What led to the rise of Communism? Impact of WWI Russians wanted Tsar to end the war Russian soldiers unhappy – ill-equipped, shortage of food Shortage of food
What led to the rise of Communism? Socio-political reasons Farmers wanted fairer distribution of land People wanted a fairer government
February - March1917 Tsar forced to abdicate. Provisional government set up.
Failure of Provisional Government Chose to keep Russia in the war No land reforms Struggle for power with soviets Russia continued to get defeated by Germany Government comprised rich landowners Soviet = Groups of Russian workers, peasants and soldiers
October 1917 Revolution
Struggle for power between provisional government and Russian army
Provisional government turns to Petrograd Soviet (Bolsheviks) for help
Bolsheviks formed the Red Army and defeated the Russian army
Bolsheviks seize power and overthrow the government
Lenin (leader of the Bolsheviks) establishes the world’s first Communist regime.