their territorystanju šuma na svojoj teritoriji kao i na and at the regional level, certain countriesregionalnom nivou. Mreža Nivoa I sadrži developed a 4 x 4 km grid. The Level I grid7503 parcele monitoringa (bioindikacijskih contains 7.503 monitoring parcelstačaka) zaključno u 2010 godini, (bioindication plots), including 2010,sistematski raspoređenih u mreži 16 x 16 systematically distributed within the 16 xkm širom Evrope. 16 km grid across Europe. 27
  • 35. U okviru Nivoa I, sprovode se sledeća The following surveys are carried outproučavanja: within Level I: - procjena stanja kruna (crown - Crown condition assessment, condition assessment), godišnje; annually; - hemizam zemljišta (soil chemistry), - Soil chemistry, every 10 years; svake 10. godine; - Foliar composition, optional. - folijarne analize (foliar composition), fakultativno.Ciljevi Objectives The most important Level I objective Najznačajniji cilj nivoa I jeste pružanje is providing a periodical overview of spatialperiodičnog pregleda prostornih i and time variations in forest conditionsvremenskih varijacija kod stanja šume u considering anthropogenic and naturalodnosu na antropogene i prirodne faktore stress factors in the European and nationalstresa u evropskoj i nacionalnoj comprehensive systematic grid.sveobuhvatnoj sistematskoj mreži. Forest trees crown condition is the bestStanje kruna šumskog drveća predstavlja indicator of positive or negative effects ofnajbolji pokazatelj pozitivnih ili negativnih both biotic and anthropogenic influence ofefekata kako biotičkih tako i antropogenih forest condition. Forest tree crowns can beuticaja na stanje šuma. Krune šumskog damaged by pests or pathogenic fungi to adrveća mogu biti u različitoj mjeri oštećenje different extent. All the causes aredjelovanjem štetočina ili patogenih gljiva. monitored using the establishedSvi uzročnici se prate prema ustanovljenoj methodology, thus enabling a bettermetodologiji i time se omogućuje bolje understanding of their influence on specificrazumijevanje njihovog uticaja na pojedine species or forest types, frequency ofvrste ili tipove šume, učestalost javljanja i occurence, and spatial distribution.prostorna raspoređenost. The research into land should primarilyIstraživanje zemljišta trebalo bi da u prvom provide information on the change in soilredu pruži informacije o promjeni hemizma chemistry and assess land quality byu zemljištu, i izvrši procjenu kvaliteta different layers within bioindication plots.zemljišta po različitim slojevima u okviru The results of crown condition analysis andbioindikacijskih tačaka. Rezultate stanja the results of land research are possible tokruna zajedno sa istraživanjem zemljišta compare owing to strong corelationsmoguće je uporediti zahvaljujući between these occurences. Additionally, ituzajamnim jakim korelacijama ovih pojava i is possible to make conclusions if forestizvesti zaključke da li je stanje šuma condition is the result of a local landrezultat lokalne zagađenosti zemljišta, šteta pollution, or damage caused by local stressizazvanih lokalnim faktorom stresa ili je factor, or if it is an occurrence noted acrosspojava zabilježena širom Evrope kao Europe resulting from increased pollutionrezultat povećanja zagađenosti na širem in a wider region.regionu. 28
  • 36. Hemijske Analize ishrane šumskog drveća Chemical analyses of forest tree nutritionimaju za cilj da obezbijede informaciju o aim to provide information on the status ofstatusu mineralne ishrane šumskog drveća mineral nutrition of forest trees onna bioindikacijskim tačkama kao i o bioindication plots and the chemicalhemijskom sastavu asimilacionih organa composition of assimilation parts of a plant,biljke i mogu pokazati pojavu ili deficit and can show the sufficiency or deficit inrazličitih hranjivih materija koje su nastale different nutritional substances resultingkao rezultat djelovanja polutanta na from the influence of pollutants on forestšumsko drveće, a uzimajući u obzir i trees, and also taking into considerationpromjene na šumskom zemljištu i pojave na changes on forest land and occurences onkrošnji drveća. tree crowns.Prikupljeni podaci se po uspostavljenoj After they have been processed, theproceduri posle obrade dostavljaju svake collected data are submitted annually to thegodine glavnom koordinatnom centru za main Coordinating Centre for monitoringpraćenje stanja šuma sa sedištem u forest condition with its headquarters inHamburgu u Nemačkoj (RCC of ICP Forest – Hamburg, Germany (RCC of ICP Forest –Programme Coordinating Center). Programme Coordinating Center). 5.4. Metodi i kriterijumi 5.4. Methods and criteria U centru svake BIT, prema In the center of each bio indicationkordinatnoj mreži koja je uspostavljena na plot, according to the grid that had beenteritoriji Crne Gore, određuje se u prostoru, established for the teritorry of Montenegro,bioindikacijska parcela gdje će se vršiti bio indication parcel shall be establishedistraživanje i procjena stanja kruna within the area where research andšumskog drveća i u centru te tačke se assessment of forest trees crown shall bepostavlja metalna šipka jarke boje (Slika performed, and within the center of that7,8). plot we shall place the metal pole of bright color (Figure 7,8). Slika 7/Figure 7. Slika 8/Figure 8. 29
  • 37. Uzorci drveća za procjenu stanja kruna Tree samples for assessment of crownsistematski se biraju kao klaster od 4 status shall systematically be selected asmjesta (Slika 9). U smjeru četiri glavne cluster having 4 places (Figure 9). In thestrane svijeta na udaljenosti po 25 m od direction of four main cardinal points atcentralnog mjesta – šipke, odabira se po distance of 25 m from the central place –šest najbližih stabala (ukupno 24 stabla), pole, we shall select six closest trees (totalkoja se definišu kao uzorci za procjenu. of 24 trees), which shall be defined asUzorci drveća podrazumijevaju sve vrste assessment samples.drveća, pod uslovom da im je visina preko Tree samples imply all tree species,60 cm. Klase pokrovnosti, određuju se provided their heights are above 60 cm.prema sistemu Krafta (dominantna, Classes of coverage shall be defined bykodominantna, subdominantna, potištena i Kraft system (dominant, co-dominant, sub-umiruća (slika 10), određuju stabla koja se dominant, sullen and dying (Figure 10), anduzimaju u obzir za procjenu, ali vodeći shall classify the trees to be taken intoračuna da su izabrana stabla bez značajnih account for assessment, but taking care thatmehaničkih oštećenja. the selected trees do not have anyIzabrana stabla trajno se označavaju significant mechanical damages.brojevima za buduće stalne godišnje Selected trees shall permanently be markedprocjene. Stabla koja su uklonjena zbog by numbers, for purposes of futuremjera gazdovanja ili iz nekih drugih permanent annual assessments. Trees thatrazloga, zamjenjuju se novim odabranim have been removed because of thestablima. Ukoliko se sastojina ukloni čistom management measures or any othersječom, ili sječom na većoj površini ostavlja reasons, shall be replaced by new selectedse centralna tačka do podizanja nove trees. If the stand is removed by clearsastojine. felling, or felling in a larger area the central Stalna ogledna površina nazvana je plot shall be left until the new stand isbioindikacijska tačka. Sastoji se od centra, planted.koji je određen na osnovu koordinata i na Permanent sample plot has beenterenu je obelježen metalnom šipkom u named bio indication plot. It consists of theskladu sa statistički usvojenom center, identified on basis of coordinatesprocedurom, koja obuhvata princip and marked in the field by metal pole, inslučajnog izbora. accordance with the statistically adopted Na 25 metara od centra, a u pravcu procedure including the principle ofčetiri glavne strane svijeta određene su raqndom selection.ogledne površine, na kojima je izdvojeno po Sample plots have been defined at 256 stabala koja su obeležena brojevima od 1 meters from the center, and into thedo 6 kao na primjeru na slici 9. direction of four principal cardinal points, where we have singled out 6 trees in each of them, numbered from 1 to 6, as in the example shown in Figure 9. 30
  • 38. Slika 9/Figure 9 . Prikaz BIT – klastera sa 4 mesta sa 6 stabala i primjerom izmeštanja uzoraka drveća / Overview of Bio - indication plot – clusters from 4 places having 6 trees and example of displacing tree samples. Slika 10/Figure 10.Klase pokrovnosti kruna po Kraftu: 1.dominante, 2. kodominantne, 3. subdominantne, 4. potištene, 5. umiruće /Classes of crown coverage by Kraft: 1. dominant, 2. codominant, 3. subdominant, 4. sullen, 5. dying 31
  • 39. 5.4.1. Crown status5.4.1. Stanje kruna Within the research (Level I) crown U okviru istraživanja (Nivo I) stanje status shall be expressed by classes of leafkruna se izražava klasama gubitka lisne mass loss, changes in colors and combinedmase, promjene boja i kombinovanim damage classes. Trees having more than 50klasama oštećenja. Drveće sa više od 50 % % of mechanical damages within the crownmehaničkih oštećenja u kruni se isključuje shall be excluded from the assessment.iz procjene. Uticaj svih postojećih ili Impact of all the existing or absentodsutnih (uklonjenih) stabala na krošnju se (removed) trees on the crown will have tomora uzeti u obzir prilikom utvrđivanja be taken into account when identifying itsnjenog stanja. U slučajevima kada je uzorna status. In cases when sample tree crown iskrošnja stabla pod uticajem konkurencije, under the competitions impact, the crownkrošnja koju je moguće ocijeniti obuhvata which is possible to evaluate shall includesamo djelove koji nijesu pod uticajem only those parts that are not under thedrugih krošnji, npr. zasjena (da li je usklopu ili osami) bez obzira na uzrok impact of other crowns, e.g. shading (whether within the compound or insadašnjeg stanja (slika 11). solitude) regardless to the cause of current Djelovi krošnje, koji su poddirektnim uticajem interakcija između condition (Figure 11). Parts of the crown that are underkrošnji ili konkurencije, se izostavljaju. the direct impact of interactions betweenSlika 11/Figure 11 . the crowns or competition shall be left out. Izgled stabala raslih na osami i sklopu, Manual, Visual Assessment of Crown Condition, strana 10 / Layout oftrees grown in solitude or within the compound, Manual, Visual Assessment of Crown Condition, page 10 32
  • 40. 5.4.2. Defolijacija 5.4.2. Defoliation Defolijacija se procjenjuje u Defoliation shall be assessed atintervalima od 5 % i grupiše se u 5 klasa intervals of 5 % and shall be grouped in 5nejednakog opsjega (tabela 3). Stabla koja classes of unequal scope (table 3).se izvale pod uticajem vjetra ili dođe do Windthrown trees or those with crownloma krošnje zamjenjuju se drugim da bi se fractures shall be replaced by other ones inobezbjedio minimalan broj stabala za order to provide minimum number of treesprocjenu. for assessment.Definicija DefinitionDefolijacija se definiše kao gubitak iglica / Defoliation shall be defined as loss oflišća u krošnji koja se može ocjenjivati u needles / leaves within the crown that canodnosu na referentno stablo. Vrši se ocjena be evaluated by comparison with thedefolijacije bez obzira na uzrok gubitka reference tree. Evaluation of defoliationlišća (odnosno, na primjer, obuhvata shall be performed regardless to the causeoštećenja koja izazivaju insekti). of loosing leaves (that is, for example, shall include damages caused by insects).Defolijacija može obuhvatiti tanke krošnjenastale zbog nedostatka lišća, imajući u Defoliation may include thin crownsvidu da je možda nemoguće odvojiti ovo od incurred because of the deficiency of leaves,istinske defolijacije. Ovo je jedna od bearing in mind it might be impossible tostandardnih ocjena koje se vrše na nivou I. distinguish this from genuine defoliation. This shall be one of the standard evaluations being performed at Level I.Tabela 3/Table 3. Klasa / Class Defolijacija / defoliatium Procenat gubitka iglica / lišća / Needle /leaf losss % 0 nema / none 0 – 10% 1 slaba (upozoravajuća) / slight >10 – 25% 2 srednja / moderate > 25 – 60% 3 jaka / severe > 60 – 100% 4 suva stabla / dead > 100% Klase defolijacije prema UN/ECE i EU klasifikaciji/ Defoliation classes according to the UN/ECE and EU classification 33
  • 41. 5.4.3. Dekolorizacija 5.4.3. Decolorisation Promjena boje lišća (dekolorizacija) Change of leaves colorvažan je dijagnostički indikator stanja (decolorisation) shall be an importantkruna i može se procijeniti prema klasama diagnostic indicator of crown condition andnavedenim u tabeli 4. may be assessed as per the classes given in Table 4.Tabela 4/Table 4. Klasa / Class Dekolorizacija / Procenat iglica / lišća koje Decolorisation je izgubilo boju / Needle /leaf loss % 0 nema / none 0 – 10% 1 slaba / slight > 10 – 25% 2 srednja / moderate > 25 – 60% 3 jaka / severe > 60%-100 4 suva stabla / dead - 100 Klase dekolorizacije prema UN/ECE i EU klasifikaciji/ Decolorisation classes according to the UN/ECE and EU classification5.4.4. Oštećenja 5.4.4. DamagesDefinicije Definitions Oštećenje se definiše kao mijenjanje ili Damage shall be defined as changingnarušavanje dijela stabla, što može imati or alternating a part of tree, which mightnepovoljan uticaj na njegovu sposobnost da have unfavorable impact on its ability tovrši svoje funkcije. perform its functions.Simptom: svako stanje stabla koje proizilazi Symptom: any condition of the treeiz djelovanja štetnog agensa koje ukazuje originating from harmful agent activitiesna njegovu pojavu (npr. defolijacija, indicating its appearance(e.g. defoliation,dekoloracija, nekroza). Znak: dokaz o discoloration, necrosis).štetnom faktoru osim onoga na šta stabloukazuje (npr., tijela koja proizvode gljive, Sign: evidence on harmful factor except forgnijezda gusjenica isl). what the tree indicates to (e.g. bodies producing fungi, caterpillar nests). 34
  • 42. Odumiranje: smrtnost grana koja počinje na Dying out: mortality of branches starting atkrajnjem dijelu grane i nastavlja se na deblu the outmost part of the branch andi / ili osnovi žive krošnje. prolonging to the stem and / or live crown base.Sa obzirom da je kategorija oštećenjakombinovana iz procjene defolijacije i Since the category of damage has beendekolorizacije ona se određuje preko combined from assessment of defoliationkombinovane procjene. Primjer je dat na and decolorisation, it shall be determinedtabeli ispod. through the combined assessment. Example is given in the Table below.Tabela 5/ Table 5. Klasa defolijacija/ Klasa promena boje/ Defoliation Class Decolorisation Class 0 1 2 3 Rezultirajuća klasa oštećenja/ Resulting class of damage 0 0 0 1 2 1 0 1 2 2 2 1 2 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 Kombinovana procjena oštećenja/ Combined damage assessment 5.5. Kontrola kvaliteta i 5.5. Quality control and osiguranje kvaliteta quality assurance Iskustva sa nivoa I i nivoa II su Experiences from levels I and II haveukazala na značaj obezbjeđivanja pointed out the significance of providingadekvatnog kvaliteta. Važne su četiri adequate quality. Four most significantnajznačajnije oblasti da bi posao bio areas shall be important in order to havekvalitetno obavljen. the job done in a qualitative manner. 1. odabir terenskih timova, 1. Selection of field teams, 2. obuka terenskih timova, 2. Training of field teams, 3. vjerodostojnost podataka, 3. Authenticity of data, 4. međunarodna kontrola kvaliteta. 4. International quality control. 35
  • 43. 6. Praćenje stanja šuma u 6. Monitoring forest status inCrnoj Gori 2010. godine-Nivo I Montenegro in 2010. – Level I Shodno obavezama koje proizilaze iz According to the commitmentsNacionalne šumarske politike, Nacionalne emanating from the National Forest Policy,strategije održivog razvoja kao i preuzetim National Strategy of Sustainableobavezama iz upitnika EU, Crna Gora je Development and the commitments fromrešenjem Ministra poljoprivrede, the EU Questionaire, by the Decision of thešumarstva i vodoprivrede broj 322/10 – Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water0801 od 30. avgusta 2010. godine Management number 322/10 – 0801 as ofobrazovala Koordinacioni tim za praćenje August 30th, Montenegro has establishedzdravstvenog stanja šuma u Crnoj Gori, the Coordination team for Monitoringčime su pokrenute aktivnosti na realizaciji Health Status of Forests in Montenegro,ove aktivnosti. which has initiated activities in implementation of this activity. Zadatak Koordinacionog tima je dasprovede vjerodostojnost i analizu Task of the Coordination Team shallprikupljenih podataka o zdravstvenom be to carry out authenticity and review ofstanju šuma u Crnoj Gori na terenu, za data collected about the health status ofpotrebe stalnog monitoringa po ICP Montenegrin forests in the field, for themetodologiji, kao i izrade završnog needs of permanent monitoring accordingizvještaja. to the ICP Methodology, and forProvjeru podataka na terenu (5-10% preparation of the Final report.uzornih tačaka), Koordinacioni tim je vršio Coordination Team was performingu skladu sa upustvima datim u Priručniku verification of the data in the field (5-10%za procjenu zdravstvenog stanja, kao i of sample plots), in accordance with theaneksima tog dokumenta. U slučaju instructions provided in the Manual forznačajnih odstupanja, Koordinacioni tim je Assessment of Health Status, and with thedužan da odmah organizuje usklađivanje ili Annexes of that document. In case ofpojašnjenje instrukcija i njihove primjene substantial deviations, Coordination Teamkako bi se izbjegle sistemske greške. shall commit to immediately organizeTerenske preglede poređenja podataka, harmonization or clarification of both thezajedno sa detaljima bilo koje preduzete instructions and their implementation inradnje treba dokumentovati za potrebe order to avoid system errors. Field reviewspotencijalnih međunarodnih evaluacija. of data comparison, together with details ofKoordinacioni tim je dužan da organizuje any actions undertaken, should beda se podaci o procjeni zdravstvenog stanja documented for the purposes of potentialu papirnoj i elektronskoj formi (uključujući international evaluations.obavezne i sve izborne parametre) moraju Coordination team shall commit to organizedostaviti odgovornom centru do kraja ove the data about the assessment of healthgodine. status must be submitted in either hard copy or electronically (including mandatory and all the optional parametres) to the responsible center by the end of this year. 36
  • 44. U sklopu pripremnih aktivnosti, Within the framework of preparatoryMinistarstvo je angažovalo eksperte sa activities, the Ministry engaged expertsŠumarskog fakulteta iz Beograda koji su from the Forestry Faculty in Belgrade whoizvršili obuku osoblja Uprave za šume executed the training of Forest(seminar održan 25. juna 2010. godine). Administration staff (Seminar held on JuneObuku za izvještavanja praćenja i procjene 25th, 2010.).zdravstvenog stanja šuma (ICP) obavili su Training about reporting on monitoringprof. Dr Dragan Karadžić, prof. Dr Ratko and evaluation of health status of forestsKadović, sa Šumarskog fakulteta – Beograd, (ICP) was provided by prof. Dr DraganZlatan Radulović i Slobodan Milovanović Karadžić, prof. Dr Ratko Kadović, fromstručni saradnici Instituta za šumarstvo – Forestry Faculty – Belgrade, ZlatanBeograd. Predmetna obuka (Slika 12,13) se Radulović and Slobodan Milovanovićsastojala u osposobljavanju upošljenih u expert associates of Forestry Institute –Upravi za šume na obradi upitnika, vršenju Belgrade. The respective training (Figurenačina postavljanja tačaka, procjene 12,13) consisted of educating employees ofzdravstvenog stanja šuma i sl. Nakon toga the Forest Administration on processing oforganizovana je priprema materijala za rad the questionaire, executing method oftimova na terenu (izvršeno je prevođenje placing plots, assessment of health status ofkompletnog materijala, pripremljene su forests, etc. After that, they organizedradne karate, izvršeno je štampanje preparation of material for field work ofmanuala) i uspostavljena je komunikacija the teams (translation of complete materialsa Centrom za koordinaciju programa u was done, situation maps were prepared,Hamburgu (http://www.icp-forests.org), printing of Manual completed) andkome će se preko ovog Ministarstva communication with the Center forubuduće prosljeđivati izvještaji o Program Coordination in Hamburgzdravstvenom stanju šuma. (http://www.icp-forests.org) had been established, where the Reports on Health Status of Forests shall in future be forwarded to, through our Ministry.Slika 12/Figure 12. Slika 13/Figure 13. 37
  • 45. Sa strane Uprave za šume obrazovano je Five working teams was established bypet radnih timova koje su sačinjavali Forest Administration, consisting ofiskusni šumarski stručnjaci. Procjene stanja experienced forestry experts. Statussu izvršene na svih 49 definisanih tačaka. assessments have been executed in all 49Po završenim terenskim aktivnostima defined plots. After completion of fieldpristupljeno je izradi odgovarajućeg activities they have acceded tosoftvera, unosu i obradi podataka (slika development of appropriate software, entry14). and processing of data (Figure 14).Slika 14/Figure 14.Kordinacioni tim izvršio je sumiranje, Coordination team finalized summarizing ,obradu i dostavljenje podataka Centru za processing and submiting data to thekoordinaciju programa u Hamburgu (Anex Center for Program Coordination in2) i pristupilo se izradi ovog izvještaja. Hamburg (Annex 2) and then it came to preparation of this report. 38
  • 46. 6.1. Lokacija Bioindikacijskih 6.1. Location of bio indication tačaka u Crnoj Gori – Nivo I plots in Montenegro– Nivo I U Crnoj gori je postavljeno 49 49 bio indication plots have beenbioindikacijskih tačaka. Pojedine tačke su u placed in Montenegro. Some plots have,pravilnoj mreži „pale“ na gradske površine, within the regular grid „fallen“ on townvodene površine ili goleti, te su shodno areas, water areas or barren areas, andpreporukama iz priručnika izmještene (npr. according to the recommendations fromukoliko se u blizini tjemena mreže nalazila the Manual have been relocated (e.g. if closepovršina koja ispunjava uslove propisane to the grid vertex there had been an areametodologijom). U slučaju da nije postajala meeting the requirements set by thetakva mogućnost površine su isključene do methodology). In case that such amomenta promjene stanja pokrivača na toj possibility did not exist, areas werepovršini. Tačke koje su recimo „pale“ na excluded up to the moment of changing thepovršinu gde je trajno onemogućen rast i cover status in the same area. Plots which,razvoj šumskog drveća su isključene iz for example „fallen“ on area where growthmonitoringa (npr. bioindikacijska tačka and development of forest trees have beenkoja je pala na Skadarsko jezero ili u permanently disabled were excluded fromJadransko more). monitoring (e.g. bio indication plot that fellU budućnosti će se takođe vršiti provjera i in the Skadar Lake or in the Adriatic Sea).analiza preko satelitskih i ortofoto snimaka In future, verification and reviewing shallkao i fizičkim obilaskom na terenu u cilju also be done via satellite and orthophotoda se pojedine površine koje trenutno images as well as through physical roundnemaju šumski prekrivač u slučaju da budu trip to the terrain, aiming at additionallypošumljene prirodnim ili vještačkim putem, including certain areas currently withoutdodatno uključe u istraživanje prema forest cover, in case they are afforestedpostojećoj metodologiji. naturally or artificialy, in this researchSve površine su obilježene na terenu according to the current methodology.metalnom šipkom jarke boje u sredini In the field, all areas shall be marked byprimjerne površine, izabrana su i obilježena metal stake of bright color placed in thestabla koja su predmet posmatranja middle of sample plot, trees that shall be(ukupno 24) na svakoj posmatranoj BIT. subject of observation have been selectedLokacija je snimljena kartografski i pomoću and marked (total of 24) at each observedGPS opreme. bio indication plot. The site has beenSva izabrana stabla po predviđenoj recorded cartographically and by GPSproceduri obojena su i numerisana trajnim equipment. All of the selected trees have ,oznakama da bi bila lakše uočljiva prilikom as per the anticipated procedure, beennarednih procjena koje se obavljaju svake painted and numbered by permanentgodine. marks in order to be easily visibly at future assessments that are going to be held each year. 39
  • 47. Slika 15/Figure 15.Crna Gora je za potrebe daljeg izvještavanja For purposes of further reportingdobila poseban identifikacioni kod (broj Montenegro was assigned a special80) u cilju raspoznavanja i kodnog sistema identification code (number 80) aiming atradi dostavljanja podataka kordinacionom recognizing and having the code system ofcentru u Hamburgu. submitting data to the Coordination CenterNa tabeli 6 prikazan je raspored tačaka po in Hamburg.opštinama dok je na slici 16. prikazan Table 6 presents the distribution of plotsgrafički raspored tačaka BIT za 2010 throughout muunicipalities, while Figuregodinu u Crnoj Gori. 16. gives the graphic disposition of bioPodaci o pojedinačnim tačkama date su indication plots for 2010 in Montenegro.grafičkim prikazom (Anex 1) i tabelarno Data about individual plots shall be given in(Anex 2). graphic overview (Annex 1) and in the Table (Annex 2).Tabela 6. Broj tačaka po opštinama/ Table 6. Number of plots per municipalities 40
  • 48. Slika 16. BIT u Crnoj Gori – prostorni raspored / Figure 16. Bio indication plots inMontenegro –spatial distribution 41
