Voluntary Economies
                                  Reinier Zwitserloot




“Monetizing the long tail: Voluntary Economi...
Unfortunately, we aren’t all like this guy!

What is it? Shopping example. Hint that if it would work, it would be very ef...
Lots of places



read: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honour_System

People are basically decent
leadin: Who has read freakonomics?
Paul Feldman, Freakonomics bagle guy

Photo credit Stephanie Asher: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stephanieasher/305177480/
Peer production and donations. time = money.

Penguin FLOSS Linux
wikipedia, value being created, voluntarily
money is necessary at least for maintaining the site
cleaning up on donations
Radiohead was one of the first major bands to break away from their label and oer up their
album on a voluntary basis.

Mus...
RIAA / MPAA



Taris on empty CDs, DVDs
Do not pay artists
Usually nearly 0% of the money got by these associations ends u...
Live Gigs
http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=wq.essayessay_id=288755

Concert tickets are very expensive, an...
Oink



http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oink%27s_Pink_Palace
http://www.demonbaby.com/blog/2007/10/when-pigs-fly-death-of-oink...
Web comics - they need some voluntary economics, as ads don’t work.
http://www.falter.at/web/wwei/detail.php?nr=5266

Becoming more and more popular.

Terra Bite, Kirkland: http://seattletim...
Real life tipping

photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/consumatron/237888785/
Small change tips. Busking.

photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/fabiovenni/62928630/
Crowdsourcing
Wired “People Power”: http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.07/people.html

hijacked marketing term

photo: ...
Even freelancers who let their contractors pay at will.
Pentascope and the likes
Not many people will know this.
article: ...
Serial Novel,
In 2000, King picked up The Plant again and started to publish it as an electronic serial. The first part (ma...
New Principles for a
                New Economy


Talk about price discrimination - what is the principle behind:
- sales...
is voluntary economics becoming an increasingly more important principle of economic
organization? Price Discrimination wo...
abundance of information

it’s no use demanding payment upfront for musicians, newspapers, or even freelance
professionals...
Fame and fortune



No, that’s not quite right, its...
Fame before fortune



.. which is why micropayments don’t work. Fame = attention, and attention is very valuable.
It’s re...
Paradox



Ask someone to obey a law which does not seem apparent - how do you get people to pay
for a free thing? What ha...
Human face (fruitbox vs. same thing in sainsburys). Humans hardwired to be kind to
individuals.
Peer Pressure. Bagel guy. Public donations. Tips (‘social laws’). Community (star trek
enterprise continuation fund. Seren...
Rewards. Stephen King (plant).

photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/98277799@N00/169862815/
Get people emotionally involved. Make them want to support you. Radiohead nailed this one.
Is voluntary economies a side-eect of a good economy, e.g. is it a Luxury good?

Is it necessary for a general amount of w...
Conclusion
http://www.epiphyte.net/SF/
                                                      old-fashioned-future.html




cool short...
Image: random google image search, needs a better attributed one.
http://tipit.to/
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Voluntary Economies v0.2

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What are voluntary economies, and how do they work? Specifically, how can you make them work for you and why are they the answer to monetizing the long tail?

Presented @ Barcamp London 3.

