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Learning Area 6 Information System
 

Learning Area 6 Information System

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    Learning Area 6 Information System Learning Area 6 Information System Document Transcript

    • 6.1.1 Definition6.1.1.1 Give the meaning of data, information and information systems.6.1.2 Usage of Information Systems in Various Fields6.1.2.1 State the usage of Information Systems in education, business and management.SECTION A1. State whether the following statement is True or False. Nyatakan pernyataan berikut Benar atau Palsu (WILAYAH 2011) Booking ticket online for a flight reservation or movie is examples of usage of information system in everyday life. Tempahan tiket penerbangan atau wayang atas talian ialah contoh penggunaaan sistem maklumat dalam kehidupan harian. ………………………..SECTION B1. You keep a data base of your friends’ names, addresses and dates of birth. The data base is kept in the school server and can be retrieved by other user. Anda menyimpan pangkalan data rakan-rakan anda, lamat nama dan tarikh lahir. Pangkalan data disimpan di pelayan sekolah dan boleh diambil oleh pengguna lain. (SPM 2007) a) State two uses of the information from the data base to be utilized. Nyata dua kegunaan maklumat daripada pangkalan data yang boleh digunakan. i) …………………………………………………………………………………. ii) …………………………………………………………………………………. b) State two problems that may arised by having shared data base. Nyatakan dua masalah yang mungkin timbul dengan memiliki pangkalan berkongsi data. i) …………………………………………………………………………………. ii) …………………………………………………………………………………. 55
    • 2. Statement 2 defines a database. /Pernyataan 2 mentakrifkan pangkalan data. (P.PINANG-HSBM2011) Statement 2 / Pernyataan 2 Based on Statement 2, state four benefits of using the databases above. Berdasarkan Pernyataan 2, nyatakan empat kelebihan menggunakan pangkalan data di atas. …………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………………………………….6.1.3 Information System Components6.1.3.1 List the Information System components:• data • hardware • software • people • procedureSECTION A1. The components of an information system are human, hardware, software, procedures and ……………………………………… Komponen sistem maklumat adalah manusia, perkakasan, perisian, prosedur dan ........................................... (SPM 2007) 55
    • 6.1.3.2 Define each of the Information System components.SECTION A1. Table 2 describe on components of information system. Jadual 2 menunjukkan komponen sistem maklumat dan penerangannya. (WILAYAH 2011) Table 2 / Jadual 2 Based on Table 2, identify the information system component described in Berdasarkan Jadual 2, kenalpasti komponen sistem maklumat yang dinyatakan dalam (i) P …………………………. (ii) Q …………………………. (iii) R ………………………….2. Write the correct words to complete the following statement: Tulisperkataan yang betuluntukmelengkapkanpernyataanberikut: (PAHANG 2011) An information system is a set of hardware, .......X……., data, people and …….Y……. that’s work together to produce information. Sistem maklumat adalah satu himpunan perkakasan,.......X……., data, manusia dan…….Y……. yang berkerjasama untuk menghasilkan maklumat. (no 23) X – ……………………………………. Y – ……………………………………. 55
    • 3. Table 10 shows two information system components. Jadual 10 menunjukkan dua komponen sistem maklumat. (P.PINANG –HSBM 2011) BBased on Table 10, name: Berdasarkan Jadual 10, namakan: (i) Component A /Komponen A …………………. (ii) Component B /Komponen B ………………….4. Table 3 shows two components of information system. Jadual 3 menunjukkan dua komponen dalam sistem maklumat (N.SEMBILAN 2011) • Raw input for information system such as number and images that can convert meaningful information. F • Input mentah untuk sistem maklumat seperti nombor dan imej- imej yang boleh ditukarkan menjadi maklumat yang bermakna. • The set of computer programs that provide step by step instructions to the hardware to process data. G • Satu set aturcara komputer yang menyediakan arahan langkah demi langkah untuk membolehkan perkakasan memproses data. Table 3/Jadual 3 Based on Table 3, name F and G./Berdasarkan Jadual 3, namakan F dan G. F – …………………. G – …………………. 55
    • 6.1.3.3 Describe the interrelation between information system components using adiagram.SECTION A1. Figure 9 shows the components of system S. Rajah 9 menunjukkan komponen dalam sistem S (SARAWAK 2011) Based on Figure 9, what is S? / Berdasarkan rajah 9, apakah S? _________________________SECTION B1. Figure 18 shows the interrelation of five main components of an online ticketing system for a cinema. Rajah 18 menunjukkan hubungan antara lima komponen utama dalam satu sistem jualan tiket atas talian bagi sebuah pawagam. (SPM 2010) 55
    • Based on Figure 18: / Berdasarkan Rajah 18 : (a) state one example of component: / Nyatakan satu contoh komponen: (i) B ………………….. (ii) C …………………... (b) Describe the interrelation between component A and component E. Huraikan hubungan antara Komponen A dan Komponen E. …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… Customer need user guide because they can know how to enter to the cinema ticketing online system2. Figure below shows the interrelation between the components of an information system. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan hubungan komponen-komponen dalam sistem maklumat. (MELAKA 2011) B C X Y A Based on figure : / Berdasarkan kepada rajah : a) Explain X and Y / Jelaskan X dan Y ……………………………………………………. (2 markah) b) Describe the interrelation between picture A , B and C above. Terangkan hubungkait di antara gambarajah A , B dan C di atas ………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………… ( 2 markah ) 55
