Chamber Commerce

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Chamber Commerce

  1. 1. Chamber of Commerce
  2. 2. Southern Colonies
  3. 3. Founders South Carolina eight Lords Proprietors who were friends of King Charles II Virginia Sir Walter Raleigh proposed first expedition (Roanoke) Virginia Company of London John Smith brought success at Jamestown <ul><li>Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>founded by King George II </li></ul><ul><li>set up by James Oglethorpe </li></ul>Maryland Lord Calvert Lord Baltimore
  4. 4. Reasons Founded South Carolina investment to make money Virginia investment to make money Georgia new start for debtors who had been imprisoned Maryland Catholics could practice their religion
  5. 5. People South Carolina Europeans seeking religious freedom indentured servants African slaves Virginia Europeans seeking opportunity for cheap and African slaves Georgia debtors Europeans seeking religious freedom and cheap land African slaves Maryland Catholics and Protestants who had been persecuted
  6. 6. Climate and Geography South Carolina mild winters, hot summers swampy in the east, wooded in the west Virginia mild winters, hot summers swampy in the east, wooded in the west Georgia mild winters, hot summers swampy in the east, wooded in the west Maryland Chesapeake Bay was surrounded by fertile land colder winters, hot and humid summers
  7. 7. Economy South Carolina cash crops such as tobacco, cotton, indigo, and rice Virginia cash crops such as tobacco, cotton, indigo, and rice Georgia cash crops such as tobacco, cotton, indigo, and rice Maryland farms that raised grain, tobacco, flax fishing iron
  8. 8. Religion South Carolina religious freedom Virginia state-established Church of England Georgia refuge for debtors Maryland strong history of religious toleration WELCOME!
  9. 9. Government South Carolina ruled by the King, Parliament, and the Lords Proprietors Virginia land owners elected representatives to the House of Burgesses Georgia landowners elected representatives to the Common House of Assembly Maryland Free men who elected representatives representatives who were loyal to Lord Calvert
  10. 10. New England Colonies
  11. 11. Rhode Island Roger Williams Massachusetts John Winthrop William Bradford Connecticut John Oldham Thomas Hooker Founders William Bradford Roger Williams
  12. 12. Rhode Island escape religious persecution in Massachusetts Massachusetts escape religious persecution in England Connecticut escape religious persecution in Massachusetts Reasons Founded
  13. 13. Rhode Island Europeans Native Americans Massachusetts Separatists called Pilgrims Puritans Native Americans Connecticut Dutch and Swedish Native Americans People
  14. 14. Rhode Island red clay soil cold winters, short but humid summers Massachusetts fertile, but rocky soil heavily forested bitter cold winters, short but humid summers Connecticut hilly and forested cold winters, short but humid summers Climate and Geography
  15. 15. Rhode Island cattle and dairy farmers subsistence farmers shipping Massachusetts shipping fur cattle lumber Connecticut cattle and dairy farmers subsistence farmers shipping, fishing, and whaling Economy
  16. 16. Rhode Island religious freedom Massachusetts lives centered around religious worship and the church Connecticut religious freedom Religion
  17. 17. Rhode Island governor and General Assembly Massachusetts Theocracy- laws of the colony based on religious beliefs ruled by ministers only white men in good standing with the church could vote Connecticut “ Fundamental Orders”- first written constitution in America Government
  18. 18. Middle Colonies
  19. 19. New York Samuel de Champlain Henry Hudson Dutch settlers Pennsylvania William Penn Founders Henry Hudson William Penn
  20. 20. New York money natural resources Pennsylvania escape religious persecution in England Reasons Founded
  21. 21. New York Dutch patrons called “ Patroons ” mixed Europeans indentured servants <ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quakers and other religious groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>many nationalities </li></ul>People
  22. 22. New York fertile but rocky soil wooded hot, humid summers and bitter winters Pennsylvania fertile land and heavily forested hot humid summers, cold winters Climate and Geography
  23. 23. New York farmers merchants and tradesmen fur, lumber, shipping Economy Pennsylvania farms that produced grains and dairy cattle merchants and tradesmen lumber <ul><li>Because of large amount of grain production, the Middle Colonies were collectively known as the </li></ul>Breadbasket Colonies
  24. 24. New York strong history of religious toleration <ul><li>Pennsylvania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>strong history of religious toleration </li></ul></ul>Religion
  25. 25. New York governor appointed by the King of England Pennsylvania political freedoms and self-government representative assembly Government

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