INFLUENCE TO USINGDUBBINGMETHODSPEAKING ENGLISH PERFOMANCE ON STUDENT’S SPEAKING ABILITY (AN EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH ON THE SECOND YEAR STUDENTS OF SMAN 1 SELUPU REJANG IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2012/2013 ) A. THE BACKGROUND OF RESEARCH English occupies the first language in improving our lives, especially in globalization era, need the real condition of the societies, student, and workers environment 1. English is subject in Indonesia school whether it is in junior high school or universities. In fact nowadays English is taught in some elementary school as a ”local content”. It is because of the fact that many students are not able to speaking English well. Although they have learned English from the junior high school to university’ There are four skills that have to be mastered by student by student in using English namely listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Speaking is one of the skill which need more attention than the other skills. Language exist in two forms spoken and written aspect.2 English is a subject that is very important to learn, because it will be useful I our life of communication. At present time the emphasis of English teaching is on spoken language if he can speak in that language. Therefore, English teacher are demanded to use more1 As Hornby, oxfords advanced learner’s dictionary of current English. Oxford university press,19742 Harris David. P testing English as a second language , newyork,1969
appropriate techniques and motivate the student to speak English. The teacher is the one who has power to make the classroom activities run well3. And the teacher is a leader, planner, and overall a coordinator of activities4. So it is the teacher’s role to carry out all of these factors in the class to make the integrate learning of English as efficient as possible. In accordance with the earlier statements, accordance with the earlier statements, some techniques have been me techniques have been me techniques have been introduced by experts and have been applied by the teacher, in order to help student to learn English especially speaking. It is very important to have the most appropriate method and techniques of teaching speaking. Teaching method is one important factors in learning activities, learn using the group is a teaching method from. “the training quantity it get each students are increase significance by work group as the park of always exist in the class”5. Then based on the my observation during the teaching practice ( PraktekPengalamanLapangan ). In SMAN 1SelupuRejang is seldom using small groups activities in teaching process the researcher is interest in studying the effect of small group activities on student’s speaking performance.3 MarpaungHanidar, the influent of Groups in activities on student speaking achievement, 1996 STIKIP PGRI PadangP.24 ibid55 Underwood Mary, PengelolaanKelas yang efektif. Arcan P. 87
B. Question Of The Research 1. Do dubbing movie improve student speaking performance better than at the third year students of MAN Ar-RahmanSelupuRejang?C. Limitation of the research This study is not aimed at solving all the problems mentioned. It is just concerned to the techniques of teaching namely the effect of dubbing movie students speaking performance.D. Objective of the research 1. To find out whether the teaching of speaking performance at the third year student of MAN Ar-RahmanSelupuRejang. 2. To know the students speaking performance before teaching by using large class activities. 3. To know the students speaking performance after teaching by using dubbing movie.E. Hypothesis Hi : There is effect in the speaking mastery of students who are taught speaking by using dubbing movie. Ho : There is no effect in the speaking master of students who are taught speaking by using dubbing movie.
F. Operational definitions To avoid misunderstanding concerning the use of terminology, the writer would like to clarify and specify each term as follow: 1. Speaking ability Speaking is being able to use language. Ability is the quality of being to perform, a quality that permit or facilitates achievement of accomplishment6.in this research, speaking is the students’ ability to speak in English in man ar-rahamselupurejang in second of language program. 2. Dubbing method Dubbing method one cooperation where the student will be divided. In this research, dubbing in the method that will be used by the researcher to increase student’s speaking ability. G. Significance Of The Research The significance of the research is as follow: 1. For teacher it is expected that the English teachers are able to improve their students performance in speaking by using a proper technique which is effective and efficient. 2. For students they can practice their ability of speaking using small group in order to get a satisfactory performance. The researcher is able to determine which is the best method between dubbing movie.6Mansher, martin, learner pocket dictionary, oxford university press. Oxford: 1991,p:1
H. REVIEW OF LITERATURE AND THEORIES 1. Definition of speaking Speaking is ability pronouncing the word sentences or sentences with oral way. Speaking is activity used in language to express meaning. Speaking is skill which is used by student most in real- life situation. Speaking is in fact doing in one of the most important human way. Student speaking skill is potential to express message by using English which is performed by the student whether outside inside the classroom. The student are expected to use the language for real communication because it is important part of student everyday interaction to speaking English which is based on his/her ability to speak fluently and comprehensibly7. Speaking is an important aspect in language learning. By speaking, we can convey information and ideas, and maintain social relationship by communicating with other. The ability in a foreign language which is meant to be able to use a foreign language8. Being able to speak and understand with friend, colleagues, visitors and stranger in a language is surely the goal of many learners to show their improvements in learning a foreign language one skill can be performed without another. “a person‟s speaking ability is usually judged during a face to face interaction, in real time, between an interlocutor and a candidate. The assessor has to make instantaneous judgments about a range of aspects of what is being aid, as it is being said”. (Luoma : 2004) Some people often think that the ability to speak a language is the product of language learning. The assumed that speaking is a crucial part of language learning process.7 J f Wallword , language and people Heinemann educational book. London: 1978. P,118 Sari Luoma , assessing speaking, Cambridge university press. New york, 2004,p. 4