  • 49. 6.2. Zastupljenost vrsta drveća na 6.2. Presence of tree species in bioindikacijskim tačkama bio indication plotsU toku 2010 godine izvršeno je During the 2010 observations were carriedposmatranje na 49 BIT i ovo posmatranje je out on 49 bio indication plots and theyobuhvatilo ukupno 1176 stabala. Od included the total of 1176 trees. Out of totalukupnog broja od 1176 posmatranih number of 1176 observed trees,stabala, lišćari čine 75, 51% ili 888 stabala broadleaves made 75, 51% or 888 trees,dok su ostalih 24,49 % ili 288 stabala while remaining 24,49 % or 288 trees werečetinari (grafikon 1). conifers (graph 1).Grafikon 1/ Graph 1. Odnos broja lišćara i četinara u ukupnom broju posmatranih stabala Lišćari ČetinariOdnos lišćara i četinara u ukupnom broju posmatranih stabala/ Ratio of broadleaves and conifers in totalnumber of observed treesApsolutni i relativni broj stabala prikazan je Absolute and relative number of trees isu tabeli 7 i na grafikonu 2, u odnosu na presented in table 7 and in graph 2, inukupan broj stabala, dok su u tabelama 8 i 9 relation to the total number of trees, whilei pratećim grafikonima 3 i 4 prikazane tables 8 and 9 and supporting graphs 3 andvrijednosti broja vrsta u odnosu na 4 present the values of number of species inpripadnost listopadnim ili četinarskim relation to the affiliation to broadleave orvrstama drveća. coniferous tree species.Od analiziranih vrsta, najzastupljenija jebukva sa 299 stabala, ili 25,42% od Out of the reviewed species, the mostukupnog broja, zatim slijede hrast cer 108 present was beech with 299 trees, orstabala ili 9,18 % a potom smrča koja je na 25,42% of total number, then bitter oaktrećem mjestu po brojnosti obuhvaćenih with 108 trees or 9,18 % , and then sprucestabala (posle bukve i cera) sa 102 stabla ili which was on the third place according to8,67 %. Jela sa 100 stabala je obuhvatila the number of trees included(after beech8,50% analiziranih stabala, crni jasen 97 and bitter oak) with 102 trees or 8,67 %.stabala ili 8,25% obični grab sa 84 stabla ili Fir with its 100 trees covered 8,50% of 42
  • 50. 7,14% i crni bor sa 70 stabala ili 5,96% dok reviewed trees, black ash with 97 trees or ostale vrste imaju mali udio. 8,25% , hornbeam with 84 trees or 7,14% and black pine with 70 trees or 5,96% , while other species had a minor share. Tabela 7. zastupljenost vrsta drveća na BIT/ Table 7. Presence of tree species in bio indication plots Lišćari Četinari Ostali Grab Makle Bijelo Crni Crni kitnja Ostali Crni Bukva Cer Prnar Jela smrča četina obični n grabić jasen Grab k lišćari bor ri Brojstabal 84 30 38 299 97 46 108 32 93 61 100 102 70 16 a% odukupn ogbroja 7,14 2,55 3,24 25,42 8,25 3,91 9,18 2,72 7,91 5,19 8,50 8,67 5,96 1,36stabal aSum 888 stabala / 75,51% 288stabala / 24,49% 1176 stabala / 100% Grafikon 2. zastupljenost vrsta drveća na BIT/ Graph 2. Presence of tree species on bio indication plots Zastupljenost vrsta drveća na Bioindikacijskim tačkama Grab obični Maklen Bijelograbić Bukva Crni jasen Crni Grab Cer Prnar Kitnjak Ostali lišćari Jela Smrča Crni bor Ostali četinari 43
  • 51. Posmatrajući odvojeno lišćare primjećuje Observing broadleaves separately, it can bese da udio bukve čini trećinu ukupnog broja noticed that beech share makes one third oflišćara 33,67%, dok hrastovi (cer, kitnjak i total number of broadleaves 33,67%, whileprnar čine 26,23 %,) odnosno više od oaks (bitter oak, sessile flowered oak andčetvrtine ukupnog broja lišćara, crni jasen kermes oak make 26,23 %,) , that is, moreje sa udjelom 10,92% i obični grab sa than the fourth of total number of9,46% dok ostale vrste lišćara imaju mali broadleaves, black ash has a share ofudio. 10,92% and common hornbeam with 9,46% , while other broadleaved species have minor shares.Tabela 8. Zastupljenost lišćarskih vrsta drveća/ Table 8. Presence of broadleaved tree species Lišćari Grab Maklen Bijelog Bukva Crni Crni Cer Prnar Kitnjak Ostali obični rabić jasen Grab lišćari Broj 84 30 38 299 97 46 108 32 93 61 stabala % 9,46 3,39 4,28 33,67 10,92 5,18 12,1 3,60 10,47 6,87 lišćara 6 Sum 888 stabala / 100,00 %Grafikon 3. Zastupljenost lišćarskih vrsta drveća/ Graph 3. Presence of broadleaved treespecies Zastupljenost lišćarskih vrsta drveća Grab obični Maklen Bijelograbić Bukva Crni jasen Crni Grab Cer Prnar Kitnjak Ostali lišćari 44
  • 52. Posmatrajući odvojeno četinare primetno je After observing conifers separately it wasda je na bioindikacijskim tačkama bio noticeable that in bio indication plots therepribližan udio jele i smrče sa (jela 34,72 % i had been the approximate share of fir andsmrča sa 35,42%). Ove dvije vrste čine spruce (fir 34,72 % and spruce withukupno više od 70% četinara koje se srijeću 35,42%).na BIT. Pored jele i smrče značajno je i These two species in total make more thanučešće crnog bora od 24,30% dok je učešće 70% of conifers found at bio indicationostalih četinara 5,56%. plots. Besides fir and spruce, there had been a significant share of black pine with 24,30% , while the share of other conifers had been 5,56%.Tabela 9. Zastupljenost četinarskih vrsta drveća/ Table 9. Presence of coniferous tree species Četinari Jela Smrča Crni bor Ostali četinari Broj stabala 100 102 70 16 % 34,72 35,42 24,30 5,56 četinara Sum 288stabala / 100,00 %Grafikon 4. Zastupljenost četinarskih vrsta drveća/ Graph 4. Presence of coniferous treespecies Zastupljenost četinarskih vrsta drveća Jela Smrča Crni bor Ostali četinari 45
  • 53. 6.3. Nadmorska visina i ekpozicija 6.3. Altitude and exposition of Bioindikacijskih tačaka Bioindication plotsNadmorske visine na kojima se javljaju BIT, Altitudes in which bio indication plotsu pogledu vertikalne rasprostranjenosti appear, with regard to their verticalzahvataju veoma širok opsjeg, od najniže distribution, cover a very wide range, fromkote na BIT br. 42 na poluostrvu Luštica the lowest level in bio indication plotkod Tivta gde je visina svega nekoliko number 42 in peninsula Luštica, close tometara m.n.v pa sve do najviše kote na BIT Tivat, where the altitude is only severalbr. 34 kod sela Kaludre u opštini Berane meters and up to the highest level of biogde je izmjereno 1716 m.n.v. indication plot number 34 in villageNajveći broj bioindikacijskih tačaka se Kaludra, Berane municipality, where 1716nalazi na visini od 1201 do 1400 m.n.v. ( 10 meters of altitude was measured.tačaka), dok se veliki broj tačaka (po 8) The largest number of bio indication plotsnalazi i na visinama od 801-1000 m.n.v. i od is situated at heights from 1201 to 14001001 do 1200 m.n.v., tako da u visinskoj meters of altitude (10 plots), while a largerasprostranjenosti od 801 do 1400 m.n.v number of plots ( of 8) is situated at heightsimamo 26 tačaka. Najmanje je from 801-1000 meters of altitude and frombioindikacijskih tačaka rasprostranjeno u 1001 to 1200 meters of altitude, so thatpojasu od 201 – 400 m.n.v. (3 tačke) i od within the heights distribution from 801 to401 do 600 m.n.v. (3 tačke). Grafički 1400 meters of altitude we have 26 plots.raspored tačaka prikazan je na grafikonu 5 The smallest number of bio indication plots is distributed within the range from 201 – 400 meters of altitude (3 plots) and from 401 to 600 meters of altitude (3 plots). Graphic distribution of plots is presented inGrafikon 5. / Graph 5. Graph 5. Nadmorska visina BIT 1850 1800 1750 1700 1650 1600 1550 1500 1450 1400 1350 1300 1250 1200 1150 1100 1050 1000 950 Broj Tacke 900 Nadmorska visina 850 800 750 700 650 600 550 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49Nadmorska visina Bioindikacijskih tačaka u Crnoj Gori/ Altitude of bio indication plots in Montenegro 46
  • 54. BIT u Crnoj Gori javljale su se najčešće na Bio indication plots in Montenegro havejugistočnoj ekspoziciji - 9 tačaka, na most frequently been seen in south- easternseverozapadnoj ekspoziciji nalazilo se 8 exposition - 9 plots, in north westerntačaka, dok je po 7 tačaka bilo na sjevernoj i exposition there has been 8 plots, whilesjevernoistočnoj. Po 5 tačaka palo je na northern and northeastern expositionszapad i jug, 4 su bile na ravnom terenu i 1 have had 7 plots each. West and south havena istoku (grafikon 6). 5 plots each, 4 have been in the flat terrain and 1 in the east (graph 6).Grafikon 6. Rasprostranjenost bioindikaciskih tačaka po ekspozicijama/Graph 6. Distribution of bio indication plots per expositions Grafikon raspodjela tačaka po ekspozicijama N NE E SE S SW W NW Ravno 6.4. Zastupljenost vode 6.4. Presence of waterRaspoloživost dostupne vode za Availability of accessible water for mostnajznačajnije vrste određuje se procjenom i significant species shall be defined bysadrži sledeće 3 kategorije: assessment and shall contain the following 3 categories:1: Nedovoljno2: Dovoljno 1: insufficient3: Prekomjerno 2: sufficient 3: excess 47
  • 55. After observing the bio indication plots inPosmatranjem Bioindikacijskih tačaka u Montenegro it was observed that presenceCrnoj Gori primijećeno je da na 23 of water in 23 areas was insufficient, hence,površine zastupljenost vode nedovoljna, in 46,94 % of observed areas, whiledakle na 46,94 % posmatranih površina, presence of water in 26 areas or 53,06 %dok je na 26 površina ili 53,06 % was sufficient. Excess presence of waterzastupljenost vode dovoljna. Prekomjerna was not recorded in any of the reviewedzastupljenost vode nije evidentirana ni na areas.jednoj analiziranoj površini. Nedovoljnazastupljenost vode je evidentirana na Insufficient presence of water was recordedtačkama koje se raspoređene na južnoj in plots distributed in southern part of thepolovini države ( južnije od Nikšića, Cetinja state ( southern from Nikšić, Cetinje andi Podgorice i u primorju), gde je Podgorica and in the coast), where we hadkarakteristična pojava krečnjačkih masa the characteristic phenomena of limestonekao i uticaj mediteranske klime. Tačke koje masses as well as the Mediterraneansu „pale“ u sjevernom regionu države, i pod climate impact. Plots that „fell“ within theuticajem su kontinentalne klime, northern state region and are under thekarakterišu se dovoljnom zastupljenošću continental climate impact, arevode (slika 17). characterized by sufficient presence of water. (Figure 17).Slika 17/Figure 17.Karta dostupnosti vode Na BIT u Crnoj Gori/ Map of water accessibility in bio indication plots in Montenegro 48
  • 56. 6.5. Starost dominantnog sprata 6.5. Age of the dominant storeyU zavisnosti od starosti šumskog drveća Subject to the age of forest trees we haverazličit je intenzitet njegovih fizioloških the different intensity of their physiologicalfunkcija koji rezultiraju boljom functions resulting in better defenceodbrambenom mogućnošću na uticaj capabilities against stress and pollution,stresora i pojavu zagađenja kao i uticaja and other biotic and abiotic agents. Averagedrugih biotičkih i abiotičkih agenasa. age of dominant storey is defined through 7Srednja starost dominantnog sprata classes.definisana je kroz 7 klasa.Tabela 10 / Table 10. Starost dominantnog sprata/ Age of dominant storey 0 ≤ 20 1 21— 40 2 41— 60 3 61— 80 4 81—100 5 101—120 6 > 120 7 raznodobna /unevenaged Raspored klasa starosti u odnosu na bioindikacijske tačke prikazan je grafički./ Distribution of age classes in relation to bio indication plots is presented by graphs.Grafikon 7/Graph 7. Starost dominantnog sprata 7 6 5 Klasa starosti 4 3 2 1 0 1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23 25 27 29 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47 49 Redni broj BIT tačke 49
  • 57. Posmatranjem je utvrđeno da je na 20 It was identified after the observation thatposmatranih površina učešće starosti on 20 of observed areas age share of thestabala dominantnog sprata drveća od 21 trees of dominant storey was from 21 to 40do 40 godina (u klasi 1). U klasi 2 starosti years (in class 1). In class 2 where age ofdominantnog sprata od 41 –60 godina the dominant layer was from 41 –60 yearsnalazi se 12 primjernih površina. Starosna there are 12 sample plots. Age class 3, fromklasa 3 od 61-80 godina javila se na 7 61-80 years appeared in 7 observed bioposmatranih BIT. Raznodobne sastojine indication plots. Unevenaged stands wereprimjećene su u 4 slučaja. Mlade sastojine noticed in 4 cases. Young stands of up to 20do 20 godina starosti dominantnog sprata years old of dominant storey were recordedzabeležene su na 3 tačke. Na dva klastera in 3 plots. In two clusters, age of the upperStarost gornjeg sprata je bila između 81- storey was between 81-100 years, while100 godina dok je jedna površina one area was recorded as area of virginzabeležena kao površina prašumskog tipa forest type, where dominant storey age wasgde je starost dominantnog sprata assessed at more than 120 years .procenjena na više od 120 godina. 6.6. Plodonošenje drveća 6.6. Fructification of treesposmatranog na BIT u 2010 godini observed in bio indication plot in 2010Definicija DefinitionDefiniše kao procjena plodonošenja ukrošnji. Samo plodovi proizvedeni u godini It shall be defined as assessment ofocjene se uzimaju u obzir. fructification in the crown. Only fruit produced in the assessment year shall bePodaci o plodonošenju su korisni zbog taken into account.njegovog uticaja na karbon ekonomijustabla iz razloga što plodonošenje Fructification data shall be useful becausepreusmjerava energiju biljke iz drugih of their impact on carbon economy of treedjelova stabla. Može na taj način uticati i na because fructification shall redirect thebuduću strukturu grana drveta. Ovaj plant energy from other parts of the stem.parametar pogotovu kod bukve može Thus, it also may impact the futureobezbijediti veoma vrijednu informaciju. structure of tree branches. This parameter may provide a veryMetode valuable information, especially at beech.Prilikom posmatranja vrše se dvije ocjene: Methodsocjena dijela krošnje i cijele krošnje.Bodovanje je sledeće: Two evaluations shall be done at observation: evaluation of a part of the crown and entire crown. Scoring shall be as follows: 50
  • 58. - Ne postoji ili je oskudna. Plodovi nijesu - does not exist or is very poor. Fruit havezapaženi tokom površnog ispitivanja. not been spotted during the superficial- Često. Plodonošenje je jasno vidljivo. examination.- Obimno. Plodonošenje dominira u pojavi - Frequent. Fructification is clearly notable.stabla. - Abundant : Fructification dominating in stem appearance.Prilikom posmatranja tokom 2010 godine During the observation in 2010na najvećem broju stabala (1056) fructification did not exist in the largestplodonošenje nije postojalo ili je bilo number of trees (1056) or was very poor,oskudno, jasno vidljivo plodonošenje javilo clearly visible fructification appeared inse na 112 stabala dok je na 8 stabala bilo 112 trees, while in 8 trees it was veryveoma obimno. Grafički prikaz dat je na abundant. Graphic overview is given in theslici ispod. figure below.Grafikon 9/Graph 9. Plodonošenje drveća na BIT Ne postoji ili je oskudno Jasno vidljivo DominiraPlodonošenje drveća na BIT za 2010 godinu u Crnoj Gori/ Fructification of trees in bio indication plots for 2010in Montenegro 51
  • 59. 7. Defolijacija dekolorizacija i 7. Defoliation, decolorization oštećenja kruna drveća u and damages of tree crowns in 2010. godini 2010. 7.1. Defolijacija -2010 godina 7.1. Defoliation -2010Definicija DefinitionDefolijacija se definiše kao gubitak iglica / Defoliation shall be defined as loss oflišća u krošnji koja se može ocjenjivati u needles / leaves in the crown, which can beodnosu na referentno stablo. Vrši se ocjena evaluated compared to the reference tree.defolijacije bez obzira na uzrok gubitka Evaluation of defoliation shall be donelišća (odnosno, na primjer, obuhvata regardless to the cause of loosing leavesoštećenja koja izazivaju insekti). Defolijacija (that is, for example, it shall include themože obuhvatiti tanke krošnje nastale zbog damages caused by insects). Defoliationnedostatka lišća, imajući u vidu da je možda may include the thin crowns incurrednemoguće odvojiti ovo od istinske because of the lack of leaves, having indefolijacije. mind it would perhaps be impossible toOvo je jedna od standardnih ocjena koje se separate it from the actual defoliation.vrše na nivou I. Postoje značajni problemi This is one of the standard evaluationskod njene definicije, kao što je da done in level I. There are significantkompletna harmonizacija njene definicije i problems in defining it, such as thatmetode ocjene u različitim državama je complete harmonization of its definitionnemoguća. and evaluation method in different countries is impossible.Metode MethodsDefolijacija se ocjenjuje u 5% koraka. Ove Defoliation shall be evaluated in 5 steps.klase su 0.5 (>0-5%), 10 (>5-10%), itd. These classes are 0.5 (>0-5%), 10 (>5-Stablo sa defolijacijom između >95% i 10%), etc. Tree having defoliation between100%, koje je i dalje živo, se unosi kao 99. >95% and 100%, still alive, shall be enteredUkupan broj bodova od 100 je rezervisan za as 99. Total number of 100 scores shall bemrtva stabla (Regulativa EK). Stabla treba reserved for dead trees (EC regulation). Theuključiti u ovih 5% klasa, a ne u grupe. trees should be included in these 5% ofNa grafikonu 10. je prikazano učeće broja classes, and not in groups.stabala obuhvaćenih određenom klasom The graph 10 provides the share of numberdefolijacije. of trees included in certain class of defoliation. 52
  • 60. Grafikon 10 / Graph 10. Broj stabala 300 257 250 200 175 Broj stabala 162 151 150 126 128 100 60 46 50 19 20 16 3 6 3 2 1 1 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 Klasa defolijacije u %Učešće broja stabala bez obzira na vrstu drveća po procentnoj skali defolijacije/ Share of the number of treesregardless to tree species, as per the percentage defoliation scaleGrafikon 11/Graph 11. Broj stabala po klasama defolijacije 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 nema 0 – 10% slaba srednja > 25 – jaka > 60 – suva stabla > broj stabala (upozoravajuća) 60% 100% 100% >10 – 25%Ukupno učešće svih vrsta u odnosu na broj stabala po klasama defolijacije / Total share of all the speciescompared to the number of trees as per the defoliation classesSa grafikona br.11 se vidi da je najveći broj From graph no.11 it can be seen that thestabala obuhvaćenih posmatranjima (451) largest number of trees included inili 38,35 % bez defolijacije (do 10 % observations (451) or 38,35 % is withoutdefolijacije) ili sa slabom (439) što čini defoliation (up to 10 % of defoliation) or37,33% (u klasi od 10 do 25 % defolijacije) with weak defoliation (439) which makesdok je veoma mali broj stabala u klasi iznad 37,33% (in class from 10 to 25 % of60%. sa vidljivim gubitkom lišća/četina tj. defoliation) while a small number of treessa jakom defolijacijom. in class above 60%. Is with noticeable loss of leaves/needles, that is, with strong defoliation. 53
  • 61. Total share of broadleaves and conifersUkupno učešće lišćara i četinara sa with ratios between the number ofodnosom broja stabala lišćara u odnosu na broadleave trees compared to the conifers,četinare po klasama defolijacije prikazano per defoliation classes, has been presentedje na grafikonu 12. in Graph 12.Grafikon 12/Graph 12. Učešće lišćara i četinara po klasama defolijacije 350 300 250 200 Broj stabala 150 broj stabala lišćara 100 broj stabala četinara 50 0 nema 0 – slaba >10 – srednja > 25 jaka > 60 – suva stabla > 10% 25% – 60% 100% 100% Klase defolijacijeUčešće lišćarskih i četinarskih vrsta u odnosu na broj stabala po klasama defolijacije / Share of broadleave andconiferous species compared to the number of trees per defoliation classes.Sa grafikona se može primjetiti da je i u It can be seen from the Graph that in case ofslučaju lišćara i u slučaju četinara primjetan both the broadleaves and conifers we havesličan trend rasporeda broja stabala po a noticeably similar trend in distribution ofklasama defolijacije samo sa različitim number of trees per defoliation classes ,apsolutnim brojem stabala i jasno se only with different absolute number ofprimećuje da je najveći broj stabala bez trees and it can be clearly noticed that thedefolijacije ili sa slabom (čine 75,68% od largest number of trees is withoutukupnog broja posmatranih stabala), dok je defoliation or with a weak one (they makeveoma malo stabala (0,59% sa jakom 75,68% of total number of observeddefolijacijom. treesa), while there are a few trees (0,59% with strong defoliation). 54
  • 62. 7.1.1 Defolijacija – Lišćari 7.1.1 Defoliation – Broadleaves Struktura defolijacije kod lišćara prikazana Structure of defoliation at broadleaves is je po najvažnijim vrstama tabelarno i presented as per the most important grafički preko broja stabala i procenta species, in tables and graphs, through defolijacije: number of trees and percentage of defoliation.: Tabela 11/table 11. Defolijacija Lišćari Grab Maklen Bjelogra Bukva Crni Crni Cer Prnar Kitnjak običn bić jasen Grab iNema0- Br.stabala 22 8 28 108 42 23 48 8 2010% % 26,19 26,66 73,69 36,12 43,30 50,00 44,44 25,00 21,50Slaba Br.stabala 35 11 8 109 26 12 42 24 35>10-25% % 41,67 36,67 21,05 36,45 26,80 26,08 38,89 75,00 37,63Umjeren Br.stabala 27 11 2 76 29 11 18 - 38a % 32,14 36,67 5,26 25,42 29,90 23,92 16,67 0.00 40,87>25-60%Jaka Br.stabala - - - 6 - - - - ->60 - % 0,00 0,00 0,00 2,01 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00<100%Mrtvo Br.stabala - - - - - - - - -drvo % 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00100%Ukupno Br.stabala 84 30 38 299 97 46 108 32 93 % 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Defolijacija lišćarskih vrsta u 2010 godini/ Defoliation of broadleave species in 2010 Procentualno je kod lišćara izražena At broadleaves, the resistance to harmful otpornost prema štetnim uticajima i kao impacts is prominent when given in najotpornija vrsta pokazao se bjelograbić sa percentage, and the most resistant species 73,69 % stabala bez ikakve defolijacije, pa had been oriental hornbeam with 73,69 % crni grab sa 50,00% ili polovinom of trees without any defoliation, then hop posmatranih stabala. Veoma hornbeam with 50,00%, or half of the zadovoljavajuće stanje primećeno je u observed trees. Very satisfactory status has slučaju cera 44,44%, crnog jasena 43,30 % been observed in case of bitter oak 44,44%, i bukve 36,12% black ash 43,30 % and beech 36,12% . 55
  • 63. Grafikon 13 / Graph 13. 100 90 80 70 Mrtvo drvo 60 Jaka 50 Umjerena 40 Slaba 30 Nema 20 10 0 Grab obični Maklen Bijelograbić Bukva Crni jasen Crni Grab Cer Prnar KitnjakGrafički prikaz stepena defolijacije lišćara u 2010 godini/ Graphic overview of broadleaves defoliation level in2010 Kao najugroženija vrsta javlja se hrast Sessile flowered oak appears as one of the kitnjak gde je pojava da nema defolijacije most endangered species, where zabeležena tek na svakom 5 stablu phenomena to be without defoliation has (21,50%) i hrast prnar sa 25,00 % gde je been recorded only at each 5th tree svako 4 stablo bez defolijacije. Generalno (21,50%) and kermes oak with 25,00 % gledajući vrste roda Quercus (hrastovi) su where each fourth tree is without se pokazale kao najugroženije izuzev cera defoliation. Generally observed, species of koji pokazuje zadovoljavajuću otpornost. genus Quercus (oaks) have appeared as the most endangered ones, except for bitter oak which has shown satisfactory resistance. 56
  • 64. 7.1.2. Defolijacija – Četinari 7.1.2. Defoliation – ConifersStruktura defolijacije kod četinara Defoliation structure at conifers isprikazana je po najvažnijim vrstama presented according to the most importanttabelarno i grafički preko broja stabala i species, in tables and graphs through theprocenta defolijacije: number of trees and defoliation percentage:Tabela 12 / Table 12. Defolijacija Četinari Jela Smrča Crni borNema Br.stabala 33 42 330-10% % 33,00 41,17 47,15Slaba Br.stabala 46 45 24>10-25% % 46,00 44,12 34,28Umjerena Br.stabala 21 15 13>25-60% % 21,00 14,71 18,57Jaka Br.stabala - - ->60 - <100% % 0,00 0,00 0,00Mrtvo drvo Br.stabala - - -100% % 0,00 0,00 0,00Ukupno Br.stabala 100 102 70 % 100% 100% 100%Defolijacija četinarskih vrsta u 2010 godini / Defoliation of coniferous species in 2010.Procentualno je kod četinara izražena Resistance of conifers to harmful impactsotpornost prema štetnim uticajima i kao has been stated in percentage rates, and thenajotpornija vrsta pokazao se crni bor sa black pine has appeared as the most47,15 % stabala bez znakova defolijacije. resistant species with 47,15 % of treesVeoma zadovoljavajuće stanje primijećeno without defoliation signs. Very satisfactoryje kod smrče 41,17 %. status has been noted at spruce 41,17 %.Kao najugroženija vrsta javlja se jela gdje je Fir appears to be one of the mostbez znakova defolijacije konstatovano endangered species where each third treesvako 3 stablo 33,00 %. Slabija otpornost has been established without defoliationjele nije lokalna pojava i javlja kao ugrožena signs ,33,00 %. Poorer fir resistance is not avrsta na pojavu defolijacije širom Evrope. local phenomena , it appears as endangered species with appearance of defoliation throughout Europe. 57
  • 65. Upoređenjem raspodjele otpornosti kod After comparing distribution of resistanceposmatranih četinarskih vrsta u Crnoj Gori at observed coniferous species inprimjetan je veoma sličan trend kod svih Montenegro, we have noticed a very similarvrsta sa nešto većom ugroženošću jele što trend at all the species having the larger firse veoma jasno može vidjeti sa ilustracije vulnerability, which can clearly be seen(grafikon 14). from illustration (Graph 14).Grafikon 14/Graph 14. 100% 90% 80% Mrtvo drvo 70% Jaka 60% Umjerena 50% 40% Slaba 30% Nema 20% 10% 0% Jela Smrča Crni borGrafički prikaz stepena defolijacije četinara u 2010 godini./ Graphic overview of conifers defoliation level in2010. 58