    • 3. Figure 12 shows the concept of information system. Rajah 12 menunjukkan konsep sistem maklumat (PERLIS 2011) Match the components of information system with the following statement. Padankan komponen system maklumat dengan penyataan yang diberikan. (i) Instructions for the user of an information system can be in the form of Operating guidelines in the user manuals. …………….. Arahan pengoperasian kepada pengguna sistem maklumat dalam bentuk panduan dalam manual pengguna. ………………… (ii) Refer to people involved in using information system. ………………… Petugas sistem dan pengguna akhir. ……………………..6.1.4 Types of Information Systems6.1.4.1 List five types of Information Systems:• MIS • TPS • DSS • EIS • ES / AISECTION A1. Figure 8 shows types of information system Rajah 8 menunjukkan jenis- jenis sistem maklumat. (N.SEMBILAN 2011) Types of Information System Executive Information System (EIS) Transaction Processing System (TPS) Decision Support System (DSS) X Management Information System (MIS) Figure 8Rajah 8 Based on Figure 8, state X/Berdasarkan Rajah 8, nyatakan X ………………………………………………..2. Which of the following are types of information system Yang manakah antara berikut adalah sistem maklumat? (P.PINANG_HSBM 2011) I. Decision Support System (DSS) II. Executive Information System (EIS) III. Transaction Processing System (TPS) IV. Manager and Staff Information System (MSIS) A. I and II B. I, and III C. I, II and III D. I, II, III and IV 55
    • 6.1.4.2 State the usage of each type of information system.SECTION A1. Type of information system that can help manager or administrator to make the best decision is ……………………………………….. Jenis sistem maklumat yang boleh membantu pengurus dan pentadbir membuat keputusan terbaik ialah ……………………………………. (WILAYAH 2011) A. Executive Information System /Sistem Maklumat Eksekutif B. Decision Support System / Sistem Sokongan Keputusan C. Management Information System / Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat D. Expert Systems / Sistem Pintar2. Table 5 shows the description for several types of Information System. Jadual 5 menunjukkan penerangan untuk beberapa jenis Sistem Maklumat. (KEDAH 2011) Type of Information System Description Jenis Sistem Maklumat Penerangan • Help top-level management to plan strategies and forecast future trend. P Membantu pengurusan atasan merancang strategi dan meramal hala tuju pada masa depan. • Use to store knowledge and make logical suggestions for the user. Q Digunakan untuk menyimpan pengetahuan dan menghasilkan cadangan yang logik kepada pengguna. Table 5 / Jadual 5 Based on Table 5, identify; / Berdasarkan Jadual 5, kenal pasti; (i) P …………………………………………… (ii) Q ……………………………………………3. Statement 2 refers to a type of information system. Pernyataan 2 di bawah merujuk kepada jenis sistem maklumat. (PERLIS 2011) State the type of information system. Nyatakan jenis sistem maklumat tersebut. __________________________ 55
    • 4. There are five types of information system Berikut merupakan lima jenis sistem maklumat (KELANTAN 2011) Based on Figure 10, match the conect definitions Berdasarkan raiah 10, padankan dengan maksud yang betul (i) To provide regular information about the daily business activities to the manager………….. Menyediakan maklumat mengenai aktiviti perniagaan harian kepada pengurus………….. (ii) To record business transaction and keep track daily transaction in a database. ………….. Merekodkan transaksi perniagaan dan menyimpan transaksi harian dalam pangkalan data………….. (ii) To provide managers with information in order to make the accurate decisions. ………….. Menyediakan maklumat kepada pengurus untuk membuat keputusan yang tepat. …………..5. Online banking is the example of ______________________ Urusan bank atas talian adalah contoh bagi ______________ (PERAK 2011) A. Decision Support System / Sistem Sokongan Keputusan B. Executive Information System / Sistem Maklumat Eksekutif C. Transaction Processing System / Sistem Pemprosesan Transaksi D. Management Information System / Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat 55
    • 6. Table 7 describes a type of information system. Jadual 7 menerangkan jenis sistem maklumat. (SARAWAK 2011) - acquires data from routine transactions Memperoleh data dari urus niaga rutin - analyses and extracts meaningful information Analisis dan ekstrak maklumat yang bermakna - narrows down the range of choices by applying rules Sempit pelbagai pilihan dengan menggunakan peraturan - provides “what if” analysis but does not replace human judgment Menyediakan analisis "bagaimana jika" tetapi tidak menggantikan penghakiman manusia Table 7 describes a/an / Jadual 7 menerangkan A Decision Support System / Sistem Sokongan Keputusan B Executive Information System / Sistem Maklumat Eksekutif C Management Information System / Pengurusan Sistem Maklumat D Transaction Processing System / Sistem Pemprosesan Transaksi 55
    • 8. Which of the following is correct between information systems and its applications. Yang manakah di antara berikut betul antara sistem maklumat dan kegunaannya. (EXAM 2011) Information System / Usage / Sistem maklumat kegunaan I Decision Support System / Analysis business data and that user can Sistem Sokongan Keputusan make decision easily Analisis data perniagaan dan pengguna boleh membuat keputusan dengan mudah II Management Information Produces standardized reports in System / summarized structured form Menghasilkan Sistem Maklumat laporan seragam dalam bentuk berstruktur Pengurusan yang diringkaskan III Transaction Processing Provides strategic information and that can System / obtain information without extensive Sistem Pemprosesan training. Transaksi Menyediakan maklumat strategik dan yang boleh mendapatkan maklumat tanpa latihan yang banyak IV Expert System / Artificial Application program that make decision Intelligent and solve problems in particular fields by Sistem Pakar / Kepintaran using knowledge and analytical rules. Buatan Permohonan program yang membuat keputusan dan menyelesaikan masalah dalam bidang-bidang tertentu dengan menggunakan pengetahuan dan kaedah- kaedah analisis A. I, II, III B. I, II, IV C. I, III, IV D. II, III, IV 55
    • 6.1.5 Hierarchy of Data6.1.5.1 Define bit, byte, field, record, and file.SECTION A1. Figure 10 shows a school data base (SPM 2007) Rajah 10 menunjukkan pangkalan data sekolah B Studen IDNameClass2396Azahrina5A13975Saras A wathy5A13981Tommy5A24782Wahid5A2 Name i) A : ………………………………………. ii) B : ……………………………………….2. Figure 9 shows database object X that has relationship with Y. Rajah 9 menunjukan objek pangkalan data X yang berhubung dengan Y. (WILAYAH 2011) Relationship X Y Figure 9/Rajah 9 Based on figure 9, identify : Berdasarkan Rajah 9, kenal pasti : a. X ………………………. b. Y ………………………. 55
