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French and indian
 

French and indian

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    French and indian French and indian Presentation Transcript

    • French and Indian War
    • Background
      • France and Britain had fought THREE times between 1689 to 1748.
      • Both the French and the British are exploring North America
      • Native American Alliances:
        • French - Huron and Algonquin
        • British - Iroquois
    • Conflict over the Ohio River Valley
      • British fur traders moved into the Ohio River Valley in the 1750s
      • French & Indians alarmed so they destroy Pickawillany Post
      • Virginia Company is angered so they send a small group of farmers to tell the French to leave.
    • Young Major Washington
      • Ordered to defend Fort Duquesne
        • But in not ready and loses the fort to the French in April of 1754
      • Flees with troops and creates a makeshift fort.
    • Fort Necessity
      • Fort Necessity (makeshift fort) is attacked by the French on July 3, 1754
      • George Washington is forced to surrender to the French .
      • The first shot of the War.
    • Early Years of the War
      • The French and Indian Allies winning
      • Britain is unorganized and unprepared.
      • July 1755 Braddock is defeated by the French.
    • Battle of Quebec
      • September of 1759
      • Surprise attack
        • Climbed cliffs at night (300 feet above St. Lawrence River)
        • Woolfe and 4,000 men
      • Quebec (FRENCH) surrenders to the British
      • TURNING POINT OF THE WAR
    •  
    •  
    • Franklin’s Idea
      • Unite the colonies to fight the French
        • ALBANY PLAN OF UNION
        • Does not happen
    • Treaty of Paris 1763
      • Ends French power in North America
      • Britain gains:
        • All of Canada and French lands east of Mississippi
      • Spain
        • Gives Florida to the British
        • Gets all French lands west of Mississippi
        • Most importantly New Orlenas.
    •  
    • Pontiac’s Rebellion
      • British took forts, and refused to give supplies to the Native Americans
      • Native Americans respond by attacking settlers& destroying everything west of the Appalachians Mountains
    • Proclamation of 1763
      • British response to Pontiac’s rebellion
        • Stated that no colonist could settle WEST of the Appalachians Mountains
        • It was meant to support Native American Allies and protect colonists claims already made.