  • 66. 7.2. Dekolorizacija – 2010 godina 7.2. Decolorization – 2010Definicija DefinitionPromjena boje lišća (dekolorizacija) Changes of leaves color (decolorisation)predstavlja indikator stanja kruna i presents the indicator of crown status andzdravstvenog stanja biljke. health plant condition.Na grafikonu 15. je prikazano učešće broja Graph 15 presents the share of number ofstabala bez obzira na vrstu, koje su trees regardless to the species, that arezahvaćene određenom klasom caught by specific class of decolorisation.dekolorizacije.Grafikon 15/Graph 15. Broj stabala po klasama dekolorizacije 1000 800 600 broj stabala 400 200 0 nema 0 – 10% slaba >10 – 25% srednja > 25 – 60% jaka > 60 - 100 suva stabla - 100%Ukupno učešće svih vrsta u odnosu na broj stabala po klasama dekolorizacije/ Total share of all the speciescompared to the number of trees, per decolorisation classes At the majority of observed trees (1000Kod najvećeg broja posmatranih stabala trees or 85%) we did not see any changes(1000 stabala ili 85%) nije imalo promjena in leaves color, while there was a very smallu boji lišća, dok je veoma mali broj stabala number of trees with strong changes ofsa jakom promjenom boje lišća koja je leave color which covered more than 60%zahvatila više od 60% asimilacione of assimilation area.površine. Generalno gledajući pojavadekolorizacije je u Crnoj Gori znatno manje Generally speaking, phenomena odizražena od defolijacije. decolorisation in Montenegro is significantly less prominent thanUčešće lišćarskih i četinarskih vrsta odnosa defoliation.broja stabala po klasama dekolorizacije uCrnoj Gori u 2010 godini prikazano je u Share of broadleave and coniferous species,narednom grafikonu. ratios between the number of trees per decolorisation classes in Montenegro in 2010 shall be presented in the following graph. 59
  • 67. Grafikon 16/Graph 16. Učešće lišćara i četinara po klasama dekolorizacije 800 700 600 500 Broj stabala 400 broj stabala lišćara 300 broj stabala četinara 200 100 0 nema 0 – slaba >10 – srednja > 25 jaka > 60 - suva stabla - 10% 25% – 60% 100 100% Klasa dekolorizacijeUčešće lišćarskih i četinarskih vrsta u odnosu na broj stabala po klasama dekolorizacije/ Share of broadleaveand coniferous species in relation to the number of trees per decolorisation classes.Sa grafikona se može primjetiti da je i u It can be seen from the graph that in case ofslučaju lišćara i u slučaju četinara primjetan both the broadleaes and conifers there issličan trend rasporeda broja stabala po the noticeable trend of distribution ofklasama dekolorizacije uzimajući u obzir number of trees per decolorisation classes ,različit apsolutni broj stabala i jasno se taking into account the different absoluteprimećuje da je najveći broj stabala bez number of trees, and it can be observeddekolorizacije ili sa slabom (čine 96,68% od that the largest number of trees is withoutukupnog broja posmatranih stabala), dok je decolorisation or withy a weak one (they3,23 % sa srednjim stepenom make 96,68% of total number of observeddekolorizacije i ostatak od 0,08% sa jakom trees), while 3,23 % is with averagedekolorizacijom. decolorisation level and the rest of 0,08% with strong decolorisation. 60
  • 68. 7.2.1. Dekolorizacija lišćari 7.2.1. Decolorisation of broadleavesStruktura dekolorizacije kod lišćara Structure of delorisation of broadleaves hasprikazana je po najvažnijim vrstama been presented as per the most importanttabelarno i grafički preko broja stabala i species in tables and graphs, according toprocenta dekolorizacije: the number of trees and percentage of decolorisation:Tabela 13/Table 13. Dekolorizacija Lišćari Grab Maklen Bijelograbić Bukva Crni Crni Cer Prnar Kitnjak obični jasen Grab Nema0- Br.stabala 54 30 37 246 96 44 88 32 85 10% % 64,28 100,00 97,37 82,27 98,97 95,66 81,48 100,00 91,40 Slaba Br.stabala 18 - 1 34 1 1 20 - 8 >10-25% % 21,43 0,00 2,63 11,37 1,03 2,17 18,52 0,00 8,60 Umjerena Br.stabala 12 - - 18 - 1 - - - >25-60% % 14,29 0,00 0,00 6,02 0,00 2,17 0,00 0,00 0,00 Jaka Br.stabala - - - 1 - - - - - >60 - % 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,34 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 <100% Mrtvo Br.stabala - - - - - - - - - drvo 100% % 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 Ukupno Br.stabala 84 30 38 299 97 46 108 32 93 % 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%Dekolorizacija lišćarskih vrsta u 2010 godini/ Decolorisation of broadleave species in 2010Procentualno izraženo u relativnim Stated in percentage and in relative values according to the leaves decolorisation thevrijednostima prema gubitku boje lišćanajveću otpornost su pokazali maklen i highest resistance was shown at maklen and kermes oak where at 100% ofprnar gdje na 100% posmatranih stabala observed trees we have not noticednije zapažena promjene boje asimilacionih changes of color of assimilation bodies. Weorgana. Takođe male su promjene uočene i have also noticed small changes at blackkod crnog jasena gdje dekolorizacije nema ash where at 98,97% there is nona 98,97% i kod bjelograbića na 97,37%. decolorization, and none at 97,37% of oriental hornbeam. 61
  • 69. Kao najugroženija vrsta javlja se obični We have the appearance of commongrab gdje je pojava da nema dekolorizacije hornbeam as the most endangered specieszapažena na 64,28 % stabala dok se cer i where we have noticed the phenomena ofbukva nalaze među srednje ugroženim sa not having any decolorisation in 64,28 % of81,48% odnosno 82,27% stabala bez trees, while bitter oak and beech fall underpojave promjene boje. medium endangered with 81,48%, that is 82,27% of trees without changes of colors.Dekolorizacija lišćara je u Crnoj Gori znatnomanje izražena od defolijacije lišćara što se Decolorisation of broadleaves inmože jasno uočiti poređenjem grafikona Montenegro is less prominent thandefolijacije i dekolorizacije lišćara. defoliation of broadleaves, which can be clearly spotted by comparing the graphs of defoliation and decolorisation of broadleaves.Grafikon 17/Graph 17. 100% 90% 80% 70% Mrtvo drvo 60% Jaka 50% Umjerena 40% Slaba 30% Nema 20% 10% 0% Grab obični Maklen Bijelograbić Bukva Crni jasen Crni Grab Cer Prnar KitnjakGrafički prikaz stepena dekolorizacije lišćara na BIT u 2010 godini./ Graphic overview of broadleaves level ofdecolorisation in 2010. 7.2.2. Dekolorizacija četinari 7.2.2. Decolorisation of conifersStruktura dekolorizacije kod četinara Structure of decolorisation at conifers isprikazana je po najvažnijim vrstama presented according to the most importanttabelarno i grafički preko broja stabala i species in tables and graphs, through theprocenta dekolorizacije: number of trees and percentage of decolorisation: 62
  • 70. Tabela 14/Table 14. Dekolorizacija Četinari Jela Smrča Crni bor Nema Br.stabala 59 91 70 0-10% % 59,00 89,21 100,00 Slaba Br.stabala 38 8 - >10-25% % 38,00 7,84 0 Umjerena Br.stabala 3 3 - >25-60% % 3,00 2,94 0 Jaka Br.stabala - - - >60 - <100% % 0 0 0 Mrtvo drvo Br.stabala - - - 100% % 0 0 0 Ukupno Br.stabala 100 102 70 % 100% 100% 100%Dekolorizacija četinarskih vrsta u 2010 godini/ Decolorisation of coniferous species in 2010Posmatrano u relativnim vrijednostima Observed in relative values according to theprema podacima koji su dati tabelarno i data provided in tables and graphs it can begrafički vidi se da kod četinara najveću seen that when speaking about conifers theotpornost prema gubitku boje iglica black pine shows highest resistance topokazuje crni bor gde na 100% decolorisation of needles , where at 100%posmatranih stabala nije zapažena of observed trees we did not notice changespromjene boje asimilacionih organa. in color of assimilation bodies. Also, smallerTakođe manje su promjene uočene kod changes have been noticed at spruce wheresmrče gde dekolorizacije nema na 89,21%. there is no decolorisation on 89,21%.Najugroženiji četinar u Crnoj Gori u 2010 The most vulnerable conifer in Montenegrogodini je jela sa svega 59,0% stabala bez in 2010 is fir, with only 59,0% of treesikakvih znakova defolijacije. Jela se inače without any defoliation signs. Anyway, firpokazala u cijeloj Evropi kao ugrožena has appeared to be the species vulnerablevrsta na pojavu sušenja. to drying phenomena, throughout Europe.Primjetno je da je dekolorizacija četinara It is noticeable that decolorisation ofznatno manje izražena od defolijacije conifers is less prominent then defoliationčetinara (grafikon 18). of conifers. (Graph 18).Grafikon 18/Graph 18. 100% 80% Mrtvo drvo Jaka 60% Umjerena Slaba 40% Nema 20% 0% Jela Smrča Crni borGrafički prikaz stepena dekolorizacije četinara na BIT u 2010 godini./ Graphic overview of decolorisation levelof conifers in bio indication plots in 2010. 63
  • 71. 7.3. Oštećenja 7.3. DamagesDefinicije DefinitionsOštećenje se definiše kao mijenjanje ili Damage shall be defined as changing ornarušavanje dijela stabla, što može imati damaging a part of the tree, which maynepovoljan uticaj na njegovu sposobnost da have an unfavorable impact on its ability ofvrši svoje funkcije. Oštećenje proizilazi iz performing its functions. Damage shallocjene defolijacije i dekolorizacije i iz result from evaluation of defoliation andnjihovih veličina koje su razvrstane po decolorisation and from their sizesklasama. Poređenjem ovih vrijednosti distributed throughout classes. Afterprema priloženoj tabeli (tabela 5) i comparing these values according to theukrštanjem njihovih veličina proizlaze table (table 5) and crossing their sizes werazličiti stepeni oštećenosti lišćarskih i shall have the resulting different levela ofčetinarskih vrsta koji su indentifikovani u damage in broadleave and coniferousCrnoj Gori na posmatranim površinama. species in Montenegro in the observedNjegova ocjena je izvedena kao areas. Its evaluation was done as therezultirajuća klasa i predstavlja jedan od resulting class and presents one of the mostnajvažnijih uvida u zdravstveno stanje important insights into the health status ofposmatranih vrsta. observed species.Učešće broja stabala bez obzira na vrstu na Share of number of trees, regardless to theposmatranim površinama razvrstano po species in observed areas and classified inklasama oštećenja dato je na grafikonu 19. damage classes is given in Graph 19.Grafikon 19 / Graph 19. Broj stabala po klasama oštećenja 900 800 700 600 500 400 broj stabala 300 200 100 0 nema 0 – 10% slaba >10 – srednja > 25 – jaka > 60 - 100 suva stabla - 25% 60% 100%Ukupno učešće svih vrsta u odnosu na broj stabala po klasama oštećenja/ Total share of all the species inrelation to the number of trees per damage classesSa grafikona se vidi da je najveći broj It can be seen from the Graph that thestabala (bez obzira na vrstu) obuhvaćenih largest number of trees (regardless to theposmatranjima (814) bez oštećenja, species) included in observation (814) are without damages, 64
  • 72. dakle u klasi (do 10 %) ili sa slabim thus, in class (of up to 10 %) or with a lowintenzitetom oštećenja (264 stabla) u klasi intensity damage (264 trees) in class fromod 10 do 25 %, dok je veoma mali broj 10 to 25 %, while a small number of trees isstabala u klasi iznad 60%, svega 28 stabala in class above 60%, total of 28 trees withsa vidljivim oštećenjem. Učešće lišćarskih i visible damages.četinarskih vrsta odnosa broja stabala po Share of broadleave and coniferous speciesklasama oštećenja u Crnoj Gori u 2010 in relation to the number of trees pergodini prikazano je na grafikonu 20. damage classes in Montenegro, in 2010, is presented in Graph 20.Grafikon 20/Graph 20. Učešće lišćara i četinara po klasama oštećenja 700 600 500 400 Broj stabala 300 broj stabala lišćara 200 broj stabala četinara 100 0 nema 0 – slaba >10 – srednja > 25 jaka > 60 – suva stabla > 10% 25% – 60% 100% 100% Klasa oštećenjaUčešće lišćarskih i četinarskih vrsta u odnosu na broj stabala po klasama oštećenja / Share of broadleave andconiferous species in relation to the number of trees per damage classes. 65
  • 73. 7.3.1. Oštećenja lišćari 7.3.1. Damages of broadleaves Vrijednosti učešća različitih kategorija Share values of different damage categories oštećenosti kod najzastupljenijih lišćarskih at most spread broadleave species in vrsta u Crnoj Gori date su na sledećem Montenegro are given in the following tabelarnom i grafičkom pregledu tabular and graphic overview. Tabela 15/Table 15. Oštećenja Lišćari Grab Maklen Bijelograbić Bukva Crni Crni Cer Prnar Kitnjak obični jasen GrabNema0- Br.stabala 43 19 35 208 67 35 80 32 4910% % 51,19 63,33 92,10 69,56 69,07 76,10 74,07 100,00 52,68Slaba Br.stabala 21 11 3 43 29 9 28 - 43>10-25% % 25,00 36,67 7,90 14,38 29,90 19,56 25,93 0,00 46,24Umjerena Br.stabala 17 - - 29 1 1 - - 1>25-60% % 20,24 0,00 0,00 9,70 1,03 2,17 0,00 0,00 1,08Jaka Br.stabala 3 - - 19 - 1 - - ->60 - % 3,57 0,00 0,00 6,36 0,00 2,17 0,00 0,00 0,00<100%Mrtvo Br.stabala - - - - - - - - -drvo 100% % 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00Ukupno Br.stabala 84 30 38 299 97 46 108 32 93 % 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Oštećenja lišćara BIT 2010/ Damages of broadleaves in bio indication plots in 2010 Posmatrajući oštećenja lišćarskih vrsta , After observing the damages of broadleave izražena u relativnim vrijednostima species , expressed in relative values it is primjetno je da se kao najotpornija vrsta noticeable that kermes oak has appeared as pokazao hrast prnar (Quercus coccifera) one of the most resistant species (Quercus gdje ni na jednom stablu nisu zapažena coccifera) where damages have not been oštećenja. Veliku otpornost je pokazao spotted at any of the trees. High resistance bjelograbić sa 92,10% stabala bez znakova was shown by oriental hornbeam with oštećenja. 92,10% of trees without damage signs. Kao najosjetljivije vrste lišćara pokazali su Common hornbeam and sessile flowered se obični grab i kitnjak, gdje je polovina oak have appeared as the most sensitive posmatranih stabala bez oštećenja (obični broadleave species, where half of the grab 51,19% i kitnjak 52,68%) dok se observed trees have been without any bukva po osetljivosti , nalazi na sredini sa damages (common hornbeam 51,19% and 69,56% stabala bez ikakvih znakova sessile flowered oak 52,68%) while oštećenja. according to the sensitivity beech is in the middle, with 69,56% of trees without any damage signs. 66
  • 74. Veličina oštećenja kod lišćarskih vrsta Size of damages at broadleave species isproporcionalno se nalazi na sredini između proportionally located in the middle,defolijacije i dekolorizacije što je moguće between defoliation and decolorisation,uočiti poređenjem grafičkih pregleda ovih which is possible to notice by comparingpojava (grafikon 21). graphic overviews of these phenomena. (Graph 21).Grafikon 21/graph 21. 100% 80% Mrtvo drvo 60% Jaka Umjerena 40% Slaba Nema 20% 0% Grab obični Maklen Bijelograbić Bukva Crni jasen Crni Grab Cer Prnar KitnjakPrikaz stepena oštećenja lišćara na BIT u 2010 godini/ Overview of level of broadleaves damage in bioindication plots in 2010 7.3.2. Oštećenja četinari 7.3.2. Damages of broadleaves Values of share of different categories ofVrijednosti učešća različitih kategorija damages at most spread coniferous speciesoštećenosti kod najzastupljenijih in Montenegro are given in the followingčetinarskih vrsta u Crnoj Gori date su na tabular and graphic overview.sledećem tabelarnom i grafičkom pregledu 67
  • 75. Tabela 16/Table 16. Oštećenja Četinari Jela Smrča Crni bor Nema Br.stabala 54 80 57 0-10% % 54,00 78,43 81,43 Slaba Br.stabala 32 16 13 >10-25% % 32,00 15,69 18,57 Umjerena Br.stabala 11 4 - >25-60% % 11,00 3,92 0,00 Jaka Br.stabala 3 2 - >60 - <100% % 3,00 1,96 0,00 Mrtvo drvo Br.stabala - - - - 100% % 0,00 0,00 0,00 Ukupno Br.stabala 100 102 70 % 100% 100% 100%Oštećenja četinara BIT 2010/ Damages of conifers in bio indication plots 2010Kod četinara najmanje pojave oštećenja At conifers, the smallest damagezabilježene su kod crnog bora gde na phenomena have been recorded at black81,43% posmatranih stabala nema pine, where at 81,43% of observed treesoštećenja dok je približna situacija i sa there have been no damages, while thesmrčom koja je nešto osetljivija sa 78,43% . similar situation , slightly more sensitive, isKao najosjetljivija se pokazala jela sa with spruce with 78,43% . Fir has turned46,00% stabala sa raznim stepenima out to be the most sensitive with 46,00% ofoštećenja. trees with different levels of damage.Generalno posmatrajući, raspodjela Generally looking, distribution of damagesoštećenja analiziranih četinarskih vrsta at reviewed coniferous species is verydosta sliči raspodjeli dekolorizacije četinara similar to distribution of decolorisation ofšto se objašnjava činjenicom da kod conifers, which is explained by the fact thatčetinara iglice dugo ostaju na stablu i posle at conifers needles stay on the tree for apromjene boje, te da pojava dekolorizacije long time even after changing the colour,nije praćena pojavom defolijacije istog and the phenomena of decolorisation is notintenziteta. Grafički prikaz oštećenja na followed by defoliation phenomena of thenajvažnijim vrstama četinara u Crnoj Gori same intensity. Graphic overview ofdat je pregledno na grafikonu 22. damages in the most important coniferous species in Montenegro is given in Graph 22.Grafikon 22. Prikaz stepena oštećenja četinara na BIT u 2010 godini /Graph 22. Overview of the damagelevel of conifers in bio indication plots in 2010 100% 90% 80% 70% Mrtvo drvo Jaka 60% Umjerena 50% Slaba 40% Nema 30% 20% 10% 0% Jela Smrča Crni bor 68
  • 76. 8. Sumarna ocjena 8. Summarized evaluation of defolijacije, dekolorizacije i defoliation, decolorisation oštećenja u 2010. godini and damages in 2010. Uporedna analiza defolijacije, Comparative analysis of defoliation,dekolorizacije, kao i njihove kombinovane decolorisation and their combinedocjene kod četinara i lišćara, predstavljena evaluation at conifers and broadleaves isje u tabeli 17. i na grafikonu 23 u provided in Table 17 and in the Graph 23 inapsolutnim i relativnim odnosima. absolute and relative ratios.Tabela 17 / Table 17. Sumarna ocjena defolijacije, dekolorizacije i oštećenja Defolijacija Dekolorizacija Oštećenja Lišćari Četinari Lišćari Četinari Lišćari ČetinariNema0-10% Br.stabala 336 116 766 234 611 203 % 37,84 40,27 86,26 81,25 68,81 70,49Slaba Br.stabala 318 120 89 48 201 63>10-25% % 35,81 41,67 10,02 16,67 22,63 21,88Umjerena Br.stabala 227 52 32 6 53 17>25-60% % 25,56 18,06 3,60 2,08 5,97 5,90Jaka Br.stabala 7 - 1 - 23 5>60 -<100% % 0,79 0,00 0,11 0,00 2,59 1,73Mrtvo drvo Br.stabala - - - - - - 100% % 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00Ukupno Br.stabala 888 288 888 288 888 288 % 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%Sumarna ocjena defolijacije, dekolorizacije i oštećenja / Summarized evaluation of defoliation, decolorisationand damages Može se uočiti da je defolijacija kod It can be perceived that defoliationlišćara i četinara podjednako zastupljena, is equally present at both conifers andali je i kod jednih i kod drugih duplo broadleaves, but it is twice more frequentučestalija od dekolorizacije. at both of them than decolorisation.Lišćari imaju jače izraženu defolijaciju zbog Broadleaves have more prominentsvojih bioloških karakteristika da odbacuju defoliation because of their biologiclišće svake godine, zbog čega su kod njih characteristics of rejecting leaves each year,ova oštećenja učestalija. Ova karakteristika which is the reason these damages arese nije mnogo odrazila na kombinovanoj more frequent at them. This characteristicsprocjeni defolijacije i dekolorizacije koja je did not reflect much on combinediskazana kroz ukupna oštećenja gde je assessment of defoliation and decolorisation which is stated through total 69
  • 77. situacija kod lišćara i kod četinara približno damages, where situation at broadleavesista u relativnim iznosima. and conifers is approximately the same in relative amounts.Grafikon 23/Graph 23. Sumarna ocjena defolijacije, dekolorizacije i oštećenja 100% 80% 60% suva stabla - 100% jaka > 60 –<100% 40% srednja > 25 – 60% slaba >10 – 25% 20% nema 0 – 10% 0% broj stabala broj stabala broj stabala broj stabala broj stabala broj stabala lišćara četinara lišćara četinara lišćara četinara defolijacija dekolorizacija oštećenjaPrikaz sumarna ocjena defolijacije, dekolorizacije i oštećenja/ Overview of summarized evaluation ofdefoliation, decolorisation and damages 70
  • 78. 9. Zaključna razmatranja 9. Final considerations Među štetnim agensima u šumskim Among harmful agents within forestekosistemima konstantovani su i brojni eco systems there are also many causes ofprouzrokovači bolesti, štetočine, kao i diseases and pests, as well as causes ofuzročnici abiotičkog i antropogenog abiotic and antropogenous origin.porijekla. Sve grupe uzročnika po According to the methodology that ismetodologiji koja je u primjeni u applied within the research in Bioistraživanju na Bioindikacijskim tačkama su indication plots, all the groups of causessvrstane u grupe prema sledećoj tabeli: have been classified in groups, as per the following table:Tabela 18 / Table 18. Grupa uzročnika / Group of agents Divljač i stoka / Wildlife and livestock Insekti / Insects Gljive / Fungi Abiotički faktori / Abiotic origin Uticaj čovjeka / Human influence Požar / Forest fire Polutanti / Pollutants Ostalo / Other Faktor ustanovljen ali neindetifikovan) / established but unknown factor Grupe uzročnika po ICPF metodologiji/ Groups of causes according to the ICPF methodology Uzročnici biološkog porijekla kao što Causes of biological origin such as game,su divljač, insekti i gljive su prateći insects and fungi, are anciliary organisms oforganizmi prirodnih ekosistema i njih je u natural eco systems and they are possiblenormalnim uslovima moguće kontrolisati. to control under normal conditions. OnlyJedino pri uslovima pojave prenamnoženja under the conditions of excessnekog biotičkog faktora remeti se prirodni multiplication of a biotic factor the naturalsklad i te pojave u velikoj mjeri utiču na harmony shall be disturbed, and thosezdravstveno stanje šumskog drveća. phenomena shall to a significant extentBiološke štetne bolesti se nazivaju još i have impact on health status of forest trees.infektivne bolesti jer se mogu prenijeti na Biologic harmful diseases are also calledokolne zdrave biljke. infectuous diseases because they can be transferred to the surrounding healthy plants. 71
  • 79. Infektivne bolesti izazvane Infectuous plants caused by parasiteparazitnim gljivama nazivaju se (mikoze), fungi are also called (mycosis), bacteriabakterijama (bakterioze), virusima (bakteriosis), viruses (virosis), micro(viroze), mikroplazmatičnim organizmima, plasmatic organisms, algae (ficosis), lichensalgama (fikoze), lišajevima (lihenoze) a (lichenosis) and may be caused bymogu biti izazvane i nematodama i nematodes and parasite flowering plants.parazitnim cvetnicama. Of all of these causes , the most Od svih ovih uzročnika najveći significant are mycosis, that is, diseasesznačaj imaju mikoze tj. bolesti izazvane caused by pathogenous fungi. Insects aspatogenim gljivama. pests on the plants are especially Insekti kao štetočine na biljkama dangerous for coniferous forests and theposebno su opasni po četinarske šume i largest damages are caused by bark beetles,najveće štete pričinjavaju potkornjaci especially when appearing in gradations.posebno kada se jave u gradacijama. Appearance of gradations, Pojave gradacija, polucija ili contaminations or excess multiplication doprenamnoženja se ne dešavaju u dugim not happen in other time periods, primarilyvremenskim periodima, prevashodno jer se bacause by application of permanentkonstantnim monitoringom i monitoring and timely reaction of forestblagovremenom reakcijom šumarskih protection services their appearance isslužbi za zaštitu, pokušava spriječiti njihovo tried to be prevented. Characteristics ofnastajanje. Karakteristika pojave ovih appearance of these causes is that isuzročnika je što se javlja najčešće na appears more frequently in a restrictedograničenom prostoru (lokalno ili area (locally or regionally), theirregionalno), njihova pojava je nagla i traje appearance is sudden and lasts for aograničen vremenski period. restricted period of time. Uzročnici abiotičkog porijekla Causes of abiotic origin, especiallyposebno polutanti iz vazduha djeluju na air pollutants, act in a more complexmnogo kompleksniji način. Ova oštećenja se manner. These damages are also called notnazivaju neinfektivna, a ovdje se ubrajaju infectuous ones, and here we include all thesvi poremećaji i oštećenja koja nastaju pod disturbances and damages appearing underuticajem nepovoljnih klimatskih i edafskih the impact of unfavourable climate andfaktora. Ove bolesti su uzrokovane edaphic factors. These diseases are causeaerozagađenjem, suviše niskom ili suviše dby aero pollution, extremely low orvisokom temperaturom, nedostatkom ili extremely high temperature, lack orprevelikom vlagom zemljišta, prevelikom extreme soil humidity, excess acidity orkisjelošću ili bazičnošću zemljišta, alkalinity of soil, mechanical effect of wind,mehaničkim dejstvom vjetra, snijega, grada, snow, hail, thunder, etc. Contrary to thegroma isl. Ovi uzročnici za razliku od biological origin causes, these ones cannotuzročnika biološkog porijekla ne mogu se be controlled by management measures orkontrolisati mjerama gazdovanja ili protection measures.mjerama zaštite. The chain of changes they induce in Lanac promjena koji izazivaju u ecocostem is changing the composition ofekosistemu mijenja sastav vazduha, air, soil and even pathogens to the extentzemljišta čak i patogena do te mjere da that they impact the presence of certainutiču na prisustvo nekih patogena ili pathogens or pests, which may even beštetočina što može da bude čak poželjno jer desirous because they also becomei oni postaju indikatori kvaliteta sredine. indicators of environmental quality. 72