The success of English learning is seen generally though the speaking ability. Nowadays, although learner have learned English for years, many of them are still incapable to use English orally. These may be caused by the limitation of opportunity to practice, lack of vocabulary, or psychological, factors which more concern to the fear of making mistakes when speaking English. The student‟s success in learning speaking can be measured through the ability of learners to participate in conversation activities, Nunan (1995). a. Theory of speaking Of all the four skill ( listening, speaking, reading and writing ), speaking seem intuitively the most important, people who know a language are referred to as „speakers‟ of that language, as if speaking included all other kind of knowing and many if not most foreign language learners are primarily interested in learning to speak9. For the most people, mastering the art of speaking is the single most important aspect of learning a second or foreign language, and success is measured in terms of the ability to carry out a conversation in the language10. Speaking is in fact doing in one of the most important human ways. Doing consist of saying something and saying it in particular way.11 Speaking is many things/thinking of what one wishes to say,9 Penny Ur, A course in Language Teaching Practice and Theory, Cambridge University Press:1991. P. 12010 David Nunan, Language Teaching methodology, New York, Prentice Hall: 1991. P. 3911 J. F. Wallwork, language and people, Heinemann Educational Book London. 1987. Students Problem In EnglishUsage. WidianNasory. P. 8
choosing the right word from our vocabulary, putting the word in the proper grammatical frame work. Communicating the feeling we have, and so on. 12 The teacher can do to help to solves some of the problems with use group work, base the activity on easy language, make a careful choice topic and task to stimulate interest, give some instruction or training discussion skill and keep students speaking the target language13. b. Character of the Successful Speaking Activity We can learn it with knowing the characteristic of a successful speaking activity, according Penny Ur, (1996:20) they are: a) Learners talk a lot. As much as possible of the period of time allotted to the activity is in fact occupied by learner talk. This nay seem obvious, but often most time is taken up with teacher talk or pauses. b) Participation is even. A minority of talkative participants does not dominate classroom discussion, all get a chance to speak, and contributions are fairly evenly distributed. c) Motivation is high. Learners eager to speak because they interested in the topic and have something new to say about it, they want to contribute to achieving a task objective. c. Teaching speaking The teaching of the speaking skill is more demanding on the teacher than the teaching of any other language skill. Teaching speaking has been undervalued and English language teacher have continued to speaking just as a repetition of drills or12 Internet. Anne Smith, Phd, Purdue University, Speaking is no small task13 Penny Ur, Op. Cit, P. 121-122
memorization of language. teaching of language usually is purpose to speaking or skill used oral language14. In language teaching, the four skills are described in terms of their direction. Speaking is the productive aural or oral skill. It consists of producing systematic verbal utterances to convey meaning. In teaching speaking there are some principles that should be noticed namely: 1. Be aware of the differences between second language and foreign language learning contexts. 2. Give the students practice with both fluency and accuracy. 3. Provide opportunities for students to talk by using group work or pair work and limiting teacher talk. 4. Plan speaking tasks that involve negotiation for meaning. 5. Design classroom activities that involve guidance and practice in both transactional and interactional speaking. Teaching speaking is a very important part of second learning. The ability to communicate in a second language clearly and efficiently contributes to the success of learner in school and success later in every phase if life. Therefore, it is essential that language teachers pay great attention to teaching speaking.14 Broto, A.S ( 1980) pengajaranbahasa Indonesia. Jakarta : bulanbintang p.142
2. Definition of dubbing method Dubbing is the replacement of the dialogue and narration of the foreign or source language into the language of the viewing audience, the target language. Amir Hassanpour( Dubbing, para.2) explain dubbing is the replacement of the dialogue and narration of the foreign or source language into the language of the viewing audience, the target language “ dubbing atausulihsuaramerupakanpenggantian dialog dannarasidaribahasaasingataubahasasumbermenjadibahasa yang digunakanolehpemirsa”. Dubbing in Indonesian is sulih voice that is fill role voice in film or change original voice that film from foreign language to Indonesian. Dubbing voice divided in 4 type that is 1. wide Film [screen/sail] Dubbing ( local bioskop) 2. Dubbing Radio Drama for example is Serial [of] Saur Glaze which first so fenomenal 3. Advertisement Dubbing 4. foreign Dubbing Film. Dubbing [is] technique alter actor voice and actress which share in a film to is other. For example us often see film [in] television ( anime, india, madarin, etc) which [is] altered [by] dialogue of becoming to have Indonesian. One who become its voice filler [is] referred [as] with dubber. Dubbing also mean to fill voice from foreign language to language which easy to be understood.
World Dubbing Indonesia have the place of or organizational that is PERSUSI ( Association ofSulih Voice Indonesia).I.