    • 3. Figure 13 shows a student’s table. Rajah 13 menunjukkan jadual pelajar. (PERLIS 2011) Based on Figure 13, select X, Y or Z for the following statement. Berdasarkan Rajah 13, pilih X, Y atau Z bagi pernyataan berikut. i) Collection of fields about a person, place or thing in a table. Koleksi medan tentang seseorang, tempat atau benda dalam jadual ………………… ii) Which column is the most suitable for primary key. Kolum manakah yang paling sesuai digunakan sebagai kunci primer ………………… 55
    • 4. Ravi had created a database of his customer’s information. The data that he had stored in his database are shown in Table 4 below. Ravi telah membangunkan pangkalan data yang menyimpan maklumat semua pelanggannya. Data yang disimpan di dalam pangkalan data tersebut adalah seperti yang ditunjukkan di dalam Jadual 4 di bawah. (PERLIS 2011) Ta Table 4 / Jadual 4 Based on the Table 4 , answer the following questions. Berdasarkan Jadual 4 , jawab soalan berikut. (a) (i) Identify X. /Kenal pasti X …………………… [1 markah] (ii) Define X. / Jelaskan maksud X. ……………………………………………………………………………….. [1 markah] (b) (i) Which Information System components does Ravi represents if he is the one who will use the database? Komponen Sistem Maklumat yang mana satukah diwakili oleh Ravi sekiranya dia yang menggunakan pangkalan data tersebut? …………………………. [1 markah] (ii) Define the component. /Berikan definisi komponen tersebut. …………………………………………………………………………………. [1 markah] 55
    • 6.1.5.2 State the hierarchy of data:• Bit → Byte (Character) → Field → Record → File → DatabaseSECTION A1. Figure 5 shows the hierachy of data. / Rajah 5 menunjukkan hieraki data (SPM 2007) Bit K Field L Databas e Name :/ namakan (i) K: …………………………………….. (ii) L: ……………………………………..2. Figure 11 shows the data hierarchy in an information system. Rajah 11 menunjukkan hierarki data dalam suatu sistem maklumat (SPM 2010) Figure 11 / Rajah 11 Based on Figure 11, state the name of: Berdasarkan R ajah 11, nyatakan nama: (i) H …………………. (ii) R …………………. 55
    • 3. Figure below shows the data hierarchy in an Information System . Jadual di bawah menunjukkan hieraki data dalan sistem maklumat (MELAKA 2011) Information System Hierarchy S Student File Staf File Financial File FILE NAME CLASS AGE GENDER Azizi 5 Epsilon 17 M Arvin 5 Epsilon 17 M Irene 5 Beta 17 F T NAME CLASS AGE GENDER Azizi 5 17 M Epsilon FIELD Azizi BYTE 11000001 BIT 0 or 1 Based on figure above, named : / Berdasarkan rajah di atas, namakan : (i) S ……………………….. Bit (ii) T ……………………….. Byte4. Figure 7 shows a hierarchy of data. M Rajah 7 menunjukkan hirarki data (PERAK 2011) Record 55 N Database
    • Figure 7 / Rajah 7 Name N. / Namakan N. ……………………..5. Figure 10 shows the hierarchy of data. Rajah 10 menunjukkan hieraki data (SARAWAK 2011) Figure 10 / Rajah 10 Based on Figure 10, identify/Berdasarkan rajah 10, kenalpasti (i) W ……………………… (ii) X ………………………6.2 Software6.2.1 Definition6.2.1.1 Define database and Database Management Systems (DBMS).SECTION A1. Database Management System (DBMS) is a software used in adding, updating, managing, accessing, and analysing data in a database. (T/F) Database Management System (DBMS) adalah software yang digunakan dalam menambah, mengemaskini, mengurus, mengakses, dan menganalisis data dalam database. (SPM 2007) ........................2. Table 4 shows some terms used in information and communication technology. Jadual 4 menunjukkan beberapa istilah yang digunakan dalam teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi (SPM 2008) Secondary key DMBS Foreign key database Choose the terms shown in Table 4 which match the following statements; 55
    • “A collection of data organised in a systematic way. “ Pilih terma-terma yang ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 4 yang sepadan dengan penyataan berikut; “Koleksi data yang dianjurkan secara sistematik.” …………………………3. ………………… is a group of program used to add, update, access, manage and anlyse the content of database. ……………….. ialah sekumpulan atur cara yang diguna untuk menambah, mengemaskini, mencapai, mengurus dan menganalisis kandungan pangkalan data. (MELAKA 2011)4. Complete the following statements: Lengkapkan pernyataan-pernyataan berikut: (KEDAH 2011) i. In an information system, an organised collection of related files is known as .......................... . Dalam sistem maklumat, koleksi fail yang tersusun dikenali sebagai ......................... ii. A program which contains a collection of tools, features and interfaces to create a computerised database is known as................................. Program yang mengandungi koleksi alatan, ciri-ciri dan antara muka untuk membina pangkalan data berkomputer dikenali sebagai ...............................5. Write the correct words to complete the following statements. Tuliskan perkataan yang betul untuk melengkapkan pernyataan berikut. (TERENGGANU 2011) …………………………is a set of computer programs that controls the creation, maintenance and the use of a database. …………………………..ialah satu set aturcara yang mengawal penghasilan, penyelenggaraan dan penggunaan pangkalan data.SECTION B1. Data Base Management System is software that can manage the database. One advantage in using the Database Management System is to enhance data integrity. Sistem Pengurusan Pangkalan Data adalah perisian yang boleh menguruskan pangkalan data. Salah satu kelebihan dalam menggunakan Sistem Pengurusan Pangkalan Data adalah meningkatkan integriti data. (EXAM 2011) (a) In summary, state what is meant by data integrity. Secara ringkas, nyatakan apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan integrity data. ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… [2 markah] 55
    • (a) State two other advantages of using Data Base Management System Nyatakan 2 lagi kelebihan menggunakan Sistem Pengurusan Pangkalan Data ……………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………… [2 markah] 55
