Constitutional Convention


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Constitutional Convention

  1. 1. The Constitution The Constitutional Convention of 1787 1Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  2. 2. The Constitutional Convention of 1787 • Philadelphia- 1787 • Up to this point our government was under “The Articles of Confederation”. • Meeting was described as a revision of the Articles. • No one would have attended if they had known the purpose was to re-write a new government. • People feared a strong central government. Why? • Even states who were unsure about whether to attend the conference decided to do so when they heard George Washington would be there. Why would that make a difference? 2Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  3. 3. Continued... • 12 of the 13 states sent delegates to the Convention in Philadelphia. Who was the one state who didn’t? Rhode Island 3Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  4. 4. • The Convention took place at the Philadelphia State House, which is now called... Independence Hall 4Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  5. 5. The Delegates: (The guys who represented each state) • 55 Men • All experienced in Government and writing law • Most were revolutionary war veterans • 2 would become President 5Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  6. 6. James Madison • The Father of the Constitution • Researched past Governments to see what worked and what didn’t and what might work for America • He organized these ideas into a 15 point plan • Recorded what happened at the Convention 6Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  7. 7. 15 Point Plan • Became the blueprint for the Constitution of the United States • Became known as “The Virginia Plan” • Written by who? James Madison 7Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  8. 8. Details... • Delegates worked 6 hours a day, 6 days a week • Convention lasted 4 months • On day one, George Washington was elected President of the Convention • Madison recorded everything said over the 4 months (later his notes were made into a book) • Delegates had to agree on rules beforehand 8Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  9. 9. The Virginia Plan • Madison’s 15 point plan • Presented by Virginia Governor Edmund Randolph (which is why it’s called “The Virginia Plan”) • Called for 3 Branches of Government • Answer the following questions in your notes: • What were the 3 Branches proposed in the Virginia Plan and who would make up each branch? • Why did some people oppose the Executive Branch? • Why did small states oppose the Virginia Plan? 9Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  10. 10. New Jersey Plan • William Patterson • each state would only have one congressman regardless of population 10Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  11. 11. The Great Compromise • After a vote, the Virginia Plan won • small states unhappy • Benjamin Franklin urged states to compromise Can’t we a! just get along? 11Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  12. 12. Details of the Great Compromise • Combine the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey plan • 3 branches of government • Legislature would be divided in 2, making it “bicameral” ( which means two houses) • Lower House- “The House of Representatives” would allow number of congressmen to be decided by population • Upper House- “The Senate”- each state got 2 Senators 12Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  13. 13. 3 Branches of Government • In your notes: • Name the 3 branches of government and what each branch actually does? (Page 6) 13Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  14. 14. Slaves • How would the nation count it’s slaves? • South wanted to count them towards population to increase representatives in the House but did not want to count them towards taxation. • North wanted to count them towards taxation but not towards population (they weren’t citizens) 14Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  15. 15. 3/5 Compromise • North and South agreed to count slaves at 3/5 of a person towards population and taxation 15Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  16. 16. Slave Trade Compromise • 20 years after the states had ratified, or adopted, the Constitution, importation of slaves into the country would be abolished 16Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  17. 17. Committee of Detail • Consulted important documents on government to decide how to actually write the Constitution. (Magna Carta, Colonial Charters, State Constitutions, Articles of Confederation) • Wrote a first draft of the Constitution into 23 long and rambling articles 17Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  18. 18. Committee of Style • Wrote the final draft of the Constitution • Rewrote the original draft into simple language normal Americans could understand 18Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  19. 19. Bill of Rights • The Constitution did not have a Bill of Rights that listed what the rights of the people actually were • George Mason thought one should be included we need a Bi! of Rights Other delegates believed that since there was already a Bill of Rights in the State Constitutions, it wasn’t necessary 19Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  20. 20. Signing Day • Of the 42 delegates in attendance, 39 signed. • Who didn’t? George Mason There was no Bill of Rights 20Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  21. 21. Who else? Edmund Randolph Elbridge Gerry They believed states would not ratify the Constitution and it would lead to confusion, anarchy, or civil war 21Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  22. 22. Ratification • 9 of the 13 states had to agree to ratify or it would not be adopted • only the people could adopt or refuse the Constitution • each state held a convention and let the people vote on it 22Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  23. 23. Anti-Federalists • Opposed the Constitution • Tried to get people to vote against it • Tried to convince people their rights would be taken away, just like England had done. 23Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  24. 24. Federalsists • Supported Constitution • Argued the Constitution would protect their rights, not take them away • Wrote “The Federalist Papers” to defend their point of view 24Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  25. 25. Who Won? • The Federalist Papers worked but there was still a compromise that had to be reached • A few states demanded that a Bill of Rights be added before they would agree to sign • Other states agreed and it was decided that a Bill of Rights would be added immediately 25Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  26. 26. So... • The Constitution was then ratified and became the foundation of our new Government And... 26Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  27. 27. The Bill of Rights became the first ten amendments to the Constitution And... 27Wednesday, November 10, 2010
  28. 28. America Was Born 28Wednesday, November 10, 2010