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance

Voluntary Economies v0.2

  1. 1. Voluntary Economies Reinier Zwitserloot “Monetizing the long tail: Voluntary Economics” - oxymoron? - economists like to say that people act in their own self-interest. - the ‘divide 10 dollars’ game.
  2. 2. Unfortunately, we aren’t all like this guy! What is it? Shopping example. Hint that if it would work, it would be very eficient. photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/eltonmelo/141937704/
  3. 3. Lots of places read: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Honour_System People are basically decent
  4. 4. leadin: Who has read freakonomics?
  5. 5. Paul Feldman, Freakonomics bagle guy Photo credit Stephanie Asher: http://www.flickr.com/photos/stephanieasher/305177480/
  6. 6. Peer production and donations. time = money. Penguin FLOSS Linux
  7. 7. wikipedia, value being created, voluntarily money is necessary at least for maintaining the site cleaning up on donations
  8. 8. Radiohead was one of the first major bands to break away from their label and oer up their album on a voluntary basis. Music is becoming a commodity/gift and no longer the primary source of revenue. Prince is giving away his CDs to people visiting his concerts. Classical orchestras are oering free downloads to get young people interested in classical music.
  9. 9. RIAA / MPAA Taris on empty CDs, DVDs Do not pay artists Usually nearly 0% of the money got by these associations ends up with the original artists involved. http://www.theseminal.com/2007/10/02/the-era-of-free-music-is-upon-us/ http://www.theseminal.com/2007/10/09/the-anti-piracy-equation-just-doesnt-add-up/
  10. 10. Live Gigs http://www.wilsoncenter.org/index.cfm?fuseaction=wq.essayessay_id=288755 Concert tickets are very expensive, and there’s a black market. Clearly room for improvement here - clearly people are willing to pay hundreds of dollars, so why isn’t it going to the artist? photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/andih/670002392/
  11. 11. Oink http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oink%27s_Pink_Palace http://www.demonbaby.com/blog/2007/10/when-pigs-fly-death-of-oink-birth-of.html
  12. 12. Web comics - they need some voluntary economics, as ads don’t work.
  13. 13. http://www.falter.at/web/wwei/detail.php?nr=5266 Becoming more and more popular. Terra Bite, Kirkland: http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/businesstechnology/2003558690_terrabite06e.html same for: Der Wiener Deewan: quot;All you can eat - pay as you wishquot;
  14. 14. Real life tipping photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/consumatron/237888785/
  15. 15. Small change tips. Busking. photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/fabiovenni/62928630/
  16. 16. Crowdsourcing Wired “People Power”: http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/14.07/people.html hijacked marketing term photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/solidether/1084349065/
  17. 17. Even freelancers who let their contractors pay at will. Pentascope and the likes Not many people will know this. article: http://www.nrcnext.nl/loopbaan/article811677.ece picture Alper Çugun (www.alper.nl)
  18. 18. Serial Novel, In 2000, King picked up The Plant again and started to publish it as an electronic serial. The first part (matching the 1982 story) was put on his own web site for anyone to download. He also said that he wanted everyone that downloaded the story to pay him $1 either before or after reading it. The idea was that if enough people paid up, more parts would be published in the same way. The limit was set at 75% of payers versus downloaders. The rate of paying customers decreased over time, but at least the first parts were over the set limit. As of mid-2001, six parts have been published (making up the first somewhat self-contained part of the novel). King has said that there will be more, but that some other projects will be finished first.
  19. 19. New Principles for a New Economy Talk about price discrimination - what is the principle behind: - sales. - why ryanair tickets get more expensive over time. - why most premium brands have a cheaper cousin. The previous new economy (bubble 1.0) would use the principles of the real world economy. Price Discrimination almost impossible on the web where you can find everything. (sites with coupon codes). NEXT for price discrimination.
  20. 20. is voluntary economics becoming an increasingly more important principle of economic organization? Price Discrimination works spectacularly well for voluntary economies. Subjectivity of Value (third world countries, poor v. rich people) + the notion that most things on the web have an eective replication cost of 0 means any money anyone would give is acceptable. this makes it futile to come up with a fixed price for any given good also dependent on local economic factors and digital divide (legal windows for 3 bucks) Use the ‘long tail’ of your client base - there are a few folks who -really- like your product. Enable them! photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gcf/50554895/
  21. 21. abundance of information it’s no use demanding payment upfront for musicians, newspapers, or even freelance professionals. there are some many available that you need to lure people in in another way. photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/curt/120926253/
  22. 22. Fame and fortune No, that’s not quite right, its...
  23. 23. Fame before fortune .. which is why micropayments don’t work. Fame = attention, and attention is very valuable. It’s relatively easy to monetize it, especially with voluntary economies.
  24. 24. Paradox Ask someone to obey a law which does not seem apparent - how do you get people to pay for a free thing? What have the previous examples taught us - what are the triggers we can distill from them?
  25. 25. Human face (fruitbox vs. same thing in sainsburys). Humans hardwired to be kind to individuals.
  26. 26. Peer Pressure. Bagel guy. Public donations. Tips (‘social laws’). Community (star trek enterprise continuation fund. Serenity buy-2-DVDs-plan). photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mike-burns/7459087/
  27. 27. Rewards. Stephen King (plant). photo: http://www.flickr.com/photos/98277799@N00/169862815/
  28. 28. Get people emotionally involved. Make them want to support you. Radiohead nailed this one.
  29. 29. Is voluntary economies a side-eect of a good economy, e.g. is it a Luxury good? Is it necessary for a general amount of wealth to be present for people to make voluntary contributions? Possibly not. Voluntary economies are more eficient. Then again, on the surface it sure seems like it. Restaurants still get tipped in lean times. Open question.
  30. 30. Conclusion
  31. 31. http://www.epiphyte.net/SF/ old-fashioned-future.html cool short story about how voluntary economies can be really powerful: http://www.epiphyte.net/SF/old-fashioned-future.html http://tqft.net/wiki/Maneki_Neko also read up on Wikipedia lemma on Maneki Neko (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Maneki_Neko): “A raised right paw supposedly attracts money, while a raised left paw attracts customers.”
  32. 32. Image: random google image search, needs a better attributed one.
  33. 33. http://tipit.to/
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