Wisp Assignment 2 China T46


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  • you made a good point in slide 11, in 1949 indeed Uyghur's resident stands a bigger religion races in Xin Jiang, its due to in equality treatment and discrimination that leads to the statistic in 2009 Urumqi
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  • - Rich in minerals, major producer of oil and gas
  • Catalyst
  • 1st pt = Groups such as the East Turkestan Islamic Movement with Al-Qaeda links2nd pt = Growing prosperity of Han Chinese alienating poorer Uyghurs, chinese population in generalGovt policy actually favor minority -> education5th pt : Leads to losing out in economic and political standingsExiled Uyghur Political / Activist leadersBranding majority of civil unrest or discontent with terrorism labelEmployment discriminationThus EducationTerrorists aren’t helping the situation
  • Older gen. -> Influence younger gen.Employment - Even though there’re Uyghurs good in chinese, they don’t want
  • 1st point – Cont from last slide, older generation don’t like the Uyghurs as they think they’re violent people Uyghur feel several Chinese government policies of uplifting poverty among Uyghurs were actually designed to create more poverty andto force Uyghurs to be culturally assimilated and abandon their own land.
  • Significant Han Chinese settle inXinjiang 6% in 1949 ,40% now. 75% han in U now 12% is uTensions between Uyghurs and Han have existed in the area for several decadesUyghur have extra marks can have more babys.Hope development in economy can help solve radial problemReceive intelligence yet to make a move.
  • As shown in previous slide, majority Han and Han only employ their own race.Banning of the 2000 year old Uyghur languageThe September 11 terrorist attacks provided a perfect opportunity for China to step up pressure on Uyghurs and the Uyghur national identity. Notes:Chinese efforts in this regard include branding every incidence of civil unrest or discontent with the terrorism label; increased religious persecution; harsh political suppression; sharp ethnic discrimination in employment, education and social participation; banning the more than 2000 year old Uyghur language from schools and forcefully imposing Chinese education starting from the kindergarten level; implementing the same Chinese law differently for Uyghurs; forcing Uyghur families to send their children to mainland China for employment arrangements while bringing millions of Han Chinese to the Uyghur region to fill employment vacancies; and generally coercing Uyghurs to become like the Chinese by sacrificing their unique identity.
  • Define of terrorist attack surprise attack involving the deliberate use of violence against civilians in the hope of attaining political or religious aims // wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn 
  • Wisp Assignment 2 China T46

    1. 1. WISP Assignment 2: CHINA<br />Group Member: <br />Liu Yigong<br />Lam Ming Jun<br />Yuan Shenghai<br />Tio Wee Leong<br />
    2. 2. Before viewing our presentation<br />watch the following video for an overview of the situation:<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzDCX74V42s<br /> WARNING <br />Conflict scenes take place in Urumqi city, Xin Jiang. Parental Guidance is advised. <br />M18 – Blood and Violent Scenes<br />
    3. 3. What was not right <br />With Urumqi in 2009?<br />
    4. 4. Where is Urumqi?!<br />Urumqi<br />
    5. 5. Review of History<br />Time: 5 July 2009<br />Location:Ürümqi<br />Incident: Peaceful protests turning into riots<br />People Involved:<br />- Han Chinese<br />- Uyghur<br />- Police<br />
    6. 6. Urumqi July Riot 2009<br />Official Figures:<br />197 people died<br />1,721 others injured<br />627 vehicles destroyed<br />633 constructors damaged<br />
    7. 7. What caused the Riots?<br />Time: 25–26 June, Overnight<br />Location: Shaoguan, Guangdong<br />Venue:  Xuri Toy Factory<br />Incident: <br /><ul><li>Ethnic brawl between Han and Uyghur due to rape rumors, 2 Uyghurs killed</li></ul>- Han Chinese not arrested<br /><ul><li>Dissatisfied with the government's response</li></li></ul><li>Urumqi’s History<br />Pre-existing hate and fear due to:<br />- Large Economic Gap<br /><ul><li>Terrorists
    8. 8. Miscommunication & Mistrust
    9. 9. Unequal Education & Employment Opportunities
    10. 10. Leads to…
    11. 11. Stereotyping on both sides
    12. 12. Vicious cycle of hate and violence</li></ul>Tensions already at boiling point<br />
    13. 13. Discrimination<br />Misperceptions from both sides<br />Older generation’s prejudice<br />Uyghur are portrayed as barbarians by Han Chinese<br />Hans are portrayed as heretic (against their Muslim religion) by Uyghurs<br />Employment<br />Han Employers bias preference for own race<br />Education<br />PRC officially give Uyghurs 20 marks advantage in university entrance exam to make up for the above short-coming, which is not working<br />
    14. 14. History<br />Centuries long prejudice and tensions<br />Ghulja Incident -&gt; Harsh army crackdown<br />Recent tensions<br />PRC argues terrorist influence on Uyghur population to justify it’s policies<br />Uyghurs feel this is an excuse to deny their human rights<br />PRC’s long term economic aim<br />Western Development Program<br />Neglecting short term issues expecting poverty to diminish overtime and Uyghurs to accept a Chinese identity <br />
    15. 15. Statistic of Races<br />Significant Han Chinese <br />Assimilation of Uyghur’s Culture into Han’s started in the mid-20th century<br />Note Riots take place in Urumqi, the capital of Xin Jiang<br />