  • 80. Kontinuirano zagađivanje šuma Continuous pollution of forests byimisijama štetnih materija djeluje veoma emission of harmful matters has a verynepovoljno na biljke, Neke od toksičnih detrimental effect to the plants. Some of thematerija djeluju tako što se akumuliraju u toxic matters act in the manner theybiljkama i ne primjete se do izvjesnog praga accummulate in plants and are nottolerancije biljke dok druge direktno perceived until the certain tollerance limittoksično djeluju na biljku i izazivaju of the plant , while others directly toxicallypromjene u njenoj ćeliskoj strukturi act on the plant and cause changes withinasimilacionih organa pa i u cijeloj biljci. its cell structure of assimilation organs, and in the entire plant. Kompleksno djelovanje ovih Complex actions are such that abioticstresora je i takvo da abiotički faktori utiču factor has impact on plants immunity,na imunitet biljaka što ih predisponira za which is predisposing it for attacks of somenapad nekih biotičkih faktora sredine, koji biotic environmental factors whichu sukcesiji nastavljaju proces sušenja do continue the drying process in thepotpunog propadanja (umiranja) šuma. succession, until total decay (dying) of Zbog složenosti djelovanja, forests.zajedničkog nadovezivanja i kompleksnosti Because of the complexity of actions,faktora kao i zbog različitih karakteristika joint contcatenation and complexity ofpojedinih biljnih vrsta i različitog stepena factors and because of the differentotpornosti različitih sorti i u okviru iste characteristics of individual plant speciesvrste nije moguće jednostavno objasniti and different degree of resistance ofproces i izazivače umiranja šuma i dati different sorts within the same species it isjednostavan odgovor koji bi predstavljao not possible to explain the process in arješenje problema. Najčešća greška kod simple manner and causes of dying ofposmatranja reakcije biljke na kompleksno forests and provide a simple answer as adjelovanje faktora abiotičke i biotičke solution of the problem. The most frequentprirode je navođenje na pogrešan zaključak mistake at observing the reaction of plantda je za sušenje šuma glavni krivac to complex actions of abiotic and bioticprimarni faktor kao prvi uzrok nastalih factors is allegating to the wrongposledica ili da je poslednji agens sukcesije conclusion that as far as the drying ofnajznačajniji. forests is concerned the main perpetrator is Posebne vrste šteta nastaju od the primary factor, as the first cause ofpožara kada biva uništen dio ili čitavo incurred consequences, or that the laststablo i šteta je nastala na većoj površini. agent of succession is the most significantPosebno su štetni visoki požari (gore one.krošnje šumskog drveća) i kombinovani Special types of damages cause fromniski i visoki požari kada nastaje šteta i u fire, when a part or entire tree is destroyedkrošnji i u prizemnom sloju. Ukoliko je and the damage is incurred in a larger area.oštećen dio stabla te biljke bivaju Especially detrimental are high fires (forestpodložnije napadu sekundarnih štetočina i trees crowns are burning) and combinedbolesti. low and high fire when we have the damages in both the crown and ground storey. If a part of the tree is damaged, those plants become more susceptible to attacks of secondary pests and diseases. 73
  • 81. Ovakve štete su uzrokovane rjeđe Such damages are rarely causedprirodno (udar groma) i najčešće naturaly (thunderstorm) and morenepažnjom ili čak namjerom čovjeka frequently by negligence or even intentionally. Dobrim mjerama predohrane By good measures of preservation(uklanjanje lako zapaljivih materijala iz (elimination of easily flammable materialsšume, izrada protivpožarnih prepreka, from forests, manufacturing fire fightingnadzor i propaganda), mjerama barriers, supervision and propaganda),presupresije (organizacione i tehničke measures of presupression (organizationalpripreme za rano otkrivanje i lokalizovanje and technical preparations for earlypožara u kritičnim periodima) kao i detection and localization of fire in criticalorganizacijom protiv požarne službe ove periods) as well as by organization of fireštete je moguće redukovati na znatno fighting service, these damages shall bemanju mjeru. possible to reduce to a significantly lower level. Požari izazivaju velike štete u Crnoj Fire cause huge damages inGori na šumama naročito u periodu ljeta Montenegrin forests, especially duing(jul –avgust) kada su temperature summer (july –august) when temperaturesmaksimalne i to posebno u slučaju dužih are maximum, especially in case of longersušnih perioda. Na požare su posebno dry periods. Species having thinner barkosjetljive vrste sa tanjom korom i četinari and conifers because of their resin contentzbog sadržaja smole. are especially susceptible to fire. Uticaj čovjeka na ekosistem šuma je Human impact on forest ecosistemdirektan i indirektan. Direktan uticaj je kroz can be felt both as direct and indirect.nesavjesno ponašanje prema šumi, ilegalne Direct impact is through negligentsječe ili sječe na velikoj površini, oštećenja treatment of forests, illegal feling ornastala prilikom obaranja i prilikom harvesting in a large area, damagesizvlačenja posječene drvne mase kao i incurred when felling or skidding ofprejakim zahvatima koji ugrožavaju harvested wood mass and also by excessivestabilnost šumskih sastojina, dok je grips endangering the stability of forest ecoposredan uticaj kroz zagađenje zemljišta i systems, while we have the indirect impactvazduha. through pollution of soil and air. Na stablima su prilikom During the observations, the variousposmatranja konstatovana različita damages as per the types and kinds ofoštećenja prema tipovima i vrstama causes were established on the trees.uzročnika. 74
  • 82. Grafikon 24/Graph 24. Odnos broja stabala sa uzročnikom oštećenja na BIT u 2010 600 500 400 Bez oštećenja Broj stabala 300 Divljač i stoka Insekti 200 Gljive 100 Abiotički faktori 0 Uticaj čovjeka ti e ri a r i nja k a se k ljiv kt o k ož a va n Požar će s to In G vje P ko š te i k i fa čo ti fi Neindetifikovani ač aj zo vlj io tič tic de Be Di Ab U in Ne Faktori prouzrokovači oštećenja Odnos broja stabala i tipa oštećenja na BIT u 2010 godini/ Ratio of the number of trees and type of damage inbio indication plot in 2010.Sa grafikona je uočljivo da je najveći broj It is visible from the graph that the largeststabala (551 stablo) ipak bio bez ikakvih number of trees (551 tree) has beenoštećenja, što predstavlja 46,85 % od without any damages, which representsukupnog broja posmatranih stabala, dakle 46,85 % of total number of observed trees,gotovo polovina stabala je bez oštećenja thus, almost half of the trees have beendok je druga polovina sa nekom vrstom without damages, while other half has beenoštećenja. Na velikom broju stabala with a kind of damage. The damage hasregistrovano je oštećenje, ali nije bilo been registered in a large number of trees,moguće sa sigurnošću indetifikovati but it has not been possible to identify theprimarnog uzročnika (300 stabala ili cause for certain (300 trees or 25,51%)25,51%) čemu se mora pokloniti pažnja u which must be paid to attention in futurenarednim istraživanjima. research. Od biotičkih činilaca, najčešći Out of biotic factors, the mostprouzrokovači oštećenja bili su insekti i frequent causes of damage were insectsgljive. Pojava insekata i oštećenja koja and fungi. Phenomena of insects andprouzrokuju primjećena je na 174 stabla damages they cause was noticed on 174(14,80%) dok je pojava biljnih bolesti trees (14,80%) , while phenomena of plantprimjećena na 49 stabala (4,17%). diseases was noticed on 49 trees (4,17%). Od abiotičkih činilaca registrovana As far as abiotic factors aresu oštećenja od klimatskih ekstrema concerned there were damages from(mrazopucine i oštećenja lista, vetrolomi i climate extremes (frost cracks and leavesvetroizvale, snegolomi i snegoizvale i upale damages, windthrows, snow slides andkore na 39 stabala. snow throws and bark blisters on 39 trees. 75
  • 83. Na BIT konstantovana su i oštećenja Human caused damages were alsoantropogenog porijekla ( najčešće prilikom stated (most frequently after skidding andizvlačenja i rušenja stabala) i ove pojave su felling of trees) and these phenomena werezapažene na 53 stabla. perceived on 53 trees. Oštećenja nastala šumskim Damages caused by forest fires werepožarima primjećena su na 16 stabala što perceived on 16 trees, which represents thepredstavlja učešće od 1,36% što je veoma share of 1,36% , which is a very satisfyingzadovoljavajući pokazatelj, ali uzimajući u indicator, but taking into account that 2010obzir da je 2010 godina bila obilježena was marked by extremely large amount ofekstremno velikom količinom padavina i precipitations and floods this data will havepojavom poplava na ovaj podatak će se to be taken into account within the futuremorati obratiti pažnja u narednim researches.istraživanjima. 76
  • 84. 9.1. Oštećenja biotičkog porijekla 9.1. Damages of biotic origin Biotic origin damages were perceived Oštećenja biotičkog porijekla on total of 225 trees, which makes 19,13%primjećena su na ukupno 225 stabala što of total damages, thus, almost eachčini 19,13% ukupnih oštećenja, dakle observed tree had a damage caused bygotovo svako 5 posmatrano stablo je sa biotic origin. The smallest share of damagesoštećenjem nastalim biotičkim porijeklom. in absolute values of biotic damagesNajmanje je učešće oštećenja u apsolutnim belongs to those caused by game and cattlevrijednostima od biotičkih oštećenja su ona and that type of damages had been noticedkoja su prozrokovala divljač i stoka i ta only on 2 trees, while the largest share ofvrsta oštećenja je primjećena svega na 2 damages is the one caused by insects.stabla dok je najveće učešće oštećenja koja Damages were also perceived onprouzrokuju insekti. Oštećenja su broadleave and coniferous tree species andprimjećena i na lišćarskim i na četinarskim are equally distributed in relation to thevrstama drveća i ravnomjerno su share of species and to the total number ofraspoređena u odnosu na učešće vrsta kao i observed trees.u odnosu na ukupni broj posmatranihstabala.9.1.1.Oštećenja od insekata 9.1.1. Damages caused by insects U istraživanjima štetne entomofaune In the researches of etnomofaunaotkriven je veliki broj insekata koji žive na we have discovered a large number ofraznim organima drvenastih biljaka. insects living in different organs of woody Prema dijelu biljke koji nastanjuju i plants.gdje se hrane, mogu se podijeliti u tri According to the part of the plantosnovne grupe: insekti koji se hrane they live in and feed, they can be dividedsisajući biljne sokove iz lista i grana, insekti into three main groups: insects that feed bykoji se hrane tkivima lista, bilo da žive sucking plant juices from leaves andslobodno ili skriveno u minama i galama i branches, insects fed by leave tissues,insekti koji žive i hrane se u drvetu. whether living freely or hidden in mine and Kada govorimo o insektima koji se gals and insects living and fed in the tree.javljaju na šumskom drveću prema ICPF When speaking about the insectsmetodologiji razvrstani su u sledeće grupe occuring on forest trees, according to the(tabela 19, 20). ICPF methodology they are classified into following groups (Table 19, 20). 77
  • 85. Tabela 19/Table 19.Vrste insekata na četinarima i oštećenja koja prouzrokuju/ Types of insects on conifers and damages they cause 78
  • 86. Tabela 20/Table 20. Vrste insekata na lišćarima i oštećenja koja prouzrokuju/ Types of insects on broadleaves and damages theycause 79
  • 87. Prilikom posmatranja na BIT During the observation on biotačkama u Crnoj Goru u 2010 zapažena su indication plots in Montenegro in 2010 thesledeća oštećenja od insekata. following insect damages were noticed. Na lišćarskim vrstama oštećenja su On broadleave species the damagesnajviše izražena na najzastupljenijim were most prominent on the most presentvrstama bukvi i hrastovima. Dok se kod species of beech and oak., while damagesčetinara oštećenja javljaju najviše na jeli, ali on conifers were mainly seen on fir, buti na smrči i borovima. also on spruce and pine trees. Lymantria dispar - Gubar – Lymantria dispar – Gypsy moths –najopasnija štetočina šumskog drveća kod the most dangerous pest of forest treesnas (slika 18,19). here (Figure 18,19).Prilikom ovog posmatranja zabilježena je u During this observation it was noticed inpojedinačnim slučajevima na BIT tačkama individual cases on bio indication plots 2525 i 8. Pripada gradogenim insektima, and 8. It belongs to the outbreaking insects,odnosno povremeno se javlja u gradacijama that is, ocassionally appears in gradationssa visokim i vrlo visokim populacionim with high and very high population level.nivoom. Kao polifaga, gubar se hrani lišćem As polyphagous, gypsy moth is fed by leavespreko 200 vrsta biljaka (oštećuje i of more than 200 plant species (damagesčetinare), u gradacijama vrlo velika conifers as well), in gradations causes hugeoštećenja nanosi šumskom drveću, ali i damages to forest trees and also fruitvoćnjacima pa i drugim poljoprivrednim orchards and other agricultural cultures.kulturama. Najčešće napada hrast, bukvu, Subjects of his attacks are most frequentlygrab, crnu topolu, jablan i druge lišćare. oak, beech, hornbeam, black poplar, poplar and other broadleaves. Slika 18/Figure 18. Slika 19/Figure 19.Lymantria dispar – polaganje jajašaca na koru drveća/– laying eggs on bark of the tree 80
  • 88. Takođe na bukvi je zabilježen na BIT 11,13, It was also recorded on beech, in bio21 na 52 stabla prisustvo i štete nastale od indication plot 11,13, 21 ,on 52 trees itsRhynchaenus fagi (slika 20, 21)koji izaziva presence and damages caused byoštećenja lista u vidu većeg broja manjih Rhynchaenus fagi (Figure 20,21) causingrupa na listu. leaves damages in the form of a larger number of smaller holes on the leaf. Slika 20/Figure 20. Slika 21/Figure 21. Rhynchaenus fagi – oštećenja na listu/– damages on the leaf Mikiola fagi – mušica galica na lišću Mikiola fagi – on beech leaf (Figurebukve (slika 22). Oštećenja nastala od 22). Damages incurred from beech mikiolabukvine mušice galice zapažene su na BIT fagi were noticed on bio indication plots 4,tačkama 4, 17 i 34. 17 and 34. Slika 22/Figure 22. Mikiola fagi – galice na lišću bukve/ Mikiola fagi – on beech leaves Pored ovih oštećenja na bukvi su In addition to these damages on thezabelježeni i pojedinačni slučajevi beech, we have also noticed individualCryptococcus fagisuga na kori drveta kao i cases of Cryptococcus fagisuga on tree barkOperophtera brumata koja je polifaga i as well as Operophtera brumata which isjavlja se na većem broju vrsta. polyphage and appears in a larger number of species. 81
  • 89. Kao štetočina hrasta najčešće je Altica quercetorum (Figure 23) wasprimećen Altica quercetorum (slika 23) u 9 noticed as the most frequent oak pest , in 9slučajeva na BIT 11 i 18. cases on bio indication plots 11 and 18. Slika 23/Figure 23.Altica quercetorum na lišću hrasta/ Altica quercetorum on oak leavesKod četinara su zapaženi samo pojedinačni At conifers, we have perceived onlyslučajevi oštećenja od insekata i to na jeli i individual cases of damages caused bysmrči su konstantovane štete koju su insects. At fir and beech we have registerednačinili insekti roda Scolitidae (polygraphus damages caused by insects of genuspolygraphus, ips typographus – potkornjaci). Scolitidae (polygraphus polygraphus, ipsSa obzirom da ni jedna od ovih vrsta nije u typographus – bark beetles). Since none ofgradaciji štete nastale od njih su neznatne. these species is in gradation, damagesAko bi izuzeli potkornjake na pojedinim caused by them are insignificant.tačkama primjećeno je prisustvo With the exception of bark beetles in someCamponotus herculeanus na četinarima bez plots, we have also perceived presence ofoštećenja stabala, ali je poznato da se ovaj Camponotus herculeanus on conifersinsekt javlja zajedno sa gljivom without tree damages, but it is known thatHeterobasidion annosum i oštećuje srčiku this insect appears together with fungidok beljika ostaje neoštećena i to posebno u Heterobasidion annosum damaging thedonjem dijelu stabla. heartwood, while sapwood remainsKod Crnog bora zabeleženi su pojedini undamaged, especially in lower part of theslučajevi Diprion pini i Ips sexdentus sa tree.neznatnim oštećenjima. At black pine, we have registered individual cases of Diprion pini and Ips sexdentus with ordinary damages. 82
  • 90. 9.1.2. Oštećenja od gljiva 9.1.2. Damages caused by fungi Biljne bolesti predstavljaju najčešće Plant diseases represent the mostuzročnike bioloških oštećenja na šumskim frequent causes of biological damages onvrstama. U toku posmatranja na BIT u Crnoj forest species. During the observation ofGori u toku 2010 godine primjećena su bio indication plots in Montenegro in 2010oštećenja od biljnih bolesti na 49 stabala. we have perceived damages caused byKada govorimo o biljnim patogenima koji se plant diseases on 49 trees. When speakingjavljaju na šumskom drveću prema ICPF about plant pthogens appearing on forestmetodologiji razvrstani su u sledeće grupe trees, according to the ICPF methodologyprema tabelama 21 i 22: they are classified into following groups, according to Tables 21 and 22:Tabela 21/Table 21. Vrste fitopatogenih organizama na četinarima i oštećenja koja prouzrokuju/ Types of phytopathogenorganisms on conifers and damages they cause 83
  • 91. Tabela 22/Table 22. Vrste fitopatogenih organizama na lišćarima i oštećenja koja prouzrokuju / Types of phytopathogenorganisms on broadleaves and damages they cause 84
  • 92. Prozrokovači biljnih bolesti kao primarni Causes of plant diseases that have beenuzročnici su primijećeni tokom perceived during the observation in 2010posmatranja 2010 godine na BIT u Crnoj on bio indication plots in Montenegro wereGori primijećeni su na 49 stabala, ali takođe found on 49 trees, but we also have to taketreba uzeti u obzir da se na pojedinim into account that in individual trees westablima u odmaklom stadijumu razvoja could see the damage caused by plantoštećenja moglo primjetiti oštećenje od pathogen, where the cause could not bebiljnog patogena, gde se nije mogao identified and the trees were classifiedindentifikovati primarni uzročnik te su ta under unidentified causes. But thestabla svrstana u neindetifikovane assumption is the fruit bearing bodies shalluzročnike, ali pretpostavka je da će se develop and the cause will be possible toplodonosna tijela razviti i da će uzročnik identify in the next observation. Daages perbiti moguće indentifikovati u sledećem most significant tree species appearing inposmatranju. Oštećenja po najznačajnijim Montenegro.vrstama drveća koja se javljaju u Crnoj Gori.Jela Fir Na BIT tačkama gde je registrovana On bio indication plots where fir hasjela zapaženo je prisustvo “veštičinih metli” been registered, we noticed the presence ofkoje uzrokuje Mellampsorella “witchs brooms” caused by Mellampsorellacaryophyllacearum (slika 24). Na četinama caryophyllacearum(Figure 24). On needlesjele, takođe je prisutna gljiva Cenangium of fir we also have the presence of fungiabietis u manjem obimu. Armillariella Cenangium abietis in smaller volume.mellea je takođe prisutna u slabijem obimu. Armillariella mellea is also present inTakođe je primjetna i Chrysommyxa abietes smaller volume. Also noticeable isi Fomitopsis pinicola, dok je kod mlađih Chrysommyxa abietes and Fomitopsisstabala jele posebno onih koja su rasla u pinicola, while at younger fir trees,zasjeni bilo moguće konstantovati especially those growing unde rshade , itCytospora friesii (slika 25) koja izaziva was possible to identify the Cytospora friesiinekrozu i osipanje četina i nekrozu kore (Figure 25)causing necrosis and needlemladih izbojaka. Takođe na jeli je blight and necrosis of yound sprout bark.primećena i Lirula nervisequia (slika 26 i On fir, we also noticed Lirula nervisequi27). (Figure 26 and 27). Slika 24/Figure 24. Mellampsorella caryophyllacearum – veštičine metle na jeli/–witchs brooms on fir tree. 85
  • 93. Slika 25/Figure 25. Cytospora friesii – nekroza kore mladih izbojaka i osipanje četina jele/– necrosis of yound sprout barkand needle blight of fir Slika 26/Figure 26. Slika 27/Figure 27. Lirula nervisequia na jeli/ Lirula nervisequia on fir treeSmrča Spruce U sastojini smrče prisutan je The spruce stand also haveHeterobasidion annosum (slika 28) kao i Heterobasidion annosum (Figure 28) as wellLophodermium picea kao i herpotrichia as Lophodermium picea and herpotrichianigra. nigra. 86
  • 94. Slika 28/Figure 28. Heterobasidion annosum u pridanku stabla / Heterobasidion annosum in root swelling Crni Bor Black pine Dothistroma pini javlja se na Dothistroma pini appears on lastprošlogodišnjim četinama crnog bora, u years needles of black pine, in 2010 in2010. godini u slabijem obimu. U pridanku weaker volume. In root swelling of pine westabala bora, javlja se gljiva prouzrokovač have the appearance of fungi that causestruleži (Fomitipsis pinicola(slika 29 i 30)). rot (Fomitipsis pinicola(Figure 29 and 30)).Cenangium ferruginosum se javlja kod crnog Cenangium ferruginosum appears at blackbora i uzrokuje sušenje grana u donjim pine and causes drying of branches in lowerdjelovima krune. parts of the crown. Slika 29 /Figure 29 Slika 30 /Figure 30Fomitopsis pinicola na crnom boru i izgled karpofore/ Fomitopsis pinicola on black pine, and appearanceof karpofora 87
  • 95. Bukva Beech Tokom ispitivanja na During the research on biobioindikacijskim tačkama u 2010. godini, indication plots in 2010, as well as in thekao i u okolini tačaka sa bukvom mogle su surroundings of beech plots we couldse zapaziti pojedini patogeni organizmi. notice certain pathogen organisms. WeUtvrđeni su pojedinačni slučajevi have identified individual cases of parasiteparazitnih i saprofitnih gljiva koje se and saprophyte fungi appearing on beechjavljaju na stablima bukve. Karakteristične trees. Characteristic fungi that have beengljive koje su primećene na bukvi su Nectria noticed on beech have been Nectriacoccinea i Nectria cinnobarina (slika 31), coccinea and Nectria cinnobarina (Figuredok su takođe u blizini BIT tačaka sa 31), while we have also noticed Trametesbukvom primjećene i Trametes versicolor versicolor (Figure 32) and Fomes(slika 32) i Fomes fomentarius (slika 33) . fomentarius (Figure 33)in the vicinity of nio indication plots with beech .Slika 31/Figure 31. Nectria cinnobarinaSlika 32/Figure 32. Slika 33/Figure 33. Trametes versicolor Fomes fomentarius 88
  • 96. Hrastovi Oaks Registrovano je prisustvo pojedinih We have registered presence oftumora i truleži na granama cera, u slabom individual tumours and rot on bitter oakobimu. Na stablima cera i kitnjaka postoji i branches, of poor volume. On bitter oak andospičavost lišća koju prouzrokuje sessile flowered oak there has been theMycosphaerella maculiformis i prisutna je u spottiness of leaves caused bymalom obimu. Na podmladku kitnjaka Mycosphaerella maculiformis, present in lowprimjećeno je prisustvo pepelnice lišća koju volume. On sessile flowered oak progenyprouzrokuje Microsphaera alphitoides (slika we have noticed the presence of powdery34). mildew of leaves caused by Microsphaera alphitoides (Figure 34). Slika 34/Figure 34 Microsphaera alphitoides9.2. Oštećenja abiotičkog porijekla 9.2. Damages of abiotic origin Kada govorimo o abiotičkim When speaking about abiotic factorsfaktorima koji se javljaju na šumskom appearing on forest trees, according to thedrveću prema ICPF metodologiji razvrstani ICPF methodology they have been classifiedsu u sledeće grupe. into the following groups. 89
  • 97. Tabela 23 /Table 23. Vrste abiotičkih faktora i oštećenja koja prouzrokuju/ Types of abiotic factors and damages they causeOd abiotičkih činilaca registrovana su As far as abiotic factors are concerned, weoštećenja od klimatskih ekstrema have registered damages from climate(mrazopucine, vetrolomi i vetroizvale, extremes (frost cracks, wind breaks andsnegolomi i snegoizvale i upale kore na 39 windthrows, snow breaks and snowthrowsstabala. Pojave oštećenja od abiotičkih and bark blisters) on 39 trees. Thečinilaca su značajna jer predstavljaju phenomena of damages caused by abioticpotencijalna žarišta za razvoj bioloških factors are significant because theyštetnih organizama i njihovu gradaciju. represent the potential focal point for development of biologically harmful organisms and their gradation. 90
  • 98. 9.3. Oštećenja nastala djelovanjem 9.3. Damages caused by human actionsčovjeka Oštećenja od čovjeka primjećena su Damages caused by human actionsna 53 stabla. Kada govorimo o faktorima have been noticed on 53 trees. Whenkoji su uzrokovani djelovanjem čovjeka, a speaking about factors caused by humankoji se javljaju na šumskom drveću prema actions, appearing on forest trees,ICPF metodologiji razvrstani su u sledeće according to the ICPF methodology theygrupe prema tabeli 24: have been classified into the following groups, as per the Table 24:Tabela 24/Table 24. Štete od djelovanja čovjeka/ Damages caused by human actionNajveće štete šumi može da prouzrokuje The largest forest damages may be causedčovjek direktnim ili indirektnim by humans by their direct or indirectdjelovanjem. Štete uzrokuju i uposleni u actions. Damages are caused by forestryšumarstvu i srodnim djelatnostima kao i and similar activities employees , as well asdruga neuposlena lica. Štete od uposlenih other unemployed persons. Damageslica javljaju se u različitim vidovima: caused by employees appear in differentpogrešno i nestručno gazdovanje šumama, forms: wrong and unskilled forestnepoštovanje odredbi i planova gazdovanja, management, not abiding to the provisionsneracionalno korišćenje šuma, pogrešni and management plans, irrational forestizbori za izgradnju šumskih komunikacija, utilization, wrong choices for buildingizgradnja vlaka kroz mlade sastojine, forest roads, building of skidding roadskretanje vozila sa prekomjernim teretom i, through young stands, movement ofoštećenja podmlatka i stabala prilikom vehicles under excess load, and damages onsječe i izvlačenja idr. progeny and trees while harvesting or skidding. 91
