A Thirsty World


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A special feature on water conservation

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  • Natural phenomena such as volcanoes, algae blooms, storms, and earthquakes also cause major changes in water quality and the ecological status of water.
  • * Below and above the firmament there was water. ** Godalso made the birds on the 5th day.
  • A Thirsty World

    1. 1. A Thirsty World<br />Special Feature on Water Conservation <br />Maywald Jesudass<br />
    2. 2. A habitat is more than just a home. It&apos;s the environment that supplies everything that living things need to survive. <br /><ul><li> There are many different habitats on the Earth.
    3. 3. These vary in the landforms, sources of water, and climate conditions.
    4. 4. Plants and animals are specially adapted to live in their habitats. </li></ul>Our Ecosystem<br /><ul><li> For animals, their habitat must supply their food, water, air and space.</li></li></ul><li>Water & The Life Around Us<br />Water is crucial to all life. Even the most hardy desert plant needs water.<br /><ul><li> Water helps a plant by transporting important nutrients through the plant.
    5. 5. Nutrients are drawn from the soil and used by the plant.
    6. 6. Without enough water in the cells, the plants droop, so water helps a plant stand.
    7. 7. Water carries the dissolved sugar and other nutrients through the plant.
    8. 8. So without the proper balance of water, the plant not only is malnourished, but it is also physically weak and cannot support its own weight.
    9. 9. Different types of plants require different amounts of water.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Water is the most important nutrient in animal feeding and animal health.
    10. 10. It is the most abundant ingredient of the animal body in all phases of growth and development.
    11. 11. A calf's body contains 75 to 80% water at birth and about 55 to 65% water at maturity.
    12. 12. Of all farm animals, lactating dairy cows require the greatest amount of water in proportion to their size because water constitutes 86 to 88% of the milk they yield.
    13. 13. Water is the medium in which all chemical reactions in the body take place.
    14. 14. Blood, which contains 80% water, is vital in transporting oxygen to the tissues and carbon dioxide from the tissues</li></ul>Water & The Life Around Us<br />In its major functions, water acts as:<br />1. an ideal lubricant to transport feed;<br />2. an aid in excretion;<br />3. a regulator of body temperature<br />
    15. 15. Life in the Water bodies<br />
    16. 16. Human are water creatures<br />
    17. 17. Water in our Body<br />By weight our body is about 72% water, another 8% is a combination of chemical compounds and the remaining 20% is bone and solid tissue. <br />
    18. 18. Water in our Body <br /><ul><li>In Babies </li></ul>75 – 80%<br /><ul><li>In adults </li></ul>60 – 65%<br /><ul><li>Distribution of water in our body :
    19. 19. Brain 75 – 80%
    20. 20. Blood 80 – 85%
    21. 21. Skin 75 – 80%
    22. 22. Muscle70 – 75%
    23. 23. Kidney80 – 85%
    24. 24. Liver 65 – 70%
    25. 25. Bones 15 – 20%</li></ul>The Human body is a water machine, designed to run primarily on water and minerals. <br />
    26. 26. Body without Water??<br />You can live :<br /><ul><li>3 – 4 minutes without air
    27. 27. 4 – 5 weeks without food
    28. 28. ONLY 3 – 5 days without water
    29. 29. People with strong will to survive are an exception to the above scientific facts. </li></ul>** Our energy level is impacted largely by our consumption of water. It has been medically proven that just a 5% drop in body fluids will cause a 25 – 30 % loss of energy in most people. <br />
    30. 30. Health Educators Advice<br /><ul><li>Thirst is NOT a good indicator of your body’s need for water.
    31. 31. Drink 2 glasses of water every 90 – 120 minutes.
    32. 32. Drink at least 2 litres daily.
    33. 33. A half litre lukewarm water in empty stomach is the best remedy for common and terminal illness. </li></li></ul><li>ATP –Adenosine–Tri-Phosphate <br />A large part of our body’s energy comes from a compound called ATP, which is produced during osmotic (gradual) flow of water through the cell membrane to generate hydroelectric energy. <br />Our body in reality is a complex Hydro Generator. <br />
    34. 34. Water & Planet Earth<br /><ul><li> The same water that existed on earth millions of years ago still exists today.
    35. 35. It covers 2 / 3 of the planet earth.
    36. 36. But just 3% is freshwater and most of that is ice. </li></li></ul><li>Accessible Freshwater<br /><ul><li>Less than 1% of all freshwater is readily accessible for human use.
    37. 37. To put it another way … less than 0.007% of all the water on Earth is available to drink.
    38. 38. Some observers have estimated that by 2025 more than half of the world population will be facing water-based vulnerability.
    39. 39. A recent report (November 2009) suggests that by 2030, in some developing regions of the world, water demand will exceed supply by 50%. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The First Step in Water Conservation is – </li></ul>to Get Involved<br /><ul><li>Do not pollute water
    40. 40. Prevent Water Pollution </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Water pollution is the contamination of waterbodies (e.g. lakes, rivers, oceans, groundwater).
