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  1. 1. Pharaohs were the king orQueen of Egypt. Most pharaohswere men but some well-knownpharaohs, such as Nefertiti andCleopatra, were women.A Pharaoh was the most importantand powerful person in thekingdom. He was the head of thegovernment and high priest ofevery temple.The people of Egyptconsidered the pharaoh to be ahalf-man, half-god.The Pharaoh owned all of Egypt.
  2. 2. The ancient Egyptians didnot refer to their Kings asPharaohs. The wordPharaoh comes from theGreek language and wasused by the Greeks andHebrews to refer to theKings of Egypt. Today, wealso use the word Paraohwhen referring to the kings Statues of some of theof Egypt. kings of the Pharaohs
  3. 3. The first true pharaoh of Egypt was Narmer(sometimes called Menes), who united Lower Egyptand Upper Egypt. He was the first king of the FirstDynasty, the beginning of the Old Kingdom.Egypt was once divided into two kingdoms. Thekingdom in Lower Egypt was called the red crown andthe one in Upper Egypt was known as the whitecrown.Around 3100 B.C. the pharaoh of the north conqueredthe south and Egypt became united. The pharaohsname was King Narmer (Menes). He founded the first Narmercapital of Egypt where the two lands met. It was calledMemphis. (Thebes became the next capital of Egypt (sometimesand then Amarna was made the capital during thereign of King Akhenaten.) called Menes)
  4. 4. The Ancient Egyptiansbelieved that their Pharaohwas the god Horus, son ofRe, the sun god. When apharaoh died he wasbelieved to be united withthe sun and then a newHorus ruled on earth.
  5. 5. In the Old and Middle Kingdoms(2628-1638 BC), Egyptian kings wereburied in pyramids. About 50 royalpyramids have survived. They werebuilt on the desert edge, west of theancient capital of Memphis.In the New Kingdom (1504-1069BC), Egyptian kings were buried intombs in the Valley of the Kings atThebes. These tombs were tunnelscut deep into the natural rock.
  6. 6. The most famous Pharaohs oftenEgyptian pharaoh had severaltoday is -without wives but onlydoubt- one was queen.Tutankhamun. Tutankhamun
  7. 7. Nefertari : (c. 1300-1250 BC) were great wivesproperties (main or wife) of Ramesses the Great.Nefertari means associated with the beautifulname translates different meanings of "belovedthat is unmatched," or "beautiful beautiful world"or they resemble the star, those that appear at thebeginning of a new year. Nefertari is one of themost famous Egyptian queens Cleopatra, Nefertitiand Hatshepsut. Zain Ramses the Great.
  8. 8. Papyrus months plants known toman since the dawn of history, whichis a water plant grows in freshwaterswamps and shallow land covered bywater to a depth of no more than 50cm or aspects of canals and severesoil moisture or salt water.Use ancient Egyptians papyrus inmany uses, it has made ​of the legropes (samples of which are EgyptianMuseum), as well as use in themanufacture of mats to sit on it, or toencapsulate the dead bodies beforeburial after the mummificationprocess and making priests of marrowpapyrus sandals which wereAtnalunha.
  9. 9. The ancient Egyptians believed - after death - that theirtomb is not eternal, but there is a trial to another life, which iseternal life eternal.They expressed in the ancient Egyptian language (de Ankh JetGeh) and translated (to give life or eternal), which was stampedall called for charges on the graves.To reflect this period between death and life second to betried before the god of the underworld (Auxerre). TheImagine ancient Egyptians trial in different ways, although theymet the key elements in their perception of her, bearing inmind that the statement to us from the views of the trial wasfilmed selection of the cemetery before his death, andaccording to his wishes is what he wishes for himself, alsoappeared in talismans 30 and 125 of the Book of the Dead. .
  10. 10. As always happens, every time they arise a new fad, the term spread rapidlyamazing, and claimed the total repeat it, discuss it, and Evhsouna and Amahsouna.As is also the case, split Followers, between supporters and opponents of the idea..Proponents emphasized that the pharaohs lived a world strange strange, leavingus with a lot of mysteries and secrets, which did not we detected yet, it is notunlikely, then, that successors behind a curse, infect both desecrate graves, even ifthis pretext to achieve payroll new archaeological ..Opponents insisted that there is no scientific foundation and one could supportthe idea, and it is absurd to hesitate something like that, just to be fundedcampaign (Howard Carter) was killed fever.
  11. 11. Birthdays Pharaohs associated since ancient times by the Nile and sanctify him, and natural elements that symbolize them well and thrive. Today Egyptians celebrate Gala "shm Anaseem"Origin of the name Gala Way to celebrate when the Pharaohs:"shm Anaseem": Begins Pharaohs celebrate the firstCalled pharaohs Holiday night or the "Night Vision""Hmoh" any Baath life ceremonial religious, whereagain, and over the centuries mentioned "night vision" whichhas been added to the word announces the birth time and breathe"breeze"; especially after the life into more than Papyrus of papyricharacter name to "sniff" the pharaohs, then turns feast withCoptic period, returns Sunrise to festival popular involvingrelative to the queer air of all classes of people as Thespring breeze at this time. Pharaoh, and senior state officials.
  12. 12. Writing Instruments Golden pot CosmeticsOrnamental
  13. 13. The music that I heard along the display is a kind of music Pharaonic