  • 99. Štete od neuposlenih lica odnose se na Damages caused by unemployed personsbespravne sječe, nepravilnu upotrebu refer to illegal logging, irregular usage ofhemijskih sredstava, oštećivanje chemical assets, damaging progeny andpodmladka i stabala, neplanske siječe, ne trees, unplanned harvesting, failure inuspostavljanje šumskog reda, izazivanje establishing forest order, causing fire andpožara i krčenje šume kao i druge štete. clearing of forests , as well as other damages.9.4. Oštećenja nastala šumskim 9.4. Damages caused by forest firepožarima Požari predstavljaju veliku štetočinu i Fire presents a huge pest and fromod zdravih i vrijednih šuma za vrlo kratko healthy and valuable forests may, for a veryvreme stvaraju zgarišta i ugrožene površine short time, create fire burnt area ori posebno su opasni jer mogu da se razviju endangered areas, and is especiallyna velikoj površini. dangerous because it can spread on a hugePožari se obično javljaju djelatnošću area.čovjeka (namjerno ili nenamjerno), dok Fire often appears after human actionsprirodno nastaje udarom groma. Oštećenja (intentionally or not intentionally), whileod šumskih požara primjećena su na 16 naturally it appears after the thunderstabala. Oštećenja od šumskih požara struck. Forest fire damages have beenzabilježena su na bukvi i na crnom jasenu, noticed on 16 trees. Forest fire damagesšto je neobično jer su najčešće ugroženi were noticed on beech and black ash, whichčetinari i to posebno crni i bijeli bor i smrča, is unusual because most frequentlt theali sa obzirom da je 2010 bila godina sa conifers are the ones that are threatened,puno padavina te je mnogo manji broj especially black and white pine and spruce,požara registrovan na teritoriji Crne Gore but having in mind the 2010 was a yearnego prethodnih godina. with lot of precipitations we have had a much lower number of fires registered in the teritorry of Montenegro than in previous years. 92
  • 100. 10. Anexi10. Annexes 93
  • 101. 94
  • 102. Aneks 1/Anex1 Monitoring zdravstvenog stanja šuma u Crnoj Gori/Monitoring of health condition of forests in Montenegro 95
  • 103. 96
  • 104. 97
  • 105. 98
  • 106. Aneks 2 / Anex 2 Grafički prikaz Bioindikacijskih tačaka u Crnoj Gori/Graphical overview of bioindication plots in Montenegro 99
  • 107. Tačka 1/Point 1. 100
  • 108. Tačka 2/Point 2. 101
  • 109. Tačka 3//Point 3. 102
  • 110. Tačka 4//Point 4. 103
  • 111. Tačka 5//Point 5. 104
  • 112. Tačka 6/Point 6. 105
  • 113. Tačka 7/Point 7. 106
  • 114. Tačka 8/Point 8. 107
  • 115. Tačka 9/Point 9. 108
  • 116. Tačka 10/Point 10. 109
  • 117. Tačka 11/Point 11. 110
  • 118. Tačka 12/Point 12. 111
  • 119. Tačka 13/Point 13. 112
  • 120. Tačka 14/Point 14. 113
  • 121. Tačka 15/Point 15. 114
  • 122. Tačka 16/Point 16. 115
  • 123. Tačka 17/Point 17. 116
  • 124. Tačka 18/Point 18. 117
  • 125. Tačka 19/Point 19. 118
  • 126. Tačka 20/Point 20. 119
  • 127. Tačka 21/Point 21. 120
  • 128. Tačka 22/Point 22. 121
  • 129. Tačka 23/Point 23. 122
  • 130. Tačka 24/Point 24. 123
  • 131. Tačka 25/Point 25. 124
  • 132. Tačka 26/Point 26. 125
  • 133. Tačka 27/Point 27. 126
  • 134. Tačka 28/Point 28. 127
  • 135. Tačka 29/Point 29. 128
  • 136. Tačka 30/Point 30. 129
  • 137. Tačka 31/Point 31. 130
  • 138. Tačka 32/Point 32. 131
  • 139. Tačka 33/Point 33. 132
  • 140. Tačka 34/Point 34. 133
  • 141. Tačka 35/Point 35. 134
  • 142. Tačka 36/Point 36. 135
  • 143. Tačka 37/Point 37. 136
  • 144. Tačka 38/Point 38. 137
  • 145. Tačka 39/Point 39. 138
  • 146. Tačka 40/Point 40. 139
  • 147. Tačka 41/Point 41. 140
  • 148. Tačka 42/Point 42. 141
  • 149. Tačka 43/Point 43. 142
  • 150. Tačka 44/Point 44. 143
  • 151. Tačka 45/Point 45. 144
  • 152. Tačka 46/Point 46. 145
  • 153. Tačka 47/Point 47. 146
  • 154. Tačka 48/Point 48. 147
  • 155. Tačka 49/Point 49. 148
  • 156. Aneks 3/Anex 3Izvještaj - formulari 802010PLO, 802010TRE, 802010TRF Report forms 802010 PLO, 802010 TRE, 802010 TRF
  • 157. Formular 802010PLOBroj Država/ Broj Tačke/ Datum Egr / H/ Dostupnost Tip Nadm. Ekspozicija/ Srednja Komentar/Tačke Country Observation Postavljanja/ Lattiitude Longitude Vode / Humusa / Visina/ Orientation Starost Comment/No code point Date of coordinate coordinate Water Humus Altittude Dom observation Sprata/ Mean age 1 80 1 15.9.2010 43 26 21 19 09 17 2 1 17 1 2 2 80 2 13.9.2010 43 17 37 19 09 12 2 1 34 6 7 3 80 3 14.9.2010 43 17 29 19 21 18 2 1 18 8 3 4 80 4 6.9.2010 43 09 10 18 45 26 2 3 21 8 2 5 80 5 7.9.2010 43 09 39 18 56 08 1 3 34 8 2 6 80 6 10.9.2010 43 09 32 19 07 48 2 1 28 9 4 7 80 7 14.9.2010 43 08 51 19 20 46 2 1 24 1 8 8 80 8 11.9.2010 43 08 35 19 32 56 2 1 25 7 4 9 80 9 10.9.2010 43 08 36 19 44 27 2 1 15 1 8 10 80 10 14.9.2010 43 00 36 18 33 34 1 2 27 7 2 11 80 11 14.9.2010 43 00 31 18 45 49 1 2 21 4 2 12 80 12 3.9.2010 43 00 30 18 57 07 1 2 25 7 4 13 80 13 3.9.2010 43 00 20 19 08 53 2 2 35 8 4 14 80 14 16.9.2010 43 00 44 19 22 08 2 2 31 4 3 15 80 15 22.9.2010 43 00 03 19 32 26 2 2 28 4 3 16 80 16 9.9.2010 42 59 53 19 44 09 2 1 13 2 2 17 80 17 15.9.2010 42 59 42 19 55 58 2 1 27 5 1 18 80 18 15.9.2010 42 51 57 18 33 29 1 2 21 1 2 19 80 19 15.9.2010 42 51 53 18 45 14 1 2 23 5 2 20 80 20 16.9.2010 42 51 48 18 56 59 1 2 15 5 2 21 80 21 16.9.2010 42 51 46 19 06 31 2 2 25 2 3 22 80 22 16.9.2010 42 51 34 19 20 28 2 2 17 7 3 23 80 23 21.9.2010 42 51 25 19 32 13 2 2 21 1 3 24 80 24 14.9.2010 42 51 15 19 43 57 2 1 29 2 8 25 80 25 12.9.2010 42 51 04 19 55 42 2 1 17 8 1 26 80 26 7.9.2010 42 50 37 20 07 25 2 2 22 6 4 27 80 27 18.9.2010 42 50 38 20 19 10 2 2 24 8 4 28 80 28 15.9.2010 42 43 15 18 45 07 1 2 18 9 2 29 80 29 14.9.2010 42 43 09 18 56 51 1 2 12 5 2 30 80 30 14.9.2010 42 43 11 19 09 00 1 2 17 5 2 31 80 31 15.10.2010 42 42 55 19 20 17 2 2 8 8 3 32 80 32 7.9.2010 42 42 47 19 32 00 2 2 26 2 5 33 80 33 14.9.2010 42 42 37 19 43 43 2 2 27 3 5 34 80 34 13.9.2010 42 42 25 19 55 26 2 1 35 2 8 35 80 35 13.9.2010 42 34 19 18 33 59 2 2 27 4 2 36 80 36 11.9.2010 42 33 48 18 42 36 1 2 15 6 2 37 80 37 16.9.2010 43 34 31 18 56 43 1 2 19 1 3 38 80 38 14.9.2010 42 35 15 19 05 30 1 2 3 9 2 39 80 39 10.9.2010 42 34 02 19 20 36 1 2 3 5 2 40 80 40 13.9.2010 42 34 55 19 29 50 1 2 30 5 4 41 80 41 13.9.2010 42 33 47 19 55 10 2 2 29 7 3 42 80 42 10.9.2010 42 25 46 18 33 48 1 2 1 8 3 43 80 43 9.9.2010 42 25 26 18 44 54 1 2 10 4 3 44 80 44 17.9.2010 42 25 52 18 56 35 1 2 20 5 2 45 80 45 8.9.2010 42 25 46 19 08 15 1 2 7 9 2 150
  • 158. Broj Država/ Broj Tačke/ Datum Egr / H/ Dostupnost Tip Nadm. Ekspozicija/ Srednja Komentar/Tačke Country Observation Postavljanja/ Lattiitude Longitude Vode / Humusa / Visina/ Orientation Starost Comment/No code point Date of coordinate coordinate Water Humus Altittude Dom observation Sprata/ Mean age 46 80 46 9.9.2010 42 26 23 19 21 36 1 1 4 1 1 47 80 47 13.9.2010 42 17 13 18 56 38 1 1 11 2 2 48 80 48 11.9.2010 42 08 31 19 08 00 2 1 7 5 3 49 80 49 11.9.2010 41 59 49 19 18 21 1 1 3 2 2 151
  • 159. Formular 802010TREStablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00001 0001 15.9.2010 0001 041 010 1 1 000002 0001 15.9.2010 0002 041 010 1 1 000003 0001 15.9.2010 0003 041 010 0 1 000004 0001 15.9.2010 0004 041 010 0 1 000005 0001 15.9.2010 0005 048 010 1 1 000006 0001 15.9.2010 0006 041 010 0 1 000007 0001 15.9.2010 0007 041 010 0 1 000008 0001 15.9.2010 0008 013 015 1 1 000009 0001 15.9.2010 0009 013 015 1 1 000010 0001 15.9.2010 0010 013 010 0 1 000011 0001 15.9.2010 0011 013 010 0 1 000012 0001 15.9.2010 0012 013 010 0 1 000013 0001 15.9.2010 0013 041 010 0 1 000014 0001 15.9.2010 0014 041 010 0 1 000015 0001 15.9.2010 0015 041 010 1 1 000016 0001 15.9.2010 0016 041 010 0 1 000017 0001 15.9.2010 0017 041 010 1 1 000018 0001 15.9.2010 0018 041 010 1 1 000019 0001 15.9.2010 0019 041 015 0 1 000020 0001 15.9.2010 0020 041 015 0 1 000021 0001 15.9.2010 0021 041 010 0 1 000022 0001 15.9.2010 0022 041 010 0 1 000023 0001 15.9.2010 0023 041 015 1 1 000024 0001 15.9.2010 0024 048 010 0 1 000025 0002 13.9.2010 0001 118 025 0 1 000026 0002 13.9.2010 0002 118 025 0 1 000027 0002 13.9.2010 0003 118 020 0 1 000028 0002 13.9.2010 0004 118 030 0 1 000029 0002 13.9.2010 0005 118 040 0 1 000030 0002 13.9.2010 0006 118 050 1 1 000031 0002 13.9.2010 0007 118 010 0 1 000032 0002 13.9.2010 0008 118 010 0 1 000033 0002 13.9.2010 0009 118 010 0 1 000034 0002 13.9.2010 0010 118 025 1 1 000035 0002 13.9.2010 0011 118 010 0 1 000036 0002 13.9.2010 0012 118 010 0 1 000037 0002 13.9.2010 0013 118 010 0 1 000038 0002 13.9.2010 0014 118 010 0 1 000039 0002 13.9.2010 0015 118 010 0 1 000040 0002 13.9.2010 0016 118 010 0 1 000041 0002 13.9.2010 0017 118 010 0 1 000042 0002 13.9.2010 0018 118 010 0 1 000043 0002 13.9.2010 0019 118 025 1 1 000044 0002 13.9.2010 0020 118 025 0 1 000045 0002 13.9.2010 0021 118 025 1 1 000046 0002 13.9.2010 0022 118 010 0 1 000047 0002 13.9.2010 0023 118 010 0 1 0 152
  • 160. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00048 0002 13.9.2010 0024 118 025 1 1 000049 0003 14.9.2010 0001 041 020 0 1 000050 0003 14.9.2010 0002 041 035 0 1 000051 0003 14.9.2010 0003 041 025 0 1 000052 0003 14.9.2010 0004 041 020 0 1 000053 0003 14.9.2010 0005 041 020 0 1 000054 0003 14.9.2010 0006 041 010 0 1 000055 0003 14.9.2010 0007 041 010 0 1 000056 0003 14.9.2010 0008 041 010 1 1 000057 0003 14.9.2010 0009 041 015 1 1 000058 0003 14.9.2010 0010 041 010 1 1 000059 0003 14.9.2010 0011 041 010 0 1 000060 0003 14.9.2010 0012 041 010 0 1 000061 0003 14.9.2010 0013 041 015 1 1 000062 0003 14.9.2010 0014 041 015 1 1 000063 0003 14.9.2010 0015 041 015 1 1 000064 0003 14.9.2010 0016 041 010 1 1 000065 0003 14.9.2010 0017 041 015 1 1 000066 0003 14.9.2010 0018 041 015 1 1 000067 0003 14.9.2010 0019 041 015 1 1 000068 0003 14.9.2010 0020 041 015 1 1 000069 0003 14.9.2010 0021 041 015 1 1 000070 0003 14.9.2010 0022 041 010 0 1 000071 0003 14.9.2010 0023 041 010 1 1 000072 0003 14.9.2010 0024 041 010 1 1 000073 0004 06.09.10 0001 018 020 0 1 000074 0004 06.09.10 0002 018 015 0 1 000075 0004 06.09.10 0003 018 020 0 1 000076 0004 06.09.10 0004 018 030 0 1 000077 0004 06.09.10 0005 018 030 0 1 000078 0004 06.09.10 0006 018 020 0 1 000079 0004 06.09.10 0007 018 035 0 1 000080 0004 06.09.10 0008 018 025 0 1 000081 0004 06.09.10 0009 018 025 0 1 000082 0004 06.09.10 0010 018 015 0 1 000083 0004 06.09.10 0011 018 025 0 1 000084 0004 06.09.10 0012 018 025 0 1 000085 0004 06.09.10 0013 018 025 0 1 000086 0004 06.09.10 0014 018 015 0 1 000087 0004 06.09.10 0015 018 020 0 1 000088 0004 06.09.10 0016 018 020 0 1 000089 0004 06.09.10 0017 018 015 0 1 000090 0004 06.09.10 0018 018 015 0 1 000091 0004 06.09.10 0019 018 020 0 1 000092 0004 06.09.10 0020 018 020 0 1 000093 0004 06.09.10 0021 018 015 0 1 000094 0004 06.09.10 0022 018 015 0 1 000095 0004 06.09.10 0023 018 015 0 1 000096 0004 06.09.10 0024 018 020 0 1 000097 0005 07.09.10 0001 018 020 0 1 000098 0005 07.09.10 0002 018 025 0 1 0 153
  • 161. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00099 0005 07.09.10 0003 018 025 0 1 000100 0005 07.09.10 0004 018 030 0 1 000101 0005 07.09.10 0005 018 030 0 1 000102 0005 07.09.10 0006 018 025 0 1 000103 0005 07.09.10 0007 018 030 0 1 000104 0005 07.09.10 0008 018 030 0 1 000105 0005 07.09.10 0009 018 035 0 1 000106 0005 07.09.10 0010 018 030 0 1 000107 0005 07.09.10 0011 018 035 0 1 000108 0005 07.09.10 0012 018 025 0 1 000109 0005 07.09.10 0013 018 025 0 1 000110 0005 07.09.10 0014 018 020 0 1 000111 0005 07.09.10 0015 018 025 0 1 000112 0005 07.09.10 0016 018 025 0 1 000113 0005 07.09.10 0017 018 025 0 1 000114 0005 07.09.10 0018 018 020 0 1 000115 0005 07.09.10 0019 018 025 0 1 000116 0005 07.09.10 0020 018 030 0 1 000117 0005 07.09.10 0021 018 020 0 1 000118 0005 07.09.10 0022 018 025 0 1 000119 0005 07.09.10 0023 018 025 0 1 000120 0005 07.09.10 0024 018 025 0 1 000121 0006 10.09.10 0001 118 010 0 2 000122 0006 10.09.10 0002 118 050 2 1 000123 0006 10.09.10 0003 118 015 0 2 000124 0006 10.09.10 0004 118 025 2 1 000125 0006 10.09.10 0005 118 015 0 2 000126 0006 10.09.10 0006 118 015 0 2 000127 0006 10.09.10 0007 118 015 0 1 000128 0006 10.09.10 0008 118 005 0 1 000129 0006 10.09.10 0009 118 005 0 1 000130 0006 10.09.10 0010 118 000 0 1 000131 0006 10.09.10 0011 118 000 0 1 000132 0006 10.09.10 0012 118 005 0 1 000133 0006 10.09.10 0013 118 010 0 1 000134 0006 10.09.10 0014 118 045 0 1 000135 0006 10.09.10 0015 118 000 0 1 000136 0006 10.09.10 0016 118 035 0 1 000137 0006 10.09.10 0017 118 035 0 3 000138 0006 10.09.10 0018 118 040 0 2 000139 0006 10.09.10 0019 118 025 0 2 000140 0006 10.09.10 0020 118 025 0 1 000141 0006 10.09.10 0021 118 030 0 1 000142 0006 10.09.10 0022 118 020 0 1 000143 0006 10.09.10 0023 118 020 0 1 000144 0006 10.09.10 0024 118 020 0 1 000145 0007 14.09.10 0001 100 010 0 2 000146 0007 14.09.10 0002 100 010 0 2 000147 0007 14.09.10 0003 100 010 1 2 000148 0007 14.09.10 0004 118 010 0 1 000149 0007 14.09.10 0005 100 010 0 2 0 154
  • 162. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00150 0007 14.09.10 0006 118 010 0 1 000151 0007 14.09.10 0007 118 010 0 1 000152 0007 14.09.10 0008 100 015 1 1 000153 0007 14.09.10 0009 100 010 0 1 000154 0007 14.09.10 0010 118 010 0 1 000155 0007 14.09.10 0011 100 010 0 1 000156 0007 14.09.10 0012 100 010 0 1 000157 0007 14.09.10 0013 100 010 0 2 000158 0007 14.09.10 0014 100 010 0 1 000159 0007 14.09.10 0015 100 010 0 1 000160 0007 14.09.10 0016 100 015 0 2 000161 0007 14.09.10 0017 100 010 0 2 000162 0007 14.09.10 0018 100 010 0 1 000163 0007 14.09.10 0019 100 025 1 2 000164 0007 14.09.10 0020 100 015 0 2 000165 0007 14.09.10 0021 100 010 0 2 000166 0007 14.09.10 0022 100 015 0 2 000167 0007 14.09.10 0023 100 015 0 2 000168 0007 14.09.10 0024 100 010 0 2 000169 0008 11.09.10 0001 100 030 1 2 000170 0008 11.09.10 0002 118 040 2 1 000171 0008 11.09.10 0003 118 030 0 1 000172 0008 11.09.10 0004 118 035 1 1 000173 0008 11.09.10 0005 100 030 1 1 000174 0008 11.09.10 0006 118 025 0 1 000175 0008 11.09.10 0007 100 010 0 3 000176 0008 11.09.10 0008 100 015 0 3 000177 0008 11.09.10 0009 100 025 0 3 000178 0008 11.09.10 0010 100 025 0 3 000179 0008 11.09.10 0011 100 015 0 3 000180 0008 11.09.10 0012 118 025 0 1 000181 0008 11.09.10 0013 100 020 0 3 000182 0008 11.09.10 0014 100 030 1 2 000183 0008 11.09.10 0015 100 015 0 3 000184 0008 11.09.10 0016 010 015 1 1 000185 0008 11.09.10 0017 118 020 0 1 000186 0008 11.09.10 0018 100 045 1 1 000187 0008 11.09.10 0019 004 050 0 1 000188 0008 11.09.10 0020 100 015 0 2 000189 0008 11.09.10 0021 100 020 0 2 000190 0008 11.09.10 0022 100 060 0 1 000191 0008 11.09.10 0023 035 080 1 1 000192 0008 11.09.10 0024 100 015 0 2 000193 0009 10.09.10 0001 013 010 0 1 000194 0009 10.09.10 0002 013 010 2 1 000195 0009 10.09.10 0003 013 015 2 1 000196 0009 10.09.10 0004 013 030 0 1 000197 0009 10.09.10 0005 013 015 1 1 000198 0009 10.09.10 0006 013 010 2 1 000199 0009 10.09.10 0007 013 020 2 1 000200 0009 10.09.10 0008 013 025 2 1 0 155
  • 163. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00201 0009 10.09.10 0009 013 015 2 1 000202 0009 10.09.10 0010 013 025 1 1 000203 0009 10.09.10 0011 013 015 2 1 000204 0009 10.09.10 0012 013 025 0 1 000205 0009 10.09.10 0013 013 030 1 2 000206 0009 10.09.10 0014 013 035 1 1 000207 0009 10.09.10 0015 013 035 1 2 000208 0009 10.09.10 0016 013 045 1 1 000209 0009 10.09.10 0017 013 035 1 1 000210 0009 10.09.10 0018 013 035 1 1 000211 0009 10.09.10 0019 013 035 1 2 000212 0009 10.09.10 0020 013 020 0 1 000213 0009 10.09.10 0021 013 030 1 1 000214 0009 10.09.10 0022 013 040 1 1 000215 0009 10.09.10 0023 013 040 1 1 000216 0009 10.09.10 0024 013 005 0 1 000217 0010 14.09.10 0001 041 050 0 1 000218 0010 14.09.10 0002 023 035 0 1 000219 0010 14.09.10 0003 023 030 0 1 000220 0010 14.09.10 0004 023 020 0 1 000221 0010 14.09.10 0005 023 025 0 1 000222 0010 14.09.10 0006 041 035 0 1 000223 0010 14.09.10 0007 041 035 0 1 000224 0010 14.09.10 0008 041 040 0 1 000225 0010 14.09.10 0009 029 060 0 1 000226 0010 14.09.10 0010 048 015 0 1 000227 0010 14.09.10 0011 048 020 0 1 000228 0010 14.09.10 0012 048 030 0 1 000229 0010 14.09.10 0013 023 035 0 1 000230 0010 14.09.10 0014 023 035 0 1 000231 0010 14.09.10 0015 029 030 0 1 000232 0010 14.09.10 0016 023 015 0 1 000233 0010 14.09.10 0017 029 025 0 1 000234 0010 14.09.10 0018 029 025 0 1 000235 0010 14.09.10 0019 041 035 0 1 000236 0010 14.09.10 0020 041 040 0 1 000237 0010 14.09.10 0021 041 040 0 1 000238 0010 14.09.10 0022 013 015 0 2 000239 0010 14.09.10 0023 044 020 0 1 000240 0010 14.09.10 0024 023 040 0 1 000241 0011 14.09.10 0001 018 010 0 1 000242 0011 14.09.10 0002 018 010 0 1 000243 0011 14.09.10 0003 018 020 0 1 000244 0011 14.09.10 0004 018 015 0 1 000245 0011 14.09.10 0005 018 015 0 1 000246 0011 14.09.10 0006 018 015 0 1 000247 0011 14.09.10 0007 018 020 0 1 000248 0011 14.09.10 0008 018 020 0 1 000249 0011 14.09.10 0009 018 020 0 1 000250 0011 14.09.10 0010 018 020 0 1 000251 0011 14.09.10 0011 129 020 0 1 0 156
  • 164. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00252 0011 14.09.10 0012 041 010 0 1 000253 0011 14.09.10 0013 018 020 0 1 000254 0011 14.09.10 0014 013 015 0 1 000255 0011 14.09.10 0015 018 040 0 1 000256 0011 14.09.10 0016 041 030 0 1 000257 0011 14.09.10 0017 041 015 0 1 000258 0011 14.09.10 0018 041 015 0 1 000259 0011 14.09.10 0019 018 030 0 1 000260 0011 14.09.10 0020 018 025 0 1 000261 0011 14.09.10 0021 018 025 0 1 000262 0011 14.09.10 0022 018 035 0 1 000263 0011 14.09.10 0023 018 020 0 1 000264 0011 14.09.10 0024 018 020 0 1 000265 0012 03.09.10 0001 048 040 0 1 000266 0012 03.09.10 0002 048 035 0 1 000267 0012 03.09.10 0003 048 035 0 1 000268 0012 03.09.10 0004 048 030 0 1 000269 0012 03.09.10 0005 048 035 0 1 000270 0012 03.09.10 0006 048 035 0 1 000271 0012 03.09.10 0007 023 040 0 1 000272 0012 03.09.10 0008 023 035 0 1 000273 0012 03.09.10 0009 041 030 0 1 000274 0012 03.09.10 0010 041 035 0 1 000275 0012 03.09.10 0011 041 035 0 1 000276 0012 03.09.10 0012 041 030 0 1 000277 0012 03.09.10 0013 023 035 0 1 000278 0012 03.09.10 0014 029 030 0 1 000279 0012 03.09.10 0015 023 030 0 1 000280 0012 03.09.10 0016 041 035 0 2 000281 0012 03.09.10 0017 041 035 0 1 000282 0012 03.09.10 0018 041 030 0 1 000283 0012 03.09.10 0019 048 040 0 1 000284 0012 03.09.10 0020 005 030 0 1 000285 0012 03.09.10 0021 048 040 0 1 000286 0012 03.09.10 0022 048 040 0 1 000287 0012 03.09.10 0023 048 040 0 1 000288 0012 03.09.10 0024 048 040 0 1 000289 0013 03.09.10 0001 018 025 0 1 000290 0013 03.09.10 0002 018 030 0 1 000291 0013 03.09.10 0003 018 030 0 1 000292 0013 03.09.10 0004 018 025 0 1 000293 0013 03.09.10 0005 118 015 0 1 000294 0013 03.09.10 0006 118 010 0 1 000295 0013 03.09.10 0007 005 040 0 1 000296 0013 03.09.10 0008 018 035 0 1 000297 0013 03.09.10 0009 018 025 0 1 000298 0013 03.09.10 0010 018 030 0 1 000299 0013 03.09.10 0011 005 040 0 1 000300 0013 03.09.10 0012 018 030 0 1 000301 0013 03.09.10 0013 018 035 0 1 000302 0013 03.09.10 0014 018 035 0 1 0 157
  • 165. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00303 0013 03.09.10 0015 018 040 0 1 000304 0013 03.09.10 0016 018 025 0 1 000305 0013 03.09.10 0017 018 030 0 1 000306 0013 03.09.10 0018 018 040 0 1 000307 0013 03.09.10 0019 118 010 0 1 000308 0013 03.09.10 0020 118 015 0 1 000309 0013 03.09.10 0021 118 010 0 1 000310 0013 03.09.10 0022 118 010 0 1 000311 0013 03.09.10 0023 118 010 0 1 000312 0013 03.09.10 0024 118 010 0 1 000313 0014 16.09.10 0001 126 045 0 2 000314 0014 16.09.10 0002 118 020 0 1 000315 0014 16.09.10 0003 118 020 0 1 000316 0014 16.09.10 0004 118 010 0 1 000317 0014 16.09.10 0005 118 020 0 1 000318 0014 16.09.10 0006 118 020 0 1 000319 0014 16.09.10 0007 118 000 0 1 000320 0014 16.09.10 0008 118 000 0 1 000321 0014 16.09.10 0009 118 000 0 1 000322 0014 16.09.10 0010 126 030 0 1 000323 0014 16.09.10 0011 100 020 0 1 000324 0014 16.09.10 0012 126 020 0 1 000325 0014 16.09.10 0013 126 030 1 1 000326 0014 16.09.10 0014 118 020 0 2 000327 0014 16.09.10 0015 118 010 0 1 000328 0014 16.09.10 0016 100 000 0 2 000329 0014 16.09.10 0017 100 000 0 2 000330 0014 16.09.10 0018 100 000 0 2 000331 0014 16.09.10 0019 100 030 0 2 000332 0014 16.09.10 0020 100 030 0 2 000333 0014 16.09.10 0021 100 020 0 1 000334 0014 16.09.10 0022 100 020 1 1 000335 0014 16.09.10 0023 100 035 0 1 000336 0014 16.09.10 0024 126 020 0 1 000337 0015 22.09.10 0001 018 020 1 1 000338 0015 22.09.10 0002 018 050 2 1 000339 0015 22.09.10 0003 018 060 2 1 000340 0015 22.09.10 0004 018 060 2 1 000341 0015 22.09.10 0005 018 040 1 1 000342 0015 22.09.10 0006 018 040 1 1 000343 0015 22.09.10 0007 018 060 2 1 000344 0015 22.09.10 0008 018 040 2 1 000345 0015 22.09.10 0009 018 030 1 1 000346 0015 22.09.10 0010 018 010 0 1 000347 0015 22.09.10 0011 018 020 2 1 000348 0015 22.09.10 0012 018 020 2 1 000349 0015 22.09.10 0013 018 050 2 1 000350 0015 22.09.10 0014 018 030 2 1 000351 0015 22.09.10 0015 018 050 2 1 000352 0015 22.09.10 0016 018 050 2 1 000353 0015 22.09.10 0017 018 045 2 1 0 158
  • 166. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00354 0015 22.09.10 0018 018 040 2 1 000355 0015 22.09.10 0019 018 020 0 1 000356 0015 22.09.10 0020 018 040 0 1 000357 0015 22.09.10 0021 018 050 1 1 000358 0015 22.09.10 0022 018 020 0 1 000359 0015 22.09.10 0023 018 050 2 1 000360 0015 22.09.10 0024 018 020 2 1 000361 0016 09.09.10 0001 035 005 0 2 000362 0016 09.09.10 0002 018 010 0 1 000363 0016 09.09.10 0003 041 020 0 1 000364 0016 09.09.10 0004 048 015 0 1 000365 0016 09.09.10 0005 013 005 0 1 000366 0016 09.09.10 0006 018 015 0 1 000367 0016 09.09.10 0007 013 025 0 1 000368 0016 09.09.10 0008 013 020 0 1 000369 0016 09.09.10 0009 013 025 0 1 000370 0016 09.09.10 0010 048 020 0 1 000371 0016 09.09.10 0011 013 015 0 1 000372 0016 09.09.10 0012 013 015 0 1 000373 0016 09.09.10 0013 013 015 1 1 000374 0016 09.09.10 0014 013 025 0 1 000375 0016 09.09.10 0015 048 015 0 1 000376 0016 09.09.10 0016 013 015 0 1 000377 0016 09.09.10 0017 013 025 0 1 000378 0016 09.09.10 0018 013 010 0 1 000379 0016 09.09.10 0019 013 010 0 1 000380 0016 09.09.10 0020 013 015 0 1 000381 0016 09.09.10 0021 013 020 0 1 000382 0016 09.09.10 0022 013 020 0 1 000383 0016 09.09.10 0023 013 025 0 1 000384 0016 09.09.10 0024 013 010 0 1 000385 0017 15.09.10 0001 018 010 0 1 000386 0017 15.09.10 0002 018 015 0 1 000387 0017 15.09.10 0003 018 010 0 1 000388 0017 15.09.10 0004 018 005 0 1 000389 0017 15.09.10 0005 018 010 0 1 000390 0017 15.09.10 0006 018 010 0 1 000391 0017 15.09.10 0007 018 015 0 1 000392 0017 15.09.10 0008 018 000 0 1 000393 0017 15.09.10 0009 018 010 0 1 000394 0017 15.09.10 0010 018 005 0 1 000395 0017 15.09.10 0011 018 005 0 1 000396 0017 15.09.10 0012 018 005 0 1 000397 0017 15.09.10 0013 018 005 0 1 000398 0017 15.09.10 0014 018 005 0 1 000399 0017 15.09.10 0015 018 005 0 1 000400 0017 15.09.10 0016 018 005 0 1 000401 0017 15.09.10 0017 018 005 0 1 000402 0017 15.09.10 0018 018 005 0 1 000403 0017 15.09.10 0019 018 005 0 1 000404 0017 15.09.10 0020 018 005 0 1 0 159
  • 167. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00405 0017 15.09.10 0021 018 005 0 1 000406 0017 15.09.10 0022 018 005 0 1 000407 0017 15.09.10 0023 018 005 0 1 000408 0017 15.09.10 0024 018 005 0 1 000409 0018 15.09.10 0001 013 020 0 1 000410 0018 15.09.10 0002 013 020 0 1 000411 0018 15.09.10 0003 013 030 0 1 000412 0018 15.09.10 0004 013 020 0 1 000413 0018 15.09.10 0005 023 020 0 1 000414 0018 15.09.10 0006 013 020 0 1 000415 0018 15.09.10 0007 013 025 0 1 000416 0018 15.09.10 0008 013 030 0 1 000417 0018 15.09.10 0009 013 030 0 1 000418 0018 15.09.10 0010 013 025 0 1 000419 0018 15.09.10 0011 013 030 0 1 000420 0018 15.09.10 0012 013 030 0 1 000421 0018 15.09.10 0013 048 030 0 1 000422 0018 15.09.10 0014 013 025 0 1 000423 0018 15.09.10 0015 013 025 0 1 000424 0018 15.09.10 0016 041 030 0 1 000425 0018 15.09.10 0017 013 030 0 1 000426 0018 15.09.10 0018 013 025 0 1 000427 0018 15.09.10 0019 013 030 0 1 000428 0018 15.09.10 0020 023 030 0 1 000429 0018 15.09.10 0021 013 030 0 1 000430 0018 15.09.10 0022 041 025 0 1 000431 0018 15.09.10 0023 041 030 0 1 000432 0018 15.09.10 0024 041 015 0 1 000433 0019 15.09.10 0001 041 005 0 1 000434 0019 15.09.10 0002 029 005 0 1 000435 0019 15.09.10 0003 002 005 0 1 000436 0019 15.09.10 0004 023 005 0 2 000437 0019 15.09.10 0005 029 005 0 1 000438 0019 15.09.10 0006 029 005 0 1 000439 0019 15.09.10 0007 129 005 0 1 000440 0019 15.09.10 0008 023 005 0 2 000441 0019 15.09.10 0009 041 005 0 1 000442 0019 15.09.10 0010 023 005 0 2 000443 0019 15.09.10 0011 023 005 0 2 000444 0019 15.09.10 0012 023 005 0 2 000445 0019 15.09.10 0013 029 005 0 1 000446 0019 15.09.10 0014 029 005 0 1 000447 0019 15.09.10 0015 002 005 0 1 000448 0019 15.09.10 0016 023 005 0 2 000449 0019 15.09.10 0017 023 005 0 2 000450 0019 15.09.10 0018 041 005 0 1 000451 0019 15.09.10 0019 029 005 0 1 000452 0019 15.09.10 0020 029 005 0 1 000453 0019 15.09.10 0021 023 005 0 2 000454 0019 15.09.10 0022 023 005 0 2 000455 0019 15.09.10 0023 129 005 0 1 0 160