    41. 41. It occurs when pollutants are discharged directly or indirectly into water bodies with adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds. </li></ul>Water is typically referred to as polluted when it is impaired by anthropogenic contaminants and either does not support a human use, like serving as drinking water, and/or undergoes a marked shift in its ability to support its constituent biotic communities, such as fish.<br />
    42. 42. * Few years ago in West China, 60, 000 kilograms of fish died in two days. <br /><ul><li> The loss was estimated at 120, 800 USD
    43. 43. Cause: Industrial waste flowing into Tuo River.
    44. 44. Water pollution is a major problem in the global context.
    45. 45. It has been suggested that it is the leading worldwide cause of deaths and diseases, and that it accounts for the deaths of more than 14,000 people daily.</li></ul>* 1,000 Indian children die of diarrheal sickness every day.<br />
    46. 46. Littering pollutes<br /><ul><li> Litter thrown on the ground can end up in our storm drains, ditches, and streams. </li></ul>* Throw all litter in appropriate trash cans.<br />* Keep litter out of pick up truck beds and cover loads so items aren&apos;t blown off to the ground.<br />* Recycle and reuse items whenever possible.<br />Small amounts of contaminants from all over the land add up to cause pollution in our water. Yes, even the little things matter. You WILL make a difference, no matter how small, if you change the way you do some things. <br />
    47. 47. Soap from washing your car at home pollutes<br /><ul><li> Soap and dirt from washing your car can flow through our storm drains and ditches and end up in our streams untreated.</li></ul>* Wash your car at a commercial car wash, on the grass, or on a graveled area.<br />We all live in a watershed. <br />What you do on your property does affect streams, even if you don’t live on a stream. A watershed is an area of land which drains to the lowest point, usually a stream or bay.<br />
    48. 48. Failing septic systems pollute<br /><ul><li>Untreated wastewater from failing septic systems can contaminate nearby streams, drinking water sources, and bays.
    49. 49. Inspect your septic system every 3-5 years.
    50. 50. Concrete tanks are pretty durable but they can crack and leak
    51. 51. Concrete tank lids can be damaged by vehicle traffic; heavy duty covers are available.
    52. 52. Septic Tanks which are not pumped often enough can become filled with sludge and scum, becoming totally impacted.
    53. 53. Well before this condition is detected, such systems have sent solids into the leach field, shortening its life.
    54. 54. Pump as needed</li></li></ul><li>Oil and antifreeze from leaking cars pollutes<br /><ul><li>When it rains, water runs over the ground and picks up oil, antifreeze, and other pollutants and carries them to our streams and bays.
    55. 55. Regularly check your oil tank and pipe work for damage and rust
    56. 56. Fix car leaks
    57. 57. Put a drip tray under your car to catch car leaks.
    58. 58. Soak up oil leaks using sand or rags and using soil dams to prevent oil entering drains or watercourses. </li></ul>Oil is extremely polluting and can result in long-term environmental damage and loss of drinking water.<br />
    59. 59. Garden and lawn chemicals pollute<br /><ul><li>Common pesticides and fertilizers have been found in neighborhood streams
    60. 60. Pull weeds by hand.
    61. 61. Avoid use of chemicals. If necessary, use sparingly and as directed.
    62. 62. Follow label instructions including those regarding timing of pesticide application to avoid potential runoff due to rainfall or irrigation.
    63. 63. Do not apply more pesticide than is needed or allowed by the label as the extra pesticide will be more likely to runoff if it can't be absorbed by turf.
    64. 64. Allow accidental applications of liquid to dry; do not wash them off the pavement with water.
    65. 65. Liquid pesticide spills must be removed as much as possible by soaking excess product with absorbent material</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Washing vehicles in river or stream
    66. 66. Bathing in river or stream
    67. 67. Bathing animals in river or stream
    68. 68. discarding home waste in river or stream </li></ul>is a moral crime.<br />These activities contaminate our water source, further depleting the available Fresh Water. <br />
    69. 69. Genesis Account<br /><ul><li>During Creation God spent substantial time with water.
    70. 70. The earth was filled with darkness and water.
    71. 71. On the second day God made the firmament which divided the waters
    72. 72. On the third day God gathered the waters under the firmament – dry land appeared.
    73. 73. The waters He called as Seas.
    74. 74. On the fifth day God created the living creatures of the water & blessed them. </li></li></ul><li>Dominion over ALL Creation <br /><ul><li>After He created man – He blessed them.
    75. 75. He gave them power to rule over all His creatures on earth, sky and the waters.
    76. 76. Ruler ship – Governance – God made man responsible to other creatures.
    77. 77. Man was to care – protect and conserve. </li></li></ul><li>A Better Tomorrow <br />Let us give ourselves and the next generation a better tomorrow.<br />We need Fresh Drinking Water for many Tomorrows.<br />Let us do something about it Today. <br />
    78. 78. Thank you for taking time to view this power point presentation. <br />If you were blessed – enriched, please share our website to your family and friends. God bless you. <br />