    • 6.2.1.2 List the benefits of using database.6.2.2 Features6.2.2.1 State the relationship between attribute (field),row (record) and relation (file).SECTION A1. Which of the following is a collection of relatecl fields? Antara yang berikut yang manakah koleksi rnedan yang saling berkait? (SPM 2011) A byte / bait B record / rekod C file / fail D database / pangkalan data6.2.2.2 Define the primary key and foreign key.SECTION A1. Table 4 shows some terms used in information and communication technology. Jadual 4 menunjukkan beberapa istilah yang digunakan dalam teknologi maklumat dan komunikasi (SPM 2008) .Secondary key DMBS Foreign key database Choose the terms shown in Table 4 which match the following statements Pilih istilah yang ditunjukkan dalam Jadual 4 yang berpadanan dengan kenyataan berikut A field key that must match a primary key value in another table Satu lapangan utama yang mesti sepadan dengan nilai utama utama dalam jadual yang lain ……………………………2. Figure 12 shows the relationship between two tables of an information system. Rajah 12 menunjukkan hubungan antara dua jadual untuk suatu sisiem maklumat. (SPM 2010) Figure 12 / Rajah 12 Based on Figure 12,from STUDENT table, state the function of: Berdasarkan Rajah 12, daripada jadual STUDENT, nyatakan fungsi bagi: (i) primary key / kunci primer ……………………….. (ii) foreign key /kunci asing ……………………….. 55
    • 3. Figure 8 shows the relationship between two tables of an information system. Rajah 8 menunjukkan hubungan antara dua jadual untuk suatu sistem maklumat. (WILAYAH 2011) STUDENTS CLASS Students ID Class ID Name Location Gander Class ID Figure 8 Based on Figure 8,from STUDENTS table, state the function of: Berdasarkan Rajah 8, daripada jadual STUDENTS, nyatakan fungsi bagi: (i) primary key / kunci primer …………………………………………………………………. ( ii ) foreign key / kunci asing ………………………………………………………………….4. State whether the following statement is True or False. Nyatakan sama ada pernyataan berikut adalah Benar atau Palsu. (PERLIS 2011) i) A foreign key ensures data integrity by uniquely identifying each record. Kunci asing memastikan integriti data dengan mengenalpasti rekod secara unik. ………………………….. ii) Update, insert and delete are some of the basic operation of data manipulation. Kemaskini, selitan dan hapus adalah sebahagian daripada operasi manipulasi data …………………………..5. There are two tables, CUSTOMER and SERVICES. Terdapat dua jadual, CUSTOMER dan SERVICES. (KELANTAN 2011) 55
    • What is the name of the customerlD field in the "SERVICES,,table? Apakah nama atribut customerlD yang terdapat di dalam jadual “SERVICES"? ……………………………..6. The field in a relational table that matches the primary key column of another table is called a …………………………….. Medan dalam jadual hubungan yang sepadan dengan lajur utama utama jadual lain dipanggil …………………………….. (N.SEMBILAN 2011)7. Figure 11 shows part of a database. Rajah 11 menunjukkan bahagian dalam pangkalan data (SARAWAK 2011) Based on Figure 11, identify the / Berdasarkan rajah 11, kenalpasti (i) primary key in PAYMENT table …………………………….. (ii) foreign key in ROOM table …………………………….. 55
    • 55
    • 8. Figure 3 shows two related tables. Rajah 3 menunjukkan dua jadual yang berhubung. (P.PINANG –HSBM 2011) State the key for: /Nyatakan kekunci bagi: (i) A ………………. (ii) B ……………….SECTION B1. Figure 12 shows two tables in database. Rajah 12 menunjukkan dua jadual dalam pangkalan data. (N.SEMBILAN 2011) SUPPLIER PRODUCT SupplierID ProductID SupplierName ProductName SupplierAddress ProductPrice SupplierTelNo SupplierID Figure 12 / Rajah 12 Based on Figure 12:/Berdasarkan Rajah 12 (a) Identify Primary Key for both tables. 1:_______________ 2:______________ Kenalpasti Kekunci Primer bagi kedua-dua jadual. [2 marks] 55
    • (b) (i) State the Foreign Key/Nyatakan Kekunci Asing. ……………………………………….. (ii) Draw a relationship between these two tables. Lukis hubungan antara dua jadual ini. (2 m)SECTION C1. Library SMK Bidas use system reservation for book borrowing. Perpustakaan SMK Bidas menggunakan sistem tempahan untuk pinjaman buku. (WILAYAH 2011) Figure 12/Rajah 12 Based on figure 12 ; / Berdasarkan Rajah 12 a) State the differences between IC Number in Student table and IC Number in Reservation Table Nyatakan perbezaan antara IC Number dalam Student Table dengan IC Number dalam Reservation Table . .............................................................................................. .............................................................................................. 55
    • 2. Figure 8(a) shows two tables for Movie Information System’s database. Rajah 8(a) menunjukkan dua jadual bagi pangkalan data Movie Information System. Figure 8(b) shows a query design to obtain certain information from the database. Rajah 8(b) menunjukkan kuiri yang dilaksanakan bagi mendapatkan maklumat tertentu daripada pangkalan data tersebut. (KEDAH 2011) Director Director First Last ID Name Name Date Of Birth City State 51 Steven Spielberg 18/12/1947 Cincinnati OH 52 Penny Marshall 15/10/1943 New York NY 53 John Sayles 28/9/1950 Schenectady NY 54 Steven Soderbergh 14/1/1963 Baton Rouge LA 55 Martin Scorsese 17/11/1942 New York NY Movie MovieID MovieTitle Released Length DirectorID 1272 Big 1988 98 52 1273 Erin Brockovich 2000 131 54 1274 Duel 1971 90 51 1275 Lone Star 1995 137 53 1276 Raging Bull 1980 128 55 1277 Jaws 1975 124 51 1278 Cape Fear 1991 128 55 1279 Casino 1995 177 55 1281 Jurassic Parks 1992 125 51 Figure 8(a) / Rajah 8(a 55
    • Figure 8(b)/ Rajah 8(ba. Based on Figure 8(b): / Berdasarkan Rajah 8(b): (i) Identify the foreign key/Kenal pasti kunci asing. [1 markah] ………………………………… (ii) Justify your answer / Berikan justifikasi bagi jawapan anda. .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... [2 markah]b. Based on Figure 8(a)and Figure8(b),complete the query results below. Berdasarkan Rajah 8(a) dan Rajah 8(b), lengkapkan keputusan kueri [4 markah] FirstName LastName MovieTitle Released 55
    • 3. Figure above shows portion of Customer Service System (CSS) which was built using Software P. Based on portion above, answer questions that follow. Rajah di atas menunjukkan sebahagian daripada Customer Service System (CSS) yang dibangunkan menggunakan Perisian P. Berdasarkan keratan sistem di atas, jawab soalan-soalan berikut: (P.PINANG –HSBM 2011) i. Identify and explain R and S./ Kenal pasti dan terangkan R dan S. [4 m] .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... .......................................................................................................... 55