  • 168. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00456 0019 15.09.10 0024 129 005 0 1 000457 0020 16.09.10 0001 002 025 0 1 000458 0020 16.09.10 0002 002 025 0 1 000459 0020 16.09.10 0003 023 035 0 2 000460 0020 16.09.10 0004 023 040 0 1 000461 0020 16.09.10 0005 023 040 0 1 000462 0020 16.09.10 0006 023 020 0 1 000463 0020 16.09.10 0007 023 030 0 1 000464 0020 16.09.10 0008 023 025 0 1 000465 0020 16.09.10 0009 023 030 0 1 000466 0020 16.09.10 0010 023 030 0 1 000467 0020 16.09.10 0011 048 030 0 1 000468 0020 16.09.10 0012 048 025 0 1 000469 0020 16.09.10 0013 048 035 0 1 000470 0020 16.09.10 0014 048 030 0 1 000471 0020 16.09.10 0015 048 025 0 1 000472 0020 16.09.10 0016 048 045 0 1 000473 0020 16.09.10 0017 048 045 0 1 000474 0020 16.09.10 0018 023 025 0 1 000475 0020 16.09.10 0019 002 015 0 1 000476 0020 16.09.10 0020 002 015 0 1 000477 0020 16.09.10 0021 002 035 0 1 000478 0020 16.09.10 0022 002 030 0 1 000479 0020 16.09.10 0023 002 025 0 1 000480 0020 16.09.10 0024 023 040 0 1 000481 0021 16.09.10 0001 018 020 0 1 000482 0021 16.09.10 0002 018 015 0 1 000483 0021 16.09.10 0003 018 030 0 1 000484 0021 16.09.10 0004 018 010 0 1 000485 0021 16.09.10 0005 018 020 0 1 000486 0021 16.09.10 0006 018 015 0 1 000487 0021 16.09.10 0007 018 010 0 1 000488 0021 16.09.10 0008 018 020 0 1 000489 0021 16.09.10 0009 018 015 0 1 000490 0021 16.09.10 0010 018 015 0 1 000491 0021 16.09.10 0011 018 020 0 1 000492 0021 16.09.10 0012 018 010 0 1 000493 0021 16.09.10 0013 018 010 0 1 000494 0021 16.09.10 0014 018 015 0 1 000495 0021 16.09.10 0015 018 020 0 1 000496 0021 16.09.10 0016 018 010 0 1 000497 0021 16.09.10 0017 018 010 0 1 000498 0021 16.09.10 0018 018 015 0 1 000499 0021 16.09.10 0019 018 010 0 1 000500 0021 16.09.10 0020 018 015 0 1 000501 0021 16.09.10 0021 018 010 0 1 000502 0021 16.09.10 0022 018 010 0 1 000503 0021 16.09.10 0023 018 020 0 1 000504 0021 16.09.10 0024 018 010 0 1 000505 0022 16.09.10 0001 048 010 0 1 000506 0022 16.09.10 0002 048 010 0 1 0 161
  • 169. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00507 0022 16.09.10 0003 048 010 0 1 000508 0022 16.09.10 0004 029 015 0 1 000509 0022 16.09.10 0005 029 010 0 1 000510 0022 16.09.10 0006 029 020 0 1 000511 0022 16.09.10 0007 048 020 0 1 000512 0022 16.09.10 0008 036 030 1 1 000513 0022 16.09.10 0009 036 015 1 1 000514 0022 16.09.10 0010 029 000 0 1 000515 0022 16.09.10 0011 048 020 1 1 000516 0022 16.09.10 0012 048 030 1 1 000517 0022 16.09.10 0013 029 045 2 1 000518 0022 16.09.10 0014 048 020 1 1 000519 0022 16.09.10 0015 048 020 1 1 000520 0022 16.09.10 0016 048 010 0 1 000521 0022 16.09.10 0017 048 020 1 1 000522 0022 16.09.10 0018 048 015 1 1 000523 0022 16.09.10 0019 004 010 0 1 000524 0022 16.09.10 0020 048 010 0 1 000525 0022 16.09.10 0021 048 015 1 1 000526 0022 16.09.10 0022 048 015 0 1 000527 0022 16.09.10 0023 048 010 0 1 000528 0022 16.09.10 0024 048 020 0 1 000529 0023 21.09.10 0001 018 015 0 1 000530 0023 21.09.10 0002 018 030 0 1 000531 0023 21.09.10 0003 018 015 1 1 000532 0023 21.09.10 0004 018 025 0 1 000533 0023 21.09.10 0005 018 020 0 1 000534 0023 21.09.10 0006 018 025 0 1 000535 0023 21.09.10 0007 018 040 0 1 000536 0023 21.09.10 0008 018 025 0 1 000537 0023 21.09.10 0009 018 015 0 1 000538 0023 21.09.10 0010 018 015 0 1 000539 0023 21.09.10 0011 018 010 0 1 000540 0023 21.09.10 0012 018 030 0 1 000541 0023 21.09.10 0013 018 000 0 1 000542 0023 21.09.10 0014 018 005 0 1 000543 0023 21.09.10 0015 018 015 0 1 000544 0023 21.09.10 0016 018 020 0 1 000545 0023 21.09.10 0017 018 020 0 1 000546 0023 21.09.10 0018 018 015 0 1 000547 0023 21.09.10 0019 018 025 0 1 000548 0023 21.09.10 0020 018 005 0 1 000549 0023 21.09.10 0021 018 010 0 1 000550 0023 21.09.10 0022 018 030 0 1 000551 0023 21.09.10 0023 018 005 0 1 000552 0023 21.09.10 0024 018 025 0 1 000553 0024 14.09.10 0001 100 030 1 2 000554 0024 14.09.10 0002 018 020 1 1 000555 0024 14.09.10 0003 018 025 1 1 000556 0024 14.09.10 0004 018 020 0 1 000557 0024 14.09.10 0005 018 020 0 1 0 162
  • 170. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00558 0024 14.09.10 0006 018 030 1 1 000559 0024 14.09.10 0007 029 045 1 1 000560 0024 14.09.10 0008 018 050 1 1 000561 0024 14.09.10 0009 018 055 2 1 000562 0024 14.09.10 0010 018 040 1 1 000563 0024 14.09.10 0011 018 035 0 1 000564 0024 14.09.10 0012 018 050 1 1 000565 0024 14.09.10 0013 018 045 1 1 000566 0024 14.09.10 0014 018 040 1 1 000567 0024 14.09.10 0015 018 040 1 1 000568 0024 14.09.10 0016 018 035 0 1 000569 0024 14.09.10 0017 018 045 1 1 000570 0024 14.09.10 0018 018 040 0 1 000571 0024 14.09.10 0019 018 050 1 1 000572 0024 14.09.10 0020 018 060 2 1 000573 0024 14.09.10 0021 029 030 0 1 000574 0024 14.09.10 0022 018 065 1 1 000575 0024 14.09.10 0023 018 070 1 1 000576 0024 14.09.10 0024 018 075 2 1 000577 0025 12.09.10 0001 041 010 0 1 000578 0025 12.09.10 0002 041 005 0 1 000579 0025 12.09.10 0003 041 005 0 1 000580 0025 12.09.10 0004 041 010 0 1 000581 0025 12.09.10 0005 041 020 0 1 000582 0025 12.09.10 0006 048 015 0 1 000583 0025 12.09.10 0007 041 020 0 1 000584 0025 12.09.10 0008 041 025 0 1 000585 0025 12.09.10 0009 041 010 0 1 000586 0025 12.09.10 0010 048 015 0 1 000587 0025 12.09.10 0011 048 025 0 1 000588 0025 12.09.10 0012 048 020 0 1 000589 0025 12.09.10 0013 041 020 0 1 000590 0025 12.09.10 0014 041 015 0 1 000591 0025 12.09.10 0015 041 025 0 1 000592 0025 12.09.10 0016 041 010 0 1 000593 0025 12.09.10 0017 041 025 0 1 000594 0025 12.09.10 0018 048 020 0 1 000595 0025 12.09.10 0019 041 020 0 1 000596 0025 12.09.10 0020 041 025 0 1 000597 0025 12.09.10 0021 041 025 0 1 000598 0025 12.09.10 0022 041 015 0 1 000599 0025 12.09.10 0023 048 015 0 1 000600 0025 12.09.10 0024 041 015 0 1 000601 0026 07.09.10 0001 118 010 0 1 000602 0026 07.09.10 0002 118 010 0 1 000603 0026 07.09.10 0003 118 015 0 1 000604 0026 07.09.10 0004 118 010 0 1 000605 0026 07.09.10 0005 118 010 0 1 000606 0026 07.09.10 0006 118 010 0 1 000607 0026 07.09.10 0007 118 030 0 1 000608 0026 07.09.10 0008 118 020 0 1 0 163
  • 171. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00609 0026 07.09.10 0009 118 025 0 1 000610 0026 07.09.10 0010 118 020 0 1 000611 0026 07.09.10 0011 118 025 0 1 000612 0026 07.09.10 0012 118 025 0 1 000613 0026 07.09.10 0013 118 015 0 1 000614 0026 07.09.10 0014 118 015 0 1 000615 0026 07.09.10 0015 118 015 1 1 000616 0026 07.09.10 0016 118 020 0 1 000617 0026 07.09.10 0017 118 025 0 1 000618 0026 07.09.10 0018 118 025 0 1 000619 0026 07.09.10 0019 118 025 0 1 000620 0026 07.09.10 0020 118 035 0 1 000621 0026 07.09.10 0021 118 020 0 1 000622 0026 07.09.10 0022 118 020 0 1 000623 0026 07.09.10 0023 118 015 0 1 000624 0026 07.09.10 0024 118 025 0 1 000625 0027 18.09.10 0001 118 010 0 1 000626 0027 18.09.10 0002 100 010 0 1 000627 0027 18.09.10 0003 100 040 2 1 000628 0027 18.09.10 0004 100 025 1 1 000629 0027 18.09.10 0005 100 015 1 1 000630 0027 18.09.10 0006 100 010 0 1 000631 0027 18.09.10 0007 100 025 0 1 000632 0027 18.09.10 0008 100 015 0 1 000633 0027 18.09.10 0009 100 010 0 1 000634 0027 18.09.10 0010 100 015 0 1 000635 0027 18.09.10 0011 100 040 0 1 000636 0027 18.09.10 0012 100 010 0 1 000637 0027 18.09.10 0013 100 010 0 1 000638 0027 18.09.10 0014 100 005 0 1 000639 0027 18.09.10 0015 100 005 0 1 000640 0027 18.09.10 0016 100 010 0 1 000641 0027 18.09.10 0017 100 005 0 1 000642 0027 18.09.10 0018 100 005 0 1 000643 0027 18.09.10 0019 100 010 1 2 000644 0027 18.09.10 0020 100 025 1 1 000645 0027 18.09.10 0021 100 010 0 1 000646 0027 18.09.10 0022 100 010 0 1 000647 0027 18.09.10 0023 100 030 0 1 000648 0027 18.09.10 0024 100 010 0 1 000649 0028 15.09.10 0001 029 025 0 1 000650 0028 15.09.10 0002 029 030 0 1 000651 0028 15.09.10 0003 029 030 0 1 000652 0028 15.09.10 0004 014 020 1 1 000653 0028 15.09.10 0005 023 020 0 1 000654 0028 15.09.10 0006 023 025 0 1 000655 0028 15.09.10 0007 069 030 0 1 000656 0028 15.09.10 0008 069 035 0 1 000657 0028 15.09.10 0009 048 025 0 1 000658 0028 15.09.10 0010 048 030 0 1 000659 0028 15.09.10 0011 048 035 0 1 0 164
  • 172. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00660 0028 15.09.10 0012 029 035 0 1 000661 0028 15.09.10 0013 014 030 0 1 000662 0028 15.09.10 0014 014 035 0 1 000663 0028 15.09.10 0015 029 025 0 1 000664 0028 15.09.10 0016 029 030 0 1 000665 0028 15.09.10 0017 029 025 0 1 000666 0028 15.09.10 0018 002 035 0 1 000667 0028 15.09.10 0019 002 035 0 1 000668 0028 15.09.10 0020 002 030 0 1 000669 0028 15.09.10 0021 002 020 0 1 000670 0028 15.09.10 0022 002 020 0 1 000671 0028 15.09.10 0023 002 030 0 1 000672 0028 15.09.10 0024 002 030 0 1 000673 0029 14.09.10 0001 002 030 0 1 000674 0029 14.09.10 0002 048 030 0 1 000675 0029 14.09.10 0003 002 030 0 1 000676 0029 14.09.10 0004 002 030 0 1 000677 0029 14.09.10 0005 002 040 0 1 000678 0029 14.09.10 0006 013 030 0 1 000679 0029 14.09.10 0007 022 040 0 1 000680 0029 14.09.10 0008 022 030 0 1 000681 0029 14.09.10 0009 022 020 0 1 000682 0029 14.09.10 0010 022 020 0 1 000683 0029 14.09.10 0011 048 030 0 1 000684 0029 14.09.10 0012 022 040 0 1 000685 0029 14.09.10 0013 002 020 0 1 000686 0029 14.09.10 0014 002 020 0 1 000687 0029 14.09.10 0015 048 030 0 1 000688 0029 14.09.10 0016 002 010 0 1 000689 0029 14.09.10 0017 002 010 0 1 000690 0029 14.09.10 0018 002 010 0 1 000691 0029 14.09.10 0019 048 020 0 2 000692 0029 14.09.10 0020 048 030 0 1 000693 0029 14.09.10 0021 048 030 0 1 000694 0029 14.09.10 0022 002 020 0 1 000695 0029 14.09.10 0023 002 020 0 1 000696 0029 14.09.10 0024 013 040 0 1 000697 0030 14.09.10 0001 041 005 0 1 000698 0030 14.09.10 0002 048 005 0 1 000699 0030 14.09.10 0003 048 005 0 1 000700 0030 14.09.10 0004 048 005 0 1 000701 0030 14.09.10 0005 048 005 0 1 000702 0030 14.09.10 0006 048 005 0 1 000703 0030 14.09.10 0007 041 010 0 1 000704 0030 14.09.10 0008 041 010 0 1 000705 0030 14.09.10 0009 041 010 0 1 000706 0030 14.09.10 0010 041 005 0 1 000707 0030 14.09.10 0011 041 005 0 1 000708 0030 14.09.10 0012 048 005 0 1 000709 0030 14.09.10 0013 044 020 0 1 000710 0030 14.09.10 0014 044 010 0 1 0 165
  • 173. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00711 0030 14.09.10 0015 048 010 0 1 000712 0030 14.09.10 0016 048 005 0 1 000713 0030 14.09.10 0017 041 005 0 1 000714 0030 14.09.10 0018 048 005 0 1 000715 0030 14.09.10 0019 048 010 0 1 000716 0030 14.09.10 0020 048 020 0 1 000717 0030 14.09.10 0021 048 020 0 1 000718 0030 14.09.10 0022 048 005 0 1 000719 0030 14.09.10 0023 048 005 0 1 000720 0030 14.09.10 0024 041 005 0 1 000721 0031 15.09.10 0001 040 000 2 1 000722 0031 15.09.10 0002 023 000 0 1 000723 0031 15.09.10 0003 013 000 2 1 000724 0031 15.09.10 0004 013 010 2 1 000725 0031 15.09.10 0005 018 000 0 1 000726 0031 15.09.10 0006 018 000 0 1 000727 0031 15.09.10 0007 036 050 1 1 000728 0031 15.09.10 0008 013 010 1 1 000729 0031 15.09.10 0009 013 050 2 1 000730 0031 15.09.10 0010 013 030 1 1 000731 0031 15.09.10 0011 013 040 2 1 000732 0031 15.09.10 0012 013 030 2 1 000733 0031 15.09.10 0013 018 000 0 1 000734 0031 15.09.10 0014 036 020 0 1 000735 0031 15.09.10 0015 018 030 0 1 000736 0031 15.09.10 0016 018 050 0 1 000737 0031 15.09.10 0017 018 030 0 1 000738 0031 15.09.10 0018 018 050 0 1 000739 0031 15.09.10 0019 036 040 1 1 000740 0031 15.09.10 0020 013 045 1 1 000741 0031 15.09.10 0021 013 035 0 1 000742 0031 15.09.10 0022 018 070 0 1 000743 0031 15.09.10 0023 018 020 0 1 000744 0031 15.09.10 0024 018 030 0 1 000745 0032 07.09.10 0001 018 005 0 1 000746 0032 07.09.10 0002 018 005 0 1 000747 0032 07.09.10 0003 018 005 0 1 000748 0032 07.09.10 0004 018 005 0 1 000749 0032 07.09.10 0005 018 005 0 1 000750 0032 07.09.10 0006 018 005 0 1 000751 0032 07.09.10 0007 018 005 0 1 000752 0032 07.09.10 0008 018 005 0 1 000753 0032 07.09.10 0009 018 005 0 1 000754 0032 07.09.10 0010 018 005 0 1 000755 0032 07.09.10 0011 018 005 0 1 000756 0032 07.09.10 0012 018 005 0 1 000757 0032 07.09.10 0013 018 005 0 1 000758 0032 07.09.10 0014 018 005 0 1 000759 0032 07.09.10 0015 018 005 0 1 000760 0032 07.09.10 0016 018 005 0 1 000761 0032 07.09.10 0017 018 005 0 1 0 166
  • 174. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00762 0032 07.09.10 0018 018 005 0 1 000763 0032 07.09.10 0019 018 005 0 1 000764 0032 07.09.10 0020 018 005 0 1 000765 0032 07.09.10 0021 018 005 0 1 000766 0032 07.09.10 0022 018 005 0 1 000767 0032 07.09.10 0023 018 005 0 1 000768 0032 07.09.10 0024 018 005 0 1 000769 0033 14.09.10 0001 018 010 0 1 000770 0033 14.09.10 0002 018 015 0 1 000771 0033 14.09.10 0003 018 015 0 1 000772 0033 14.09.10 0004 018 020 0 1 000773 0033 14.09.10 0005 018 010 0 1 000774 0033 14.09.10 0006 018 010 1 1 000775 0033 14.09.10 0007 018 010 0 1 000776 0033 14.09.10 0008 018 010 0 1 000777 0033 14.09.10 0009 018 010 0 1 000778 0033 14.09.10 0010 018 015 0 1 000779 0033 14.09.10 0011 018 000 0 1 000780 0033 14.09.10 0012 018 015 0 1 000781 0033 14.09.10 0013 018 020 3 1 000782 0033 14.09.10 0014 018 015 0 1 000783 0033 14.09.10 0015 018 015 0 1 000784 0033 14.09.10 0016 018 020 0 1 000785 0033 14.09.10 0017 018 010 0 1 000786 0033 14.09.10 0018 018 020 0 1 000787 0033 14.09.10 0019 018 010 0 1 000788 0033 14.09.10 0020 018 025 0 1 000789 0033 14.09.10 0021 018 010 0 1 000790 0033 14.09.10 0022 018 015 1 1 000791 0033 14.09.10 0023 018 010 0 1 000792 0033 14.09.10 0024 018 020 0 1 000793 0034 13.09.10 0001 018 030 1 1 000794 0034 13.09.10 0002 018 045 1 1 000795 0034 13.09.10 0003 100 045 1 1 000796 0034 13.09.10 0004 100 050 2 1 000797 0034 13.09.10 0005 018 035 1 1 000798 0034 13.09.10 0006 018 055 1 1 000799 0034 13.09.10 0007 018 045 1 1 000800 0034 13.09.10 0008 018 065 1 1 000801 0034 13.09.10 0009 018 065 1 1 000802 0034 13.09.10 0010 018 050 1 1 000803 0034 13.09.10 0011 100 035 1 1 000804 0034 13.09.10 0012 100 050 1 1 000805 0034 13.09.10 0013 133 045 1 2 000806 0034 13.09.10 0014 100 030 1 1 000807 0034 13.09.10 0015 100 035 2 1 000808 0034 13.09.10 0016 018 025 0 1 000809 0034 13.09.10 0017 018 035 1 1 000810 0034 13.09.10 0018 100 030 0 1 000811 0034 13.09.10 0019 018 030 1 1 000812 0034 13.09.10 0020 100 035 1 1 0 167
  • 175. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00813 0034 13.09.10 0021 018 035 1 1 000814 0034 13.09.10 0022 100 040 1 1 000815 0034 13.09.10 0023 018 035 1 1 000816 0034 13.09.10 0024 018 040 1 1 000817 0035 12.09.10 0001 020 005 0 1 000818 0035 12.09.10 0002 020 005 0 1 000819 0035 12.09.10 0003 020 005 0 1 000820 0035 12.09.10 0004 020 005 0 1 000821 0035 12.09.10 0005 020 005 0 1 000822 0035 12.09.10 0006 020 005 0 1 000823 0035 12.09.10 0007 020 005 0 1 000824 0035 12.09.10 0008 020 005 0 1 000825 0035 12.09.10 0009 020 005 0 1 000826 0035 12.09.10 0010 020 005 0 1 000827 0035 12.09.10 0011 020 005 0 1 000828 0035 12.09.10 0012 020 005 0 1 000829 0035 12.09.10 0013 020 005 0 1 000830 0035 12.09.10 0014 020 005 0 1 000831 0035 12.09.10 0015 020 005 0 1 000832 0035 12.09.10 0016 005 005 0 1 000833 0035 12.09.10 0017 020 005 0 1 000834 0035 12.09.10 0018 020 005 0 1 000835 0035 12.09.10 0019 020 005 0 1 000836 0035 12.09.10 0020 020 005 0 1 000837 0035 12.09.10 0021 020 005 0 1 000838 0035 12.09.10 0022 020 005 0 1 000839 0035 12.09.10 0023 020 005 0 1 000840 0035 12.09.10 0024 020 005 0 1 000841 0036 11.09.10 0001 023 005 0 2 000842 0036 11.09.10 0002 023 005 0 2 000843 0036 11.09.10 0003 023 005 0 2 000844 0036 11.09.10 0004 023 005 0 2 000845 0036 11.09.10 0005 001 005 0 1 000846 0036 11.09.10 0006 023 005 0 2 000847 0036 11.09.10 0007 023 005 0 2 000848 0036 11.09.10 0008 023 005 0 2 000849 0036 11.09.10 0009 014 005 0 1 000850 0036 11.09.10 0010 014 005 0 1 000851 0036 11.09.10 0011 023 005 0 2 000852 0036 11.09.10 0012 014 005 0 1 000853 0036 11.09.10 0013 023 005 0 2 000854 0036 11.09.10 0014 023 005 0 2 000855 0036 11.09.10 0015 014 005 0 1 000856 0036 11.09.10 0016 001 005 0 1 000857 0036 11.09.10 0017 001 005 0 1 000858 0036 11.09.10 0018 001 005 0 1 000859 0036 11.09.10 0019 023 005 0 2 000860 0036 11.09.10 0020 014 005 0 1 000861 0036 11.09.10 0021 001 005 0 1 000862 0036 11.09.10 0022 001 005 0 1 000863 0036 11.09.10 0023 023 005 0 2 0 168
  • 176. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00864 0036 11.09.10 0024 014 005 0 1 000865 0037 16.09.10 0001 035 005 0 1 000866 0037 16.09.10 0002 035 005 0 1 000867 0037 16.09.10 0003 013 005 0 1 000868 0037 16.09.10 0004 041 005 0 1 000869 0037 16.09.10 0005 013 005 0 1 000870 0037 16.09.10 0006 013 005 0 1 000871 0037 16.09.10 0007 029 010 0 1 000872 0037 16.09.10 0008 029 010 0 1 000873 0037 16.09.10 0009 029 010 0 1 000874 0037 16.09.10 0010 029 010 0 1 000875 0037 16.09.10 0011 029 010 0 1 000876 0037 16.09.10 0012 029 005 0 1 000877 0037 16.09.10 0013 013 005 0 1 000878 0037 16.09.10 0014 013 005 0 1 000879 0037 16.09.10 0015 013 005 0 1 000880 0037 16.09.10 0016 029 010 0 1 000881 0037 16.09.10 0017 029 010 0 1 000882 0037 16.09.10 0018 029 010 0 1 000883 0037 16.09.10 0019 020 005 0 1 000884 0037 16.09.10 0020 020 005 0 1 000885 0037 16.09.10 0021 013 005 0 1 000886 0037 16.09.10 0022 020 005 0 1 000887 0037 16.09.10 0023 020 005 0 1 000888 0037 16.09.10 0024 020 005 0 1 000889 0038 14.09.10 0001 014 005 0 1 000890 0038 14.09.10 0002 014 005 0 1 000891 0038 14.09.10 0003 014 005 0 1 000892 0038 14.09.10 0004 014 005 0 1 000893 0038 14.09.10 0005 014 005 0 1 000894 0038 14.09.10 0006 041 005 0 1 000895 0038 14.09.10 0007 014 005 0 1 000896 0038 14.09.10 0008 014 005 0 1 000897 0038 14.09.10 0009 014 005 0 1 000898 0038 14.09.10 0010 014 005 0 1 000899 0038 14.09.10 0011 014 005 0 1 000900 0038 14.09.10 0012 014 005 0 1 000901 0038 14.09.10 0013 014 005 0 1 000902 0038 14.09.10 0014 014 005 0 1 000903 0038 14.09.10 0015 014 005 0 1 000904 0038 14.09.10 0016 014 005 0 1 000905 0038 14.09.10 0017 014 005 0 1 000906 0038 14.09.10 0018 014 005 0 1 000907 0038 14.09.10 0019 014 005 0 1 000908 0038 14.09.10 0020 014 005 0 1 000909 0038 14.09.10 0021 014 005 0 1 000910 0038 14.09.10 0022 023 005 0 2 000911 0038 14.09.10 0023 023 005 0 2 000912 0038 14.09.10 0024 041 005 0 1 000913 0039 10.09.10 0001 111 010 0 1 000914 0039 10.09.10 0002 014 010 0 1 0 169
  • 177. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00915 0039 10.09.10 0003 023 025 0 1 000916 0039 10.09.10 0004 042 015 0 1 000917 0039 10.09.10 0005 013 010 0 1 000918 0039 10.09.10 0006 023 010 0 1 000919 0039 10.09.10 0007 014 015 0 1 000920 0039 10.09.10 0008 014 015 0 1 000921 0039 10.09.10 0009 111 025 0 1 000922 0039 10.09.10 0010 023 025 0 1 000923 0039 10.09.10 0011 023 015 0 1 000924 0039 10.09.10 0012 014 020 0 1 000925 0039 10.09.10 0013 014 020 0 1 000926 0039 10.09.10 0014 014 020 0 1 000927 0039 10.09.10 0015 014 020 0 1 000928 0039 10.09.10 0016 111 020 0 1 000929 0039 10.09.10 0017 042 015 0 1 000930 0039 10.09.10 0018 042 015 0 1 000931 0039 10.09.10 0019 042 015 0 1 000932 0039 10.09.10 0020 023 010 0 1 000933 0039 10.09.10 0021 014 010 0 1 000934 0039 10.09.10 0022 042 015 0 1 000935 0039 10.09.10 0023 111 010 0 1 000936 0039 10.09.10 0024 042 015 0 1 000937 0040 13.09.10 0001 129 010 0 1 000938 0040 13.09.10 0002 129 025 0 2 000939 0040 13.09.10 0003 129 025 0 2 000940 0040 13.09.10 0004 129 020 0 2 000941 0040 13.09.10 0005 129 020 0 2 000942 0040 13.09.10 0006 129 010 0 1 000943 0040 13.09.10 0007 129 035 0 2 000944 0040 13.09.10 0008 129 040 0 2 000945 0040 13.09.10 0009 129 030 0 2 000946 0040 13.09.10 0010 129 030 0 2 000947 0040 13.09.10 0011 129 040 0 2 000948 0040 13.09.10 0012 129 035 0 2 000949 0040 13.09.10 0013 129 035 0 2 000950 0040 13.09.10 0014 129 035 0 2 000951 0040 13.09.10 0015 129 055 0 2 000952 0040 13.09.10 0016 129 025 0 2 000953 0040 13.09.10 0017 129 030 0 1 000954 0040 13.09.10 0018 129 020 0 2 000955 0040 13.09.10 0019 129 035 0 2 000956 0040 13.09.10 0020 129 035 0 2 000957 0040 13.09.10 0021 129 035 0 2 000958 0040 13.09.10 0022 129 025 0 2 000959 0040 13.09.10 0023 129 015 0 1 000960 0040 13.09.10 0024 129 015 0 1 000961 0041 13.09.10 0001 100 025 0 1 000962 0041 13.09.10 0002 100 020 1 1 000963 0041 13.09.10 0003 100 025 1 1 000964 0041 13.09.10 0004 100 025 1 1 000965 0041 13.09.10 0005 100 025 0 1 0 170
  • 178. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other00966 0041 13.09.10 0006 100 025 1 1 000967 0041 13.09.10 0007 100 015 1 1 000968 0041 13.09.10 0008 100 020 1 2 000969 0041 13.09.10 0009 100 020 1 2 000970 0041 13.09.10 0010 100 025 1 1 000971 0041 13.09.10 0011 100 025 1 1 000972 0041 13.09.10 0012 100 025 1 1 000973 0041 13.09.10 0013 100 010 0 1 000974 0041 13.09.10 0014 118 030 1 1 000975 0041 13.09.10 0015 100 020 1 1 000976 0041 13.09.10 0016 100 015 0 2 000977 0041 13.09.10 0017 100 025 1 1 000978 0041 13.09.10 0018 100 025 1 1 000979 0041 13.09.10 0019 100 020 1 1 000980 0041 13.09.10 0020 100 015 1 1 000981 0041 13.09.10 0021 100 025 1 1 000982 0041 13.09.10 0022 100 025 1 1 000983 0041 13.09.10 0023 100 025 1 1 000984 0041 13.09.10 0024 100 020 1 1 000985 0042 10.09.10 0001 023 005 0 1 000986 0042 10.09.10 0002 073 005 0 1 000987 0042 10.09.10 0003 046 005 0 1 000988 0042 10.09.10 0004 023 005 0 1 000989 0042 10.09.10 0005 073 005 0 1 000990 0042 10.09.10 0006 023 005 0 1 000991 0042 10.09.10 0007 023 005 0 1 000992 0042 10.09.10 0008 023 005 0 1 000993 0042 10.09.10 0009 023 005 0 1 000994 0042 10.09.10 0010 023 005 0 1 000995 0042 10.09.10 0011 046 005 0 1 000996 0042 10.09.10 0012 046 005 0 1 000997 0042 10.09.10 0013 073 005 0 1 000998 0042 10.09.10 0014 073 005 0 1 000999 0042 10.09.10 0015 073 005 0 1 001000 0042 10.09.10 0016 073 005 0 1 001001 0042 10.09.10 0017 023 005 0 1 001002 0042 10.09.10 0018 073 005 0 1 001003 0042 10.09.10 0019 023 005 0 1 001004 0042 10.09.10 0020 023 005 0 1 001005 0042 10.09.10 0021 023 005 0 1 001006 0042 10.09.10 0022 073 005 0 1 001007 0042 10.09.10 0023 073 005 0 1 001008 0042 10.09.10 0024 073 005 0 1 001009 0043 09.09.10 0001 129 005 0 1 001010 0043 09.09.10 0002 129 005 0 1 001011 0043 09.09.10 0003 129 005 0 1 001012 0043 09.09.10 0004 129 005 0 1 001013 0043 09.09.10 0005 129 005 0 1 001014 0043 09.09.10 0006 129 005 0 1 001015 0043 09.09.10 0007 129 005 0 1 001016 0043 09.09.10 0008 129 005 0 1 0 171
  • 179. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other01017 0043 09.09.10 0009 129 005 0 1 001018 0043 09.09.10 0010 129 005 0 1 001019 0043 09.09.10 0011 129 005 0 1 001020 0043 09.09.10 0012 129 005 0 1 001021 0043 09.09.10 0013 129 005 0 1 001022 0043 09.09.10 0014 129 005 0 1 001023 0043 09.09.10 0015 129 005 0 1 001024 0043 09.09.10 0016 129 005 0 1 001025 0043 09.09.10 0017 129 005 0 1 001026 0043 09.09.10 0018 129 005 0 1 001027 0043 09.09.10 0019 129 005 0 1 001028 0043 09.09.10 0020 129 005 0 1 001029 0043 09.09.10 0021 129 005 0 1 001030 0043 09.09.10 0022 129 005 0 1 001031 0043 09.09.10 0023 129 005 0 1 001032 0043 09.09.10 0024 129 005 0 1 001033 0044 17.09.10 0001 023 030 0 1 001034 0044 17.09.10 0002 048 030 0 1 001035 0044 17.09.10 0003 023 030 0 1 001036 0044 17.09.10 0004 023 030 0 1 001037 0044 17.09.10 0005 023 030 1 1 001038 0044 17.09.10 0006 048 030 0 1 001039 0044 17.09.10 0007 023 030 0 1 001040 0044 17.09.10 0008 048 030 0 1 001041 0044 17.09.10 0009 023 030 0 1 001042 0044 17.09.10 0010 048 030 0 1 001043 0044 17.09.10 0011 023 030 0 1 001044 0044 17.09.10 0012 048 030 0 1 001045 0044 17.09.10 0013 099 030 0 1 001046 0044 17.09.10 0014 048 030 0 1 001047 0044 17.09.10 0015 048 030 0 1 001048 0044 17.09.10 0016 023 030 0 1 001049 0044 17.09.10 0017 048 030 0 1 001050 0044 17.09.10 0018 023 030 0 1 001051 0044 17.09.10 0019 048 030 0 1 001052 0044 17.09.10 0020 023 030 0 1 001053 0044 17.09.10 0021 048 030 0 1 001054 0044 17.09.10 0022 023 030 0 1 001055 0044 17.09.10 0023 048 030 0 1 001056 0044 17.09.10 0024 048 030 0 1 001057 0045 08.09.10 0001 023 020 0 1 001058 0045 08.09.10 0002 023 020 0 1 001059 0045 08.09.10 0003 023 020 0 1 001060 0045 08.09.10 0004 023 020 0 1 001061 0045 08.09.10 0005 023 020 0 1 001062 0045 08.09.10 0006 023 020 0 1 001063 0045 08.09.10 0007 002 010 0 1 001064 0045 08.09.10 0008 002 010 0 1 001065 0045 08.09.10 0009 041 020 0 1 001066 0045 08.09.10 0010 041 020 0 1 001067 0045 08.09.10 0011 041 025 0 1 0 172
  • 180. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other01068 0045 08.09.10 0012 041 025 0 1 001069 0045 08.09.10 0013 048 020 0 1 001070 0045 08.09.10 0014 048 015 0 1 001071 0045 08.09.10 0015 048 015 0 1 001072 0045 08.09.10 0016 048 020 0 1 001073 0045 08.09.10 0017 041 020 0 1 001074 0045 08.09.10 0018 041 025 0 1 001075 0045 08.09.10 0019 048 020 0 1 001076 0045 08.09.10 0020 002 010 0 1 001077 0045 08.09.10 0021 048 020 0 1 001078 0045 08.09.10 0022 041 020 0 1 001079 0045 08.09.10 0023 048 025 0 1 001080 0045 08.09.10 0024 048 020 0 1 001081 0046 09.09.10 0001 042 020 0 1 001082 0046 09.09.10 0002 042 020 0 1 001083 0046 09.09.10 0003 042 005 0 1 001084 0046 09.09.10 0004 042 010 0 1 001085 0046 09.09.10 0005 042 020 0 1 001086 0046 09.09.10 0006 042 025 0 1 001087 0046 09.09.10 0007 042 010 0 1 001088 0046 09.09.10 0008 042 010 0 1 001089 0046 09.09.10 0009 042 010 0 1 001090 0046 09.09.10 0010 042 010 0 1 001091 0046 09.09.10 0011 042 020 0 1 001092 0046 09.09.10 0012 042 020 0 1 001093 0046 09.09.10 0013 042 015 0 1 001094 0046 09.09.10 0014 042 015 0 1 001095 0046 09.09.10 0015 042 015 0 1 001096 0046 09.09.10 0016 042 015 0 1 001097 0046 09.09.10 0017 042 015 0 1 001098 0046 09.09.10 0018 042 015 0 1 001099 0046 09.09.10 0019 042 020 0 1 001100 0046 09.09.10 0020 042 020 0 1 001101 0046 09.09.10 0021 042 005 0 1 001102 0046 09.09.10 0022 042 010 0 1 001103 0046 09.09.10 0023 042 020 0 1 001104 0046 09.09.10 0024 042 025 0 1 001105 0047 13.09.10 0001 041 025 0 1 001106 0047 13.09.10 0002 023 005 0 1 001107 0047 13.09.10 0003 029 030 0 1 001108 0047 13.09.10 0004 029 005 0 1 001109 0047 13.09.10 0005 041 005 0 1 001110 0047 13.09.10 0006 023 005 0 1 001111 0047 13.09.10 0007 029 005 0 1 001112 0047 13.09.10 0008 023 025 0 1 001113 0047 13.09.10 0009 023 005 0 1 001114 0047 13.09.10 0010 029 025 0 1 001115 0047 13.09.10 0011 029 005 0 1 001116 0047 13.09.10 0012 029 005 0 1 001117 0047 13.09.10 0013 023 025 0 1 001118 0047 13.09.10 0014 023 025 0 1 0 173