    16. 16. Consequences<br />Feel they are gradually “squeezed” out in terms of…<br />Economy<br />Politics <br />Culture<br />And Religion<br />
    17. 17. What has government done after riot?<br />Media Control<br />Online social networking website shut down<br />Conceal Details<br />Repression<br />Rescue casualties <br />The Blame game- Accuse World Uyghur Congress and RebiyaKadeeras the instigators<br />
    18. 18. Conclusion on riot<br />China government fails to- maintain the peace among racial - media control and repression<br />Rebiya Kadeer and World Uyghur Congress “typically” blamed<br />This can be categorized as a “terrorist attack”<br />
    19. 19. Present situation in SG<br />Relatively Peaceful – Racially<br />Instances of Racial (Minority) Discrimination<br />LKW’s Emphasis on Impact of Chinese Immigrants<br />Gopolan’s View of Racial Inequality in Official Policies<br />Malay’s Response to Foreigner during a Singapore Short Film Screening Event<br />
    20. 20. Present Discriminations<br />Against Foreign Workers<br />Crammed Living Quarters<br />Deportation Policy for Pregnant Maids<br />
    21. 21. Present Discriminations<br />Malays & Indians to Chinese<br />Viewed by older generations of Chinese as the likely perpetrator of crimes<br />Akin to how Han Chinese treat the Uyghurs<br />
    22. 22. Society of SG ‘09<br />Technology & Western culture’s dominance amongst Youths<br />How does it affect?<br />Common ground established<br />Higher awareness and access to phenomenal loads of info<br />Unique generation with unprecedented level of information awareness<br />Empowered to make better decisions<br />
    23. 23. Similarities<br />75% Chinese in both<br />Discrimination against minority<br />Difference in extent<br />Extremist Activities<br />
    24. 24. Similarities<br />Education Policies benefiting specific groups<br />Excess control by Govt.<br />Races prefer to stick with their own<br />Evident in educational institutes.<br />
    25. 25. Similarities<br />Separatist activities<br />Attacks on govt. infrastructure<br />Chinese here are richer than other ethnic groups<br />In-proportionate political representation<br />
    26. 26. Differences<br />
    27. 27. Differences<br />
    28. 28. Differences<br />
    29. 29. Differences<br />
    30. 30. Combined Effect<br />All But One Ingredients for Racial Incident “Bomb” in Place<br />Minority (All Others, 25.8%, 2009)<br />Feelings of inequality, grudge against the majority<br />Majority (Chinese, 74.2%, 2009)<br />Unable to Accept Differences with Other Races<br />Only Missing Component is a Detonator<br />A Single Instance of Public Racial Discrimination<br />
    31. 31. SG 2061 : THE FUTURE<br />Chinese becomes main language in Sg<br />Minorities disadvantaged<br />Selective employment<br />1 Rumor<br />Protest<br />Coalition of minorities, including foreigners possibly<br />Possible similar conflicts leading to Urumqi<br />
    32. 32. What Can be Done?<br />Central Principle<br />The price we are willing to pay for <br />National Security<br />Societal Security<br />Sacrifice of Freedom<br />
    33. 33. Education of Both Current & Next Generation<br />Increase Exposure to the World at Large<br />Strong Enforcement of Policies<br />Heavy Penalties for Discrimination<br />Secret Intelligence Agency<br />Proposed “Vaccine” for the Situation<br />
    34. 34. Possible Challenges / Problems<br />Established Mindset of the Public<br />Fundamental Cultural Differences<br />Perpetration of Foreign Mal Intentions<br />Detrimental Effect on Progress<br />Present Feelings of Inequality<br />
    35. 35. FOR GREAT JUSTICE!<br />THE END!<br />
    36. 36. Q & A<br />
    37. 37. References<br />The Singapore Solution, http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2010/01/singapore/jacobson-text/3<br />Movie Screening Event, http://www.lioncitydiy.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=2022&start=0<br />Gopolan Singapore Dissident, http://singaporedissident.blogspot.com/2009/12/singapore-stop-state-sanctioned-racial.html<br />
    38. 38. References<br />Pictures:<br /> http://image.baidu.com/i?ct=503316480&z=0&tn=baiduimagedetail&word=%CE%DA%C2%B3%C4%BE%C6%EB7%2E5%D1%AA%D0%C8%CD%BC&in=25292&cl=2&cm=1&sc=0&lm=-1&pn=14&rn=1&di=10196815504&ln=716&fr=&ic=0&s=0<br />http://image.baidu.com/i?ct=503316480&z=0&tn=baiduimagedetail&word=%CE%DA%C2%B3%C4%BE%C6%EB7%2E5%D1%AA%D0%C8%CD%BC&in=25292&cl=2&cm=1&sc=0&lm=-1&pn=14&rn=1&di=10196815504&ln=716&fr=&ic=0&s=0#pn23<br /> http://image.baidu.com/i?ct=503316480&z=0&tn=baiduimagedetail&word=%CE%DA%C2%B3%C4%BE%C6%EB7%2E5%D1%AA%D0%C8%CD%BC&in=25292&cl=2&cm=1&sc=0&lm=-1&pn=14&rn=1&di=10196815504&ln=716&fr=&ic=0&s=0#pn26<br /> http://news.ifeng.com/photo/news/200907/0708_1397_1240646.shtml<br />
    39. 39. References<br />Terrorists:<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eastern_Turkistan_Islamic_Movement<br />History:<br />http://www.uyghurnews.com/About_Uyghur_People.asp<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DcQcY54H4FM/<br />www.uygur.org/enorg/h_rights/ETIC_REPORT_2009.pdf<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_2009_%C3%9Cr%C3%BCmqi_riots<br />http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2009/07/09/how_china_wins_and_loses_xinjiang?page=0,0&obref=obinsite<br />http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,1910302,00.html?iid=sphere-inline-sidebar<br />http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/opinions/new-frontier-same-old-problems/article1208363/<br />http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/hotline/2009/07/chinas-oppression-of-uyghurs-remains.php<br />