Simple Sentences A simple sentence is one independent clause and one complete thought. It has one subject and one verb. Examples: The bell rang. You and I need piano lessons. The skier turned and jumped.
Compound Sentences A compound sentence is a sentence with 2 or more independent clauses joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction. It will have 2 simple subjects and 2 simple predicates. Examples: I planned to go to the hockey game, but I couldn’t get tickets. Dorothy likes white water rafting, but she also enjoys kayaking. Bridget ran the first part of the race, and Tara biked the second part.
Coordinating Conjunctions Coordinating Conjunctions are used to join together 2 independent clauses. Examples: For And Nor But Or Yet So
Complex Sentences A complex sentence is one independent clause plus one dependent clause. Each clause has its own subject and verb, but the dependent clause can’t stand alone. The two clauses are joined by a subordinating conjunction. Punctuate by putting a comma after the dependent clause if it is at the beginning of the sentence. If the clause is at the end of the sentence , do not put a comma. Examples: Because Kayla has so much climbing experience , we asked her to lead our group. He stands at the bottom of the cliff while the climber moves up the rock.
Subordinating Conjunctions while unless after since though although because if when until before as
Identify the subject and predicate in these SIMPLE sentences. Cindy and Sue auditioned for the lead role in the play. The kittens were adopted by the family. Peanut butter and jelly sandwiches are my favorite. The committee decorated the gym for Friday night’s dance. The surprise party was organized by Wendy’s two best friends.
Identify the conjunction in these COMPOUND sentences I am going to the dance, so I have to buy a new dress. Jenny took the pictures, and Aaron developed them. New York is on the East Coast, and California is on the West Coast. Bill walked into the crowded room, but I can’t find him. Is the party on Friday, or is it on Saturday?
Identify the dependent clause in each COMPLEX sentence. Because it was raining, the game was called off. When I feel sick, I do not go to school. Mark is not going since I never invited him. George played football because Jean went shopping. If you want a pizza, you need to order it now.