  • 181. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other01119 0047 13.09.10 0015 029 025 0 1 001120 0047 13.09.10 0016 023 030 0 1 001121 0047 13.09.10 0017 023 030 0 1 001122 0047 13.09.10 0018 029 025 0 1 001123 0047 13.09.10 0019 029 025 0 1 001124 0047 13.09.10 0020 041 025 0 1 001125 0047 13.09.10 0021 029 025 0 1 001126 0047 13.09.10 0022 041 005 0 2 001127 0047 13.09.10 0023 041 005 0 1 001128 0047 13.09.10 0024 029 005 0 1 001129 0048 11.09.10 0001 110 005 0 2 001130 0048 11.09.10 0002 110 005 0 2 001131 0048 11.09.10 0003 129 005 0 2 001132 0048 11.09.10 0004 129 005 0 2 001133 0048 11.09.10 0005 129 005 0 2 001134 0048 11.09.10 0006 129 005 0 2 001135 0048 11.09.10 0007 129 025 0 2 001136 0048 11.09.10 0008 129 025 0 2 001137 0048 11.09.10 0009 129 025 0 2 001138 0048 11.09.10 0010 129 025 0 2 001139 0048 11.09.10 0011 129 025 0 2 001140 0048 11.09.10 0012 129 025 0 2 001141 0048 11.09.10 0013 110 005 0 2 001142 0048 11.09.10 0014 110 025 0 2 001143 0048 11.09.10 0015 129 025 0 2 001144 0048 11.09.10 0016 129 025 0 2 001145 0048 11.09.10 0017 129 025 0 2 001146 0048 11.09.10 0018 129 025 0 2 001147 0048 11.09.10 0019 110 005 0 2 001148 0048 11.09.10 0020 129 025 0 2 001149 0048 11.09.10 0021 110 005 0 2 001150 0048 11.09.10 0022 129 025 0 2 001151 0048 11.09.10 0023 129 025 0 2 001152 0048 11.09.10 0024 129 025 0 2 001153 0049 11.09.10 0001 049 025 0 1 001154 0049 11.09.10 0002 049 025 0 1 001155 0049 11.09.10 0003 014 025 0 1 001156 0049 11.09.10 0004 023 025 0 1 001157 0049 11.09.10 0005 042 025 0 1 001158 0049 11.09.10 0006 042 025 0 1 001159 0049 11.09.10 0007 044 005 0 1 001160 0049 11.09.10 0008 044 025 0 1 001161 0049 11.09.10 0009 081 005 0 1 001162 0049 11.09.10 0010 081 005 0 1 001163 0049 11.09.10 0011 023 025 0 1 001164 0049 11.09.10 0012 044 026 0 1 001165 0049 11.09.10 0013 023 005 0 1 001166 0049 11.09.10 0014 022 025 0 1 001167 0049 11.09.10 0015 048 025 0 1 001168 0049 11.09.10 0016 081 025 0 1 001169 0049 11.09.10 0017 023 025 0 1 0 174
  • 182. Stablo/ Tacka/ Datum Merenja/ Rbr. Stabla / Vrsta Defolijacija % / Dekolorizacija / Plodonošenje/ OstalaTree No. Observation point Date of No. Of Tree Drveta/ Defoliation % Decolorisation Fructification zapažanja/ observation Tree species Other01170 0049 11.09.10 0018 023 025 0 1 001171 0049 11.09.10 0019 049 025 0 1 001172 0049 11.09.10 0020 049 025 0 1 001173 0049 11.09.10 0021 023 025 0 1 001174 0049 11.09.10 0022 049 025 0 1 001175 0049 11.09.10 0023 049 005 0 1 001176 0049 11.09.10 0024 049 025 0 1 0 175
  • 183. Formular 802010TRFTačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 1 15.9.2010 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 1 15.9.2010 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 5 12 02 00 0 0 008 999 0 0 2 13.9.2010 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 176
  • 184. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 2 13.9.2010 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 2 13.9.2010 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 1 14 10 31 4 1 210 999 1 0 3 14.9.2010 2 22 10 60 4 3 220 999 2 0 3 14.9.2010 3 14 01 31 4 1 210 999 1 0 3 14.9.2010 4 14 01 31 4 1 210 999 1 0 3 14.9.2010 5 14 01 31 4 1 210 999 1 0 3 14.9.2010 6 14 01 31 4 1 210 999 1 0 3 14.9.2010 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 3 14.9.2010 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 5 32 08 59 0 0 400 000 1 0 4 06.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 8 31 17 59 0 0 400 000 2 0 4 06.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 13 14 09 50 2 0 270 mikifag 3 0 4 06.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 15 14 09 50 2 0 270 mikifag 2 0 4 06.09.10 16 14 09 50 2 0 270 mikifag 2 0 4 06.09.10 17 14 09 50 2 0 270 mikifag 3 0 4 06.09.10 18 14 09 50 2 0 270 mikifag 3 0 4 06.09.10 19 14 09 50 2 0 270 mikifag 2 0 4 06.09.10 20 14 09 50 2 0 270 mikifag 1 0 4 06.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 4 06.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 177
  • 185. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 5 07.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 4 32 08 39 0 0 400 000 2 0 5 07.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 11 32 11 60 0 0 999 000 1 0 5 07.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 22 32 08 59 0 0 400 000 2 0 5 07.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 5 07.09.10 24 32 08 59 0 0 400 000 1 0 6 10.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 2 12 02 37 4 3 999 000 4 0 6 10.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 4 12 02 37 4 3 999 000 3 0 6 10.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 7 23 08 64 2 2 390 000 2 0 6 10.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 13 31 13 00 1 2 432 000 2 0 6 10.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 6 10.09.10 22 33 17 60 0 2 545 000 3 0 6 10.09.10 23 32 08 52 0 2 431 000 1 0 6 10.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 178
  • 186. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 7 14.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 7 14.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 2 31 20 62 2 3 300 000 3 0 8 11.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 14 23 08 64 3 2 300 000 1 0 8 11.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 16 33 17 59 0 2 999 000 3 0 8 11.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 22 34 18 65 0 2 200 000 5 0 8 11.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 8 11.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 9 10.09.10 1 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 2 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 3 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 4 01 31 00 4 1 200 000 1 0 9 10.09.10 5 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 6 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 179
  • 187. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 9 10.09.10 7 31 08 68 4 2 300 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 8 31 08 68 4 2 300 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 9 31 08 68 4 2 300 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 10 01 31 00 4 1 200 000 1 0 9 10.09.10 11 31 08 68 4 2 600 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 12 01 31 00 4 1 200 000 1 0 9 10.09.10 13 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 14 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 15 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 16 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 17 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 18 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 19 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 9 10.09.10 21 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 22 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 23 31 08 68 4 2 500 000 4 0 9 10.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 10 14.09.10 1 14 19 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 10 14.09.10 2 32 09 00 0 0 600 000 2 0 10 14.09.10 3 34 09 00 0 0 600 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 10 14.09.10 5 32 09 00 0 0 600 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 6 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 10 14.09.10 7 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 10 14.09.10 8 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 10 14.09.10 9 26 14 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 10 14 10 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 11 14 10 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 12 14 14 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 13 32 09 00 0 0 600 000 2 0 10 14.09.10 14 32 08 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 10 14.09.10 15 32 08 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 10 14.09.10 16 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 17 32 09 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 18 32 09 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 19 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 10 14.09.10 20 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 3 0 10 14.09.10 21 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 3 0 10 14.09.10 22 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 23 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 10 14.09.10 24 32 09 00 0 0 600 000 2 0 11 14.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 11 14.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 11 14.09.10 3 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 2 0 11 14.09.10 4 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 1 0 11 14.09.10 5 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 1 0 11 14.09.10 6 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 1 0 11 14.09.10 7 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 2 0 11 14.09.10 8 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 2 0 11 14.09.10 9 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 2 0 180
  • 188. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 11 14.09.10 10 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 2 0 11 14.09.10 11 32 17 60 0 0 999 000 1 0 11 14.09.10 12 14 10 00 0 0 210 altique 1 0 11 14.09.10 13 23 13 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 11 14.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 11 14.09.10 15 31 13 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 11 14.09.10 16 14 10 00 0 0 210 altique 1 0 11 14.09.10 17 14 10 00 0 0 210 altique 2 0 11 14.09.10 18 14 10 00 0 0 210 altique 1 0 11 14.09.10 19 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 1 0 11 14.09.10 20 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 2 0 11 14.09.10 21 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 2 0 11 14.09.10 22 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 1 0 11 14.09.10 23 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 1 0 11 14.09.10 24 14 10 00 0 0 260 rhynfag 1 0 12 03.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 5 32 08 63 0 0 999 000 1 0 12 03.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 7 34 09 00 0 0 600 000 3 0 12 03.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 14 31 17 60 0 0 999 000 3 0 12 03.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 19 23 13 60 0 0 999 000 2 0 12 03.09.10 20 14 11 00 0 0 300 Rhytace 3 0 12 03.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 12 03.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 13 03.09.10 1 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 13 03.09.10 2 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 3 0 13 03.09.10 3 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 13 03.09.10 4 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 13 03.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 13 03.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 13 03.09.10 7 14 11 00 0 0 300 Rhytace 3 0 13 03.09.10 8 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 3 0 13 03.09.10 9 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 13 03.09.10 10 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 13 03.09.10 11 14 10 00 0 0 300 Rhytace 3 0 13 03.09.10 12 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 181
  • 189. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 13 03.09.10 13 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 13 03.09.10 14 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 3 0 13 03.09.10 15 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 4 0 13 03.09.10 16 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 13 03.09.10 17 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 13 03.09.10 18 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 3 0 13 03.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 13 03.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 13 03.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 13 03.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 13 03.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 13 03.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 1 34 00 00 0 2 500 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 2 34 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 8 33 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 9 33 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 12 34 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 13 34 00 00 0 2 500 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 14 34 00 00 0 2 500 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 21 31 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 14 16.09.10 24 34 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 1 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 3 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 4 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 5 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 6 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 9 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 10 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 13 34 00 00 0 2 040 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 15 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 182
  • 190. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 15 22.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 18 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 20 34 00 00 0 2 400 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 21 34 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 15 22.09.10 24 33 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 16 09.09.10 1 32 08 63 0 0 000 000 0 0 16 09.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 16 09.09.10 3 33 08 52 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 16 09.09.10 5 33 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 16 09.09.10 6 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 7 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 8 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 9 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 10 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 11 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 12 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 13 33 17 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 14 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 16 09.09.10 16 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 17 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 18 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 19 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 20 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 21 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 22 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 23 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 16 09.09.10 24 33 20 00 0 0 500 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 1 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 2 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 3 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 4 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 5 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 6 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 7 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 8 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 9 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 10 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 11 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 12 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 13 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 14 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 15 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 16 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 17 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 18 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 183
  • 191. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 17 15.09.10 19 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 20 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 21 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 22 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 23 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 17 15.09.10 24 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 18 15.09.10 1 14 09 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 18 15.09.10 2 14 09 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 18 15.09.10 3 14 09 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 18 15.09.10 4 14 09 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 18 15.09.10 5 14 09 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 18 15.09.10 6 14 09 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 18 15.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 10 32 08 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 18 15.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 13 14 10 00 0 0 210 Altique 2 0 18 15.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 16 14 10 00 0 0 210 Altique 1 0 18 15.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 18 23 13 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 18 15.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 18 15.09.10 22 14 10 00 0 0 210 Altique 2 0 18 15.09.10 23 14 10 00 0 0 210 Altique 2 0 18 15.09.10 24 14 10 00 0 0 210 Altique 1 0 19 15.09.10 1 25 14 00 3 2 000 000 1 0 19 15.09.10 2 14 09 38 4 2 000 000 2 0 19 15.09.10 3 14 09 38 4 3 000 000 1 0 19 15.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 5 14 09 38 4 2 000 000 2 0 19 15.09.10 6 26 14 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 15 14 09 38 4 3 000 000 1 0 19 15.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 17 14 09 38 4 2 000 000 1 0 19 15.09.10 18 14 09 38 4 2 000 000 1 0 19 15.09.10 19 14 09 38 4 2 000 000 2 0 19 15.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 21 34 21 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 184
  • 192. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 19 15.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 19 15.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 20 16.09.10 1 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 20 16.09.10 2 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 20 16.09.10 3 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 4 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 5 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 6 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 7 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 8 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 9 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 10 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 11 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 20 16.09.10 12 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 20 16.09.10 13 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 20 16.09.10 14 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 20 16.09.10 15 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 20 16.09.10 16 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 3 0 20 16.09.10 17 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 3 0 20 16.09.10 18 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 19 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 20 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 21 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 22 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 23 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 20 16.09.10 24 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 21 16.09.10 1 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 21 16.09.10 2 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 3 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 21 16.09.10 4 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 5 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 6 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 7 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 8 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 21 16.09.10 9 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 10 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 11 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 21 16.09.10 12 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 13 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 14 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 15 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 21 16.09.10 16 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 17 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 18 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 21 16.09.10 19 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 20 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 21 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 22 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 21 16.09.10 23 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 2 0 21 16.09.10 24 14 10 00 0 0 260 Rhynfag 1 0 185
  • 193. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 22 16.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 22 16.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 2 34 20 00 0 2 600 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 4 34 17 00 0 2 600 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 5 34 17 00 0 2 600 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 6 34 20 00 0 2 600 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 7 34 20 00 0 2 600 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 8 34 20 00 0 2 600 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 9 34 20 00 0 2 600 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 15 34 20 00 0 2 600 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 20 34 20 00 0 2 600 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 21 34 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 23 21.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 3 33 20 52 0 2 300 000 2 0 186
  • 194. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 24 14.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 6 33 20 52 0 3 300 000 2 0 24 14.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 9 33 20 52 0 2 300 000 2 0 24 14.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 11 33 20 52 0 3 300 000 2 0 24 14.09.10 12 33 20 52 0 3 300 000 2 0 24 14.09.10 13 33 20 52 0 3 300 000 2 0 24 14.09.10 14 33 20 52 0 2 300 000 2 0 24 14.09.10 15 33 20 52 0 2 300 000 2 0 24 14.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 17 33 20 52 0 2 300 000 2 0 24 14.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 19 32 20 52 0 2 300 000 2 0 24 14.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 24 14.09.10 23 32 20 52 0 2 300 000 3 0 24 14.09.10 24 32 20 52 0 2 300 000 3 0 25 12.09.10 1 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 2 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 3 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 4 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 5 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 6 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 7 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 8 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 9 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 10 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 11 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 12 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 13 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 14 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 15 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 16 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 17 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 18 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 19 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 20 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 21 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 22 11 09 01 4 1 400 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 23 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 25 12.09.10 24 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 26 07.09.10 1 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 187
  • 195. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 26 07.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 19 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 23 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 26 07.09.10 24 31 18 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 2 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 3 12 03 43 2 2 999 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 4 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 5 31 08 52 0 2 999 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 6 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 7 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 8 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 11 31 18 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 12 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 14 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 15 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 19 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 21 31 08 52 0 2 999 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 23 31 17 60 0 2 500 000 0 0 27 18.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 28 15.09.10 1 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 28 15.09.10 2 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 28 15.09.10 3 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 28 15.09.10 4 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 28 15.09.10 5 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 28 15.09.10 6 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 28 15.09.10 7 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 28 15.09.10 8 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 28 15.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 188
