Managing Peace And Security
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Managing Peace And Security






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Managing Peace And Security Managing Peace And Security Presentation Transcript

  • Managing Peace and Security: Deterrence and Diplomacy
  • What is the chapter about?
    • What are some causes of international conflict?
    • How does Singapore ensure its national security using the two-pronged approach of deterrence and diplomacy?
  • Deterrence
    • Deter: to discourage or restrain from acting or proceeding : The large dog deterred trespassers.
    • Deterrence: the act of deterring
    • Unabridged (v 1.1) . Retrieved November 04, 2008, from website: http:// /browse/deter
  • Diplomacy
    • Diplomacy: The art or practice of conducting international relations, as in negotiating alliances, treaties, and agreements.
    • The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition . Retrieved November 04, 2008, from website: http:// /browse/diplomacy
  • Conflict
    • Conflict is natural in human
    • societies.
    • People have conflicts all
    • the time.
    • Countries are like people too.
  • Conflict
    • Why do conflicts occur among countries?
    • - all countries want to protect their national interests
    • - conflicts occur when countries do not agree with one another on various issues which might threaten their national interests
  • Territory
    • Conflict over land / border
    • e.g. India VS. China
    • Singapore VS. Malaysia
  • Sino-Indian War:1962
  • Sino-Indian War:1962
  • Pedra Branca (SIN)/ Pulau Batu Puteh (MAL)
  • Pedra Branca (SIN)/ Pulau Batu Puteh (MAL)
  • Dokdo / Takeshima
  • Resources
    • E.g. Conflict over fishing grounds between Iceland and Britain
  • Iceland Britain
  • Ideology
    • I-de-ol-o-gy : A set of doctrines or beliefs that form the basis of a political, economic, or other system.
    • The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition . Retrieved November 08, 2008, from website: http:// /browse/ideology
  • Korean Conflict
  • Korean Conflict
    • North Korean believed in communism
    • South Korea believed in Democracy
    • USSR, USA, PRC and UN were all involved in the Korean Conflict
  • How do countries manage conflicts?
    • Criticise each other openly
    • Reduce trade with the conflicting country
    • Resolve conflict through peaceful negotiations
    • Seek help from regional and international organisations
    • Start a war
    • Display strength of military force to warn other countries
    • Cut diplomatic ties with each other
    • Protest to the other country through their representatives
  • How does Singapore manage conflict and ensure national security?
    • It adopts a two-pronged approach
    Deterrence Diplomacy
  • Deterrence
    • Refers to measures taken by countries to prevent and protect themselves from threats
    • These threats may be from other countries or non-state aggressors like transnational terrorists
  • How is deterrence practiced?
    • Citizen’s armed force
  • How is deterrence practiced?
    • 3 rd Generation Singapore Armed Forces
  • How is deterrence practiced?
    • Singapore’s defence industry
  • How is deterrence practiced?
    • Total Defence
  • How is deterrence practiced?
    • Multi-agency coordination on security
  • How is deterrence practiced?
    • Military co-operation with other countries
    • - bilateral military agreements and excercises
    • - Multi-lateral military agreements and excercises
  • Diplomacy
    • Bilateral relations
    • Regional relations
    • International relations
    • - Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Burma Philippines Singapore Thailand Vietnam
  • United Nations
    • Singapore was admitted as the 117 th member of the UN
    • Membership in the UN approves the sovereignty of the small states and therefore contributes to their independence and territorial integrity. The UN also enables a small country to develop friendship with other nations, monitor world trends and collect valuable information. (pg 186)