    • 6.2.2.3 State the importance of the primary key.SECTION A1. Which of the following are importances of primary key? Antara yang berikut, manakah merupakan kepentingan bagi kekunci Utama? (SELANGOR 2011) I. Helps to duplicate records. Membantu mengandakan rekod. II. Prevent null values being entered. Mengelakkan kemasukan nilai yang tidak bernilai. III. Ensure data integrity. Menjamin integriti data. IV. Related to another table. menghubungkan kepada jadual yang lain. A. I and II / I dan II B. I and IV / I dan IV C. II and III / II dan III D. III and IV / III dan IV 55
    • 2. A school, SMK Rembia Perkasa uses a database to store information on its pupils. Figure below shows extract of the database file. Sebuah sekolah, SMK Rembia Perkasa menggunakan pangkalan data untuk menyimpan maklumat berkaitan murid-murid. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan keratan fail pangkalan data tersebut. (MELAKA 2011) a) Which field is the primary key in this database file? Medan manakah merupakan kunci primer di dalam fail pangkalan data tersebut? …………… b) State the reason why the field you have chosen is suitable to be used as a primary key. 55
    • Nyatakan alasan mengapa medan yang dipilih sesuai digunakan sebagai kunci primer. ........................................................................3. A primary key is important because it is used to Kunci primer adalah penting kerana ia digunakan untuk (KEDAH 2011) A. sort data in a table / menyusun data dalam jadual B. link two tables together / memaut dua jadual bersama-sama C. search for data in a table / mencari data dalam jadual D. identify a record uniquely in a table mengenal pasti rekod dalam jadual secara unik 55
    • SECTION B1. Figure 10 show the relationship between primary key and foreign key. Rajah 10 menunjukkan hubungan antara kekunci utama dan kekunci asing. (SELANGOR 2011) Figure 10 / Rajah 10 Based on Figure 10:/ Berdasarkan Rajah 10: (a) Which field is the primary key? /State the importance of primary key. Medan yang manakah kekunci utama? Nyatakan kepentingan kekunci utama. [2 markah] …………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………………………………………….2. Figure 13 shows the field of the Students database system Rajah 13 menunjukkan medan satu sistem pangkalan data pelajar. (PAHANG 2011) PELAJAR_INFO KOKURIKULUM_INFO PelajarID RumahSukan NamaPelajar PelajarID AlamatPelajar Kelab Persatuan Figure 13 / Rajah 13 Based on Figure 13: / Berdasarkan Rajah 13: (i) Identify the primary key and state the function. Kenalpasti kunci utama dan nyatakan fungsinya. ............................... ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ [2 markah] (ii) Name the table has been used. 55
    • Namakan dua table yang digunakan ................................................................................................................ [2 markah]SECTION C1. Figure 15 shows the interface of Personal Phonebook database. Rajah 15 menunjukkan antaramuka sebuah pangkalan data Buku Telefon Peribadi (PAHANG 2011)Figure 15 / Rajah 15 Based on Figure 15: / Berdasarkan Rajah 15: (i) Indentify the Primary Key /Kenalpasti Kunci Utama Justify your answer / Berikan justifikasi anda. ………………………………. ……………………………….………………………………. ……………………………….………………………………. [2 marks] (ii) Redraw the table below and complete with correct field name and data type.[5marks] Lukis semula jadual di bawah dan lengkapkan dengan nama medan dan jenis data yang betul.[5 markah] 55
    • 2. Encik Solehuddin has launched a garage sale for second hand cars for two months. He is an experience person in car business and offers special discount for his customer for any national cars they buy. In order to make his work easier he keeps all his business transactions data in a database. Encik Solehuddin telah melancarkan jualan garaj untuk kereta terpakai selama dua bulan. Beliau berpengalaman dalam perniagaan kereta dan menawarkan diskaun istimewa untuk pelanggan-pelanggannya yang membeli kereta nasional. Untuk memudahkan urusannya, beliau menyimpan data-data urusniaga perniagaannya di dalam pangkalan data. (N.SEMBILAN 2011) Figure 13 below shows a part of his database file. Rajah 13 di bawah menunjukkan sebahagian fail pangkalan datanya. Brand Model Colour Registeration number Price (Jenama) (Model) (Warna) (Nombor (Harga) Pendaftaran) Audi A4 Yellow S552 XGS RM155,490 BMW 418 SE Green P443 BMW RM110,000 BMW 320SE Blue NIS8 GHB RM280,400 Exora ESI White NQB 1425 RM 68,000 Figure 13 / Rajah 13 Based on Figure 13, / Berdasarkan Rajah 13 (a) Which field is primary key? Medan manakah merupakan kekunci primer? Justify your answer. / Berikan justifikasi kepada jawapan anda. .................................... ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ [ 2 mark] (b) Design data entry form that relates to the contents of the table. 55
    • Rekabentuk borang kemasukan data yang berkaitan dengankandungan jadual tersebut. [ 5 marks] 55
    • 6.2.2.4 Differentiate between the primary key and foreign key.6.2.2.5 State the importance of relationship between the primary key and foreign key.SECTION B1. Figure 10 show the relationship between primary key and foreign key. Rajah 10 menunjukkan hubungan antara kekunci utama dan kekunci asing. (SELANGOR 2011) Figure 10 / Rajah 10 Based on Figure 10: / Berdasarkan Rajah 10: (b) State the relationship between the primary key and foreign key. Nyatakan hubungan antara kekunci utama dan kekunci asing. ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ [2 markah] 55
    • SECTION C1. Library SMK Bidas use system reservation for book borrowing. Perpustakaan SMK Bidas menggunakan sistem tempahan untuk pinjaman buku. (WILAYAH 2011) Figure 12 / Rajah 12 Based on figure 12 ; / Berdasarkan Rajah 12 b) Explain the importances of relationship between field IC Number in Student table and IC Number in Reservation Table. Terangkan kepentingan hubungan antara Medan IC Number dalam Jadual Table dan IC Number dalam Jadual Reservation ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................2. The Co-Curiculum Committee of Sekolah Menengah Johor has developed School Uniform Society Management System (SUSMS) to manage their students’ information. Table 13(a) and 13(b) shows the fields in Student table and the fields in Uniform Unit table, while Figure 9 shows the relationship between the Student table and Uniform Unit table. Jawatankuasa Kokurikulum Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Johor telah membangunkan Sistem Maklumat Badan Beruniform Sekolah (SUSMS) bagi memperkemaskan pengurusan maklumat kokurikulum beruniform pelajar disekolah tersebut. Jadual 13(a) dan 13 (b) menunjukkan medan dalam jadual “Student” dan Jadual “Uniform Unit” , manakala Rajah 9 menunjukkan hubungan antara jadual “Student” dan jadual “Uniform Unit” (JOHOR 2011) 55
