Geography Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia It is unique because it is comprised of 17,508 island, but only 6,000 are inhabited The largest islands are Java, Sumatra, Kalimantan, New Guinea, and Sulawesi
Indonesia is the 16th largest country in regards to landmass, at 741,050 sq mi It contains the worlds most populous island, Java, which has 2,435 people per sq mi Indononesia is located a fault line and has many earthquakes and active volcanos.
People The population of Indonesia is over 222 million, and 130 million of those people live on the island of Java. Most Indonesians descended from Austronesian-speaking people originating in Taiwan. The national language is Indonesian, but most people also speak local languages.
There are six allowed religions: Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism However, Indonesia is the most populous Muslim-majority nation The government is a republic with a presidential system.
Culture There are around 300 ethnic groups in Indonesia The culture has been influenced by Indian, Arabic, Chinese, Malay, and European sources The most dominant influence has been from India
Sports are mainly male-oriented The main sports are badminton and football. Rice is the staple food of Indonesia Indonesians have a strong oral tradition by which they pass down they cultural identities The Indonesian film industry has risen steadily in the past decade
History The majority of the population is Ausonesian, and were said to have migrated from Taiwan. Trade with Indian and Chinese peoples has shaped the history of Indonesia. The Dutch controlled most of the land during the colonial period.
Indonesian got its independence officially in December 1949. Its first president was Sukarno who exercised authoritarianism. After Sukarno resigned, Indonesian had its first direct presidential election, in 2004.