  • 196. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 28 15.09.10 10 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 28 15.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 28 15.09.10 12 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 28 15.09.10 13 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 28 15.09.10 14 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 1 0 28 15.09.10 15 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 28 15.09.10 16 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 28 15.09.10 17 14 10 00 0 0 210 000 2 0 28 15.09.10 18 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 28 15.09.10 19 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 28 15.09.10 20 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 28 15.09.10 21 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 28 15.09.10 22 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 28 15.09.10 23 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 28 15.09.10 24 14 12 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 1 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 2 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 3 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 4 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 5 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 6 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 7 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 8 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 9 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 29 14.09.10 10 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 29 14.09.10 11 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 12 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 13 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 29 14.09.10 14 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 29 14.09.10 15 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 16 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 29 14.09.10 17 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 29 14.09.10 18 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 29 14.09.10 19 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 29 14.09.10 20 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 21 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 29 14.09.10 22 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 29 14.09.10 23 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 29 14.09.10 24 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 30 14.09.10 1 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 2 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 3 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 4 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 5 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 6 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 7 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 8 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 9 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 10 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 11 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 12 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 189
  • 197. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 30 14.09.10 13 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 30 14.09.10 14 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 15 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 16 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 17 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 18 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 19 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 20 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 30 14.09.10 21 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 30 14.09.10 22 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 23 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 30 14.09.10 24 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 31 15.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 19 34 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 22 34 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 23 34 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 31 15.09.10 24 34 00 00 0 2 999 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 190
  • 198. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 32 07.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 32 07.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 2 08 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 3 08 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 4 17 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 5 17 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 7 11 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 10 08 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 11 11 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 12 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 13 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 14 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 15 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 16 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 17 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 18 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 19 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 20 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 21 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 22 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 23 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 33 14.09.10 24 60 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 34 13.09.10 1 31 20 52 0 2 400 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 2 31 20 52 0 2 400 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 34 13.09.10 4 31 20 52 0 2 400 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 5 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 6 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 7 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 8 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 9 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 10 31 20 52 4 2 400 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 11 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 34 13.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 34 13.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 34 13.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 34 13.09.10 16 11 09 01 4 1 200 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 17 31 20 52 0 2 400 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 191
  • 199. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 34 13.09.10 19 31 20 52 0 2 400 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 20 31 20 52 0 2 400 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 21 31 20 52 0 2 400 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 34 13.09.10 23 31 20 52 0 2 400 000 2 0 34 13.09.10 24 31 20 52 0 2 400 000 2 0 35 12.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 7 31 17 60 0 2 400 000 1 0 35 12.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 16 31 17 59 0 2 400 000 1 0 35 12.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 35 12.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 36 11.09.10 1 14 01 39 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 2 14 01 39 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 3 14 01 39 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 4 14 01 39 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 5 14 01 38 4 3 000 000 1 0 36 11.09.10 6 14 01 39 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 7 14 01 39 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 8 14 01 39 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 9 14 01 31 4 1 000 000 1 0 36 11.09.10 10 14 01 31 4 1 000 000 1 0 36 11.09.10 11 14 01 39 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 12 14 01 31 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 36 11.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 36 11.09.10 15 14 01 31 4 1 000 000 1 0 36 11.09.10 16 25 14 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 36 11.09.10 17 25 14 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 36 11.09.10 18 25 14 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 36 11.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 36 11.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 36 11.09.10 21 14 09 38 4 3 000 000 1 0 192
  • 200. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 36 11.09.10 22 14 09 38 4 3 000 000 1 0 36 11.09.10 23 14 01 39 4 1 000 000 2 0 36 11.09.10 24 14 01 31 4 1 000 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 1 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 2 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 3 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 4 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 5 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 6 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 7 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 8 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 9 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 10 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 11 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 12 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 13 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 14 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 15 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 16 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 17 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 18 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 19 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 20 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 21 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 22 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 23 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 37 16.09.10 24 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 38 14.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 38 14.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 193
  • 201. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 39 10.09.10 1 13 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 39 10.09.10 2 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 39 10.09.10 3 14 05 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 4 14 11 00 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 39 10.09.10 5 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 39 10.09.10 6 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 39 10.09.10 7 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 8 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 9 13 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 10 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 11 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 12 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 13 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 14 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 15 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 16 13 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 17 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 18 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 39 10.09.10 19 14 11 00 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 39 10.09.10 20 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 39 10.09.10 21 14 05 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 39 10.09.10 22 13 11 00 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 39 10.09.10 23 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 39 10.09.10 24 14 11 00 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 40 13.09.10 1 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 40 13.09.10 2 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 3 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 4 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 40 13.09.10 5 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 40 13.09.10 6 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 40 13.09.10 7 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 8 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 9 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 10 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 11 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 12 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 13 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 14 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 15 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 4 0 40 13.09.10 16 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 17 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 18 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 40 13.09.10 19 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 20 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 21 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 22 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 40 13.09.10 23 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 40 13.09.10 24 13 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 41 13.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 194
  • 202. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 41 13.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 5 08 00 63 0 2 999 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 6 08 00 63 0 2 999 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 7 08 00 63 0 2 999 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 9 18 00 00 0 2 500 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 13 08 00 52 0 2 999 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 14 18 00 00 0 2 500 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 19 08 00 52 0 2 999 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 23 08 00 52 0 2 999 000 0 0 41 13.09.10 24 08 00 63 0 2 999 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 42 10.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 1 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 2 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 3 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 4 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 5 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 6 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 195
  • 203. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 43 09.09.10 7 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 8 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 9 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 10 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 11 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 12 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 13 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 14 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 15 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 16 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 17 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 18 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 19 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 20 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 21 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 22 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 23 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 43 09.09.10 24 00 00 00 0 0 000 000 0 0 44 17.09.10 1 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 2 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 3 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 4 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 5 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 6 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 7 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 8 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 9 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 10 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 11 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 12 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 13 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 14 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 15 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 16 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 17 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 18 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 19 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 20 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 21 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 22 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 23 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 44 17.09.10 24 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 45 08.09.10 1 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 2 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 3 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 4 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 5 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 6 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 7 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 45 08.09.10 8 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 45 08.09.10 9 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 196
  • 204. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 45 08.09.10 10 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 11 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 45 08.09.10 12 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 45 08.09.10 13 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 14 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 15 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 16 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 17 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 18 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 19 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 20 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 45 08.09.10 21 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 22 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 23 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 45 08.09.10 24 14 03 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 46 09.09.10 1 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 2 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 3 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 1 0 46 09.09.10 4 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 1 0 46 09.09.10 5 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 6 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 3 0 46 09.09.10 7 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 1 0 46 09.09.10 8 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 1 0 46 09.09.10 9 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 1 0 46 09.09.10 10 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 1 0 46 09.09.10 11 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 12 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 13 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 14 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 15 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 16 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 17 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 18 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 19 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 20 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 21 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 1 0 46 09.09.10 22 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 1 0 46 09.09.10 23 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 2 0 46 09.09.10 24 14 11 50 0 0 300 dryolis 3 0 47 13.09.10 1 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 2 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 47 13.09.10 3 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 47 13.09.10 4 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 47 13.09.10 5 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 47 13.09.10 6 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 47 13.09.10 7 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 47 13.09.10 8 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 9 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 47 13.09.10 10 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 11 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 47 13.09.10 12 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 197
  • 205. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 47 13.09.10 13 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 14 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 15 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 16 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 47 13.09.10 17 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 3 0 47 13.09.10 18 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 19 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 20 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 21 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 47 13.09.10 22 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 47 13.09.10 23 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 47 13.09.10 24 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 1 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 2 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 3 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 4 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 5 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 6 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 7 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 8 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 9 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 10 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 11 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 12 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 13 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 14 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 15 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 16 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 17 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 18 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 19 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 20 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 21 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 1 0 48 11.09.10 22 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 23 13 02 00 12 0 999 000 2 0 48 11.09.10 24 13 02 00 11 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 1 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 2 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 3 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 4 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 5 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 6 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 7 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 49 11.09.10 8 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 9 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 49 11.09.10 10 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 49 11.09.10 11 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 12 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 13 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 49 11.09.10 14 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 15 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 198
  • 206. Tačka/ Datum R.br. Specifikacija Simptom/ Specifikacija Lokacija u Starost Uzrok / Naučni Intenzitet Druga Point merenja/ Stabla/ pogodjenog Symptom simptoma / krošnji / oštećenja/ Cause naziv napada/ zapažanja/ Date of No. of dijela Specification Location in Age of damage uzroka / Intensity of Other observation tree /Specification of symptom the crown Sci. Name attack causes 49 11.09.10 16 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 17 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 18 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 19 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 20 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 21 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 22 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 49 11.09.10 23 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 1 0 49 11.09.10 24 14 02 00 0 0 999 000 2 0 199
  • 207. PRAĆENJE STANJA OŠTEĆENOSTI ŠUMA U CRNOJ GORI PREMA PROGRAMU ICP ZA ŠUME (Međunarodni kooperacioni program za praćenje stanja šuma Evrope) Godišnji izvještaj za 2010. godinuMONITORING THE CONDITION OF FOREST DAMAGE IN MONTENEGRO ACCORDING TO THE ICP FOREST PROGRAMME (International Cooperative Programme on Monitoring Forest Condition in Europe) 2010 Annual Report Izdavač / Publisher Ministarstvo poljoprivrede i ruralnog razvoja/ Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Uprava za šume/ Forest Administration Urednik / Editor Dr. Milosav Anđelić Tehnički urednik, dizajn korica i prelom teksta / Layout, Cover disign & Layout Dipl. inž. Aleksandar Stijović Tiraž / Circulation 300 Štampa i povez / Printing & binding ............ 200
  • 208. Ministarstvo poljoprivrede i ruralnog razvoja/ Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development Uprava za šume/ Forest Administration 202