    • Based on Table 13 (a), / Berdasarkan Jadual 13(a),(a) (i)Identify the data type that can be used for StudentID field Kenalpasti jenis data yang sesuai digunakan dalam medan StudentID ………………………………… (ii) Justify your answer. / Berikan justifikasi bagi jawapan anda ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ [ 2 marks ]Based on the Student table in Figure 9,Berdasarkan pada Jadual “Student” dalam Rajah 9,(b) Which field is assigned as : / Medan manakah yang dijadikan :, i) primary key / kekunci primer ................................................................... (ii) foreign key / kekunci asing ................................................................... 55
    • [ 2 marks ] (c) Why are the fields in b(i) and b(ii) chosen. Justify your answer. Mengapakah medan di b(i) dan b(ii) dipilih. Beri justifikasi anda. ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ [ 2 marks ] (d) Based on the figure 9, describe the type of relationship. Berdasarkan rajah 9, terangkan jenis hubungan tersebut. ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ [ 1 marks ] X Figure 1 / Rajah 13. Based on Figure 1, / Berdasarkan Rajah 1, (PERAK 2011) a) Identify Foreign key in the tables shown. Give one difference between Primary key and Foreign key. Kenalpasti Kekunci asing dalam jadual yang ditunjukkan. Berikan satu perbezaan diantara Kekunci primer dan Kekunci asing. ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ ................................................................................................................ [3 markah] 55
    • 6.2.3 Database Objects6.2.3.1 Define the following database objects/tools:Table, form, query, report.6.2.3.2 Identify table, query, form and report as database objects/ tools.SECTION A1. Figure 13 shows a database screen/Rajah 13 menunjukkan skrin pangkalan data. (SPM 2010) Figure 13 / Rajah 13 Based on Figure 13, which of the following describes the screen? Berdasarkan Rajah13,antara yang berikut yang manakah menerangkan skrin itu? A Form / Borang B Switchboard / Papan suis C Report / Laporan D Design view / Pandangan rekabentuk2. Figure 10 shows a database screen. Rajah 10 menunjukkan skrin pangkalan data. (PAHANG 2011) Figure 8 / Rajah 8 Based on Figure 10, which of the following describes the screen? Berdasarkan Rajah 10, antara yang berikut yang manakah menerangkan skrin itu? A Query in design view / Pandangan reka bentuk pertanyaan B Form in design view / Pandanganrekabentukborang C Table in design view / Pandangan reka bentuk jadual D Report in design view / Pandangan reka bentuk laporan 55
    • 3. Figure below shows a database object. Rajah di bawah menunjukkan objek pangkalan data (MELAKA 2011) Based on the figure above, which of the following describe the database object Berdasarkan rajah , yang manakah menunjukkan objek pangkalan data A. Table /Jadual B. Form / Borang C. Report / Laporan D. Query / Kuiri4. Based on Figure 9 below, which of the following describes the screen? Berdasarkan Rajah 9 di atas, antara yang berikut yang manakah menerangkan skrin tersebut? (KELANTAN 2011) A. Designview / Pandangan rekabentuk B. Switchboard / Papan suis C. Form / Borang D. Report / Laporan 55
    • 5. Which featture is avaible in database software? Ciri manakah yang terdapat di dalam perisian pangkalan data? (KELANTAN 2011) A. LookuP / LookuP B. Query / Query C. DroP caP / DroP caP D. Mailmerge / Cantuman mail6. Which of the followings are database objects? Manakah di antara yang berikut merupakan objek dalam pangkalan data? (N.SEMBILAN 2011) I. Table II. Query III. Report IV. Relationship A. I, II and III / I, II dan III B. I, III and IV / I, III dan IV C. I, II and IV / I, II dan IV D. I, II, III and IV / I, II, III dan IV7. Figure 8 shows two types of database object. Rajah 8 menunjukkan dua jenis objek pangkalan data (PERAK 2011) 8A 8B Identify object / Kenal pasti objek i. 8A ………………………… ii. 8B ………………………… 55
    • 8. Figure 12 shows two database objects. Rajah 12 menunjukkan 2 objek pangkalan data (SARAWAK 2011) Basedon Figure 12, name the database objects: Bedasarkan rajah 12, namakan objek pangkalan data bagi: (i) P ……………… (ii) Q ……………… 55
    • 9. Figure 9 show s the criteria of a field in a table. Rajah 9 menunjukkan kriteria sebuah medan dalam satu jadual. (SPM 2011) Figure 9/ Rajah 9 Based on Figure 9, state the name of Y. Berdasarkan Rajah 9, nyatakan nama Y. …………………………………………….10. Table 7 shows the definition of a database object. Jadual menunjukkan definisi suatu objek pangkalan data (SPM 2011) 55
    • Table 7 / Jadual 7Based on Table 7, state the name of the database object for:Berdasarkan Jadual 7, nyatakan nama objek pangkalan data untuk..(i) P ……………………..(ii) Q …………………….. 55
    • 11. The picture below shows the database objects. Gambar di bawah menunjukkan objek-objek pangkalan data. (EXAM 2011). I II III IV Which of the following that allows ordinary users to fill the information required by the database? Manakah antara berikut yang membenarkan pengguna biasa mengisi maklumat yang dikehendaki oleh pangkalan data ? A. I B. II C. III D. IVSECTION B1. Table 8 shows two course packages offered by a fitness centre and the information of the packages. Jaduall 8 menunjukkan dua pakej kursus yang ditawarkan oleh sebuah pusat kecergasan dan maklumat tentang pakej iu.(SPM 2011) Based on Table 8 and the information of the packages, identify: 55
    • Berdasarkan Jadual 8 dan maklurnat tentang pakej itu, kenal pasti: (a) Three attributes for MEMBER table. Tiga atribut untuk jadual AHLI. ………………………….. ………………………….. ………………………….. [3 marks] (b) One attribute for PACKAGE table./Satu atribut untuk jadual PAKEJ. ………………………….. [1 marks] X Figure 1 / Rajah 1SECTION C1. Based on Figure 1, / Berdasarkan Rajah 1, (PERAK 2011) b) Define table and define database object X. Definasikan jadual dan definasikan objek pangkalan data X. [3 markah] …………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………….. 55
