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C:\Fakepath\Skin Cancer



ICT powerpoint presention

ICT powerpoint presention



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    C:\Fakepath\Skin Cancer C:\Fakepath\Skin Cancer Presentation Transcript

    • Skin Cancer
      How you can prevent becoming a victim....
    • Our enemy- The Sun’sUV rays Australia has one of the highest incidences of skin cancer in the world
    • Examples of types of skin cancer
      Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC)
    • Skin Cancer Facts
      In Australia, every year:
      80% of all newly diagnosed cancers.
      2/3 diagnosed by age of 70.
      > 1 million patient consultations per year for skin cancer. 
      more than 10,000 people are treated for melanoma, of which around 1250 die.
      melanoma is the most common cancer in people aged 15-44 years.
      melanoma is the third most common cancer in both women and men.
    • Examples of skin cancers
      What is skin cancer?
      Skin cancer occurs when skin cells are damaged, for example, by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. Between 95 and 99% of skin cancers in Australia are caused by exposure to the sun.
      Types of skin cancer- 3 main
      melanoma – the most dangerous
      basal cell carcinoma*
      squamous cell carcinoma*
      *non-melanoma skin cancer.
      • Early Detection
      sooner identified and treated, chance of avoiding surgery serious melanoma or other skin cancer, potential disfigurement or even death
      Check your skin regularly to pick up any changes that might suggest a skin cancer. Look for:
      any crusty, non-healing sores
      small lumps that are red, pale or pearly in colour
      new spots, freckles or any moles changing in colour, thickness or shape over a period of weeks to months (especially those dark brown to black, red or blue-black in colour).
      If you notice any changes consult your doctor immediately. Your doctor may perform a biopsy (remove a small sample of tissue for examination under a microscope)or refer you to a specialist if he/she suspects a skin cancer.
    • Treatment
      • Removal of cancer only
      • Remove cancer & surrounding tissue – removing ALL cancerous cells.
      • Ointments or radiation therapy.
      • They can also be removed with surgery (usually under a local anaesthetic), cryotherapy (using liquid nitrogen to rapidly freeze the cancer off), curettage (scraping) or cautery (burning).
    • Preventing skin cancer
      Protect your skin
      Slip on some sun-protective clothing – that covers as much skin as possible
      Slopon broad spectrum, water resistant SPF30+ sunscreen 20 minutes prior
      Slap on hat
      Slideon e sunglasses –Australian Standards
      Avoid sun 10am and 3pm UV levels highest.
      Applying sunscreen
      Apply sunscreen liberally – at least a teaspoon for each limb
      Sun protection and babies
      First 12 months keep babies out of sun.
    • Sun Protection Products
      UV protective clothing
      Hats- wide brimmed
      Sun shelters
      Car window tinting
    • Eye Protection
      UV radiation-> cataracts and cancer of conjunctiva
      Check Australian Standard (AS/NZ 1067:2003) for glasses labelled UV400 or EPF (Eye Protection Factor) 9 or 10
    • SunSmart Alert
    • Don’t get one of these....
    • References
      SunSmart® http://www.sunsmart.com.au
      Cancer Council Australia http://www.cancer.org.au
      Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cancer_Council_Australia