    • 2. What is query? Name the field and criteria used for query based on query below Apa yang dimaksudkan dengan ”query”? Namakan medan dan kriteria yang digunakan berdasarkan query yang dipaparkan di bawah. . [ 3 m ] (P.PINANG –HSBM 2011) …………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………..6.2.4 Data Manipulation6.2.4.1 List the basic operations of data manipulation:• Update • Insert • Delete • Retrieve • Sort • Filter • SearchSECTION A1. State whether the following statement is True or False. Nyatakan sama ada pernyataan berikut Benar atau Palsu (SPM 2009) Delete, Filter, Insert, Upgrade and Search are basic operations of data manipulation. Hapus, Saring, Sisip, Naik gred dan Penggelintaran adalah operasi asas dalam manipulasi data. ……………………….2. State whether the following statement is True or False. Nyatakan sama ada pernyataan berikut adalah Benar atau Palsu. (PERLIS 2011) ii)Update, insert and delete are some of the basic operation of data manipulation. Kemaskini, selitan dan hapus adalah sebahagian daripada operasi manipulasi data ………………………. 55
    • 3. Figure 7 shows an interface of an automated library system of SMK Seri Tualang Rajah 7 menunjukkan antara muka sistem perpustakaan berinformasi SMK Seri Tualang. (PERAK 2011) SMK SERI TUALANG LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Book ID Quantity Title Author Edition Publisher INSERT DELETE UPDATE MENU Figure 7 / Rajah 7 Based on figure 7 / Berdasarkan rajah 7 i. State one data manipulation button Nyatakan satu butang manipulasi data ……………………….. ii. Which field is a primary key? Medan manakah merupakan kekunci primier? ………………………...6.2.4.2 State the usage of basic operations in data manipulation.SECTION A1. The basic operation usedto select a few records from a database is Operasi afas yang digunakan untuk memilih beberapa rekod daripada pangkalan data adalah (SPM 2009) A index / indeks B delete / hapus C filter / saring D update / kemas kini 55
    • 2. Figure 6 shows a form that displays the record. Which button will allow user to insert the new record? Rajah 6 menunjukkan borang yang memaparkan rekod. Antara berikut butang yang manakah membenarkan pengguna untuk memasukkan data baru? (SELANGOR 2011) Answer: ________3. Table 4 shows the statements of basic operations for data manipulation. Jadual 4 menunjukkan pernyataan operasi asas bagi manipulasi data. (KEDAH 2011) Used for changing data in a database table. X Digunakan untuk mengubah data dalam jadual pangkalan data. Used for removing records from a database table. Y Digunakan untuk memadam rekod daripada jadual pangkalan data. Table 4 / Jadual 4 Based on Table 4, name Berdasarkan Jadual 4, namakan a. X ………………………… b. Y ………………………… 55
    • 4. Figure 5 shows a user interface of an automated library system of SMK Indahjaya. Rajah 5 menunjukkan antara muka pengguna sistem perpustakaan berautomasi bagi SMK Indahjaya. (JOHOR 2011) Based on Figure 5: / Berdasarkan Rajah 5: (i) State the data manipulation button which is used to change the attribute of a record. Nyatakan butang manipulasi data yang digunakan untuk mengubah ciri sesuatu rekod. …………………………… (ii) Name one data manipulation other than the ones stated in Figure 5. Namakan satu manipulasi data selain daripada yang dinyatakan dalam Rajah 5. …………………………… 55
    • 6.3 Database Development6.3.1 Phases of Systems Development6.3.1.1 Describe the phases of systems development:• Analysis • Design • Implementation • Testing • Documentation • MaintenanceSECTION A1. The following list are activities carried out by Mary and her team when developing the school’s library information system. Senarai berikut adalah kegiatan yang dilakukan oleh Maria dan pasukannya saat membangunkan sistem maklumat perpustakaan sekolah. (SPM 2008) - Interview the librarians, teacher-in-charge of the library and the principal - Distibute questionnaires to 50 students chosen at random - Prepare a report for the system requirement - Wawancara pustakawan, guru bertugas di perpustakaan - Edar soal selidik kepada 50 pelajar yang dipilih secara rawak - Siapkan laporan untuk keperluan sistem State the name of the phase in the system development Nyatakan fasa yang terlibat dalam pembangunan sistem ……………………………………………………………. 55
    • 2. Figure 9 shows the development phase of system development Rajah 9 menunjukkan fasa pembinaan didalam pembinaan sistem. (PAHANG 2011) Figure 9 `Rajah 9 Based on figure X, state the the phase below. ` Berdasarkan rajah X,nyatakan fasa tersebut. A. Design phase / Fasa merekabentuk B. Implementation phase / Fasa perlaksanaan C. Testing phase / Fasa pengujian D. Maintenance phase / Fasa penyelengaraan3. The phase in information system development that involves checking, changing and enhancing the existing system to make it more useful is.. Fasa di dalam pembangunan sistem maklumat yang melibatkan penyemakan, perubahan dan penambahbaikan sistem sedia ada untuk menjadikannya lebih berguna adalah A implementation / pelaksanaan B testing / pengujian C documentation / dokumentasi D maintenance / penyelenggaraan 55
    • SECTION C1. Figure below shows the the phases used to developed Student Information System of Sekolah Putera Afnan Rajah di bawah menunjukkan kitar hayat digunakan untuk membangunkan Sistem maklumat Pelajar Sekolah Putera Afnan (MELAKA 2011) Phas e Phase X System Design Implementation Testing Documentation Maintenance (a) Identify and explain briefly Phase x in system development from Figure above. Kenalpasti dan terangkan secara ringkas fasa x dalam pembangunan sistem pangkalan data dari rajah di atas. ……………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………[2 M] (b) State two benefit of using Student Information System of Sekolah Putera Afnan Nyatakan dua kelebihan menggunakan Sistem Maklumat Pelajar Sekolah Putera Afnan …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………[3 M] (c ) Explain the meaning of database. / Maksud pangkalan data …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………[2 M] 55
    • 6.3.2 Develop A Database Project6.3.2.1 Identify a project.6.3.2.2 Identify the project requirements.6.3.2.3 Classify project requirements into two tables.6.3.2.4 Design database tables.6.3.2.5 Create a database.6.3.2.6 Create two tables that include the primary key in each table.6.3.2.7 Build a relationship between two tables.SECTION C1. Library SMK Bidas use system reservation for book borrowing. Perpustakaan SMK Bidas menggunakan sistem tempahan untuk pinjaman buku. (WILAYAH 2011) Figure 12/ Rajah 12 Based on figure 12 / Berdasarkan Rajah 12 c) Draw relationship between both table and name the type of relationship. Lukis hubungan antara kedua-dua table dan namakan jenis hubungan 55
    • 6.3.2 Develop A Database Project6.3.2.8 Enter data into the table.6.3.2.9 Create a form that relates to the table content.SECTION C1. Figure 8 shows customer table of IKHWAN Enterprise. To make the entry of new record easier, the Database Administrator suggest the usage of form. Rajah 8 menunjukkan jadual pelanggan di IKHWAN Enterprise. Bagi memudahkan kemasukan rekod baru pelanggan, pentadbir pangkalan data telah mencadangkan penggunaan borang. (P.PINANG-HSBM 2011) Based on Figure 8, sketch a form. Berdasarkan Rajah 8, lakarkan satu borang. 55
    • 6.3.2.10 Create a query to retrieve required information with one or more conditions.6.3.2 Develop A Database Project6.3.2.11 Generate a report.SECTION C1. The following are dialogue between a computer sales manager and a programmer. Berikut adalah perbualan di antara seorang pengurus jualan komputer dan seorang pengaturcara. (SPM 2009) Manager : Good morning, may I see the Cyber Maju Sdn. Bhd. monthly sales for the previous months? Can you please print it out for me? Selamat pagi, boleh saya lihat jualan bulanan Cyber Maju Sdn. Bhd. untuk bulan-bulan yang lepas? Bolehkah awak cetakkannya untuk saya? Programmer: What details would you like to see in the report, sir? Perkara apa yang tuan hendak lihat dalam laporan itu? Manager: Please show me the sales for each model, units sold and also the total sales of those months. Tolong tunjukkan saya jualan bagi setiap model, unit dijual dan juga jumlah jualan bagi bulan-bulan tersebut. Programmer: All right sir, I11 get it done as soon as possible. Baiklah tuan, saya akan siapkan secepat mungkin Manager: Thank you. Terima kasih. Based on the dialogue, prepare the report design to be generated by the Database Management Systems. Berdasarkan dialog di atas, sediakan reka bentuk laporan yang akan dijana oleh Database Management Systems 55
    • 2. Figure 18 shows the database design of KESUMA Resort Information System (KRIS). Figure 18(a) shows the design of one of the queries used in KRIS. Figure 18(b) shows the output when the query in (a) is run. Figure18(c) shows modifications to the same query. Rajah 18 menunjukkan reka bentuk pangkalan data Sistem Maklumat Resort Kesuma (KRIS). Rajah 18 (a) menunjukkan reka bentuk satu pertanyaan yang digunakan dalam KRIS. Rajah 18 (b) menunjukkan output query dalam (a) dijalankan. Figure18 (c) menunjukkan pengubahsuaian kepada pertanyaan yang sama. (SARAWAK 2011) 55
    • 55
    • Based on Figure 18, Berdasarkan Rajah 18,(a) Draw a table to show the outcome if the query in Figure 18 (c) is run. Lakarkan jadual untuk menunjukkan hasil jika query dalam Rajah 18 (c) dijalankan. [3 marks](b) Design the report for the query in Figure 18 (c). Reka bentuk laporan untuk query dalam Rajah 18 (c). [4 marks] 55
    • 6.3.2.12 Gather all the documents from the above phases into a folio.6.4 Current and Future Developments6.4.1 Web-based Application6.4.1.1 Find out current developments in computer information systems.SEMAKAN TandaTarikh Topik / Subtopik Tangan Catatan Guru 6.1 Concepts of Information Systems 6.1.1 Definition 6.1.1.1 Give the meaning of data, information and information systems. 6.1.2 Usage of Information Systems In Various Fields 6.1.2.1 State the usage of Information Systems in education, business and management. 6.1.3 Information System Components 6.1.3.1 List the Information System components: • data • hardware • software • people • procedure 6.1.3.2 Define each of the Information System components. 6.1.3.3 Describe the interrelation between information system components using a diagram. 6.1.4 Types of Information Systems 6.1.4.1 List five types of Information Systems:• MIS • TPS • DSS • EIS • ES / AI 6.1.4.2 State the usage of each type of information system. 6.1.5 Hierarchy of Data 6.1.5.1 Define bit, byte, field, record, and file. 6.1.5.2 State the hierarchy of data:• Bit → Byte (Character)→ Field → Record → File → Database 6.2 Software 6.2.1 Definition 6.2.1.1 Define database and Database Management Systems (DBMS). 6.2.1.2 List the benefits of using database. 6.2.2 Features 6.2.2.1 State the relationship between attribute (field),row (record) and 6.2.2.2 Define the primary key and foreign key. 6.2.2.3 State the importance of the primary key. 6.2.2.4 Differentiate between the primary key and foreign key. 6.2.2.5 State the importance of relationship between the primary key and foreign key. 55
    • TandaTarikh Topik / Subtopik Tangan Catatan Guru 6.2.3 Database Objects 6.2.3.1 Define the following database objects/tools:Table, form, query, report. 6.2.3.2 Identify table, query, form and report as database objects/ tools. 6.2.4 Data Manipulation 6.2.4.1 List the basic operations of data manipulation: • Update • Insert • Delete • Retrieve • Sort • Filter • Search 6.2.4.2 State the usage of basic operations in data manipulation. 6.3 Database Development 6.3.1 Phases of Systems Development 6.3.1.1 Describe the phases of systems development: • Analysis • Design • Implementation • Testing • Documentation • Maintenance 6.3.2 Develop A Database Project 6.3.2.1 Identify a project. 6.3.2.2 Identify the project requirements. 6.3.2.3 Classify project requirements into two tables. 6.3.2.4 Design database tables. 6.3.2.5 Create a database. 6.3.2.6 Create two tables that include the primary key in each table. 6.3.2.7 Build a relationship between two tables. 6.3.2 Develop A Database Project 6.3.2.8 Enter data into the table. 6.3.2.9 Create a form that relates to the table content. 6.3.2.10 Create a query to retrieve required information with one or more conditions. 6.3.2 Develop A Database Project 6.3.2.11 Generate a report. 6.3.2.12 Gather all the documents from the above phases into a folio. 6.4 Current and Future Developments 6.4.1 Web-based Application 6.4.1.1 Find out current developments in computer information systems. 55